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Vonsenite

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About VonseniteHide

00167440014946362252282.jpg
Magnus Vonsen
Formula:
Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Colour:
Black, greenish black
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
4.7
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1920 by Arthur S. Eakle in honor of Magnus Vonsen [April 17, 1880 {erroneously 1879} Vallejo near Petaluma, California, USA - June 16, 1954], mineral collector of Petaluma, California who donated his extensive collection to the California Academy of Sciences.
Isostructural with:
Ludwigite Group. Ludwigite-Vonsenite Series. The Fe2+ analogue of Ludwigite.

A high-temperature mineral occurring in contact metamorphic deposits.



Classification of VonseniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
6.AB.30

6 : BORATES
A : Monoborates
B : BO3, with additional anions; 1(D) + OH, etc.
24.2.1.2

24 : ANHYDROUS BORATES
2 : A2BO2[XO3]
9.8.1

9 : Borates
8 : Borates of Fe

Physical Properties of VonseniteHide

Silky
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black, greenish black
Streak:
Black, blackish green
Hardness:
Cleavage:
None Observed
Density:
4.7 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Chemical Properties of VonseniteHide

Formula:
Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
IMA Formula:
Fe2+2Fe3+O2(BO3)
Common Impurities:
Mg,Al

Crystallography of VonseniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.45 Å, b = 12.28 Å, c = 3.07 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.77 : 1 : 0.25
Unit Cell V:
356.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Single crystals prismatic [001], rare. Radiating to matted fibrous masses.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of VonseniteHide

Synonyms of VonseniteHide

Other Language Names for VonseniteHide

German:Vonsenit
Simplified Chinese:硼铁矿
富铁硼镁铁矿
Spanish:Vonsenita

Varieties of VonseniteHide

BreislakiteA fibrous variety of vonsenite.

Relationship of Vonsenite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Azoproite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti,Mg)(BO3)O2Orth.
BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
FredrikssoniteMg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
7 photos of Vonsenite associated with CalciteCaCO3
5 photos of Vonsenite associated with Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
4 photos of Vonsenite associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Vonsenite associated with Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
3 photos of Vonsenite associated with CristobaliteSiO2
3 photos of Vonsenite associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
2 photos of Vonsenite associated with LöllingiteFeAs2
2 photos of Vonsenite associated with SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
2 photos of Vonsenite associated with TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
2 photos of Vonsenite associated with AlumoludwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

6.AB.05HambergiteBe2(BO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
6.AB.10BerboriteBe2(BO3)(OH,F) · H2OTrig.
6.AB.15JeremejeviteAl6(BO3)5(F,OH)3Hex. 6/m : P63/m
6.AB.20Warwickite(Mg,Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)2O(BO3)Orth.
6.AB.20YuanfuliiteMg(Fe3+,Al)O(BO3)Orth.
6.AB.25KarliteMg7(BO3)3(OH,Cl)5Orth.
6.AB.30Azoproite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti,Mg)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30FredrikssoniteMg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.30LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.35Pinakiolite(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2Mon.
6.AB.40BlatteriteSb5+(Mn3+,Fe3+)9(Mn2+,Mg)35(BO3)16O32Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
6.AB.40ChestermaniteMg2(Fe3+,Mn3+,Al,Sb3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.40Orthopinakiolite(Mg,Mn2+)2Mn3+(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.40Takéuchiite(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
6.AB.45Hulsite(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Sn)(BO3)O2Mon.
6.AB.45Magnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Sn,Mg)(BO3)O2Mon.
6.AB.45Aluminomagnesiohulsite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Al,Mg,Sn)(BO3)O2Mon. 2/m
6.AB.50FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3Hex.
6.AB.50HydroxylboriteMg3(BO3)(OH)3Hex. 6/m : P63/m
6.AB.55ShabyniteMg5(BO3)(OH)5(Cl,OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
6.AB.55WightmaniteMg5(BO3)O(OH)5 · 2H2OMon.
6.AB.60GaudefroyiteCa4Mn3+2-3(BO3)3(CO3)(O,OH)3Hex.
6.AB.65SakhaiteCa12Mg4(BO3)7(CO3)4(OH)2ClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
6.AB.70HarkeriteCa12Mg4Al(BO3)3(SiO4)4(CO3)5 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
6.AB.75Pertsevite-(F)Mg2(BO3)(F,OH)Orth. mm2 : Pna21
6.AB.75Pertsevite-(OH)Mg2(BO3)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
6.AB.80JacquesdietrichiteCu2(H2BO3)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
6.AB.85PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15Hex. 6/m : P63/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

24.2.1.1LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
24.2.1.3Azoproite(Mg,Fe2+)2(Fe3+,Ti,Mg)(BO3)O2Orth.
24.2.1.4BonaccorditeNi2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
24.2.1.5ChestermaniteMg2(Fe3+,Mn3+,Al,Sb3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
24.2.1.6FredrikssoniteMg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

9.8.2LudwigiteMg2Fe3+(BO3)O2Orth.
9.8.3FredrikssoniteMg2(Mn3+,Fe3+)(BO3)O2Orth.
9.8.4ChestermaniteMg2(Fe3+,Mn3+,Al,Sb3+)(BO3)O2Orth.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Slowly soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
None

References for VonseniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Knopf and Schaller (1908) American Journal of Science: 25: 323.
Schaller (1910) American Journal of Science: 29: 543.
Butler and Schaller (1917) Journal of the Washington Academy of Science: 7: 29 (as Ferroludwigite).
Eakle, A.S. (1920), Vonsenite; a preliminary note on a new mineral from Riverside, California, American Mineralogist: 5: 141-143.
Vakar, Knipovich, and Schafpanovsky (1934) Mineralogicheskoe Obshchestvo, Leningrad, Zapiski: 63: 381.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 321-324.
Vlisidid, A.C. and Schaller, W.T. (1974) The identity of paigeite with vonsenite, and chemical analysis of vonsenite, ludwigite and hulsite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1974(3-4): 95-105.
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 827-832.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1989): 69-83.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Internet Links for VonseniteHide

Localities for VonseniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy Province
    • Humahuaca Department
      • Aguilar mining district
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill (unpub)
    • West Coast municipality
      • Mt Lindsay mineral field
R Bottrill, unpublished research
      • Zeehan district
        • Mt Heemskirk mineral field
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Kaprun
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1750) Anglesit, Apatit, Azurit, Fayalit, Humboldtin, Laihunit, Magnetit, Vonsenit und eine Cu-S-Si-O-H-Phase aus einer Kupferschlacke vom Lechnerberg bei Kaprun, Salzburg. Pp. 153-155 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
Canada
 
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
Liverton, T., 2016. A-type granite plutons and tin skarns in southeast Yukon: Mindy prospect and surrounding granite of 105C/9. In: Yukon Exploration and Geology 2015, K.E. MacFarlane and M.G. Nordling (eds.), Yukon Geological Survey, p. 151-164.
China
 
  • Guangdong
    • Heyuan
      • Lianping Co.
Daqiu Huang and Zhangqi Peng (1985), In: Collected Papers of the Yichang Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Geological Society of China Publications, Vol. 9; Lianshun Feng (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(3), 21-27
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Fengcheng City
Xuehui Xia, Fei Yan, Yuhai Zhao, and Wenzong Chang (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(1), 83-88; Yanjun Li, Tai Gao, and Yuexin Han (2006): Non-Ferrous Mining and Metallurgy 22(6), 14-16
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Vulkaneifel
      • Gerolstein
        • Roth
Blaß, G. & Schüller, W. (2012): Der Rother Kopf in der Vulkaneifel. Lapis, 37 (3), 20-29.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
Lapis, 17 (10), 13-24+82.
      • Schwarzenberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Bacoli
Russo M. (2008): Zeolites from Campi Flegrei. Bollettino AIZ Series/Report, Vol. 31 (2008), 13-23. Publisher: Associazione Italiana Zeoliti onlus
      • Ischia Island
Massim Russo collection
Federico M. (1969): Vonsenite nel Piperno di Pianura (Campi Flegrei, Napoli). Per. Mineral., 38, 81-85; Aleksandrov S.M. [Александров С.М.] (1974): Geochemical peculiarities of the occurrences of endogenic borate mineralisation in Italy [Геохимические особенности проявления эндогенной боратной минерализации в Италии]. Geokhimiya, 10, 1440-1449 (in Russian).
Russo, M. (2008): Zeolites from Campi Flegrei, Bollettino AIZ Series/Report, Vol. 31 (2008), Publisher: Associazione Italiana Zeoliti onlus
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Monte Somma
          • Sant'Anastasia
M. Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
          • Terzigno
Luigi Chiappino data
          • Torre del Greco
Mariano Carati - Guida alla mineralogia vesuviana - Calderini, Bologna, 1982
    • Salerno
      • Nocera Inferiore
Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Carati, M. (1988): I minerali degli inclusi metamorfosati nel Tufo Grigio Campano. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Geologico Napoletano, 18, 5-12; Russo, M. & Punzo, I. (2010 communication)
  • Lazio
    • Frosinone Province
Mattias P.P. (1969): I minerali rinvenuti nelle cavità di una tefrite leucitica nella zona di Pofi (Frosinone). Per. Mineral., 38, 1, 87-108; Boscardin M. (1974): Informazioni di mineralogia italiana. 42) Minerali di Pofi (Frosinone). Notizie Gr. Mineral. Lombardo, 5, 2 (Giugno 1974), 30.
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Campagnano di Roma
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
      • Monte Compatri
        • Laghetto (Laghetto di Montecompatri)
Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.; Liotti, L. (1995) I minerali del complesso vulcanico dei Colli Albani. Seconda parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 18, 1 (1-1995), 55-70; Carlini, R., and Signoretti, E. (2018) Il Lazio classico: le cave di leucitite della provincia di Roma (Vallerano, Laghetto e Osa). Fossils & Minerals, 4, 24-53.
      • Rome
Fornaseri, M., and Turi, B. (1969) Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of carbonates in lavas and ejectites from the Alban Hills, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 23, 244-256.
A. Del caldo - Località mineralogiche consigliate: Le vulcaniti laziali: Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 1, March 1971, p. 9 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
        • Le Capannelle
Fornaseri, M., and Turi, B. (1969) Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of carbonates in lavas and ejectites from the Alban Hills, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 23, 244-256; Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
        • Osteria dell'Osa
Fornaseri, M., and Turi, B. (1969) Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of carbonates in lavas and ejectites from the Alban Hills, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 23, 244-256; Del Caldo, A. (1971) Località mineralogiche consigliate. Le vulcaniti laziali. 1) Cava di selce dell'Osa. Notizie del Guppo Mineralogico Lombardo, 2, 1 (marzo 1971), 6-8; Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Boscardin, M. (1973) Guida ai minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Editori, Milano, 208 pp.; Aleksandrov, S.M. [Александров, С.М.] (1974) Geochemical peculiarities of the occurrences of endogenic borate mineralisation in Italy [Геохимические особенности проявления эндогенной боратной минерализации в Италии]. Geokhimiya, 10, 1440-1449 (in Russian); De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pages; Carlini, R., and Signoretti, E. (2018) Il Lazio classico: le cave di leucitite della provincia di Roma (Vallerano, Laghetto e Osa). Fossils & Minerals, 4, 24-53.
Gresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella D. (2002): Geositi e Sistema delle Aree Protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 48-55
        • Valleranello
Zambonini, F. (1902) Kurzer Beitrag zur chemischen Kenntniss einiger Zeolithe der Umgegend Roms. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Palaeontologie, 2, 63-96; Fornaseri, M., and Turi, B. (1969) Carbon and oxygen isotopic composition of carbonates in lavas and ejectites from the Alban Hills, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 23, 244-256; De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol., 408 pp.; Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.; Liotti, L. (1995) I minerali del complesso vulcanico dei Colli Albani. Seconda parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 18, 1 (1-1995), 55-70; Carlini, R., and Signoretti, E. (2018) Il Lazio classico: le cave di leucitite della provincia di Roma (Vallerano, Laghetto e Osa). Fossils & Minerals, 4, 24-53.
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Campagnano di Roma
Della Ventura, Bonazzi, Obertia and Ottolini, Am. Min. vol. 87 p. 739 (2002)
    • Viterbo Province
Carloni, L., Signoretti, E., (2002): Le sanadiniti di Bassano Romano. Distretto Vulcanico Sabatino. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 28-36
American Mineralogist, Volume 86, pages 1066–1075, 2001
Della Ventura, G., Williams, C.T., Cabella, R., Oberti, R., Caprilli, E., Bellatreccia, F. (1999) Britholite-hellandite intergrowths and associated REE-minerals from the alkali-syenitic ejecta of the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy): petrological implications bearing on REE mobility in volcanic systems. European Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 843-854; Oberti, R., Ottolini, L., Cámara, F., Della Ventura, G. (1999) Crystal structure of non-metamict Th-rich hellandite-(Ce) from Latium (Italy) and crystal chemistry of the hellandite-group minerals. American Mineralogist, 84, 913–921.
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
      • Làtera volcano
        • Gradoli
- Signoretti, E. & Bosco, P. (2001): Le cave di Gradoli e Onano. Il Cercapietre, 1/2-2001, 10-25
        • Onano
Cresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella, D. (2002): Geositi e sistema delle arre protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2002, 48-55
        • Valentano
Burli, M., Caponera, I., Signoretti, E. (2007): Le "sanidiniti" di Monte Saliette (Valentano, VT). Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 13-18
      • Montalto di Castro
        • Pietra Massa Locality
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
      • Soriano nel Cimino
Federico, M. (1968) Una tridimite monoclina di bassa temperatura nelle rocce trachitiche del Vulcano Cimino. Periodico di Mineralogia, 37, 215-238; Stoppani, F.S., and Curti, E. (1982) I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
AMI UK service
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 1170–-1177, 2006
Carlini, R., Signoretti, E., 2003. Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Villa S.Giovanni in Tuscia e Mazzocchio. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2: 33-41
      • Viterbo
Flavio G. Taricco collection
Scherillo A. (1940): I proietti con minerali boriferi dei Vulcani Cimini. Per. Mineral., 11, 367-391; Stoppani F.S, Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Anglona
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Paolo Capitanio Collection
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Lipari Island
            • Canneto
              • Punta Castagna
F. Brignoli self collected
          • Vulcano Island
PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
Japan
 
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Kamaishi City
Watanabe & Ito (1954) Mineralogical Journal, 1, 84-88.
  • Miyazaki Prefecture
    • Hinokage
Minakawa and Adachi (1990) Chigaku Kenkyu, 39, 91-95
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Mansehra District
      • Kaghan Valley
        • Naran
Moore, T. (2004): What's New in Minerals. Costa Mesa Show 2003. Mineralogical Record. 35 (2), 143-145
Russia
 
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
[MinRec 32:8]
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 323.
    • Polar Yakutia
      • Dogdo River Basin
        • Tas-Khayakhtakh Range
Aleksandrov, S.M. (1998): Geochemistry of skarn and ore formation in dolomites. VSP (Utrecht, Tokyo), 300 pp.
Spain
 
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Burguillos del Cerro
Sanabria, R. and Calvo, M. (2002). Los yacimientos de magnetita de Burguillos del Cerro. Revista de Minerales, 2 (3), 4-25
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Nome Census Area
      • Seward Peninsula
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 323.; USGS Bull 358; Faust G T, Schaller W T (1971) Schoenfliesite, MgSn(OH)6. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 134, 116-141
        • York Range
Aleksandrov, S. M. (2010). Skarn-greisen deposits of the lost river and mount ear ore field, Seward Peninsula, Alaska, United States. Geochemistry International, 48(12), 1220-1236.
  • California
    • Monterey Co.
      • Gabilan Range
Chesterman, C.W. (1966a), Vonsenite of Monterey County, California: American Mineralogist: 51: 261-262; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 383; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 236.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
[micromounts@yahoogroups.com]
      • Riverside
Stanislav Mikhaĭlovich Aleksandrov (1998) "Geochemistry of skarn and ore formation in dolomites" p. 147
Eakle, A.S. (1920), Vonsenite; a preliminary note on a new mineral from Riverside, California, American Mineralogist: 5: 141-143; Vlisidid, A.C. and Schaller, W.T. (1974) The identity of paigeite with vonsenite, and chemical analysis of vonsenite, ludwigite and hulsite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1974(3-4): 95-105; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 236.
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • New York
American Mineralogist (1960): 45: 439.
      • Magnetite Mining District
        • Clifton
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
NY State Museum spec. no. 13889; George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.; B.F. Leonard and A.F. Buddington (1964) Ore deposits of the St. Lawrence County magnetite district, northwest Adirondacks, New York. USGS Professional Paper 377
 
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