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Uvanite

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About UvaniteHide

Formula:
U6+2V5+6O21 · 15H2O (?)
Colour:
Brown-yellow; pale brown in transmitted light
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
In allusion to its composition, containing Uranium and VANadium.
A secondary mineral occurring in asphaltic sandstone in a Colorado Plateau-type uranium deposit.


Classification of UvaniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable
4.HB.35

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
H : V[5,6] Vanadates
B : Uranyl Sorovanodates
47.4.5.1

47 : VANADIUM OXYSALTS
4 : Vanadium Bronzes
21.4.1

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
4 : Vanadates of U, Mn, Fe or Ni

Physical Properties of UvaniteHide

Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Brown-yellow; pale brown in transmitted light
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Two directions, pinacoidal.

Optical Data of UvaniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.817 nβ = 1.879 nγ = 2.057
2V:
Measured: 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.240
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Light brown Y = Dark Brown Z = Greenish yellow

Chemical Properties of UvaniteHide

Formula:
U6+2V5+6O21 · 15H2O (?)
IMA Formula:
(UO2)2V5+6O17 · 15H2O (?)

Crystallography of UvaniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Morphology:
Minutely crystalline coatings and massive.
Comment:
Crystal system probable; space group and Z not determined.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.9 Å(6)
4.6 Å(4)
2.94 Å(10)
2.24 Å(8)
1.71 Å(9)
1.637 Å(4)
1.484 Å(7)

Type Occurrence of UvaniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Crystalline coatings and massive
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: #62753. U.S. National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA: #87512, R5708.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Shinarump asphaltic sandstone.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for UvaniteHide

German:Uvanit
Simplified Chinese:钒铀矿
Spanish:Uvanita

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.HB.05CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
4.HB.05Margaritasite(Cs,K,H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
4.HB.10SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
4.HB.15CurienitePb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
4.HB.15FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
4.HB.15FritzscheiteMn(UO2)2(PO4,VO4)2 · 10H2O (?)Tet.
4.HB.20MetavanuraliteAl(UO2)2(VO4)2(OH) · 8H2OTric.
4.HB.20VanuraliteAl(UO2)2(V2O8)(OH) · 11H2OMon.
4.HB.25MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.HB.25TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
4.HB.30StrelkiniteNa2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OOrth.
4.HB.40RauviteCa(UO2)2(V10O28) · 16H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

21.4.2Vanuranylite(H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 4H2O
21.4.3StrelkiniteNa2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OOrth.
21.4.4CarnotiteK2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
21.4.5Margaritasite(Cs,K,H3O)2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
21.4.6SengieriteCu2(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
21.4.7MetatyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 3-5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.4.8TyuyamuniteCa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5-8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
21.4.9RauviteCa(UO2)2(V10O28) · 16H2O
21.4.10FrancevilliteBa(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
21.4.11MetavanuraliteAl(UO2)2(VO4)2(OH) · 8H2OTric.
21.4.12VanuraliteAl(UO2)2(V2O8)(OH) · 11H2OMon.
21.4.13CurienitePb(UO2)2(VO4)2 · 5H2OOrth.
21.4.14FritzscheiteMn(UO2)2(PO4,VO4)2 · 10H2O (?)Tet.
21.4.15Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
21.4.16Santafeite(Na,Ca,Sr)12(Mn2+,Fe3+,Al,Mg)8Mn4+8(VO4)16(OH,O)20 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.4.17PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
21.4.18BrackebuschitePb2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
21.4.19ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
21.4.20HeyitePb5Fe2+2(VO4)2O4Mon.
21.4.21MounanaitePbFe3+2(VO4)2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
21.4.22SchubneliteFe3+VO4 · H2OTric.
21.4.23FervaniteFe3+4V5+4O16 · 5H2OMon.
21.4.24KazakhstaniteFe3+5V4+3V5+12O39(OH)9 · 9H2OMon.
21.4.25Bokite(Al,Fe3+)1.3(V5+,V4+,Fe3+)8O20 · 7.4H2OMon.
21.4.26Rusakovite(Fe3+,Al)5(VO4,PO4)2(OH)9 · 3H2O
21.4.27KolovratiteNixZny(VO4)0.67(x+y) · nH2O

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Insoluble in water. Soluble in ammonium carbonate solution.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for UvaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hess, F.L. & Schaller, W.T. (1914): Pintadoite and Uvanite, two new vanadium minerals from Utah : A preliminary note. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science, 4, 576-579.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1056.
Frondel, C. (1958) Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium. US Geological Survey Bulletin, 1064, 261-263.
Weiss, A. and K.J. Hilke (1965) Uvanit, ein Uranylvanadat mit Schichstruktur und innerkristallinem Quellungsvermögen. Anorg. Chem., 7(7), 347 (in German).

Internet Links for UvaniteHide

Localities for UvaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Salta Province
    • Guachipas department
      • Alemania
Sureda, R.J., Galliski, M.A., Gorustovich, S.A. Los minerales de uranio y cobre en la manifestacion nuclear Cajoncillo, provincia de Salta. 9 Congreso Geologico Argentino, 7: 407-417 1984.
China
 
  • Jiangxi
    • Jiujiang
      • Xiushui Co.
        • Xiushui Uranium ore field
National Geological Archives of China database, record no. X00037531
Slovenia
 
  • Upper Carniola Region
    • Gorenja Vas–Poljane
Dolenec, T. (1985): Secondary uranium minerals from the Zirovski Vrh uranium ore deposit. Rudarsko-Metalurski Zbornik 32, 195-206 (in Serbo-Croatian)
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
Castillo-Oliver, M.; Melgarejo, J.C.; Torró, L.; Villanova-de-Benavent, C.; Campeny, M.; Díaz-Acha, Y.; Amores-Casals, S.; Xu, J.; Proenza, J.; Tauler, E. Sandstone-Hosted Uranium Deposits as a Possible Source for Critical Elements: The Eureka Mine Case, Castell-Estaó, Catalonia. Minerals 2020, 10, 34.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Apache County
      • Cane Valley Mining District
        • Yazzie Mesa
          • Monument No. 2 channel
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 408; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 78.
  • New Mexico
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
  • New York
John H. Betts (2009) "The minerals of New York City", Rocks & Minerals, 84, 204-240.
Barton, I., Barton, M. D., & Thorson, J. (2018) Characteristics of Cu and UV Deposits in the Paradox Basin (Colorado Plateau) and Associated Alteration. Guidebook series, 59.
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael Mining District (San Rafael Swell)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Hess, F.L. & Schaller, W.T. (1914): Pintadoite and Uvanite, two new vanadium minerals from Utah : A preliminary note. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science, 4, 576-579; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1056.; DANA R. KELLEY AND PAUL F. KERR (1958) URANO-ORGANIC ORE AT TEMPLE MOUNTAIN, UTAH. BULLETIN OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA VOL. 69. PP. 701-756.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
 
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