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Trechmannite

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About TrechmanniteHide

05473400015135009721670.jpg
Charles Otto Trechmann (1851-1917)
Formula:
AgAsS2
Colour:
Deep vermilion-red
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after Charles Otto Trechmann (1851-1917), English cement mill owner and spare-time crystallographer.
Dimorph of:
This page provides mineralogical data about Trechmannite.


Classification of TrechmanniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.GC.35

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
C : Poly-sulfarsenites
3.7.2.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
7 : ø = 2
5.2.2

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
2 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Ag

Physical Properties of TrechmanniteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Deep vermilion-red
Streak:
scarlet red
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Fracture:
Conchoidal

Optical Data of TrechmanniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.600 nε = 2.400
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.200
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Bireflectance:
Extreme
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Faint with O = pale reddish, E = clear and nearly colorless

Chemical Properties of TrechmanniteHide

Formula:
AgAsS2

Crystallography of TrechmanniteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.98 Å, c = 9.12 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.652
Unit Cell V:
1,543.62 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Short prismatic, equant. Sometimes irregular.

Type Occurrence of TrechmanniteHide

Synonyms of TrechmanniteHide

Other Language Names for TrechmanniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Trechmannite associated with DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
2 photos of Trechmannite associated with Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5
2 photos of Trechmannite associated with HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5
1 photo of Trechmannite associated with PyriteFeS2
1 photo of Trechmannite associated with BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
1 photo of Trechmannite associated with PararealgarAs4S4
1 photo of Trechmannite associated with TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
1 photo of Trechmannite associated with RealgarAs4S4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GC.05HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.GC.05Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
2.GC.10SinneriteCu6As4S9Tric. 1 : P1
2.GC.15WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5Orth.
2.GC.20SimoniteTlHgAs3S6Mon. 2/m
2.GC.25QuadratiteAg(Cd,Pb)AsS3Tet.
2.GC.25ManganoquadratiteAgMnAsS3Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 2 2
2.GC.30SmithiteAgAsS2Mon. 2/m
2.GC.40aAleksitePbBi2Te2S2Trig.
2.GC.40bKochkaritePbBi4Te7Trig.
2.GC.40cPoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
2.GC.40cRucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.
2.GC.40eBabkinitePb2Bi2(S,Se)3Trig.
2.GC.40dSaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3Hex.
2.GC.45TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3Mon. 2/m
2.GC.50MutnovskitePb4As2S6IClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.2.1SmithiteAgAsS2Mon. 2/m
5.2.3ProustiteAg3AsS3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.2.4XanthoconiteAg3AsS3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.2.5Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
5.2.6Pearceite-T2acTrig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
5.2.7Argentotennantite-(Zn)Ag6(Cu4Zn2)As4S12SIso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.2.8MiargyriteAgSbS2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.2.9PyrargyriteAg3SbS3Trig. 3m : R3c
5.2.10PyrostilpniteAg3SbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.2.11StephaniteAg5SbS4Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
5.2.12Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.2.13BillingsleyiteAg7AsS6Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
5.2.14Polybasite-TacTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
5.2.15Freibergite(Ag,Cu,◻)10Fe2+2Sb4S12Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
5.2.16AramayoiteAg3Sb2(Bi,Sb)S6Tric. 1 : P1
5.2.17MatilditeAgBiS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
5.2.18SchapbachiteAg0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4SIso.
5.2.19PavoniteAgBi3S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.2.20ArcubisiteAg6CuBiS4
5.2.21BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
5.2.22SelenostephaniteAg5SbSe4Orth.
5.2.23Benleonardite[Ag6(Sb,As)2S6Te] [Ag9Cu(S,Te)2Te2]Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
5.2.24VolynskiteAgBiTe2Orth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TrechmanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mineralogical Magazine (1905): 14: 72-82.
Solly (1907) Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 283.
Smith and Prior (1907): Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 283, p. 300 (?)
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 432.
Roland, G.W. (1968): Synthetic trechmannite. American Mineralogist 53: 1208-1214.
Matsumoto, T., Nowacki, W. (1969): The crystal structure of trechmannite, AgAsS2. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 129, 163-177.
Kharbish, S. (2017) Spectral-structural characteristics of the extremely scarce silver arsenic sulfosalts, proustite, smithite, trechmannite and xanthoconite: μ-Raman spectroscopy evidence. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 177, 104-110.

Internet Links for TrechmanniteHide

Localities for TrechmanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • Campaspe Shire
      • Cornella
A. R. Seymon, 2006, Nickel Propectivity in Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria Technical Record 2006/3
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Lilienfeld District
      • Annaberg
Kolitsch, U., Auer, C. & Zeug, M. (2017): 2046) Austinit, Billingsleyit, Konichalcit, Lenait?, Luzonit, Marrit, Trechmannit und Zinkrosasit von Annaberg, Niederösterreich (ein Vorbericht). Pp. 265-268 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284. [identified by SEM-EDS and Raman spectroscopy]
Germany
 
  • Odenwald
    • Mühltal
      • Nieder-Beerbach
Cook, R. B. (1996). Connoisseur's Choice Proustite: Delores Mine, Chañarcillo, Chile. Rocks & Minerals, 71(5), 344-346.; From the Wilke collection.
Iran
 
  • West Azerbaijan Province
    • Sardasht County
      • Sardasht
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Tajedin, H., Putz, H., Zagler, G. (2013): Barikaite, Pb10Ag3(Sb8As11)S19S40, a new member of the sartorite homologous series. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3039-3046.
New Zealand
 
  • Waikato Region
    • Thames-Coromandel District
      • Hikuai
Moore, C.R. (1979) Geology and mineralisation of the former Broken Hills gold mine, Hikuai, Coromandel, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 22:3, 339-351.
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Mineralogical Magazine(1905) 14, 72-82 (p. 75)
Cannon, R., Hensel, H. & Raber, T. (2008): Der Reckibach-Dolomit im Binntal, Schweiz: Mineralbestand und Neufunde. Lapis, 33 (3), 20-28; 50. (in German)
 
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