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Umangite

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About UmangiteHide

Formula:
Cu3Se2
Colour:
Red, bluish red-black, iridescent violet-blue (tarnished)
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after its supposed discovery locality, Sierra de Umango (Umango Mountains), Argentina, although in reality it does not occur there but came rather from a neighbouring range called the Sierra de Cacho (see also text in http://www.mindat.org/loc-146779.html).

Classification of UmangiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.BA.25

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
2.5.1.1

2 : SULFIDES
5 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
3.1.11

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of UmangiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Red, bluish red-black, iridescent violet-blue (tarnished)
Streak:
Black
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of UmangiteHide

Formula:
Cu3Se2
Common Impurities:
Ag

Crystallography of UmangiteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.4 Å, c = 4.28 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.669
Unit Cell V:
175.31 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of UmangiteHide

Other Language Names for UmangiteHide

German:Umangit
Simplified Chinese:红硒铜矿
Spanish:Umangita
Traditional Chinese:紅硒銅礦

Relationship of Umangite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
16 photos of Umangite associated with ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
10 photos of Umangite associated with ClausthalitePbSe
9 photos of Umangite associated with CalciteCaCO3
9 photos of Umangite associated with BerzelianiteCu2Se
7 photos of Umangite associated with EucairiteAgCuSe
4 photos of Umangite associated with CerussitePbCO3
3 photos of Umangite associated with PitchblendeUO2
3 photos of Umangite associated with TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
3 photos of Umangite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
2 photos of Umangite associated with EskeborniteCuFeSe2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BA.AlburniteAg8GeTe2S4Iso.
2.BA.DzierżanowskiteCaCu2S2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.BA.05ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.05DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
2.BA.05GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
2.BA.05RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.BA.10AniliteCu7S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.BA.10DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.BA.15BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.BA.20BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
2.BA.20BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.BA.25AthabascaiteCu5Se4Orth.
2.BA.30RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
2.BA.30WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
2.BA.35AcanthiteAg2SMon. 2/m : P21/m
2.BA.40MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.BA.40StromeyeriteAgCuSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCuAg6AuCu2S5
2.BA.45JalpaiteAg3CuS2Tet.
2.BA.45SelenojalpaiteAg3CuSe2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
2.BA.50EucairiteAgCuSeOrth.
2.BA.55AguilariteAg4SeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.55NaumanniteAg2SeOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
2.BA.60CervelleiteAg4TeSMon. 2/m
2.BA.60HessiteAg2TeMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.BA.60ChenguodaiteAg9Fe3+Te2S4Orth.
2.BA.65Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
2.BA.65StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36Hex. 6 : P6
2.BA.70ArgyroditeAg8GeS6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
2.BA.70CanfielditeAg8SnS6Orth. mm2
2.BA.70Putzite(Cu4.7Ag3.3)GeS6Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.BA.75FischesseriteAg3AuSe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75Penzhinite(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4Hex.
2.BA.75PetrovskaiteAuAgSMon.
2.BA.75PetziteAg3AuTe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
2.BA.75UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite(Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)Orth.
2.BA.80BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2Iso.
2.BA.80Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)Iso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.1.1ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.1.4AniliteCu7S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
3.1.6SpionkopiteCu39S28Trig.
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
3.1.8CovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
3.1.12YarrowiteCu9S8Trig.
3.1.13AthabascaiteCu5Se4Orth.
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.16WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
3.1.17RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
3.1.18VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
3.1.19BambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
3.1.20LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.1.26MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.29IdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.33Fe0.66S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.1.31PutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2OHex.
3.1.33EskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
3.1.34Chaméanite(Cu,Fe)4As(Se,S)4Iso.
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for UmangiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 194-195.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1891): 29: 269.
American Mineralogist (1950): 35: 337-364.
Ramdohr, P. (1955): Neues Jahrb. Monatsh. Mineral., 133-142.
Science: 152: 345.

Internet Links for UmangiteHide

Localities for UmangiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja Province
    • Chilecito department
      • Sañogasta
M.K. de Brodtkorb (ed.) (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Famatina department
      • Famatina
        • Puerto Alegre
Paar, et al. (1996): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 51 (4):304-312; Grundmann, G., & Förster, H. J. (2018). The Sierra de Cacheuta Vein-Type Se Mineralization, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Minerals, 8(4), 127.
    • General Lamadrid department
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 42, 1745-1755 (2004).
      • Villa Castelli
(see note under Sierra de Umango)
Grundmann, G., & Förster, H. J. (2018). The Sierra de Cacheuta Vein-Type Se Mineralization, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Minerals, 8(4), 127.
de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
O. Kempff, W.H. Paar, S. Tawackoli (2009) Minerales de Bolivia, p. 34.; Milka K. de BRODTKORB and Sabrina CROSTA (2010) RESEÑA DE LA UBICACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA DE LOS SELENIUROS DE LA SIERRA DE UMANGO, PROVINCIA DE LA RIOJA. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 67 (2), 272 - 277.
O. Kempff, W.H. Paar, S. Tawackoli (2009) Minerales de Bolivia, p. 34.; DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Milka K. de BRODTKORB and Sabrina CROSTA (2010) RESEÑA DE LA UBICACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA DE LOS SELENIUROS DE LA SIERRA DE UMANGO, PROVINCIA DE LA RIOJA. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 67 (2), 272 - 277.
Grundmann, G., & Förster, H. J. (2018). The Sierra de Cacheuta Vein-Type Se Mineralization, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Minerals, 8(4), 127.
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.; Grundmann, G., & Förster, H. J. (2018). The Sierra de Cacheuta Vein-Type Se Mineralization, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Minerals, 8(4), 127.
[Am Min 35 (1950), 354]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Recursos Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325; de Brodtkorb, M. K.; Gay, H. D.; Sureda, R. J. (1993): Polymetallic selenide-sulfide minerals of the Los Llantenes mining district, La Rioja, Argentina. Maurice, Yvon T. (Ed.), Proc. 8th Quadrenn. IAGOD Symp., 119-125.
No reference listed
    • Vinchina Department
Sarp, H. & G.Burri, Schweiz. Mineral.Petrogr. Mitt. 67, 219-223(1987)
  • Mendoza Province
    • Luján de Cuyo department
      • Cacheuta
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Grundmann, G., & Förster, H. J. (2018). The Sierra de Cacheuta Vein-Type Se Mineralization, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Minerals, 8(4), 127.
          • Cerro de Cacheuta
Ahlfeld Friedrich and Angelelll Vlctorio 1948 Las especies minerales de la Republica Argentina Univ Nac Tucumftn Inst Geologla y Mineria Jujuy Pub no 458 p 47 48 49 50 54 67 69 70 71 120 121 133 134
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Nickel, Ernest H. (2002): An Unusual Occurrence of Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Hg Mineralisation in the Pilbara Region of Western Australia. Canadian Mineralogist. 40: 419-433.
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
        • Golden Mile Mines
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Neuberg an der Mürz
        • Altenberg an der Rax
          • Eselberg
Postl, W. & Paar, W.H. (1997)
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz
    • Aroma Province
      • Laurani District
USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 255.
  • Potosí
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
[MinRec 21:133]; Grundmann, G. and Förster H.-J. (2017) Origin of the El Dragón Selenium Mineralization, Quijarro Province, Potosí, Bolivia. Minerals, 7(5), 68; doi:10.3390/min7050068
Canada
 
  • Nunavut
    • Kivalliq Region
      • Baker Lake
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Miller A.: Uranium Geology of the eastern Baker Lake Basin, District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories; G.S.C. Bulletin 330.
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton County
      • Cardiff Township
GSC Report 39
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
Sabina (2003) 66.
  • Saskatchewan
    • Beaverlodge Lake area
Can Min 10:787-796; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
J. Traill (1952) Synthesis and x-ray study of uranium sulphate minerals . American Mineralogist 37:394-406.
        • Beaverlodge Lake
ROBINSON, S.C. & BROOKER, E.J. (1952): A cobalt - nickel - copper selenide from the Goldfields district, Saskatchewan, Canada. American Mineralogist 37, 542-544.
Collected and analyzed by Gunnar Farber.
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 10, pp.787-796 (1972); Tremblay, L. P. (1978). Geology of the Beaverlodge mining area, Saskatchewan (No. GSCAN-M--367). Geological Survey of Canada.
    • Lake Athabasca
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Stylianos Augustithis (1995) Atlas of the Textural Patterns of Ore Minerals and Metallogenic Processes
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Huaibei
      • Suixi Co.
        • Sanpu ore field
Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
  • Hubei
    • Huangshi
      • Daye Co.
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
      • Yangxin Co.
        • Fengshan ore field
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
  • Jiangxi
    • Shangrao
      • Dexing Co.
        • Dexing Cu-Mo-Au ore field
          • Dexing copper mine
Jingxian Li and Jiajun Liu (2014): Resources & Industries 16(2), 90-97
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan
      • Huili County
Zhi Li, Zhenjie Chen, and Fengge Wang (1973): Geology and Prospecting 10(2), 20-24; Dequan Shuai and Fengming Fu (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 318-320
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
Josef Vajdak (2008) Mineral News, 24, #3, 15. (collected on dump by Pavel Skacha); Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., & Plášil, J. (2017). Selenide mineralization in the Příbram uranium and base-metal district (Czech Republic). Minerals, 7(6), 91.
      • Háje
        • Uranium Mine No. 16 (Shaft No. 16)
(Pavel Škácha coll.)
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
      • Javorník
Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Litochleb, J., Škácha, P., Pavlícek, R. (2012): A selenide association with macroscopic umangite from the abandoned uranium deposit Zálesí, Rychlebské hory Mountains (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 20, 187-196 (in Czech with English abstract).
  • Plzeň Region
    • Tachov District
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní
Scharmová, M., Scharm, B.: Minerály selenu na uranovém ložisku Zadní Chodov. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 43-47.
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Písek District
      • Kovářov
        • Předbořice
Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Bindi, L., Förster, H. J., Grundmann, G., Keutsch, F., & Stanley, C. (2016). Petříčekite, CuSe2, a New Member of the Marcasite Group from the Předbořice Deposit, Central Bohemia Region, Czech Republic. Minerals, 6(2), 33.
  • South Moravian Region
    • Brno-Country District
      • Tišnov
Šouba, M.: Příspěvek k mineralizacu dislokací v okolí Tišnovské Nové Vsi. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1984, roč. 29, č. 2, s. 185-191.uraninite, coffinite
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Nové Město na Moravě
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
      • Rožná
        • Rožná deposit
Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89.
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Qaqortoq
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Le Vernet-Chaméane
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Thann-Guebwiller
        • Kruth
Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • St Blasien
      • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Franconia
      • Wunsiedel im Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Großschloppen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; DILL, H. G. and KOLB, S.G. (1986): The Großschloppen-Hebanz uranium occurrences. A prototype of mineralized structure zones associated with desilification and silification processes (F.R. Germany/N Bavaria). - In: Uranium Vein-Type Deposits (Ed. H.D. Fuchs), International Atomic Energy Agency, 287-303
    • Upper Palatinate
Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Braunlage
        • St Andreasberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Cabral, A. R., Ließmann, W., Jian, W., & Lehmann, B. (2017). Bismuth selenides from St. Andreasberg, Germany: an oxidised five-element style of mineralisation and its relation to post-Variscan vein-type deposits of central Europe. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 106(7), 2359-2369.
      • Langelsheim
        • Lautenthal
Zeit. Kryst. (1891 19, 265-27; Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
    • Göttingen
      • Osterode am Harz
        • Lerbach
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
      • Walkenried
        • Zorge
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
    • St Andreasberg District
      • Sieber
Heider, J. (2014): Die Selenidmineralisation der Grube Henriette. Aufschluss, 65, 216-226.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Gernrode
        • Rieder
Schaarschmidt, H. (2007): Weltweit einmalig: Clausthalit als freie Kristalle aus dem Harz. Lapis 32 (3), 41-42. (in German); Heider, J. & Siemroth, J. (2012): Die Selenidmineralisation im Grauwacke-Tagebau Rieder bei Gernrode, Harz. Aufschluss, 63, 213-223.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Tischendorf, G. (1969). Sources of elements in selenide mineralization near Tilkerode (Harz). International Geology Review, 11(11), 1298-1301.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Aue-Bad Schlema
Förster, H. J. (2004). Mineralogy of the Niederschlema-Alberoda U–Se-polymetallic deposit, Erzgebirge, Germany. II: Hessite, Ag2Te, and native Te (?), the first tellurium minerals. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 180(2), 101-113.
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 280-281.
    • Zwickau
      • Hartenstein
FÖRSTER et al. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1433-1444
Israel
 
  • Negev
Vapnik, Y., Galuskina, I., Murashko, M., Britvin, S., & Galuskin, E. (2014). The Hatrurim Complex-the New Unique Locality on World Mineral Map: the Review of Mineral Discoveries. In Israel Geological Society 2014, Annual Meeting, En Boqeq (pp. 143-144).
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mapimí Municipality
      • Mapimí
Panczner(1987):112-384.
Mineralogical Record (2003) 34:5 The Ojuela Mine
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra County
Mochnacka K. 1971: Okruszcowanie w Kowarach (Dolny Śląsk). Prz. Geol. nr 11; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Kłodzko Co.
      • Gmina Stronie Śląskie
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Pringle, G. J., & Thorpe, R. I. (1980). Bohdanowiczite, junoite and laitakarite from the Kidd Creek mine, Timmins, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist, 18(3), 353-360.; Gil, G.; Gunia, P.; Barnes, J.D.; Szymański, M.; Jokubauskas, P.; Kalbarczyk-Gil, A.; Bagiński, B. (2020) Origin of Talc and Fe-Ti-V Mineralization in the Kletno Deposit (the Śnieżnik Massif, SW Poland). Minerals 10, 13.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Bodaibo
      • Lena Gold District
        • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm; Distler, V. V., Mitrofanov, G. L., Yudovskaya, M. A., Lishnevsky, E. N., & Prokof’ev, V. Y. (2005). Deep structure and ore-forming processes of the Sukhoi Log gold-platinum deposit, Russia. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 921-923). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Sweden
 
  • Östergötland County
    • Valdemarsvik
Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Torbay
        • Torquay
[Camm, 1995, 71 - "Gold in the Counties of Cornwall and Devon"]; C. J. Stanley, A. J. Criddle and D. Lloyd (1990) Precious and Base Metal Selenide Mineralization at Hope's Nose, Torquay, Devon. Mineralogical Magazine 54:485-493
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Minnesota Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Ramdohr, Paul (1969) The Ore Minerals and Their Intergrowths, p. 466.
  • Washington
    • Ferry Co.
      • Republic Mining District
        • Republic
          • Klondike Mountain
Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1, p.121; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.35, 64, 136, 174; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report, p.55
 
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