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Elbrusite

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About ElbrusiteHide

03744670015048689595852.jpg
Mount Elbrus
Formula:
Ca3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe3+3O12
Colour:
Dark brown to black
Specific Gravity:
4.801 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
First named Elbrusite-(Zr), but according to the new nomenclature of the garnet supergroup (Grew et al. 2013) suffixes should not be used in naming minerals in the garnet supergroup. The name was thus changed to Elbrusite.

Elbrusite is named after Mount Elbrus, the highest peak in Europe, in Northern Caucasus, Russia. The mineral was first found in the Elbrus-Kyugen volcanic area.
This page provides mineralogical data about Elbrusite.


Classification of ElbrusiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2009
First Published:
2010

Physical Properties of ElbrusiteHide

Colour:
Dark brown to black
Streak:
Brown
Density:
4.801 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of ElbrusiteHide

Formula:
Ca3(Zr1.5U6+0.5)Fe3+3O12
IMA Formula:
Ca3(U6+0.5Zr1.5)(Fe3+O4)3

Crystallography of ElbrusiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Ia3d
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.7456(9) Å
Unit Cell V:
2,070.53 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Dominant {110} and minor {211} forms.

Type Occurrence of ElbrusiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Grains to 10–15 micrometers.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow, Russia, catalog no. 3840/1.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Xenoliths embedded in ignimbrites.
Reference:
Gałuskina, I., Gałuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Kusz, J., Dzieržanowski, P., Gazeev, V., Pertsev, N., Prusik, K., Zadov, A., Winiarski, A., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A. (2010) Elbrusite-(Zr) - a new uranian garnet from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist: 95: 1172-1181.

Synonyms of ElbrusiteHide

Relationship of Elbrusite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BitikleiteCa3SbSn(AlO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
DzhuluiteCa3SbSnFe3+3O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
UsturiteCa3SbZr(Fe3+O4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Radioactive
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ElbrusiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, P.A., Hatert, F., Pasero, M. (2009) New minerals approved in 2009. in International Mineralogical Association: 1-34.
Gałuskina, I., Gałuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Kusz, J., Dzieržanowski, P., Gazeev, V., Pertsev, N., Prusik, K., Zadov, A., Winiarski, A., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A. (2010) Elbrusite-(Zr) - a new uranian garnet from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist: 95: 1172-1181.
Grew, E.S., Locock, A.J, Mills, S.J., Galuskina, I.O., Galuskin, E.V., Hålenius, U. (2013) Nomenclature of the garnet supergroup. American Mineralogist: 98(4): 785-811.

Internet Links for ElbrusiteHide

Localities for ElbrusiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Israel
 
Vapnik, Y., Galuskina, I., Murashko, M., Britvin, S., & Galuskin, E. (2014). The Hatrurim Complex-the New Unique Locality on World Mineral Map: the Review of Mineral Discoveries. In Israel Geological Society 2014, Annual Meeting, En Boqeq (pp. 143-144).
Russia
 
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
    • Baksan Valley
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
        • Lakargi Mountain
Galuskina, I., Galuskin, E.V., Armbruster, T., Lazic, B., Kusz, J., Dzieržanowski, P., Gazeev, V., Pertsev, N., Prusik, K., Zadov, A., Winiarski, A., Wrzalik, R., Gurbanov, A. (2010): Elbrusite-(Zr) - a new uranian garnet from the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. American Mineralogist, 95, 1172-1181.
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gazeev, V.M., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Bailau, R., Gurbanov, A.G. (2011): Megawite, CaSnO3: a new perovskite-group mineral from skarns of the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2563-2572.
 
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