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Villamaninite

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About VillamaniniteHide

05302770015140252603060.jpg
Villamanín de la Tercia
Formula:
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
Colour:
Iron-black to greenish black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
4.4 - 4.5
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named after the town of Villamanín, Spain, near the type locality of the Providencia mine. In the original description (Schoeller and Powell, 1919), the title of the paper names it villamaninite (without diacritical marks) and in the paper as villàmaninite, which might be a typographical error as accent grave is not used in Spanish. The current spelling of the name is villamanínite, with the diacritical matching the town name.

Classification of VillamaniniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1919
2.EB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
2.12.1.6

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.11.13

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of VillamaniniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Comment:
Dull metallic
Colour:
Iron-black to greenish black
Streak:
Sooty black
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN25=440 - 520 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect pseudocubic.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.4 - 4.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Chemical Properties of VillamaniniteHide

Formula:
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
IMA Formula:
CuS2
Common Impurities:
Se

Crystallography of VillamaniniteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.69 Å, b = 5.70 Å, c = 5.70 Å
α = 90°, β = 90°, γ = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.998 : 1 : 1
Unit Cell V:
184.87 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Twinning:
Noted, but not described.

Type Occurrence of VillamaniniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Small nodular masses with a radially fibrous structure and bright spherical surfaces, to about 5 mm.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London, England, 1919,309; 1920,7.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Copper, cobalt, and nickel deposit in a gangue of dolomite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Schoeller, W.R., Powell, A.R. (1920) Villamaninite, a new mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 19: 14-18.

Other Language Names for VillamaniniteHide

Relationship of Villamaninite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
CattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
DzharkeniteFeSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
GaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
PyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
TrogtaliteCoSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
22 photos of Villamaninite associated with CalciteCaCO3
8 photos of Villamaninite associated with DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
1 photo of Villamaninite associated with Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EB.05aAurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05bBambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aInsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aTrogtaliteCoSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aVaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aDzharkeniteFeSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aGaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsSMon. 2 : P21
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMattagamiteCoTe2Orth.
2.EB.10eParacostibiteCoSbSOrth.
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.EB.10fOeniteCoSbAsOrth.
2.EB.15aAnduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aNisbiteNiSb2Orth.
2.EB.15aOmeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
2.EB.15cPaxiteCuAs2Mon.
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
2.EB.20Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsSOrth. mm2 : Pca21
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.EB.25Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25KrutoviteNiAs2Iso.
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25PadmaitePdBiSeIso.
2.EB.25PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
2.EB.25TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
2.EB.25TolovkiteIrSbSIso.
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25WillyamiteCoSbS
2.EB.25ChangchengiteIrBiSIso.
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.30UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
2.EB.35RheniiteReS2Tric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.12.1.1PyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.2VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.3CattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.4Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.5TrogtaliteCoSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.7FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.8Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.9HaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.10LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.11AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.12KrutoviteNiAs2Iso.
2.12.1.13SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.14GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.15InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.16ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.17DzharkeniteFeSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.1.18GaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
2.12.1.19MayingiteIrBiTeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.24DieneriteNi3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39WillyamiteCoSbS

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in nitric acid, leaving a globule of sulphur.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for VillamaniniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schoeller, W.R., Powell, A.R. (1919) Villamaninite, a new mineral. Nature: 104: 326-326.
Schoeller, W.R., Powell, A.R. (1920) Villamaninite, a new mineral. Mineralogical Magazine: 19: 14-18.
Holden, E.F., Wherry, E.T., Gordon, S.G., Hunt, W.F., Foshag, W.F. (1920) Notes and news. American Mineralogist: 5: 166-168.
Fleischer, M. (1962) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 47: 1216-1223.
Hey, M.H. (1962) A new analysis of villamaninite. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 169-170.
Bither, T.A., Bouchard, R.J., Cloud, W.H., Donohue, P.C., Siemons, W.J. (1968) Transition metal pyrite dichalcogenides. High-pressure synthesis and correlation of properties. Inorganic Chemistry: 7: 2208-2220.
Taylor, L.A., Kullerud, G. (1972) Phase equilibria associated with the stability of copper disulfide. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 10: 458-464.
Krill, G., Panissod, P., Lapierre, M.F., Gautier, F., Robert, C., Eddine, M.N. (1976) Magnetic properties and phase transitions of the metallic CuX2 dichalcogenides (X = S, Se, Te) with pyrite structure. Journal of Physics C: Solid State Physics: 9: 1521-1533.
Mineralogical Magazine (1977): 41: 545.
King, H.E., Prewitt, C.T. (1979) Structure and symmetry of CuS2 (pyrite structure). American Mineralogist: 64: 1265-1271.
Zakrzewski, M.A. (1984) Minerals of the bravoite – villamaninite series and cuprian siegenite from Karniowice, Poland. The Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 499-502.
Bayliss, P. (1989) Crystal chemistry and crystallography of some minerals within the pyrite group. American Mineralogist: 74: 1168-1176.
Marcos, C., Paniagua, A., Moreiras, D.B., García-Granda, S., Diaz, M.R. (1996) Villamaninite, a case of noncubic pyrite-type structure. Acta Crystallographica: B52: 899-904.
Birkholz, M. (2014) Modeling the shape of ions in pyrite-type crystals. Crystals: 4: 390-403.

Internet Links for VillamaniniteHide

Localities for VillamaniniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Shaanxi
    • Baoji
      • Taibai County
Defeng Hui and Naiwu Zhu (2001): Gold Journal 3(1), 1-5
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Freyung-Grafenau
        • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
    • Upper Palatinate
Seeliger, E. & Strunz, H. (1965): Erzpetrographie der Uranmineralien von Wölsendorf. II. Brannerit, Lermontovit(?), Selen und Selenide, Ni- and Bi-Begleitmineralien etc. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 103, 163-178.; Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
Japan
 
  • Akita Prefecture
    • Kosaka
Kato (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 15. (Kinichi Sakurai collection)
Pacific Ocean
 
  • East Pacific Rise
    • Juan de Fuca Ridge complex
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. , France.
Poland
 
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Kraków City Co.
Czerny J. 1992: Hydrothermal mineralization phenomena in Karniowice travertine near Cracow. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 23, No 2, 3-14.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Piestrzyński, A., & Pieczonka, J. (2012). Low temperature ore minerals associations in the Kupferschiefer type deposit, Lubin–Sieroszowice mining district, SW Poland. Мінералогічний збірник, (2), 59-66.
    • Lubin Co.
      • Gmina Lubin
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
Spain (TL)
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Cármenes (Villamanín)
        • Villanueva de Pontedo
Schoeller, W.P., Powell, A.R., (1920). Villamaninite, a new mineral. Mineralogical Magazine, 19, 14-18.
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí i Poblet
Econ Geol (1992) 87:142-153
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
Alaska Div. Geological & Geophysical Sur. : Pub. Data 89-20
 
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