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Astrophyllite

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About AstrophylliteHide

Formula:
K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
Colour:
Bronze-yellow, golden yellow, brown to reddish brown.
Lustre:
Greasy, Pearly, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
3.2 - 3.4
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
From the Greek άστρον ("astron") for "star" and φύλλον ("phyllon") for "leaf", in allusion to its habit of starburst-like sprays and micaceous cleavage. It was named by the German chemist, geologist and mineralogist Carl Johan August Theodor Scheerer (1813-1875) in 1854.
Astrophyllite Group.
The mineral was first found in 1844 by the Norwegian mineralogist Paul Christian Weibye (1819-1865) and later described by him, in 1848, as a brown, micaous mineral ("brauner Glimmer") from Låven (formerly Lamöskjär), Langesundsfjorden, Norway (Weibye 1848). Later Scheerer (1854) described it under the name astrophyllite. Brøgger (1890) described in detail the crystallographic and optical properties as well as its chemistry.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Astrophyllite.


Classification of AstrophylliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DC.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
C : Inosilicates with branched 2-periodic single chains; Si2O6 + 2SiO3 Si4O12
69.1.1.1

69 : INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
1 : Chains with Side Branches or Loops with (P=2, and N=4, 2 branches)
14.9.29

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
9 : Silicates of Ti

Physical Properties of AstrophylliteHide

Greasy, Pearly, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Bronze-yellow, golden yellow, brown to reddish brown.
Streak:
Golden
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}
Poor on {100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.2 - 3.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of AstrophylliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.680 nβ = 1.700 nγ = 1.730
2V:
Measured: 70° to 90°, Calculated: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.050
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
none
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X= deep red-orange
Y= orange-yellow
Z= lemon-yellow

Chemical Properties of AstrophylliteHide

Formula:
K2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4F
IMA Formula:
K2NaFe2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4F
Common Impurities:
Nb,Ta,Zr,Al,Mg,Ca

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
Na2O2.68 %
K2O5.21 %
Rb2O1.05 %
Cs2O1.35 %
CaO1.00 %
SrO0.10 %
MgO1.11 %
MnO13.99 %
FeO18.45 %
ZnO0.49 %
Al2O31.01 %
Ce2O30.31 %
TiO29.20 %
SnO30.23 %
ZrO21.69 %
Nb2O52.81 %
SiO233.98 %
F1.38 %
H2O2.65 %
O=F-0.58 %
Total:98.11 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Eudidymite-Epididymite locality, Vesle Arøya, Langesundsfjorden, Larvik, Vestfold, NorwayPiilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., LaLonde, A.E. (2003) Insights into astrophyllite–group minerals. II. Crystal chemistry. The Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 27-54
2Galiñeiro Complex, Vincios, Gondomar, Pontevedra, Galicia, SpainPriem, H. N. A., Boelrijk, N. A. I. M., Verschure, R. H., Hebeda, E. H., & Floor, P. (1966). Isotopic evidence for Upper-Cambrian or Lower-Ordovician granite emplacement in the Vigo area, Northwestern Spain. Geologie en Mijnbouw (Netherlands), 45, 36-40.

Crystallography of AstrophylliteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.76 Å, b = 5.36 Å, c = 21.08 Å
α = 90°, β = 94°, γ = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.194 : 1 : 3.933
Unit Cell V:
1,325.51 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
tabular, bladed, acicular

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005802AstrophyllitePiilonen P C, McDonald A M, Lalonde A E (2003) Insights into astrophyllite-group minerals II: Crystal chemistry The Canadian Mineralogist 41 27-542003Seal Lake, Labrador, Canada0293
0005803AstrophyllitePiilonen P C, McDonald A M, Lalonde A E (2003) Insights into astrophyllite-group minerals II: Crystal chemistry The Canadian Mineralogist 41 27-542003Langesundsfjord area, Oslo Rift Valley, Norway0293
0005805AstrophyllitePiilonen P C, McDonald A M, Lalonde A E (2003) Insights into astrophyllite-group minerals II: Crystal chemistry The Canadian Mineralogist 41 27-542003Khibina massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0005806AstrophyllitePiilonen P C, McDonald A M, Lalonde A E (2003) Insights into astrophyllite-group minerals II: Crystal chemistry The Canadian Mineralogist 41 27-542003Khibina massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0005809AstrophyllitePiilonen P C, McDonald A M, Lalonde A E (2003) Insights into astrophyllite-group minerals II: Crystal chemistry The Canadian Mineralogist 41 27-542003granitic pegmatite at Mount Rosa, Pikes Peak, Colorado, USA0293
0005818AstrophyllitePiilonen P C, McDonald A M, Lalonde A E (2003) Insights into astrophyllite-group minerals II: Crystal chemistry The Canadian Mineralogist 41 27-542003aplite/pegmatite at Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada0293
0005819AstrophyllitePiilonen P C, McDonald A M, Lalonde A E (2003) Insights into astrophyllite-group minerals II: Crystal chemistry The Canadian Mineralogist 41 27-542003nepheline syenite pegmatite at Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada0293
0007257AstrophylliteSokolova E, Camara F (2008) Re-investigation of the crystal structure of magnesium astrophyllite European Journal of Mineralogy 20 253-2602008Mt. Yukspor, Khibina alkaline massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0009310AstrophylliteWoodrow P J (1967) The crystal structure of astrophyllite Acta Crystallographica 22 673-6781967El Paso County, Colorado, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Nepheline syenites and alkali granites.

Type Occurrence of AstrophylliteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mineralogische Sammlung der TU Bergakademie Freiberg
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Nepheline-syenite pegmatite

Synonyms of AstrophylliteHide

Other Language Names for AstrophylliteHide

Relationship of Astrophyllite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BulgakiteLi2(Ca,Na)Fe2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(F,O)(H2O)2Tric. 1 : P1
Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31Tric.
NalivkiniteLi2Na(Fe2+,Mn2+)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric. 1 : P1
Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31Tric.
Tarbagataite(K◻)Ca(Fe2+,Mn)7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)5Tric. 1 : P1
ZircophylliteK2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3[AlSi3O10(OH)2
CatapleiiteNa2Zr(Si3O9) · 2H2O
LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6F
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Tritomite-(Ce)Ce5(SiO4,BO4)3(OH,O)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
53 photos of Astrophyllite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
44 photos of Astrophyllite associated with QuartzSiO2
40 photos of Astrophyllite associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
11 photos of Astrophyllite associated with Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
10 photos of Astrophyllite associated with AenigmatiteNa4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
9 photos of Astrophyllite associated with EudialyteNa15Ca6Fe3Zr3Si(Si25O73)(O,OH,H2O)3(Cl,OH)2
9 photos of Astrophyllite associated with Eudialyte Group[$n(1)$n(2)$n(3)$n(4)$n(5)]3[$m(1.1)$m(1.2)]3[$m(2.1)$m(2.2)$m(2.3)]3-6[$m(3)$m(4)]$z3[Si24O724$x(1)$x(2)
9 photos of Astrophyllite associated with NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
8 photos of Astrophyllite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
8 photos of Astrophyllite associated with Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DC.05Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31Tric.
9.DC.05Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric.
9.DC.05LobanoviteK2Na(Fe2+4Mg2Na)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DC.05Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31Tric.
9.DC.05ZircophylliteK2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
9.DC.05Kupletskite-(Cs)Cs2NaMn2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
9.DC.05NiobokupletskiteK2NaMn2+7(Nb,Ti)(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4(O,F)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DC.05NalivkiniteLi2Na(Fe2+,Mn2+)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric. 1 : P1
9.DC.05SveinbergeiteCa(Fe2+6Fe3+)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)5(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

69.1.1.2Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric.
69.1.1.3Kupletskite-(Cs)Cs2NaMn2+7Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
69.1.1.4Niobophyllite(K,Na)3(Fe,Mn)6(Nb,Ti)2Si8(O,OH,F)31Tric.
69.1.1.5ZircophylliteK2NaFe2+7Zr2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4FTric.
69.1.1.5NalivkiniteLi2Na(Fe2+,Mn2+)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric. 1 : P1
69.1.1.6Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31Tric.
69.1.1.6SveinbergeiteCa(Fe2+6Fe3+)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)5(H2O)4Tric. 1 : P1
69.1.1.7LobanoviteK2Na(Fe2+4Mg2Na)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.9.1NatisiteNa2Ti(SiO4)OTet.
14.9.2LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
14.9.3LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2OMon.
14.9.4DavaniteK2TiSi6O15Tric.
14.9.5KazakoviteNa6Mn2+Ti(Si6O18)Trig.
14.9.6TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)OMon. 2/m : P21/b
14.9.7OhmiliteSr3(Ti,Fe3+)(Si4O12)(O,OH) · 2-3H2OMon.
14.9.8Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2Mon.
14.9.9BenitoiteBaTi(Si3O9)Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
14.9.10BatisiteBaNaNaTi2(Si4O12)O2Orth.
14.9.11FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)OTet. 4mm : P4bm
14.9.12Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2OMon. 2 : B2
14.9.13Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
14.9.14StrontiojoaquiniteSr2Ba2(Na,Fe)2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OMon.
14.9.15Bario-orthojoaquinite(Ba,Sr)4Fe2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2 · H2OOrth.
14.9.16Strontio-orthojoaquinite(Na,Fe)2Sr2Ba2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OOrth.
14.9.17BafertisiteBa2Fe2+4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric.
14.9.18HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2Tric. 1
14.9.19Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2OMon.
14.9.20Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)Mon.
14.9.21Trimounsite-(Y)Y2Ti2(SiO4)O5Mon.
14.9.22Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe3+2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.9.23Chevkinite(Ce,Ca,Th)4(Fe,Mn)2(Ti,Fe)3[Si2O7]2O8
14.9.24Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8Mon.
14.9.25TisinaliteNa3H3(Mn,Ca,Fe)TiSi6(O,OH)18 · 2H2OTrig.
14.9.26NeptuniteNa2KLiFe2+2Ti2Si8O24Mon. m : Bb
14.9.27ManganoneptuniteNa2KLiMn2+2Ti2Si8O24Mon.
14.9.28Kupletskite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe)7Ti2Si8O26(OH)4FTric.
14.9.30Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31Tric.
14.9.31LobanoviteK2Na(Fe2+4Mg2Na)Ti2(Si4O12)2O2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.9.32BaratoviteKCa7(Ti,Zr)2Li3Si12O36F2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.9.34AenigmatiteNa4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]Tric. 1 : P1
14.9.35SchorlomiteCa3Ti2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
14.9.36TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2TiO[Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
14.9.37Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
14.9.38KoashviteNa6(Ca,Mn)(Ti,Fe)Si6O18 · H2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AstrophylliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Weibye, P.C. (1848) Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde: 22: 465-544, 673-678. [p. 532 as a brown glimmer (mica)]
Scheerer, T. (1854) Verhandlungen des bergmännischen Vereins zu Freiberg, Berg- und hüttenmännische Zeitung: 13: 239-240.
Scheerer, T. (1864) Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie: 198(2/122): 107-138. (as brown mica)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890) Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite, 35. Astrophyllit. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie: 16: 200-216.
Woodrow, P.J. (1967) The crystal structure of astrophyllite. Acta Crystallographica: 22: 673-678.
Manning, P.G. (1968) On the origin of colour and pleochroism of astrophyllite and brown clintonite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 663-677.
Fleischer, M., Chao, G.Y., Cabri, L.J. (1975) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 60: 736-739.
Zhesheng Ma, Guowu Li, Nicheng Shi, Huyun Zhou, Danian Ye, Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2001) Structure refinement of astrophyllite. Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences): 44(6): 508-516.
Jambor, J.L., Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 996-999.
Piilonen, P., Lalonde, A., McDonald, A., Gault, R, Larsen, A. (2003) Insights into Astrophyllite-group minerals. I. Nomenclature, composition and development of standardized general formula. Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1-26.
Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., LaLonde, A.E. (2003) Insights into astrophyllite–group minerals. II. Crystal chemistry. The Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 27-54.
Sokolova, E., Cámara, F. (2008) Re-investigation of the crystal structure of magnesium astrophyllite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 20: 253-260.
Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) The crystal structures of niobophyllite, kupletskite-(Cs) and Sn-rich astrophyllite: Revisions to the crystal chemistry of the astrophyllite-group minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 1-16.
Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F.C. (2010) The crystal structures of niobophyllite, kupletskite-(Cs) and Sn-rich astrophyllite: Revisions to the crystal chemistry of the astrophyllite-group minerals: Erratum. The Canadian Mineralogist: 48: 431-431.
Sokolova, E. (2012) Further developments in the structure topology of the astrophyllite-group minerals. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 863-882.
Sokolova, E., Cámara, F., Hawthorne, F.C., Ciriotti, M.E. (2017) The astrophyllite supergroup: nomenclature and classification. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 143-153.

Internet Links for AstrophylliteHide

Localities for AstrophylliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.; Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
      • Poços de Caldas
Horstpeter H. G. J. Ulbrich (1984) A Petrografia, a Estrutura e o Quimismo de Nefelina Sienitos do Maciço Alcalino de Poços de Caldas MG-SP
Nomura, S.F., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Cutinho, J.M.V. and Karipidis, T.K. (2010): Manganoeudialyte, a new mineral from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139 (4), 35-47..
  • Paraná
    • Tijucas do Sul
      • Morro Redondo complex
Vilalva, F.C.J., and Vlach, S.R.F. (2010) Major- and trace-element composition of REE-rich turkestanite from peralkaline granites of the Morro Redondo Complex, Graciosa Province, south Brazil. Mineralogical Magazine: 74(4): 645-658.
  • Santa Catarina
G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
No reference listed
  • New Brunswick
    • Queens Co.
Martin, R.F., Payette, C. (1988) The Welsford Anorogenic Igneous Complex, southern New Brunswick: Rift-Related Acadian Magmatism. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File Issue: 1727.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Miller, R. R. (1988). Yttrium (Y) and other rare metals (Be, Nb, REE, Ta, Zr) in Labrador. Newfoundland Dept Min Rept, 88, 229-245.
Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • King´s Point
Miller, R. R., & Abdel-Rahman, A. M. (1995) The King's Point Complex, Newfoundland, and Its Potential for Rare-metal Mineralization. Geological Survey Report 95-1 pp159-175
  • Northwest Territories
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/can.htm.; Badham 91978), Davidson (1978 & 1983)
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace et al. (1990) Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
MARTIN, D. (1975) Studies of astrophyllite from Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec. B.Sc. Thesis, Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada.; GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; PIILONEN, P.C., LALONDE, A.E., McDONALD, A.M., GAULT, R.A., LARSEN, A.O. (2003) Insights into astrophyllite group minerals. I. Nomenclature, composition and development of standardized general formula. Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 1-26.; PIILONEN, P.C., McDONALD, A.M., LALONDE, A.E. (2003) Insights into astrophyllite group minerals. II. Crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 27-54.;
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
Lacroix (1890)
Currie (1985): GSC Paper 85-1A, 73-80; A. Kerr and H. Rafuse (2012) Rare-earth element (REE) geochemistry of the Strange Lake deposits: Implications for resource estimation and metallogenic models. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2012 pp39-60; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
Geol, Survey of Canada database
Chile
 
  • Aisén
    • Aisén Province (Aysén Province)
Welkner, Daniela; Godoy, Estanislao; Bernhardt, Heinz-J. (2002): Peralkaline rocks in the Late Cretaceous Del Salto Pluton, Eastern Patagonian Andes, Aisen, Chile (47° 35'S). Revista Geologica de Chile 29, 3-15.
China
 
  • Heilongjiang
    • Yichun
      • Xinqing District
Wu, F. Y., Sun, D. Y., Li, H., Jahn, B. M., & Wilde, S. (2002). A-type granites in northeastern China: age and geochemical constraints on their petrogenesis. Chemical Geology, 187(1-2), 143-173.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Tongliao City (Tongliao Prefecture)
      • Jarud Banner (Zalute Co.)
        • Baerzhe complex
          • Intrusion No. 801
The Editorial Committee of the Mineral deposits in China (eds) Mineral deposits of China, Vol. 3, 226-279.
  • Sichuan
    • Panzhihua
      • Yanbian County
Fenlian Wang, Taiping Zhao, and Wei Chen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(2), 293-308
Lin, C., LIu, Y., Wang, Z., & Hong, W. (1995). Rare element and rare-earth element deposits of China. Mineral deposits of China, 3, 226-279.
Fenlian Wang, Taiping Zhao, and Wei Chen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(2), 293-308
  • Tibet
    • Nyingtri Prefecture (Linzhi Prefecture)
      • Mêdog Co. (Motuo Co.)
Liu, Y, 1997. Petrologic study of high-pressure granulites and carbonatites in Namjagbarwa area, and the tectonic significance. PhD thesis, Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science.
Yan Liu, Zhesheng Ma, Xiuling Han, Huyun Zhou, Peishan Zhang, and Dalai Zhong (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(4), 338-340
  • Xinjiang
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Jingwu Yin, Xingkun Shao, Haitao Yang, Tingxian Piao, Haiming Xu, and Jun Wang (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(2), 337-352; Jingwu Yin, Guowu Li, Guangming Yang, Xiangkun Ge, Haiming Xu and Jun Wang (2015) Fluornatropyrochlore, a new pyrochlore supergroup mineral from the Boziguoer rare earth element deposit, Baicheng County, Akesu, Xinjiang, China. Canadian Mineralogist. 53,455-460
Finland
 
  • North Karelia
    • Joensuu
Eskola, P., & SAHLSTEIN, T. (1930). On astrophyllite bearing nephelite syenite gneiss. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande, 92, 77-88.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Le Puy-en-Velay
de Goer, A., & Mergoil, J. (1971). Structure et dynamique des édifices volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires. In Symposium sur la géologie, la morphologie, et la structure profonde du Massif Central français (pp. 345-376). Maury, R. C., & Varet, J. (1980). Le volcanisme tertiaire et quaternaire de France. Géologie de la France, Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Miniéres, Paris, 107, 138-159. Liotard, J. M., Briot, D., & Boivin, P. (1988). Petrological and geochemical relationships between pyroxene megacrysts and associated alkali-basalts from Massif Central (France). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1), 81-90. Brousse, R. & Lefevre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe Limitrophe. Guides Géologiques Régionaux. Masson, Paris. Downes, H., Dupuy, C., & Leyreloup, A. F. (1990). Crustal evolution of the Hercynian belt of Western Europe: Evidence from lower-crustal granulitic xenoliths (French Massif Central). Chemical Geology, 83(3-4), 209-231. Mergoil, J., Boivin, P., Blès, J. L., Cantagrel, J. M., & Turland, M. (1993). Le Velay. Son volcanisme et les formations associées. Notice de la carte à 1/100 000. Géologie de la France, (3). Liotard, J. M., Dautria, J. M., & Cantagrel, J. M. (1995). Pétrogenèse des néphélinites de la région de Craponne-sur-Arzon (Nord-Velay): intervention possible d'un composant carbonatitique. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2. Sciences de la terre et des planètes, 320(11), 1043-1050. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Chazot, G., Bertrand, H., Mergoil, J., & SHEPPARD, S. M. (2003). Mingling of immiscible dolomite carbonatite and trachyte in tuffs from the Massif Central, France. Journal of Petrology, 44(10), 1917-1936. Wittig, N., Baker, J. A., & Downes, H. (2007). U–Th–Pb and Lu–Hf isotopic constraints on the evolution of sub-continental lithospheric mantle, French Massif Central. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71(5), 1290-1311. Woodland, A. B., & Jugo, P. J. (2007). A complex magmatic system beneath the Deves volcanic field, Massif Central, France: evidence from clinopyroxene megacrysts. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(6), 719-731. Touron, S., Renac, C., O'Reilly, S. Y., Cottin, J. Y., & Griffin, W. L. (2008). Characterization of the metasomatic agent in mantle xenoliths from Deves, Massif Central (France) using coupled in situ trace-element and O, Sr and Nd isotopic compositions. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 293(1), 177-196. Paquette, J. L., & Mergoil-Daniel, J. (2009). Origin and U–Pb dating of zircon-bearing nepheline syenite xenoliths preserved in basaltic tephra (Massif Central, France). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(2), 245-262. Valentini, L., Moore, K. R., & Chazot, G. (2010). Unravelling carbonatite–silicate magma interaction dynamics: a case study from the Velay province (Massif Central, France). Lithos, 116(1-2), 53-64. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.328
  • Corsica
    • Corse-du-Sud
      • Ajaccio
        • Cristinacce
Bonin, B. (1988). Peralkaline granites in Corsica: some petrological and geochemical constraints. Rendiconti della Società italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 43(2), 281-306. Bonin, B. E. R. N. A. R. D., & Platevoet, B. E. R. N. A. R. D. (1988). Interactions solide-fluide et phenomenes de fenitisation dans le magmatisme alcalin de Corse; l'exemple de l'association du Vieux Pont d'Ota. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 4(4), 571-578. Bonin, B., Grelou-Orsini, C., & Vialette, Y. (1978). Age, origin and evolution of the anorogenic complex of Evisa (Corsica): a K-Li-Rb-Sr study. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 65(4), 425-432. Cocherie, A., Rossi, P., Fanning, C. M., & Guerrot, C. (2005). Comparative use of TIMS and SHRIMP for U–Pb zircon dating of A-type granites and mafic tholeiitic layered complexes and dykes from the Corsican Batholith (France). Lithos, 82(1-2), 185-219. POITRASSON, F., DUTHOU, J. L., & PIN, C. (1995). The relationship between petrology and Nd isotopes as evidence for contrasting anorogenic granite genesis: example of the Corsican Province (SE France). Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1251-1274.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Narbonne
        • Fitou
Azambre, B., Rossy, M., & Albarede, F. (1992). Petrology of the alkaline magmatism from the Cretaceous North-Pyrenean rift zone (France and Spain). European Journal of Mineralogy, 813-834.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Igaliku
      • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p. 238); Montgomery, A. (1974): An American Mineralogist Part IV. Mineralogical Record 5 (3), 115-127
      • Narsaarsuup Qaava
McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G. (2001): Micheelsenite, (Ca,Y)3Al(PO3,OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6•12H2O,a new mineral from Mont Saint- Hilaire, Quebec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 337-351
    • Igaliku Complex
Jones, A. P. & Larsen, L.M. (1985): Geochemistry and REE minerals of nepheline syenites from the Motzfeldt Centre, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 70, 1087-1100.
    • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, Southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Groenland. 167 (1), 1-251
          • Head of Kangerluarsuk
            • Lilleelv
Knut Eldjarn photo & specimen
Petersen, O. V. (2001). List of minerals identified in the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland.Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190: 25-33.
Bohse, H., Petersen, O., Niedermayr, G. (2001): Notes on Leucophanite from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 119-121
Lorenzen, J. (1884). Untersuchung einiger Mineralien aus Kangerdluarsuk in Grönland. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie unde Mineralogie. 9, 243-254.
Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 167. Reitzels Forlag København. 251 p.
Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Reitzels Forlag København. Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages. (p. 238)
      • Nunarssuit Island
Finch, A.A., Mansfeld, J. & Andersen, T. (2001) U-Pb radiometric age of Nunarsuit pegmatite, Greenland: constraints on the timing of Gardar magmatism. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Denmark, Vol. 48, pp. 1–7, Copenhagen.
http://www.uni-tuebingen.de/uni/emi/ag-markl/pages/marks/pages/abstracts/EUG2001.html; Marks,M., Vennemann, T., Siebel, W. & Markl, G.(2003): Quantification of Magmatic and Hydrothermal Processes in a Peralkaline Syenite-Alkali Granite Complex Based on Textures, Phase Equilibria, and Stable and Radiogenic Isotopes. Journal of Petrology. 44:1247-1280
      • Quagdlimiut
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
  • Sermersooq
    • Arsuk Fjord
Stephenson, D. & Upton, B. J. G.(1982): Ferromagnesian silicates in a differentiated alkaline complex: Kûngnât Fjeld, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46, 283-300
Woolley, A.R.: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 1: North and South America. British Museum (Natural History), London, 1987 [cited in http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm]
Guinea
 
  • Conakry Region
Biagioni, C. (2007). I disilicati di Zr-Ti-Nb-REE delle sieniti a nefelina delle Iles de Los (Guinea). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Lacroix, A. (1908) Sur l'existance du fluorure de sodium cristallisé comme èlèment des syènites nèphèliniques des îles de Los. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, 146 (5): 213-216
Kazakhstan
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F. C., Stepanov, A. V., Bekenova, G. K., & Kotel’nikov, P. E. (2009). Camaraite, Ba3NaTi4 (Fe2+, Mn) 8 (Si2O7) 4O4 (OH, F) 7. I. A new Ti-silicate mineral from the Verkhnee Espe Deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan.
    • Zharma
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karkaraly
http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-Kent.htm
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Region
    • Sokh Valley
      • Upper Khodzhaachkan River
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Zeravshan range
      • Matcha massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Malawi
 
  • Southern Region
    • Machinga
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    • Mulanje
Wooley (2001)
    • Zomba
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1216–1222, 2009; Guastoni, A., & Pezzotta, F. (2007). REE-mineral phases replacing helvite, niobian-rutile, bastnäsite-(Ce) from alkaline pegmatites of Mount Malosa, Zomba District, Malawi. Granitic Pegmatites: the State of the Art. Memorias, 8, 42-43.
Mongolia
 
  • Khovd Province
    • Mankhan District
Žáček, V., Buriánek, D., Pécskay, Z., Škoda, R. (2016): Astrophyllite-alkali amphibole rhyolite, an evidence of early Permian A-type alkaline volcanism in the western Mongolian Altai. Journal of Geosciences: 61: 93-103; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12611 (2016)
  • Ömnögovi Province
    • Khanbogd District
N.V. Vladykin data
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Midelt Province
      • Midelt Cercle
        • Aït Oufella Caïdat
          • Amersid
Khadem Allah, B. (1993); Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures Constituency
      • Brandberg Area
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Economic Geology, Vol. 97, 2002, pp. 399–413
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 270 (in English)
New Zealand
 
  • West Coast Region
    • Grey District
Tulloch, A. J., Kimbrough, D. L., & Waight, T. E. (1994). The French Creek granite, north Westland, New Zealand-Late Cretaceous A-type plutonism on the Tasman passive margin. In Tasman Sea conference (pp. 65-66). Waight, T. E., Weaver, S. D., Ireland, T. R., Maas, R., Muir, R. J., & Shelley, D. (1997). Field characteristics, petrography, and geochronology of the Hohonu Batholith and the adjacent Granite Hill complex, North Westland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 40(1), 1-17. Tulloch, A. J., & Nathan, S. (1990). Spinel harzburgite xenoliths in alkali basalt and camptonite from North Westland and southeast Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 33(4), 529-534.
Tulloch, A. J., Kimbrough, D. L., & Waight, T. E. (1994). The French Creek granite, north Westland, New Zealand-Late Cretaceous A-type plutonism on the Tasman passive margin. In Tasman Sea conference (pp. 65-66).
Nigeria
 
  • Plateau
Am Min 51:299-323
OMADA, J.I., MARTINS, R.F. & ABAA, S.I. (2003): The Kigom peralkaline granite pluton of the Nigerian Younger Granite suite.- Global J. of Geol. Sci., Nigeria, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 1-11.
      • Younger ring complex
Wooley, A.R. (2001) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world Part 3: Africa, p.242.
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Kongsberg
Bonin, B. & Sørensen, H. (2003): The granites of the Mykle region in the southern part of the Oslo igneous province, Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Bulletin, 441: 17-24
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Jahren, J.; Berg, H.J.; Hurum, J.H. & Wulff-Pedersen, E. (1998): Nye undersøkelser av amazonitt-genthelvin pegmatitten fra Fiskum, Øvre Eiker. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 13-16
  • Vestfold
    • Færder
      • Færder Islands
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p. ; Andersen, F. (2017): Pegmatittganger og mineraler på Hoftøya og Langøya ved Færder i Ytre Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 69-75
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Sæbø, P.( 1966): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway no.35. The first occurences of the rare mineral barylite, Be2BaSi2O7, in Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 46, 335-348; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
        • Lysebo
Andersen, F., Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. Mineralien-Welt 7(4), 21-100
      • Langesundsfjorden
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Knut Edvard Larsen, observation on site May 2007
Tom Engvoldsen collection 1986; Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2383
        • Barkevik area
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (MM-2379)
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field aug.2012
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 200-216; Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp (p.107)
Svein A. Berge collection ( first find by Frode Andersen 1989)
Svein A. Berge collection (find 1978)
Ragnar Hansen & Svein A. Berge observation 1975
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates (p. 468-477)
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100.
Naturhistoriska riksmuseet, Stockholm collection # 19130633; Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp + 28 plates
Scheerer, T. (1854): Verhandlungen des bergmännischen Vereins zu Freiberg, Berg- und hüttenmännische Zeitung. 13, 239-240 ; Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie. 198 (2/122), 107-138
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp.( p. 595)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie, 16, 200-216
Svein A. Berge observation 1992
Brøgger, W.C.(1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit- und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16, XVI, p.257
        • Vesle Arøya
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp (p.461)
Flink, G. (1899): Über einige seltene Mineralien aus der Gegend von Langesund in Norwegen. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Uppsala 4, 16-27; Engvoldsen, T., Andersen, F., Berge, S. A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18 (1), 15-71; Piilonen, P.C., McDonald, A.M., LaLonde, A.E. (2003) Insights into astrophyllite–group minerals. II. Crystal chemistry. The Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 27-54
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 462
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Jahren pegmatite (Jaren pegmatite)
Andresen, P., Friis, H., Kjærnet, T. & Larsen, A.O. (2018): The minerals of the Jahren pegmatite, one of the major pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 5-22.
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Peter Andresen collection, 2016.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andresen, P. (2013): Gedigent bly og andre spennende mineraler fra en unik pegmatitt i Tvedalen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 83-87
    • Sandefjord
      • Vesterøya
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Raade, G & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Polylithionite from syenite pegmatite at Vøra, Sandefjord, Oslo Region, Norway. Contributions to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 65. Norsk Geologisk Tidskrift 60, 117-124
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenlandet
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A.O. & Selbekk, R.S. (2012): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zr and Ti mineral assemblages in miaskitic and agpaitic pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Mineralogia Polonica. 43(2), 3- 34 ; Friis, Henrik & Andersen, Tom. (2019) Pegmatites of the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo Rift, Norway: field relations and characterisation. 99. 10.17850/njg99-1-05.
      • Langesundsfjorden
Åsheim, A., Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O. (2008): Sporelementer i ænigmatitt fra larvik plutonkompleks. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 38: 63-65; Wilfred Steffens collection 1992
        • Siktesøya
Larsen, A.O. & Raade, G. (1991): Gaidonnayite from the nepheline syenite pegmatite on Siktesøya in the southern part of the Oslo Region, norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 71: 303-306; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    • Skien
      • Luksefjell
        • Luksefjell Chapel (Bø Chapel)
Dietrich, R.V., Heier, K.S. & Taylor, S.R. (1965): Studies on the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. XX. Petrology and geochemistry of ekerite. Skrifter Norske videnskaps-akademi i Oslo. Matematisk-naturvidenskapelig klasse, Ny serie. 19, 28 pp.
  • Viken
    • Lunner
Raade, G. & Haug, J. (1980): Rare Fluorides from a soda granite in the Oslo Region, Norway. Mineralogical Record, 11, 83-91; Raade, G. (1981): Kupletskitt fra Gjerdingen, Nordmarka. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 89-91
    • Nittedal
Kvamsdal, L.O. (2018) Delebekken - en ny elpidittlokalitet i Nordmarka ved Oslo. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 29-43
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
Siddiqui, S. F. A., Chaudhry, M. N., & Shakoor, A. B. D. U. L. (1968). Geology and petrology of the feldspathoidal syenites and the associated rocks of the Koga area, Chamla valley, Swat, West Pakistan. Geol. Bull. Punjab Univ., 7, 1-30. Chaudhry, M. N., Ashraf, M., & Hussain, S. S. (1981). Petrology of Koga Nepheline syenites and pegmatites of Swat district. Geol. Bull. Punjab Univ, 16, 83-97. Le Bas, M. J., Mian, I., & Rex, D. C. (1987). Age and nature of carbonatite emplacement in North Pakistan. Geologische Rundschau, 76(2), 317-323.
    • Mohmand District
KEMPE, D. C. (1983). Alkaline granites, syenites, and associated rocks of the Peshawar Plain alkaline igneous province, Northwest Pakistan. In Granites of Himalaya Karakorum and Hindu Kush (pp. 143-169). Kempe, D. R. C. (1973). The petrology of the Warsak alkaline granites, Pakistan, and their relationship to other alkaline rocks of the region. Geological Magazine, 110(5), 385-404. Kempe, D. R. C. & Jan, M.Q. (1980). The Peshawar plain alkaline igneous province, NW Pakistan. Geological Bulletin, University of Peshawar, 13, 71-77.
    • Peshawar District
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212
Portugal
 
  • Azores
    • São Miguel
[Osann, A.: Über Sanidinite von Sao Miguel, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie 1, 117-130, 1888] [Ternes, B., Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel, Lapis, 20-42, 1999 ]
      • Ribeira Grande
Cámara, F., Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Charrier, T., Dorcet, V., Carpentier, J.-F. (2017): Fogoite-(Y), Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3, a Group-I TS-block mineral from the Lagoa do Fogo, the Fogo volcano, the São Miguel Island, the Azores: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 369–381
Ternes, B. (1999): Mineralien von der Azoreninsel Sao Miguel (Portugal). Lapis, 24 (1), 20-42
Romania
 
  • Harghita
    • Ditrău Complex
      • Jolotca (Orotva)
Hirtopanu, P., Bermanec, V., Udubasa, G., & Melgarejo, J. C. (2000). Monazite and Allanite from the Ditrau Alkaline Massif, East Carpathians, Romania. Anuarul Institutului Geologic al Romaniei, 72, 41.
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.; Vladykin, N. V., & Sotnikova, I. A. (2017). Petrology, geochemistry and source characteristics of the Burpala alkaline massif, North Baikal. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(4), 711-719.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Ilmen Mountains
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=2157
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Belye Tundry Massif
Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
    • Khibiny Massif
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
        • Astrophyllite Stream
Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
A.N. Labuntsov Mineralogical survey of central parts of Khibina massif (zircon, catapleiite and fersmanite localities), - Khibinskie apatity, 1933, N6, p. 202-209.
Men'shikov Yu.P., Khomyakov A.P., Ferraris G. e.a. (2003) Eveslogite, (Ca,K,Na,Sr,Ba)48[(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe")12(OH)12Si48O144](F,OH,Cl)14, a new mineral from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia, - Zapiski VMO, 132(1), pp. 59-67 (in Rus.).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Men'shikov, Y.P., Krivovichev, S.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Mikhailova, J.A., Armbruster, T., and Selivanova, E.A. (2006): Chivruaiite, Ca4(Ti,Nb)5[(Si6O17)2|(OH,O)5]·13-–14H2O, a new mineral from hydrothermal veins of Khibiny and Lovozero alkaline massifs. American Mineralogist 91, 922-928.
P.M. Kartashov data; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.; Yakovenchuk V N, Ivanyuk G Y, Pakhomovsky Y A, Selivanova E A, Korchak J A, Nikolaev A P (2010) Strontiofluorite, SrF2, a new mineral species from the Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1487-1492
      • Koashva Mt
Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
P Haas collection
Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.; Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
      • Rypnetsk Mountain
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Sokolova, E., & Cámara, F. (2008). Re-investigation of the crystal structure of magnesium astrophyllite. European Journal of Mineralogy, 20(2), 253-260.
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Yakovenchuk, V. N., Ivanyuk, G., Pakhomovsky, Y. & Men'shikov, Y. (2005): Khibiny. Apatity & London (Laplandia Minerals in association with the Mineral. Soc. of GB & Ireland), 468 pp. [p.53]
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    • Lovozersky District
Y. P. Men'shikov et al.: Am. Min. 91:922-928 (2006)
      • Keivy Mountains
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Arzamastseva, L.V., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A. [Арзамасцева, Л.В., Пахомовский Я.А.] (1999): Mineral associations in rocks of Niva agpaitic intrusion (Kola Peninsula) as indicators of its forming conditions [Минеральные ассоциации пород агпаитовой интрузии Нива (Кольский Полуостров) как индикаторы условий ее образования]. Zap. VMO [Зап. ВМО], 128, 6, 1-16 (in Russian); Arzamastsev, A.A., Belyatsky, B.V., Arzamastseva, L.V. (2000): Agpaitic magmatism in the northeastern Baltic Shield: a study of the Niva intrusion, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Lithos, 51, 1, 27-46.
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Tuva
    • Kaa-Khemsky District
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
    • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
Starikova, Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Ba-dominant fluoroaluminates from the Katugin rare-metal deposit (Transbaikalia, Russia): chemical and Raman data. XXXII International Conference "Alkaline Magmatism of the Earth and Related Strategic Metal Deposits", August 7-14, Apatity, Kola, Russia; Savel’eva, V. B., Bazarova, E. P., Khromova, E. A., & Kanakin, S. V. (2017). Fluorides and Fluorcarbonates in Rocks of the Katugin Complex, Eastern Siberia: Indicators of Geochemical Mineral Formation Conditions. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(7), 561-574.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District Municipality
The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña
      • Dumbría
Floor, P. (1974). Alkaline gneisses. 124-142 in" The Alkaline Rocks" by Sorensen, H. Parga-Pondal, D. I. (1956). Nota explicativa del mapa geológico de la parte NO de la provincia de La Coruña. Leidse Geologische Mededelingen, 21(2), 457-484. Woolley, A. R. (2019). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe (excluding the former USSR), Australasia and Oceanic Islands. Geological Society of London, p. 431.
    • Pontevedra
      • Gondomar
        • Vincios
Floor, P. (1961): Astrophyllite, a new mineral in Spain. Notas y Communs. Inst. Geol. y Minero Espana, No. 62, 59-72.; Floor, P. 1966. Petrology of an aegirine-riebeckite gneiss-bearing part of the Hesperian Massif: the Galiñeiro and surrounding areas, Vigo, Spain. Leidse Geologische Mededelingen, 36, 1-203. Montero, P., Bea, F., Corretgé, L. G., Floor, P., & Whitehouse, M. J. (2009). U-Pb ion microprobe dating and Sr and Nd isotope geology of the Galiñeiro igneous complex: A model for the peraluminous/peralkaline duality of the Cambro-Ordovician magmatism of Iberia. Lithos, 107(3-4), 227-238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lithos.2008.10.009 de Vergara Pardeiro, A., González, M. F., Rodríguez, R. A., & Fuentes, F. J. V. (1994). On the first occurrence of fergusonite-group minerals in the" Galiñeiro" peralkaline complex (Spain). Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 17, 225-230. Priem, H. N. A., Boelrijk, N. A. I. M., Verschure, R. H., Hebeda, E. H., & Floor, P. (1966). Isotopic evidence for Upper-Cambrian or Lower-Ordovician granite emplacement in the Vigo area, Northwestern Spain. Geologie en Mijnbouw (Netherlands), 45, 36-40.
      • Vigo
Floor, P. (1961): Astrophyllite, a new mineral in Spain. Notas y Communs. Inst. Geol. y Minero Espana, No. 62, 59-72.
Tajikistan
 
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
Pautov, L.A. (2003) Pabstite from the Dara-i-Poiz Moraine (Tadjikistan). New Data on Minerals. Moscow: 38: 15-19.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
      • Oktyabr'skii Massif (Mariupol'skii)
Pekov I.V., Belovitskaja Ju.V., Kartashov P.M. e.a. New data on perraultite (Priazovie), - ZVMO, 1999, 3, pp.112-120
  • Zaporizhia Oblast
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507
“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1996, Collecting Arkansas Minerals: A R“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1994, “Through the Scope: Collecting Microminerals at Cove Creek, Magnet Cove, Arkansas”: Rocks & Minerals, 69:180-185.eference and Guide.” and
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Smith, A. (1996) Collecting Arkansas Minerals
J. Michael Howard (2007) Mineral Species of Arkansas ; Arkansas Geological Commission Bulletin 23
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
http://www.mindat.org/mesg-11-307314.html
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 122; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Paul J. Broyles
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Gross, E. and Heinrich, E., 1966, Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa Area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado. II. Pegmatites, American Mineralogist, v. 51, p. 299-323.
reference: "Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado II. Lamprophyres and Mineral Deposits" By E. B. Gross and E. WM. Heinrich - The American Mineralogist, Vol 51, Sept-Oct, 1966
Hanson, S.L. and Zito, G. (2013) Mineralogy of Miarolitic Pegmatites in the Stove Mountain Area, Colorado. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 14-15.
  • Maine
    • Kennebec Co.
      • Litchfield
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v.1.
    • York Co.
Toulmin, P., 1957, Notes on a Peralkaline Granite from Cashes Ledge, Gulf of Maine, American Mineralogist, 42: 912-915
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
P Cristofono collection , 2009
      • Rockport
Sears, J. H. (1905): The Physical Geography, Geology, Mineralogy and Paleontology of Essex County, p. 241.; Toulmin, Priestley, 1957, v. 42, p.912-915.
    • Norfolk Co.
Pirsson, L.V. (1910): Note on the Occurrence of Astrophyllite in the Granite at Quincy, Massachusetts (AmJourSci 29:215-216)
      • Sharon
Whitehead, Walter L. (1913): The Geology of the Rattlesnake Hill Granite of Sharon, Massachusetts (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mining Engineering and Metallurgy).
  • Montana
    • Jefferson Co.
The Lapidary Journal, May 1985 (W.C. van Laer); The Mineral News (several issues); many ID by x-ray diffraction (Jim Wilson, Weber State; W.C. van Laer, Montana Tech; U.S. National Museum; some by physical characteristics, i.e.: crystal form, fluorescence, magnetic attraction, etc.) some yet to be published
        • Goldflint Mountain
W.C van Laer, in preparation
van Laer, W.C. (1979) Tourmalines of the Homestake Pass. Lapidary Journal, 33, 58-64.
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
Meyers & Stewart, 1956. Geology of NH: Part III, Minerals & Mines
        • North Conway
Rocks & Min 80:245; Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
      • Moultonborough
Woolley, A.R. (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
    • Coos Co.
Morrill, 1960. NH Mines and Mineral Localities.
Rocks & Min 80:249
Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, University of Rhode Island, Kingston
  • Virginia
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.51; Saul Krotki
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
Buchholz, T., A. Falster & W. Simmons (2019) A rediscovered pegmatite in the Stettin Complex, Wausau Syenite Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin: Rocks & Minerals: 94((2): 184-185.
 
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