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Tschermigite

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About TschermigiteHide

Formula:
(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Colour:
Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Vitreous, Silky
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
1.645
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Tschermig (now Cermniky), near Kadan, Czech Republic.
Note: Specimens frequently offered for sale of 'tschermigite' as large, good quality purple crystals on matrix are artificially created specimens made by growing crystals of this ammonium alum in a laboratory.

Godovikovite is a dehydration product of tschermigite sometimes occuring on burning coal dumps.


Classification of TschermigiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CC.20

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
29.5.5.3

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
5 : AB(XO4)2·xH2O
25.6.20

25 : Sulphates
6 : Sulphates of Al and Tl

Physical Properties of TschermigiteHide

Vitreous, Silky
Transparency:
Transparent
Comment:
Crystals vitreous; fibrous masses silky
Colour:
Colourless, white; colourless in transmitted light
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
1.645 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.641 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TschermigiteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of TschermigiteHide

Formula:
(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O

Crystallography of TschermigiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Pa3
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.24 Å
Unit Cell V:
1,833.77 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Octahedral (artificial crystals from pure water solutions); fibrous, columnar massive; as efflorescences.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of TschermigiteHide

Synonyms of TschermigiteHide

Other Language Names for TschermigiteHide

Relationship of Tschermigite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Tschermigite associated with Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
2 photos of Tschermigite associated with AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
2 photos of Tschermigite associated with HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
2 photos of Tschermigite associated with MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
2 photos of Tschermigite associated with Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
1 photo of Tschermigite associated with HematiteFe2O3
1 photo of Tschermigite associated with BerndtiteSnS2
1 photo of Tschermigite associated with Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
1 photo of Tschermigite associated with VoltaiteK2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
1 photo of Tschermigite associated with Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CC.CobaltoblöditeNa2Co(SO4)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.AndychristyitePbCu2+Te6+O5(H2O)Tric. 1 : P1
7.CC.Ammoniovoltaite(NH4)2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12(H2O)18Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.05KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CC.10TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.15KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CC.15MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.20Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso.
7.CC.20Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.20Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.25VoltaiteK2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.25ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.25PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.CC.25Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.30KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.35FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.CC.40GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.45LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2OTrig.
7.CC.50BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.50NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.55LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.55MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
7.CC.60Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.60CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.60Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.60Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.65PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric. 1
7.CC.70LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
7.CC.75AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CC.80KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.85WattevilleiteNa2Ca(SO4)2 · 4H2O (?)Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.5.5.1Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
29.5.5.2Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
29.5.5.4Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.6.1RostiteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.2JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon.
25.6.3KhademiteAl(SO4)F · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.6.4Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
25.6.5AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.6.6Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
25.6.7AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2OTric. 1
25.6.8FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
25.6.9BasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OHex.
25.6.10HydrobasaluminiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 12-36H2OMon.
25.6.11ZaheriteAl12(SO4)5(OH)26 · 20H2OTric.
25.6.12TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.13MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
25.6.14Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.6.15NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.16KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.6.17Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
25.6.18AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.6.19Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TschermigiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Beudant, Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, (1832): Vol. 2: 497 (as Ammonalun).
von Kobell (1853): 44 (as Tschermigit).
Pfaff (1884) Sitzber. bayer. Ak. Wiss.: 255.
Krickmeyer (1896) Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Leipzig, Berlin: 21: 79.
Erickson (1922) Washington Academy of Science Journal: 12: 49.
Liffa and Emszt (1923) Földtani Közlöny, Budapest (Magyarhone Földtani Torsulat): 51-52, 45, 105.
Shannon (1929) Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum: 74: art. 13.
Hintze, Carl (1930): 1[3B]: 4498.
Wendekamm (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 85: 169.
Lipson and Beevers (1935) Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 148A: 664.
Rost (1937) Ac. Sc. Bohême Bull.
Klug and Alexander (1940) Journal of the American Chemical Society: 62: 1492.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 475-476.
Larson, A.C., Cromer, D.T. (1967) Refinement of the alum structures. III. X-ray study of the α alums, K, Rb and NH4Al(SO4)2.12H2O. Acta Crystallographica 22, 793-800.
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1977): 235: 930.
Abdeen A M, Will G, Schafer W, Kirfel A, Bargouth M O, Recker K, Weiss A (1981) X-ray and neutron diffraction study of alums: II. The crystal structure of methylammonium aluminium alum III. The crystal structure of ammonium aluminium alum. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 157, 147-166.
Sergeeva, A.V., Zhitova, E.S., Bocharov, V.N. (2019): Infrared and Raman spectroscopy of tschermigite, (NH4)Al(SO4)2·12H2O. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 105, 102983.

Internet Links for TschermigiteHide

Localities for TschermigiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Leoben District
Meixner, H. (1954): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XIII.- Carinthia II, 144./64., 18-29.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Caldas
        • Campo do Cercado
Waber et al. (1992) Jour. Geochemical Explor. 45, 53-112; WABER, N., SCHORSCHER, H.D., & PETERS, T. (1992) Hydrothermal and supergene uranium mineralization at the Osamu Utsumi mine, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 45, 53-112.
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Province
Elena Shcherbakova, Larisa Nesheva (2010) Ammonium sulfates from coal mine Pirin REVIEW OF THE BULGARIAN GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol. 71, part 1–3, , p. 17–23
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Wuhai (Wuhai Prefecture)
      • Wuda District
        • Wuda Coal mining area
American Mineralogist: 90: 1729-1739.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
Zacek, V., Oplustil, S., Mayova, A. & Meyer, F. R. (1995): Die Mineralien von Kladno in Mittelböhmen, Tschechische Republik. Mineralien-Welt 6 (1), 13-30 (in German).
      • Libušin
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 601.; Košek, F., Culka, A., Žáček, V., Laufek, F., Škoda, R., & Jehlička, J. (2018). Native alunogen: A Raman spectroscopic study of a well-described specimen. Journal of Molecular Structure, 1157, 191-200.; Zacek, V., Skoda, R., Laufek, F., Kosek, F., & Jehlicka, J. (2019). Complementing knowledge about rare sulphates lonecreekite, NH4Fe3+ (SO4) 2· 12 H2O and sabieite, NH4Fe3+ (SO4) 2: chemical composition, XRD and RAMAN spectroscopy (Libusin near Kladno, the Czech Republic). Journal of Geosciences, 64(2), 149-159.
    • Mladá Boleslav District
      • Mnichovo Hradiště
        • Branžež
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Jičín District
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
    • Trutnov District
      • Radvanice
Jirásek, J.: Thermal Changes of the Rocks in the Dump Pile of the Kateřina Colliery in Radvanice (Eastern Bohemia). Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geological Engineering - 541, 2001. 69 p.
      • Žacléř
Harapát, L.: Minerály hořících hald dolu Jan Šverma u Žacléře. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1986, roč. 31, č. 1, s. 99-100.
  • Liberec Region
    • Česká Lípa District
      • Dubá
        • Medonosy
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    • Semily District
      • Turnov
Breiter K. (1976): Výskyt sulfátů na kvádrových pískovcích svrchní křídy v severozápadních Čechách. Sborník Severočeského musea, Přírodní vědy, roč. 8, s. 99-107.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Klatovy District
      • Sušice
Hofmanovi P. a R.: Příspěvek k mineralogii lokality Hamr u Sušice. Minerál, 2009, 17, 1, 3-7.
  • South Moravian Region
    • Brno-Country District
      • Oslavany
Hršelová, P., Cempírek, J., Houzar, S., Sejkora, J. (2013): S,F,Cl-rich mineral assemblages from burned spoil heaps in the Rosice-Oslavany coalfield, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral.: 51(1): 171-188
      • Zastávka
http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/tschermigite.pdf
    • Hodonín District
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Chomutov District
      • Kadaň
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476, 1103; Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991
    • Děčín District
Varilová, Z., Prikryl, R., & Cílek, V. (2011). Erratum to: Pravcice Rock Arch (Bohemian Switzerland National Park, Czech Republic) deterioration due to natural and anthropogenic weathering. Environmental Earth Sciences, 64(4), 1191.
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Masisi Territory
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399, 476.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Savoie
      • Chambéry
        • Aix-les-Bains
Audra, P. and Hobléa, F. (2007): The first cave occurence of jurbanite [Al(OHSO4)·5H2O, associated with alunogen [Al2(SO4)3·17H2O] and tschermigite [NH4Al(SO4)2·12H2O]: thermal-sulfidic serpents cave, France. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies, 69, 243–249.
  • Hauts-de-France
    • Pas-de-Calais
Naze-Nancy Masalehdani, M., Mees, F., Dubois, M., Coquinot, Y., Potdevin, J.-L., Fialin, M. & Blanc-Valleron, M.-M. (2009): Condensate minerals from a burning coal-waste heap in Avion, Northern France. Can. Mineral. 47, 573-591.
  • Occitanie
    • Aveyron
http://www.geoforum.fr/topic/30109-mineraux-de-l-aveyron-region-midi-pyrenees/?page=4
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Weise (Munich), 336 pp. (in German)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Alsdorf
Blaß, G. and Strehler, H. (1993): Mineralbildungen in einer durch Selbstentzündung brennenden Bergehalde des Aachener Steinkohlenreviers. Mineralien-Welt 4 (4), 35-42. (in German); Dr.Thomas Witzke on www.strahlen.org; Sindern, S., Warnsloh, J. M., Witzke, T., Havenith, V., Neef, R. & Etoundi, Y. (2005): Mineralogy and geochemistry of vents formed on the burning coal mining waste dump Anna I, Alsdorf, Germany. Eur. J. Mineral. 17, Beih. 1, 130; Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
      • Freital
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
    • Komló
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
    • Pécs
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
  • Komárom-Esztergom County
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476; Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Italy
 
  • Calabria
    • Cosenza Province
      • Cerchiara di Calabria
D’Angeli, M.I., De Waele, J., Carbone, C., Parise, M., Madonia, G., and Vattano, M. (2017) Secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. In: Moore, K., and White, S. (eds.), Proceedings of the 17th International Congress of Speleology, Sidney, NSW, Australia, July 22-28, 2017. Australian Speleological Federation Inc., Sideney, Vol.1, 237-241; D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Pozzuoli
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476.
- Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. (2017): I minerali di origine fumarolica dei Campi Flegrei: Solfatara di Pozzuoli (Napoli) e dintorni. Micro, 15, 122-192.
  • Sicily
    • Caltanissetta Province
      • Butera
D'Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Nagostinis, M., Parise, M., Vattano, M., Madonia, G., and De Waele, J. (2018) New insights on secondary minerals from Italian sulfuric acid caves. International Journal of Speleology, 47, 3, 271-291.
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. AMI-Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
    • Metropolitan City of Catania
      • Etna Volcanic Complex
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Rio Marina
          • Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine)
Rögner, P., Möckel, S., Ciriotti, M.E. (2007): Note di mineralogia elbana: tschermigite al cantiere Antenna, miniera di Rio Marina. Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2/2007, 89-92.
    • Pisa Province
      • Pomarance
Coradossi, N. (1973). Nuovi ritrovamenti di composti di ammonio in zone geotermiche. Rendiconti della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 29, 129.
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Brizzi G., Ciselli I, Santucci A. (1986) - Ultime novità da le Cetine di Cotorniano - Riv. Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc. 3, pp.145-155; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō
    • Sorachi Subprefecture
      • Mikasa City
Shimobayashi, N., Ohnishi, M., & Miura, H. (2011). Ammonium sulfate minerals from Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan: boussingaultite, godovikovite, efremovite and tschermigite. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 106(3), 158-163.
Kenya
 
  • Trans-Nzoia County
    • Mount Elgon
Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
New Zealand
 
  • Bay of Plenty Region
    • Rotorua District
Martin, R., Rodgers, K.A., Browne, P.R.L. (1999) The nature and significance of sulphate-rich, aluminous efflorescences from the Te Kopia geothermal field, Taupo Volcanic Zone, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, June 1999, Vol. 63(3), 413-419.
  • Manawatu-Wanganui Region
    • Ruapehu District
      • Tongariro National Park
Johnstone, R. D. 1979, Fumarole Incrustations and Some Aspects of the Thermal Alteration at Ketetahi, Mount Tongariro, New Zealand. Geothermal Institute, University of Auckland, New Zealand
  • Waikato Region
    • Taupo District
      • Orakeikorako Thermal Area (Orakei Korako; The Hidden Valley)
Rod Martin, Minerals of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako, Taupo Volcanic Zone. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
Peru
 
  • Arequipa
    • Caylloma Province
      • Chivay District
Ciesielczuk, J., Żaba, J., Bzowska, G., Gaidzik, K., & Głogowska, M. (2013). Sulphate efflorescences at the geyser near Pinchollo, southern Peru. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 42, 186-193.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko Co.
      • Nowa Ruda
        • Słupiec Mine
Ciesielczuk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Misz-Kennan, M., Lewińska-Preis, L., Kita, A. (2014): Composition of water located in the coal waste dumps in Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 46
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Katowice City Co.
      • Wełnowiec
Fabiańska, M.J., Ciesielczuk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., Misz-Kennan, M., Blake, D.R., Stracher, G., Moszumańska, I., 2013: Gaseous compounds and efflorescences generated in self-heating coal-waste dumps — A case study from the Upper and Lower Silesian Coal Basins (Poland). International Journal of Coal Geology: 116-117: 247-261
    • Mikołów Co.
      • Łaziska Górne
Lukasz Kruszewski Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska, Upper Silesia. Mag. Thesis (unpublished); Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
    • Rybnik Co.
      • Gmina Czerwionka-Leszczyny
Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf (esp. p. 347)]
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
      • Rydułtowy
        • ROW Ruch Rydułtowy Mine
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Ciesielczuk, J., Segit, T., Orłowski, R., Motyliński, R., Kusy, D., Moszumańska, I., 2018. First multi-tool exploration of a gas-condensate-pyrolysate system from the environment of burning coal mine heaps: An in situ FTIR and laboratory GC and PXRD study based on Upper Silesian materials. Science of the Total Environment, 640-641 (1 November 2018), 1044-1071; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.319
      • Wodzisław Śląski
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Ciesielczuk, J., Segit, T., Orłowski, R., Motyliński, R., Kusy, D., Moszumańska, I. (2018): First multi-tool exploration of a gas-condensate-pyrolysate system from the environment of burning coal mine heaps: An in situ FTIR and laboratory GC and PXRD study based on Upper Silesian materials. Science of the Total Environment: 640-641: 1044-1071; Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Kambalny volcanic ridge
Zhitova, E. S., Siidra, O. I., Belakovsky, D. I., Shilovskikh, V. V., Nuzhdaev, A. A., & Ismagilova, R. M. (2018). Ammoniovoltaite,(NH 4) 2 Fe 2+ 5 Fe 3+ 3 Al (SO 4) 12 (H 2 O) 18, a new mineral from the Severo-Kambalny geothermal field, Kamchatka, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 1-40.
Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
        • Dubník
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Pilgrim's Rest
        • Sabie
          • Lone Creek Falls
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Libros
Calvo, M. (2008) Minerales de Aragón. Prames (Zaragoza) 463 pages
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • San Pedro Range
        • Aliseda
Crespo, Á., Pimentel, C., Pedraz, P., & Pina, C. M. (2017). First occurrence of the rare mineral slavikite in Spain. Journal of Iberian Geology, 43(3), 487-495.
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Lago Maggiore
      • Brissago
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
  • Valais
    • Collonges
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
Tajikistan
 
  • Sughd
    • Gissar Range
Lukasz Kruszewski (PXRD)
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
D.I.Belakovskiy data
USA
 
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
      • Salton Sea
        • Mullet Island
Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
    • Lake Co.
      • Sulphur Creek Mining District (Sulfur Creek Mining District; Wilbur Springs Mining District)
        • Clear Lake Oaks
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476; Becker, George F. (1888b), Geology of the quicksilver deposits of the Pacific slope: USGS Monograph 13, atlas: 389; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 374.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • West Mayacmas Mining District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399, 476.
          • Geyser Canyon (Geyser Creek Canyon)
Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institution Washington Publication 378: 45; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 246; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 289; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 265.
  • Colorado
    • Garfield Co.
      • Glenwood Springs
GSA Field Guide 10 (2007) pp 101-110
  • Kentucky
    • Floyd Co.
Hower, J. C., O'Keefe, J. M., Henke, K. R., Wagner, N. J., Copley, G., Blake, D. R., ... & Silva, L. F. (2013). Gaseous emissions and sublimates from the Truman Shepherd coal fire, Floyd County, Kentucky: a re-investigation following attempted mitigation of the fire. International Journal of Coal Geology, 116, 63-74.
  • New Mexico
    • Quay Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476; Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Ohio
    • Huron Co.
      • Huron River
Dr Pete Richards
  • Pennsylvania
    • Carbon Co.
Reed, Juliet C., Annotated Bibliography of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List - 1965-1974, Min. Soc. of PA, Inc. (1976): 73; Montgomery, Arthur (1969), "Pickeringite," in Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1922-1965: 28; Lapham, Davis M. (Oct, 1972), Keystone Newsletter.
    • Columbia Co.
Matt Livingood, Jason Winicaties, and Jared Stein, located at:http://www.offroaders.com/album/centralia/study/ESL201Paper.htm
    • Dauphin Co.
Reed, Juliet C., Annotated Bibliography of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List - 1965-1974, Min. Soc. of PA, Inc. (1976): 73; Montgomery, Arthur (Sep, 1972), "PA Minerals" (PM), PM(117), Keystone Newsletter.
    • Luzerne Co.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Mins. New to the Pa List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Soc. of PA, Inc.: 73-74; Finkelman, Robert B., et al (1974), "Observations on Mins. from Burning Anthracite Seams & Culm in PA," Geol. Soc. Am. Abstracts w. Programs, Vol. 5(1): 27-28.
    • Schuylkill Co.
Reed, Juliet C., Annotated Bibliography of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List - 1965-1974, Min. Soc. of PA, Inc. (1976): 73; Montgomery, Arthur (1969), "Pickeringite," in Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1922-1965: 28; Lapham, Davis M. (Oct, 1972), Keystone Newsletter.
  • Tennessee
    • Sevier Co.
Coskren, T. D. & Lauf, R. J. (2000): The Minerals of Alum Cave Bluff, Great Smoky Mountains, Tennessee. Mineralogical Record, 31, 163-175.
  • Utah
    • Kane Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 563.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Blanding
Wendlandt, R.F., Harrison, W.J. (2006): Ammonium Sulfate Evaporites Associated With Uranium Mill Tailings Disposal Cells. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2006, abstract #V31D-0603
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476.
 
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