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Alunite Group

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About Alunite GroupHide

A subgroup of the Alunite Supergroup.
The most common member is jarosite.

See also the Plumbogummite Group and Beudantite Group.


Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000016AluniteHendricks S B (1937) The crystal structures of alunite and the jarosites American Mineralogist 22 773-78419370293
0000037AlunitePabst A (1947) Some computations on svanbergite, woodhouseite and alunite American Mineralogist 32 16-3019470293
0009047AluniteMajzlan J, Speziale S, Duffy T S, Burns P C (2006) Single-crystal elastic properties of alunite, KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6 Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 33 567-57320060293
0018984AluniteZema M, Callegari A M, Tarantino S C, Gasparini E, Ghigna P (2012) Thermal expansion of alunite up to dehydroxylation and collapse of the crystal structure Mineralogical Magazine 76 613-6232012Hungary0298
0018985AluniteZema M, Callegari A M, Tarantino S C, Gasparini E, Ghigna P (2012) Thermal expansion of alunite up to dehydroxylation and collapse of the crystal structure Mineralogical Magazine 76 613-6232012Hungary0373
0018986AluniteZema M, Callegari A M, Tarantino S C, Gasparini E, Ghigna P (2012) Thermal expansion of alunite up to dehydroxylation and collapse of the crystal structure Mineralogical Magazine 76 613-6232012Hungary0473
0018987AluniteZema M, Callegari A M, Tarantino S C, Gasparini E, Ghigna P (2012) Thermal expansion of alunite up to dehydroxylation and collapse of the crystal structure Mineralogical Magazine 76 613-6232012Hungary0573
0018988AluniteZema M, Callegari A M, Tarantino S C, Gasparini E, Ghigna P (2012) Thermal expansion of alunite up to dehydroxylation and collapse of the crystal structure Mineralogical Magazine 76 613-6232012Hungary0673
0018989AluniteZema M, Callegari A M, Tarantino S C, Gasparini E, Ghigna P (2012) Thermal expansion of alunite up to dehydroxylation and collapse of the crystal structure Mineralogical Magazine 76 613-6232012Hungary0723
0018990AluniteZema M, Callegari A M, Tarantino S C, Gasparini E, Ghigna P (2012) Thermal expansion of alunite up to dehydroxylation and collapse of the crystal structure Mineralogical Magazine 76 613-6232012Hungary0773
0014755AluniteMenchetti S, Sabelli C (1976) Crystal chemistry of the alunite series: crystal structure refinement of alunite and synthetic jarosite Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1976 406-4171976Montioni, Toscana, Italy0293
0015817AluniteSchukow H, Breitinger D K, Zeiske T, Kubanek F, Mohr J, Schwab R G (1999) Localization of hydrogen and content of oxonium cations in alunite via neutron diffraction Zeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie 625 1047-10501999synthetic0293
0014580AmmoniojarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) The crystal structure of ammoniojarosite, (NH4)Fe3(SO4)2(OH)6 and the crystal chemistry of the ammoniojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution series Mineralogical Magazine 71 427-4412007Synthetic0293
0005864ArgentojarositeGroat L A, Jambor J L, Pemberton B C (2003) The crystal structure of argentojarosite, AgFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 The Canadian Mineralogist 41 921-9282003Tintic Standard mine at Dividend, central Utah0293
0014861Beaverite-(Cu)Breidenstein B, Schluter J, Gebhard G (1992) On beaverite: new occurrence, chemical data and crystal structure Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1992 213-2201992Grand Reef mine, Graham County, Arizona, USA0293
0006535DorallchariteBalic-Zunic T, Moelo Y, Loncar Z, Micheelsen H (1994) Dorallcharite, Tl0.8K0.2Fe3(SO4)2(OH)6, a new member of the jarosite-alunite family European Journal of Mineralogy 6 255-26319940293
0004441HydroniumjarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004442HydroniumjarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004443HydroniumjarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004444HydroniumjarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004579HydroniumjarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0004580HydroniumjarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0004581HydroniumjarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0004433JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004434JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004435JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004436JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004437JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004438JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007synthetic0293
0004439JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007Rio Tonto, Huelva, Spain0293
0004440JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2007) Jarosite - hydronium jarosite solid solution series with full iron occupancy: Mineralogy and crystal chemistry American Mineralogist 92 1464-14732007Rio Tonto, Huelva, Spain0293
0004571JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0004572JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0004573JarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0017748JarositeScarlett N V Y, Grey I E, Brand H E A (2010) Ordering of iron vacancies in monoclinic jarosites American Mineralogist 95 1590-15932010synthetic0368
0020094JarositeMills S J, Nestola F, Kahlenberg V, Christy A G, Hejny C, Redhammer G J (2013) Looking for jarosite on Mars: The low-temperature crystal structure of jarosite American Mineralogist 98 1966-19712013Jaroso Ravine, Sierra Almagrera, Andalusia, Almeria, Spain0297
0020095JarositeMills S J, Nestola F, Kahlenberg V, Christy A G, Hejny C, Redhammer G J (2013) Looking for jarosite on Mars: The low-temperature crystal structure of jarosite American Mineralogist 98 1966-19712013Jaroso Ravine, Sierra Almagrera, Andalusia, Almeria, Spain0253
0020096JarositeMills S J, Nestola F, Kahlenberg V, Christy A G, Hejny C, Redhammer G J (2013) Looking for jarosite on Mars: The low-temperature crystal structure of jarosite American Mineralogist 98 1966-19712013Jaroso Ravine, Sierra Almagrera, Andalusia, Almeria, Spain0213
0020097JarositeMills S J, Nestola F, Kahlenberg V, Christy A G, Hejny C, Redhammer G J (2013) Looking for jarosite on Mars: The low-temperature crystal structure of jarosite American Mineralogist 98 1966-19712013Jaroso Ravine, Sierra Almagrera, Andalusia, Almeria, Spain0173
0020098JarositeMills S J, Nestola F, Kahlenberg V, Christy A G, Hejny C, Redhammer G J (2013) Looking for jarosite on Mars: The low-temperature crystal structure of jarosite American Mineralogist 98 1966-19712013Jaroso Ravine, Sierra Almagrera, Andalusia, Almeria, Spain0133
0008600JarositeBecker U, Gasharova B (2001) AFM observations and simulations of jarosite growth at the molecular scale: probing the basis for the incorporation of foreign ions into jarosite as a storage mineral Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 28 545-55620010293
0014420JarositeKato T, Miura Y (1977) The crystal structure of jarosite and svanbergite Mineralogical Journal 8 419-4301977Meadow Valley 1, Pinoche, Nevada, USA0293
0014756JarositeMenchetti S, Sabelli C (1976) Crystal chemistry of the alunite series: crystal structure refinement of alunite and synthetic jarosite Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1976 406-4171976synthetic0293
0000858NatroaluniteOssaka J, Hirabayashi J, Okada K, Kobayashi R, Hayashi T (1982) Crystal structure of minamiite, a new mineral of the alunite group American Mineralogist 67 114-11919820293
0014771NatroaluniteOkada K, Hirabayashi J, Ossaka J (1982) Crystal structure of natroalunite and crystal chemistry of the alunite group Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1982 534-5401982Sonomi-dake, Makurazaki-city, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan0293
0004574NatrojarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0004575NatrojarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0004576NatrojarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0004577NatrojarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0004578NatrojarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2008) Crystal chemistry of the natrojarosite-jarosite and natrojarosite-hydronium jarosite solid-solution: A synthetic study with full Fe site occupancy American Mineralogist 93 853-8622008synthetic0293
0020119NatrojarositeNestola F, Mills S J, Periotto B, Scandolo L (2013) The alunite supergroup under high pressure: the case of natrojarosite, NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 Mineralogical Magazine 77 3007-30172013Londonderry Li deposit, Nepean, Western Australia, Australia0.0001293
0020120NatrojarositeNestola F, Mills S J, Periotto B, Scandolo L (2013) The alunite supergroup under high pressure: the case of natrojarosite, NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 Mineralogical Magazine 77 3007-30172013Londonderry Li deposit, Nepean, Western Australia, Australia1.738293
0020121NatrojarositeNestola F, Mills S J, Periotto B, Scandolo L (2013) The alunite supergroup under high pressure: the case of natrojarosite, NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 Mineralogical Magazine 77 3007-30172013Londonderry Li deposit, Nepean, Western Australia, Australia3.368293
0020122NatrojarositeNestola F, Mills S J, Periotto B, Scandolo L (2013) The alunite supergroup under high pressure: the case of natrojarosite, NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 Mineralogical Magazine 77 3007-30172013Londonderry Li deposit, Nepean, Western Australia, Australia4.729293
0020123NatrojarositeNestola F, Mills S J, Periotto B, Scandolo L (2013) The alunite supergroup under high pressure: the case of natrojarosite, NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 Mineralogical Magazine 77 3007-30172013Londonderry Li deposit, Nepean, Western Australia, Australia5.701293
0020124NatrojarositeNestola F, Mills S J, Periotto B, Scandolo L (2013) The alunite supergroup under high pressure: the case of natrojarosite, NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 Mineralogical Magazine 77 3007-30172013Londonderry Li deposit, Nepean, Western Australia, Australia6.454293
0020125NatrojarositeNestola F, Mills S J, Periotto B, Scandolo L (2013) The alunite supergroup under high pressure: the case of natrojarosite, NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6 Mineralogical Magazine 77 3007-30172013Londonderry Li deposit, Nepean, Western Australia, Australia8.779293
0014767OsarizawaiteGiuseppetti G, Tadini C (1980) The crystal structure of osarizawaite Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1980 401-4071980Osarizawa mine, Akita Prefecture, Honshu, Japan0293
0005207PlumbojarositeSzymanski J T (1985) The crystal structure of plumbojarosite Pb[Fe3(SO4)2(OH)6]2 The Canadian Mineralogist 23 659-66819850293
0006284PlumbojarositeBasciano L C, Peterson R C (2010) A crystallographic study of the incomplete solid-solution between plumbojarosite and jarosite Note Sample G The Canadian Mineralogist 48 651-6592010synthetic0293
0018659Beaverite-(Zn)Sato E, Nakai I, Terada Y, Tsutsumi Y, Yokoyama K, Miyawaki R, Matsubara S (2008) Study of Zn-bearing beaverite Pb(Fe2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6 obtained from Mikawa mine, Niigata Prefecture, Japan Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 103 141-1442008Mikawa mine, Niigata Prefecture, Japan0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Synonyms of Alunite GroupHide

Relationship of Alunite Group to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Beudantite GroupAM3(XO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Dussertite GroupComprises arsenate members of Ca, Sr, Ba and Pb.
Plumbogummite GroupA subgroup of the Alunite Supergroup.
Unnamed (Ba-Fe Vanadate)Ba, Fe, V, O, H
Group Members:
Alunite KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Ammonioalunite (NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Ammoniojarosite (NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Argentojarosite AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Beaverite-(Cu) Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Beaverite-(Zn) Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Dorallcharite TlFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Huangite Ca0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Hydroniumjarosite (H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Jarosite KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Natroalunite NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Natroalunite-2c (Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Natrojarosite NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
Osarizawaite Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Plumbojarosite Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Schlossmacherite (H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Walthierite Ba0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Alunite Group in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for Alunite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Scott, K.M. (1987) Solid solution in, and classification of, gossan-derived members of the alunite-jarosite family, northwest Queensland, Australia. American Mineralogist, 72, 178-187.
Kolitsch, U. and Pring, A. (2001) Crystal chemistry of the crandallite, beudantite and alunite groups: a review and evaluation of the suitability as storage materials for toxic metals. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 96, 67-78.
Drouet, C. and Navrotsky, A. (2003) Synthesis, characterization, and thermochemistry of K-Na-H3O jarosites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta: 67: 2063-2076.
Bayliss, P., Kolitsch, U., Nickel, E.H., and Pring, A. (2010) Alunite supergroup: recommended nomenclature. Mineral. Mag. 74, 919-927.
Majzlan, J., Glasnák, P., Fisher, R.A., White, M.A., Johnson, M.B., Woodfield, B. and Boerio-Goates, J. (2010) Heat capacity, entropy, and magnetic properties of jarosite-group compounds. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 37, 635-651.
Maubec, N., Lahfid, A., Lerouge, C., Wille, G., and Michel, K. (2012) Characterization of alunite supergroup minerals by Raman spectroscopy. Spectrochimica Acta A, 96, 925-939.
Scarlett, N.V.Y., Grey, I.E., and Brand, H.E.A. (2013): In situ synchrotron diffraction studies on the formation kinetics of jarosites. J. Synchrotron Rad. 20, 366-375.

Internet Links for Alunite GroupHide

Localities for Alunite GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListShow

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