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Tooeleite

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About TooeleiteHide

Formula:
Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Colour:
Orange
Lustre:
Greasy
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
4.23
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Gold Hill, Tooele County, Utah, USA.
The only arsenite-sulfate presently known in Nature.


Classification of TooeleiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1990
4.JD.15

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
D : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites; with additional anions, with H2O
42.12.5.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
12 : (AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
22.3.29

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates

Physical Properties of TooeleiteHide

Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Orange
Streak:
orange
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
One good normal to [001]
Density:
4.23(8) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.16 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TooeleiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.940 nβ = 2.040 - 2.050 nγ = 2.050 - 2.060
2V:
Measured: 2° to 5°, Calculated: 32°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.110 - 2.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v slight
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Y = orange, Z = X = lemon yellow

Chemical Properties of TooeleiteHide

Formula:
Fe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Fe3+6(AsO3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:
S

Crystallography of TooeleiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C1 2/m 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.9575 Å, b = 6.4238 Å, c = 9.791 Å
β = 96.032°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.394 : 1 : 1.524
Unit Cell V:
560.27 ų
Z:
1

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0004271TooeleiteMorin G, Rousse G, Elkaim E (2007) Crystal structure of tooeleite, Fe6(AsO3)4SO4(OH)4 * 4H2O, a new iron arsenite oxyhydroxysulfate mineral relevant of acid mine drainage American Mineralogist 92 193-1972007Tooele County, Utah0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.725 Å(10)
4.476 Å(4)
3.208 Å(9)
3.047 Å(5)
2.680 Å(4)
2.153 Å(4)
1.604 Å(4)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):

Type Occurrence of TooeleiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
elongate blades up to 10 mm.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Ecole Nationale Superieure des Mines, Paris.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
From the oxidized minerals in the dump of a skarn deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Cesbron, F. and Williams, S.A. (1992) Tooeleite, a new mineral from the U.S. Mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Magazine: 56: 71-73.

Synonyms of TooeleiteHide

Other Language Names for TooeleiteHide

German:Tooeleit
Spanish:Tooeleita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Tooeleite associated with ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
1 photo of Tooeleite associated with ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.JD.05NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
4.JD.10SeeliteMg(UO2)(As3+O3)0.7(AsO4)0.3 · 7H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.12.5.KamarizaiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.3.1ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
22.3.2ArdealiteCa2(PO3OH)(SO4) · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
22.3.3Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2OHex.
22.3.4ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2OMon.
22.3.5PeisleyiteNa2Al9[(P,S)O4]8(OH)6 · 28H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.6ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2OTrig. 3 : R3
22.3.7WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.8Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
22.3.9SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.10KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.11SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric.
22.3.12KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.13HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2OTric.
22.3.14WeileriteBaAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Hex.
22.3.15TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.16ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.17HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.18HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.19OrpheitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.20CoconinoiteFe3+2Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2OMon.
22.3.21Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
22.3.22Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.
22.3.23CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.24BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.25DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
22.3.26SarmientiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.3.27BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.28ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
22.3.30Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)Amor.
22.3.31Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2OTet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TooeleiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cesbron, F. and Williams, S.A. (1992) Tooeleite, a new mineral from the U.S. Mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Magazine: 56: 71-73.
Jambor, J.L. (1992) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 77:1305-1309.
Morin, G., Juillot, F., Casiot, C., Bruneel, O., Personné, J.-C., Elbaz-Poulichet, F., Leblanc, M., Ildefonse, P., and Calas, G. (2003) Bacterial formation of tooeleite and mixed As3+/(V)-Fe3+ gels in the Carnoules acid mine drainage, France. A XANES, XRD, and SEM study. Environmental Sciences and Technology: 37: 1705-1712.
Morin, G., Rousse, G., and Elkaim, E. (2007) Crystal structure of tooeleite, Fe6(AsO3)4SO4(OH)4·4H2O, a new iron arsenite oxyhydroxysulfate mineral relevant to acid mine drainage. American Mineralogist: 92: 193-197.
Majzlan, J., Dachs, E., Benisek, A., Koch, C.B., Bolanz, R., Göttlicher, J., and Steininger, R. (2016) Thermodynamic properties of tooeleite, Fe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4·4H2O. Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry: 76: 419–428.
Zhu, Z.; Zhang, J.; Zhu, Y.; Liu, J.; Tang, S.; Zhang, L.; Wang, Y. (2020) Dissolution, Stability and Solubility of Tooeleite [Fe6(AsO3)4(SO4)(OH)4·4H2O] at 25–45 °C and pH 2–12. Minerals 10, 921.

Internet Links for TooeleiteHide

Localities for TooeleiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Kingsgate
Peter Elliott (unpubl. analysis); Uwe kolitsch (unpubl. data)
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Guttaring
        • Waitschach
U. Kolitsch (2012): Crystal structure of a new lead nitrate chloride and further surprises from the Pb- and Ba-rich ancient slag at Maria Waitschach, Carinthia, Austria. M&M7, 7th Intern. Conf. on Mineralogy & Museums, Dresden, Germany, August 27-29, 2012; Program and Abstracts Volume, 90.; Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Halifax Co.
Walker, S.R., Parsons, M.B., Jamieson, H.E., Lanzirotti, A. (2009) Arsenic mineralogy of near-surface tailings and soils: influences on arsenic mobility and bioaccessibility in the Nova Scotia gold mining districts. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 533-556.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Gard
      • Alès
        • Saint-Sébastien-d'Aigrefeuille
Morin, G., Rousse, G. and Elkaim, E. (2007): Crystal structure of tooeleite, Fe6(AsO3)4SO4(OH)4•4H2O, a new iron arsenite oxyhydroxysulfate mineral relevant to acid mine drainage. Am. Mineral. 92, 193-197; Morin, G. et al. (2003): Bacterial formation of tooeleite and mixed As3+/(V)-Fe3+ gels in the Carnoules acid mine drainage, France. A XANES, XRD, and SEM study: Environmental Sciences and Technology 37, 1705-1712.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Langelsheim
        • Grane Reservoir
Schnorrer, G. (1993) Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Annaberg-Buchholz
        • Kleinrückerswalde
Desor, J. (05/2020) SEM-EDS & Raman Spectroscopy
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza mines (Kamareza mines)
Möckel, S. (2001): Wallkilldellit und weitere acht Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis 26 (11), 43; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
        • Lavrion slag localities
          • Agios Nikolaos area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Belalcázar
        • La Ventosilla farmhouse
Rewitzer, C., Calvo, M. Hochleitner, R., and Utrera, C. (2018). Adamite, austinite, schlegelite, dugganite and other uncommon minerals in the “Cogolla Alta” claim,Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain. Mineral Up, 5 (2), 50-77.
Rewitzer C., Hochleitner R., Fehr T., Utrera C., Karibibite, schneiderhöhnite, tooeleite and other uncommon secondary minerals in the Nuestra Señora de las Alcantarillas mine, Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain; MineralUp (Revista de Minerales) No.1 Oct. 2016 Page 9-39
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Lugano
      • Alto Malcantone
        • Breno
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409; Meisser, N., Oppizzi, P., Steiger, E., Vanini, F. (1996): L'attività siderurgica del Monte Torri (Ticino, Svizzera): ricerche mineralogiche nelle scorie. Geologia Insubrica, 1(1+2), 53-63.
USA (TL)
 
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
        • Gold Hill
Mineralogical Magazine 1992 56 : 71-73
 
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