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Thorianite

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About ThorianiteHide

Formula:
ThO2
Colour:
Dark grey, brown-black
Lustre:
Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
6½ - 7
Specific Gravity:
9.7
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
The name reflects its thorium content.

Classification of ThorianiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DL.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
L : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; fluorite-type structures
5.1.1.2

5 : OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
1 : AXO2·xH2O
7.10.10

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th

Physical Properties of ThorianiteHide

Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Colour:
Dark grey, brown-black
Streak:
Grey, grey-green to black
Hardness:
6½ - 7 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
{001} poor.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
9.7 g/cm3 (Measured)    9.87 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ThorianiteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of ThorianiteHide

Formula:
ThO2
CAS Registry number:
1314-20-1

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society
Common Impurities:
U,Ce,La,Pb,TR

Crystallography of ThorianiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.6 Å
Unit Cell V:
175.62 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Cubic crystals, usually rounded to some degree (water worn).
Twinning:
Penetration twins on {111} very common.

Type Occurrence of ThorianiteHide

Synonyms of ThorianiteHide

Other Language Names for ThorianiteHide

German:Thorianit
Simplified Chinese:方钍石
Spanish:Torianita

Varieties of ThorianiteHide

AldaniteA Pb-bearing variety of Thorianite with up to 12 wt.% PbO.
Cerian ThorianiteA thorianite containing cerium.
UranothorianiteA name for a mineral intermediate between uraninite and thorianite, i.e. a member of the Thorianite-Uraninite Series.

Relationship of Thorianite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Thorianite associated with Guarinite(Na, Ca, Zr, Si, F, O)
3 photos of Thorianite associated with DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
2 photos of Thorianite associated with Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
2 photos of Thorianite associated with Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
2 photos of Thorianite associated with BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
2 photos of Thorianite associated with Pyroxene Group
1 photo of Thorianite associated with Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8
1 photo of Thorianite associated with CorundumAl2O3
1 photo of Thorianite associated with BaddeleyiteZrO2
1 photo of Thorianite associated with Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DL.05Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.DL.05UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
4.DL.05Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.
4.DL.05Aeschynite GroupAD2O6
4.DL.10CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9Tet.
4.DL.10Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-xIso.
4.DL.10Hiärneite(Ca,Mn,Na)2(Zr,Mn3+)5(Sb,Ti,Fe)2O16Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

5.1.1.1UraniniteUO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.10.1BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.10.2ArkeliteIso.
7.10.3PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15Hex. 6/m : P63/m
7.10.4SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.10.5ZirconoliteCaZrTi2O7Orth.
7.10.6CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9Tet.
7.10.7Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-xIso.
7.10.8Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.
7.10.9UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
Contains thorium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest. Avoid prolonged exposure in proximity of the body. Store away from inhabited areas.

References for ThorianiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Coomaraswamy (1904) Spolia Ceylon.
Dunstan (1904) The occurrence of thorium in Ceylon. Nature: 69: 510-511, 533, 559.
Dunstan W.R., Blake G.S. (1905) Thorianite, a New Mineral from Ceylon. Proc. Roy. Soc. ser. A, LXXVI: 253-265.
Dunstan W.R., Blake G.S. (1905) Chem. News: 13-15,26-28.
Coomaraswamy (1906) Jahrbuch für Mineralogie: I: 165.
Dunstan and Jones (1906), Royal Society of London, Proceedings: 77: 385.
Ogawa (1912) Tohku Im. Univ., Sc. Rep.: 1: 201.
Ogawa (1913) Jahrbuch für Mineralogie: II: 12.
Goldschmidt, Thomassen (1923) Vidensk. Selskr., Oslo, Math.-Nat. Kl., No. 2.
Palache, C., Berman, H.,Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 620-622.
US National Bureau of Standards, Circular (1953): 539(1): 57.
Bulakh, A.G., Mazalou, A.A. (1974) Accessory thorianite from the massifs of alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the Turja Peninsula (Kola Peninsula). American Mineralogist: 59: 378.
Chidester B A, Pardo O S, Fischer R A, Thompson E C, Heinz D L, Prescher C, Prakapenka V B, Campbell A J (2018) High-pressure phase behavior and equations of state of ThO2 polymorphs. American Mineralogist 103, 749-756.

Internet Links for ThorianiteHide

Localities for ThorianiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Amores-Casals, S., Melgarejo, J. C., Bambi, A., Gonçalves, A. O., Morais, E. A., Manuel, J., ... & Molist, J. M. (2019). Lamprophyre-Carbonatite Magma Mingling and Subsolidus Processes as Key Controls on Critical Element Concentration in Carbonatites—The Bonga Complex (Angola). Minerals, 9(10), 601.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Belén Department
Colombo, F., Lira, R., Simmons, W., & Falster, A. (2011). The NYF-type miarolitic-rare earth elements pegmatites of the El Portezuelo granite, Papachacra (Catamarca, NW Argentina). Asoc. Geol. Arg., Serie D, Publicación Especial, 14, 57-59.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Harts Range (Harts Ranges; Hartz Range; Hartz Ranges)
        • Ambalindum Station
          • Harding Springs
Drake-Brockman, J. (1995) Harts Range Project Annual Report 1994, Vol. 1, PNC Exploration (Australia) Pty Ltd. (CR 95/298A).
      • Nolans Bore
Louise Schoneveld, Carl Spandler & Kelvin Hussey (2014) Genesis of the Central Zone of the Nolans Bore Rare Earth Element Deposit, Northern Territory. in Geological Society of Australia, 2014 Australian Earth Sciences Convention (AESC), Sustainable Australia. Abstract No 110 of the 22nd Australian Geological Convention; Schoneveld, L., Spandler, C., & Hussey, K. (2015). Genesis of the central zone of the Nolans Bore rare earth element deposit, Northern Territory, Australia. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 170(2), 1-22.
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Batchelor
        • Rum Jungle
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
Bottrill, unpub.
  • Victoria
    • Towong Shire
      • Mitta Mitta
  • Western Australia
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Lamboo Station
        • Mount Dockrell pegmatites (Mount Dockerell)
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Krems-Land District
      • Gföhl
        • Felling
Kolitsch, U. (2017): 2040) Diaspor, Keiviit-(Y), Margarit, Monazit-(Ce), Xenotim-(Y), Zirkon und weitere Mineralien in einer Korund-Almandin-Probe vom Latzenhof bei Felling im Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 259-261 in Walter, F. et al. (2017): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVI. Carinthia II, 207./127., 217-284.
    • Zwettl District
      • Kottes-Purk
        • Bernhards
Kolitsch, U. et al. (2011); Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Löffler, E. & Pristacz, H., jun. (2011): 1698) Apatit, Baryt, Galenit, Sphalerit, Thorianit und Thorit vom Steinbruch Schmoll bei Bernhards, Waldviertel. Pp. 163-165 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Namur
      • Havelange
Jedwab, J. (1985) Présence de thorianite et de cobaltite dans une roche du sondage de Havelange. Miscellanea Geologica, VII/2, 3.; Bernard, A., Jedwab, J. (1987) La cobaltite des niveaux profonds du sondage de Havelange. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, 96(2), 145.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro
    • Poopó Province
Torres, B., Melgarejo, J. C., Torró, L., Camprubí, A., Castillo-Oliver, M., Artiaga, D., ... & Arce-Burgoa, O. R. (2019). The Poopó Polymetallic Epithermal Deposit, Bolivia: Mineralogy, Genetic Constraints, and Distribution of Critical Elements. Minerals, 9(8), 472.
Botswana
 
  • North-West District
    • Ngamiland West District
Melgarejo, J. C., Abat, L. T., Tárrega, E. A., & Crego, M. C. (2011) Sulfide Deposits Associated with Cl Metasomatism along Thrusts in Black Shales, Tsodilo, Botswana. Revista de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía pp 129-130
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Santa Terezinha de Goiás district
      • Santa Terezinha de Goiás
Yuri de Melo Portella, Federica Zaccarini, George L. Luvizotto, Giorgio Garuti, Ronald J. Bakker, Nelson Angeli and Oskar Thalhammer (2016): The Cedrolina Chromitite, Goiás State, Brazil: A Metamorphic Puzzle. Minerals 6(3), 91.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Baretto & Fujimori (1986)
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Canaã dos Carajás
        • Sossego Mine
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
      • Parauapebas
        • Alemão Cu deposit
Grainger, C.J., Groves, D.I., Tallarico, F.H.B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 451-489.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Lillooet Mining Division
      • Fraser River
R. M. Thompson (1954) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. American Mineralogist 39:525-528
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Williston Lake
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Chakhmouradian, A. R., Reguir, E. P., Kressall, R. D., Crozier, J., Pisiak, L. K., Sidhu, R., & Yang, P. (2015). Carbonatite-hosted niobium deposit at Aley, northern British Columbia (Canada): Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 642-666.
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
      • Baffin Island
        • Kimmirut (Lake Harbour)
http://www.gia.edu/gemsandgemology/18578/22211/2278/back_issue_article_detail.cfm
  • Ontario
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
    • Cochrane District
      • South of Ridge Lake Area
SAGE, R.P. (1981) Geology of the Martison carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5420, 99p.
    • Haliburton County
      • Monmouth Township
geological survey of canada misc report 39; geological survey of canada economic geology report 29
GSC misc report 39; Christopher Fouts (1999) Report of Assessment Work Physical Assessment Geotechnical Assessment Mining claim: S.O. 1195060 SI/3, lot 31, con. XVII, Monmouth Township, Haliburton County
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39.
Can Mineral December 1960 v. 6 no. 4 p. 513-521
      • Dungannon Township
Can Mineral December 1960 v. 6 no. 4 p. 513-521
    • Kawartha Lakes
Ontario Mineral Deposits Inventory (MDI)
      • Somerville Township
Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines 2015, Mineral Deposits Inventory MDI Number: MDI31D10NW00039
    • Parry Sound District
      • Henvey Township
Rose, E.R. (1960) Rare Earths of the Grenville Sub-Province, Ontario and Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 59-10
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
GSC database
    • Outaouais
      • Pontiac RCM
        • Otter Lake
A specimen in the Royal Ontario Museum #M80843 [Rock Currier 2010]
Sabina, A.P. (1971) Rocks and minerals for the collector Ottawa to North Bay, Ontario; Hull to Waltham, Quebec. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 70-50, 140 pgs.; Lafontaine, M.A.G. (1979) Uranium-Thorium Deposit at the Yates Mine, Huddersfield Township, Quebec. Master of Science thesis, University of Ottawa.
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Sanming
      • Mingxi County
Qiang Wang, Zhenhua Zhao, Ping Jian, Zhiwei Bao, Xiaolin Xiong and Jinlong Ma (2003): Chinese Science Bulletin 48(20), 2241-2247
  • Gansu
    • Jinchang
      • Jinchuan District
        • Longshoushan Uranium ore zone
Ruyi Zhao, Yunjie Chen, Bin Wu, and Gang Wang (2013): Geology and Exploration 49(1), 67-74
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17
Miyawaki R, Shimazaki H, Shigeoka M, Yokoyama K, Matsubara S, Yurimoto H (2011) Yangzhumingite, KMg2.5Si4O10F2, a new mineral in the mica group from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. European Journal of Mineralogy 23, 467-473
  • Jiangxi
    • Fuzhou
      • Chongren Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
Yanning Meng and Honghai Fan (2013): Geological Journal of China Universities 19(1), 148-158
      • Le'an Co.
        • Xiangshan Uranium ore field
          • Zoujiashan ore district
Rengui Wu and Dagan Yu (2000): Uranium Geology 16(4), 204-211
Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156; Baoqun Hu, Guxian Lü, Zhanxue Sun, Mangen Li, Weijun Shi, Xueli Li, Yun Wang, and Lihong Bai (2011): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 35(4), 502-512
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Kuandian County
        • Saima complex
[var: Aldanite] Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Jianshui County
        • Puxiong
Ziying Gao, Boxi Lu, Jianzhong Duan, and Changyun Pan (1991): Acta Petrologica Sinica 7(4), 91-94
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Budišov
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)]
      • Třebíč
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
Bondam, J., Soerensen, H. (1958): Uraniferous Nepheline syenites and related rocks in the Ilimaussaq area, Julianehaab District, southwest Greenland, Proceedings 2. UN International Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Vol. 2, 555-559; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
      • Marsa Alam
Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
    • Northeastern Desert
Shalaby, M., Osman, A., Ali, M., Ahamed, F., & Ali, B. (2002). Radioactive Mineralization in Pegmatites, of Dara-Um Swassi, Area North Eastern Desert, Egypt. Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences. Earth Sciences, 50(1), 51-66.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Enontekiö
Kari K. Kojonen, Andrew M. McDonald, Chris J. Stanley, and Bo Johanson (2011) Törnroosite, Pd11As2Te2, A New Mineral Species Related to Isomertieite from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. Can Mineral 49:1643-1651; Kojonen, K. K., Tarkian, M., Roberts, A. C., Törnroos, R., & Heidrich, S. (2007). Miessiite, Pd11Te2Se2, a new mineral species from Miessijoki, Finnish Lapland, Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1221-1227.
Tuisku, Pekka 2010. Heavy minerals from gold sluicing in Lapland Gold Rush area and their bearing on the origin of gold bearing tills. Res Terrae, Ser A, N:o 31. Proceedings of the Nordic Mineralogical Network V annual Meeting.
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
  • Southwest Finland
    • Kimitoön (Kemiönsaari)
Ilkka Mikkola collection
  • Uusimaa
    • Lohja
      • Palmottu Lake
Pérez del Villar, L. et al. 1997.. Structural, lithological and mineralogical analyses of Borehole R-385 (386) from the Palmottu site. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti 50/97/05.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Kruft
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
      • Mendig
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
        • Wingertsberg
Blass, G.; Graf, H.W., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (VIII), Mineralien-Welt 4/5, 41, 1993
Hungary
 
  • Fejér County
    • Pátka
Szakáll & Gatter, 1993
  • Tolna County
    • Mórágy
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
      • Saghand
Dahlkamp (2009) Uranium Deposits of the World - Asia. p177
    • Bafq County
Foerster, F., and Jafarzadeh, A. (1994): Economic Geology 89(8), 1697-1721
Iraq
 
  • Sulaymaniyah Governorate
    • Qala-Diz (Qala-Dizeh; Qala-Diza)
      • Hero
Al-Hermezi, H. M. (1985). Qandilite, a new spinel end-member, Mg 2 TiO 4, from the Qala-Dizeh region, NE Iraq. Mineralogical Magazine, 49(354), 739-744.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Courmayeur
      • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
        • Ferret Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
          • Ercolano
            • San Vito
Luigi Chiappino data
          • Pollena - Trocchia area
luigi mattei
          • Sant'Anastasia
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
  • Lazio
    • Latina Province
      • Ponza Island
H.E. Belkin, B. De Vivo, A. Lima : "Magmatic (silicte/saline/sulfur-rich/CO2) immiscibility and zirconium and rare-earth element enrichment from alkaline magam chamber margins : evidence from Ponza Island, Pontine Archipelago, Italy", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1401-1420.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Vetralla
Carlini, R., Signoretti, E. (2016): Il Lazio Classico, minerali della zona di Vetralla: Tre Croci, Capo d’Acqua, Fosso Ricomero e Carcarelle. Fossils & Minerals Review, 2, 21-55; http://www.giovanigeologi.it/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/numero2web.pdf
Luigi Matei
      • Viterbo
http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
Guastoni, A., Pozzi, G., Secco, L., Schiazza, M., Pennacchioni, G., Fioretti, A. M., & Nestola, F. (2016). Monazite-(Ce) and Xenotime-(Y) From An Lct, NYF Tertiary Pegmatite Field: Evidence From A Regional Study In the Central Alps (Italy and Switzerland). The Canadian Mineralogist, 54(4), 863-877.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Canosio
        • Vallone della Valletta
Cámara, F., Biagioni, C., Ciriotti, M.E., Bosi, F., Kolitsch, U., Paar, W.H., Blass, G., Bittarello, E. (2017c) Piccoliite, a new mineral of the pilawite group. Congresso SIMP-SGI-SOGEI-AIV 2017, Pisa, 3-6 settembre 2017, Abstract book, page 120; http://www.socgeol.it/files/download/abstract%20book/abstract_book_pisa_2017_doi.pdf
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Thalhammer, O., & Garuti, G. (2005). The Finero chromitites (Ivrea Zone, Italy): evidence for metasomatism in a mantle plume. Poster session presented at Platinum 10th International Platinum Symposium, Oulu, Finnland, .
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tirol
Am Min 90:1177-1185
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
Yukikaza Ogoshi and Tetsuo Minakawa (2009) JAKOKA: 2009 Annual Meeting of the Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, R4-P16
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul Region
  • Naryn Region
Topper, W., Ditz, R., Sarbas, B. & Schubert, P. (2013). Th Thorium: Natural Occurrence. Minerals (Excluding Silicates). Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Madagascar
 
  • Amoron'i Mania
    • Manandriana
      • Andakatany
Rasoamalala, V., Salvi, S., Béziat, D., Ursule, J.-Ph., Cuney, M., Parseval, Ph. de, Guillaume, D., Moine, B. & Andriamampihantona, J. (2014): Geology of bastnaesite and monazite deposits in the Ambatofinandrahana area, central part of Madagascar: An overview. Journal of African Earth Sciences. 94, 128-140
  • Androy
    • Bekily
      • Beraketa
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Gélogique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1022
photo Id 315850
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
M Arliguie collection (old label), photo id-136594
      • Behara
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 332.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 333; M. Arligue specimen and photo
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 399.
Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium collection Sample 11315
Luc Vandenberghe collection
      • Mahaly
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.71
      • Maromby
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 399.
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p. 71
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p. 71
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 71
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la Minéralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p.72
        • Belafa area
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 398.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 398.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 398.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 398
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34.
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
        • Esiva
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 399.
Alexander Ringel specimen and photo; Handbook of Mineralogy; Curien H, Guillemin C, Orcel J, Sternberg M (1956) La hibonite, nouvelle espèce minérale. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences 242, 2845-2847
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 399.
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, 398-399
      • Tanandava Atsimo
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p. 399.
      • Tranomaro
        • Ambindandrakemba
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72
Delbos, L. (1955): Note sur le gisement d'un mineral nouveau " la hibonite" de' l'Androy Mandrareen" in Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1955, Tananarivo.143-144
- Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p 72
Besaire,H.(1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXXIV,Tananarive p 396
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p73
Besaire,H.(1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXXIV,Tananarive p 397
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 73
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 397
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 397
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 73
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive, 34, p 397
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p. 72
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 72 ; Besaire, H. (1961): Les ressources minérales de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXX, Tananarive. 1-116 [p. 57]
Besaire,H.(1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXXIV,Tananarive
Manfred Kampf photo
Besaire, H. (1966): Gites mineraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXXIV, Tananarive, p 395
      • Ambatomivary
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Diana
    • Ambanja
      • Antsirabe
        • Befitina
Hatzl, T. (2010): Mineralogische und geochemische Untersuchungen an der Probe TANT2-477067 aus Madagaskar unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Seltenerdelemente, Zirkon, Hafnium, Yttrium, Niob, Tantal, Thorium und Uran.- Report for Tantalus Rare Earths AG, 56 pages.
  • Ihorombe
    • Ihosy
      • Soamatasy
Besairie, H. (1966): Les Gites Minéraux de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar, Tananarive. 34, 311.
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
M Arliguie M collection (old label); Knut Edvard Larsen colletion (M-546)
Mauritania
 
  • Trarza Region
    • Bir Allah
Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Mexico
 
  • Oaxaca
    • San Francisco Telixtlahuaca Municipality
      • San Francisco Telixtlahuaca
Prol-Ledesma, R.-M., Melgarejo, J.C. & Martin, R.F. (2012) The El Muerto "NYF" granitic pegmatite, Oaxaca, Mexico, and its striking enrichment in allanite-(Ce) and monazite-(Ce). Canadian Mineralogist 50, 1055-1076.
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
  • Ömnögovi Aimag
    • Shara Hulasa Hiid
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Mozambique
 
  • Nampula Province
Hurai, V., Huraiová, M., Gajdošová, M., Konečný, P., Slobodník, M., & Siegfried, P. R. (2018). Compositional variations of zirconolite from the Evate apatite deposit (Mozambique) as an indicator of magmatic-hydrothermal conditions during post-orogenic collapse of Gondwana. Mineralogy and Petrology, 112(3), 279-296.; Gajdošová, M., Huraiová, M., Hurai, V., & Konečný, P. (2017) In situ chemical dating of new accessory minerals from the Evate deposit in Mozambique. CAM–2017 (Conference on Accessory Minerals)
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Arandis
Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
Nepal
 
  • Gandaki Pradesh
    • Kaski District
      • Annapurna Municipality
Aaron J. Martin, Jibamitra Ganguly, Peter G. DeCelles. (2009) Metamorphism of Greater and Lesser Himalayan rocks exposed in the Modi Khola valley, central Nepal. Springer-Verlag 2009
Niger
 
  • Tillabéri
    • Antigoura
Machens, E. (1964) : Mission de prospection générale du Liptako, rapport de fin de mission 58-64 et inventaire d’indices de minéralisations – Rapport BRGM inédit, 146pages.
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Eidsvoll
      • Minnesund
Kvamsdal, L.O., Eldjarn, K. (2006): Mineralene i smaragdgruvene ved Byrud gård, Minnesund, Norge. STEIN 33 (4), 4-20
  • Aust-Agder
    • Evje og Hornnes
Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
      • Landsverk
Info. board at the mine, 2005.
  • Telemark
    • Kragerø
      • Levang
O'Nions, R.K. & Baadsgaard, H. (1971): A radiometric study of polymetamorphism in the Bamble region, Norway. Contributions to mineralogy and Petrology. 34, 1-21
    • Nome
Åmli,R. (1974): Rapport, Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum. Mineralogiske og geokjemiske undersøkelser vedrørende scandium, niob og sjeldne jordarter i Fensfeltet, Ulefoss( p. 49) Cited in Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 85.
    • Skien
Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
Paraguay
 
  • Alto Paraguay Department
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Renzulli, A., Ridolfi, F., Enrich, G. E., Gomes, C. B., De Min, A., ... & Ruberti, E. (2016). Late-stage magmatic to deuteric/metasomatic accessory minerals from the Cerro Boggiani agpaitic complex (Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province). Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 71, 248-261.
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Apuseni Mountains
https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Gavril_Sbu/publication/265125228_poster/links/53ff6b1a0cf2194bc29a7b6d.pdf
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
  • Harghita
Pál Molnár, E. (2000): Hornblendites and diorites of the Ditró syenite massif. University of Szeged, Szeged Hungary, 172 p.
    • Gheorgheni
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Eastern Sayan
Gordienko, I. V., Roshchektaev, P. A., & Gorokhovsky, D. V. (2016). Oka ore district of the Eastern Sayan: Geology, structural–metallogenic zonation, genetic types of ore deposits, their geodynamic formation conditions, and outlook for development. Geology of Ore Deposits, 58(5), 361-382.
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Karabash
      • Soimon Valley
Murzin, V. V., Chudnenko, K. V., Palyanova, G. A., Varlamov, D. A., Naumov, E. A., & Pirajno, F. (2018). Physicochemical model for the genesis of Cu-Ag-Au-Hg solid solutions and intermetallics in the rodingites of the Zolotaya Gora gold deposit (Urals, Russia). Ore Geology Reviews, 93, 81-97.; Murzin, V. V., Varlamov, D. A., Ronkin, Y. L., & Shanina, S. N. (2013). Origin of Au-bearing rodingite in the Karabash massif of alpine-type ultramafic rocks in the southern Urals. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(4), 278-297.
    • Kyshtym
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1227
    • Miass
Popov, V.A., Pautov, L.A., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., McCammon, C., and Bazhenova, L.F. (2001) Polyakovite-(Ce), (REE,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2Si4O22, a new metamict mineral species from the Ilmen Mountains, southern Urals, Russia: mineral description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1095-1104.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.; Mineralogical Record: 33: 167.
    • Vishnevye Mountains
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Lake Baikal area
      • Slyudyanka (Sludyanka)
Pavel M. kartashov data
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Kuragin District
Gordienko, I. V., Roshchektaev, P. A., & Gorokhovsky, D. V. (2016). Oka ore district of the Eastern Sayan: Geology, structural–metallogenic zonation, genetic types of ore deposits, their geodynamic formation conditions, and outlook for development. Geology of Ore Deposits, 58(5), 361-382.
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow; Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Kononkova, N. N., & Klimovich, I. V. (2013). Uranium and thorium in carbonatitic minerals from the Guli massif, Polar Siberia. Geochemistry International, 51(10), 767-776.
  • Murmansk Oblast
Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
    • Belye Tundry Massif
Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
Sorokhtina, N. V., Kogarko, L. N., Shpachenko, A. K., & Senin, V. G. (2016). Composition and conditions of crystallization of zircon from the rare-metal ores of the Gremyakha–Vyrmes Massif, Kola Peninsula. Geochemistry International, 54(12), 1035-1048.
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
N. I. Krasnova (2001): The Kovdor phlogopite deposit, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 39, 33–44.
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[var: Aldanite] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
      • Aldan
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Tuva
Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
Spiridonov, E. M., Ariskin, A. A., Kislov, E. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Nikolaev, G. S., Pshenitsyn, I. V., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2018). Laurite and Ir-osmium from plagioclase lherzolite of the Yoko–Dovyren mafic–ultramafic pluton, Northern Baikal Region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(3), 210-219.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Betliar (Betler; Betlér)
Kubiš M., Broska I.: 2006: Petrography, mineralogy and geochemistry of Betliar granite body (Gemeric unit, Western Carpathians,Slovakia). Miner. Polonica-Special Papers, vol. 28. p.121- 123
    • Trebišov District
Koděra, P., Rojkovičová, Ľ.,Košárková, M., 1998: Mineralógická správa lokality Byšta, Au-Ag. Manuscript, Archiv Geofond, Bratislava, 68 p
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
Lee, M. E., Goosen, W. E., Minnaar, E. G., & Liebenberg, T. Microanalysis of mineral inclusions in primary baddeleyite from the Phalaborwa complex.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
VERWOERD, W.J. (1986) Mineral deposits associated with carbonatites and alkaline rocks. In: Mineral deposits of Southern Africa. Vol. II. 2173-2191. Edited by: Annhaeusser and Maske. Geological Society of South Africa.
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
VERWOERD, W.J. (1993) Update on carbonatites of South Africa and Namibia. South African Journal of Geology, 96(3), 75-95.
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa
      • Karoo Hoogland
        • Sutherland
Journal of African Earth Sciences Volume 21, Issue 1, July 1995, Pages 171-186
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí
          • Poblet Monastery
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
Sri Lanka
Dissanayake, C.B., Chandrajith, R., Tobschall, H.J. (2000) The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 72(1-2), 5-20. ; Dissanayake, C.B., Chandrajith, R., Tobschall, H.J. (2000) The geology, mineralogy and rare element geochemistry of the gem deposits of Sri Lanka. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 72(1-2), 5-20.
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
[Circular of the USA National Bureau of Standards,539,V.1,57(1953); Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
  • Southern Province
    • Galle District
      • Bentota
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02994681
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51
    • Vetlanda
      • Alseda
        • Slättåkra
J.Langhof: REE-mineralogy in Mo-granite pegmatites in Vetlanda-area, Småland,Sweden. 1991
J.Langhof: REE-mineralogy in Mo-granite pegmatites in Vetlanda-area, Småland,Sweden. 1991
H.-J.Wilke: Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden.1997
Tajikistan
 
  • Gorno-Badakhshan
    • Murghob
      • Rangkul
Elena S. Sorokina, Andrey K. Litvinenko, Wolfgang Hofmeister, Tobias Häger, Dorrit E. Jacob, and Zamoniddin Z. Nasriddinov (2015): Rubies and sapphires from Snezhnoe, Tajikistan. Gems & Gemology 51, 160-175.
Turkey
 
  • Çanakkale Province
Yigit, O. (2012). A prospective sector in the Tethyan Metallogenic Belt: Geology and geochronology of mineral deposits in the Biga Peninsula, NW Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews, 46, 118-148.
  • Eskişehir Province
    • Eskişehir-Beylikahir district
Nikiforov, A. V., Öztürk, H., Altuncu, S., & Lebedev, V. A. (2014). Kizilcaören ore-bearing complex with carbonatites (northwestern Anatolia, Turkey): Formation time and mineralogy of rocks. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(1), 35-60.
  • Sivas Province
Alan F. Cooper, Durmus Boztuğ, J. Michael Palin, Candace E. Martin, Mihoko Numata (2011) Petrology and petrogenesis of carbonatitic rocks in syenites from central Anatolia, Turkey. Contrib Mineral Petrol 161:811–828.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne
        • Beacon
LeBoutillier, N. G., Shail, R. K., & Jewson, C. (2003). Monazite in polymetallic chlorite-(tourmaline)-quartz-(fluorite)-cassiterite-sulphide lodes and its potential for constraining the chronology of magmatic hydrothermal mineralisation in Cornwall.
LeBoutillier, N. G., Shail, R. K., & Jewson, C. (2003). Monazite in polymetallic chlorite-(tourmaline)-quartz-(fluorite)-cassiterite-sulphide lodes and its potential for constraining the chronology of magmatic hydrothermal mineralisation in Cornwall.
  • Scotland
    • Highland
Gallagher, M.J. et al. (1971) Trans. Inst. Mining Metall. 80, B160.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
Sharygin, V.V. (2015): Zincian micas from peralkaline phonolites of the Oktyabrsky massif, Azov Sea region, Ukrainian Shield. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(4): 521-533
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Haines
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
      • Yentna Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Nome Census Area
      • Koyuk Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Fairhaven Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
      • Ketchikan Mining District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Bokan Mountain
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
      • Chandalar Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Circle Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Hughes Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Koyukuk Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
      • Shungnak Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
USGS Prof Paper 649; Armbrustmacher, T. J. (1988) Geology and resources of thorium and associated elements in the Wet Mountains area, Fremont and Custer counties, Colorado. USGS Professional Paper: 1049-F
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.; USGS Prof Paper 649
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite Mining District (Storm Mountain Mining District)
        • Storm Mountain
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Maine
    • Sagadahoc Co.
      • Topsham
"Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
  • Montana
    • Beaverhead Co.
      • Bloody Dick Mining District (Lehmi Pass Mining District; Bobbit Mining District; Beaverhead Mining District)
www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/gold/pdf/2054.pdf.
    • Granite Co.
      • Rock Creek Mining District
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
      • Sapphire Mountains Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Sapphire Mountains Area
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Conway
        • Redstone
Hoag, Roland B., Jr. and Stewart, G.W. (1977). Preliminary Petrographic and Geophysical Interpretations of the Exploratory Geothermal Drill Hole and Core, Redstone, New Hampshire: Report prepared for ERDA.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Northampton Co.
      • Easton
Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
          • C.K. Williams Quarry complex (Williams and Company Rock Quarry)
Rocks & Min.: 11:90. Arthur Montgomery (1957) Three occurrences of high-thorian uraninite near Easton, Pennsylvania. Am. Min. 42: 804-820
  • Rhode Island
    • Washington Co.
      • Westerly
Overstreet, 1967. USGS Prof. Pap. 530.
  • Texas
    • Burnet Co.
Self-Collected by Franklin Roberts
    • Culberson Co.
      • Apache Peak area
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
      • Sierra Diablo
A. Audétat (2010) Source and Evolution of Molybdenum in the Porphyry Mo(^Nb) Deposit at Cave Peak,Texas. Journal of Petrology 51:1739-60.
    • Hudspeth Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
  • Virginia
    • Roanoke Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Micro Probe Volume VI Number 8
    • Pend Oreille Co.
      • Granite Mountain
Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report; Derkey, Joseph, Lasmanis
 
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