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Thorikosite

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About ThorikositeHide

Formula:
Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
Colour:
Light yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous, Waxy
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after the ancient site of Thorikos, near the discovery locality at Thorikos Bay slag locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Thorikosite.


Classification of ThorikositeHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1984
3.DC.40

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu
10.2.6.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
2 : A(O,OH)Xq
24.3.7

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
3 : Antimonates of Ti and Pb

Physical Properties of ThorikositeHide

Vitreous, Waxy
Colour:
Light yellow
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of ThorikositeHide

Formula:
Pb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
IMA Formula:
Pb3O3Sb3+(OH)Cl2

Crystallography of ThorikositeHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I4/mmm
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.91 Å, c = 12.85 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.286
Unit Cell V:
196.45 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0013547ThorikositeRouse R C, Dunn P J (1985) The structure of thorisokite, a naturally occurring member of the bismuth oxyhalide group Journal of Solid State Chemistry 57 389-39519850293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of ThorikositeHide

Synonyms of ThorikositeHide

Other Language Names for ThorikositeHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Thorikosite associated with FluoriteCaF2
4 photos of Thorikosite associated with ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
4 photos of Thorikosite associated with CerussitePbCO3
3 photos of Thorikosite associated with BlixitePb8O5(OH)2Cl4
2 photos of Thorikosite associated with HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
1 photo of Thorikosite associated with CalciteCaCO3
1 photo of Thorikosite associated with AnglesitePbSO4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DC.05LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.05ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DC.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DC.15PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.20LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.25BismocliteBiOClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25RorisiteCaFClTet.
3.DC.25Zavaritskite(BiO)FTet.
3.DC.25ZhangpeishaniteBaFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.30NadoritePbSbClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.30PeritePbBiClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.35AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
3.DC.37CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9Tric. 1
3.DC.45MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2Mon. m
3.DC.50BlixitePb8O5(OH)2Cl4Orth.
3.DC.55PinalitePb3WO5Cl2Orth.
3.DC.60SymesitePb10(SO4)O7Cl4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
3.DC.65EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
3.DC.70MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
3.DC.75DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
3.DC.80OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11Tric. 1 : P1
3.DC.85CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.90PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4Orth.
3.DC.95BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

24.3.2DerbyliteFe3+4Ti3Sb3+O13(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
24.3.3Hemloite(Ti,V3+,Fe3+,Al)12(As3+,Sb3+)2O23(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
24.3.4NadoritePbSbClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
24.3.5BindheimitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
24.3.6MonimolitePb2Sb5+2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ThorikositeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dunn, P.J. & Rouse, R.C. (1985): Freedite and thorikosite from Langban, Sweden, and Laurion, Greece: two new species related to the synthetic bismuth oxyhalides. American Mineralogist, 70, 845-848.
Rouse, R. C. and Dunn, P. C. (1985): The structure of thorikosite, a naturally occurring member of the bismuth oxyhalide group. J. Solid State Chem. 57, 389-395.

Internet Links for ThorikositeHide

Localities for ThorikositeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Lavrion. LAPIS 11 (6), 25-29; Dunn, P.J. & Rouse, R.C. (1985): Freedite and thorikosite from Langban, Sweden, and Laurion, Greece: two new species related to the synthetic bismuth oxyhalides. American Mineralogist, 70, 845-848.
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; - Rüsenberg, K. A. (2001): Mineralparagenesen in den Schlacken von Lavrion und ihre Entstehung. Aufschluss 52, 25-44 (in German)
          • Puntazeza area (Punta Zeza area)
Rüsenberg, K. A. (2001): Mineralparagenesen in den Schlacken von Lavrion und ihre Entstehung. Aufschluss 52, 25-44 (in German)
          • Sounion area
Gelaude, Piet, Piet van Kalmthout amd Christian Rewitzer, "Laurion" The minerals in the ancient slags.
          • Thorikos area
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1986): Neufunde in den Schlacken von Laurion. Lapis, 11 (6), 25-29; 42.; Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Anzio
Marco Bonifazi Collection
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Piombino
Muenchener Micromounter-Lithothek
 
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