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Theisite

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About TheisiteHide

09842080014946402149864.jpg
Nicholas J. Theis
Formula:
Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
Colour:
Blue-green
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named after Nicholas J. Theis, geologist, Bendix Corporation.
Rare secondary mineral in fahlore deposits.
The crystal structure is unknown. Unlike in the formula suggested in the original publication, the Sb is probably present in octahedral coordination as Sb(OH)6 or Sb(H2O)6 groups.

See also "genèvéite".

Visually similar to tyrolite.


Classification of TheisiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1980
8.BE.75

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1
41.1.2.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p > 4:1
24.2.5

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
2 : Antimonates of Be, Mg, Ca, Zn or Hg

Physical Properties of TheisiteHide

Colour:
Blue-green
Streak:
Off-white

Optical Data of TheisiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.755 nβ = 1.785 nγ = 1.785
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
distinct to strong

Chemical Properties of TheisiteHide

Formula:
Cu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
IMA Formula:
Cu5Zn5(AsO4)2(OH)14

Crystallography of TheisiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.22 Å, b = 7.12 Å, c = 14.97 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.154 : 1 : 2.103
Unit Cell V:
876.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
14.97 Å(9)
7.483 Å(5)
4.112 Å(4)
3.741 Å(10)
2.534 Å(9)
1.830 Å(5)
1.533 Å(5)

Type Occurrence of TheisiteHide

Synonyms of TheisiteHide

Other Language Names for TheisiteHide

German:Theisit
Simplified Chinese:西锑砷铜锌矿
Spanish:Theisita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
80 photos of Theisite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
22 photos of Theisite associated with Claraite(Cu,Zn)15(CO3)4(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)14·7H2O
9 photos of Theisite associated with ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
5 photos of Theisite associated with TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
4 photos of Theisite associated with StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
3 photos of Theisite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
2 photos of Theisite associated with HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
2 photos of Theisite associated with BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
2 photos of Theisite associated with Cuprian Adamite(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
2 photos of Theisite associated with CalciteCaCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BE.05AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.10GrattarolaiteFe3+3(PO4)O3Trig. 3m : R3m
8.BE.15CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.BE.20ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BE.25ArhbariteCu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.BE.25GilmariteCu3(AsO4)(OH)3Tric.
8.BE.30AllactiteMn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BE.30FlinkiteMn2+2Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.BE.30RaadeiteMg7(PO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m
8.BE.30ArganditeMn7(VO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BE.35Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.35Magnesiochlorophoenicite(Mg,Mn)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BE.40Gerdtremmelite(Zn,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(AsO4)(OH)5Tric.
8.BE.45DixeniteCuMn2+14Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6Trig.
8.BE.45Hematolite(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Trig. 3 : R3
8.BE.45KraissliteZn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.BE.45McgoverniteMn19Zn3(AsO4)3(AsO3)(SiO4)3(OH)21Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BE.45Arakiite(Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23Mon. m : Bb
8.BE.45Turtmannite(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+xTrig.
8.BE.45CarlfrancisiteMn2+3(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42[As3+O3]2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.BE.50SynadelphiteMn2+9(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BE.55Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
8.BE.60KoliciteMn2+7Zn4(AsO4)2(SiO4)2(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
8.BE.65Sabelliite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(AsO4,SbO4)(OH)3Trig. 3 : P3
8.BE.70JarosewichiteMn2+3Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6Orth. 2 2 2
8.BE.80CoparsiteCu4(AsO4,VO4)O2ClOrth.
8.BE.85WaterhouseiteMn2+7(PO4)2(OH)8Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

24.2.1SwedenborgiteNaBe4Sb5+O7Hex. 6mm : P63mc
24.2.2ByströmiteMgSb2O6Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
24.2.3Roméite GroupA2(Sb5+)2O6Z
24.2.4OrdoñeziteZnSb2O6Tet.
24.2.6Shakhovite(Hg+2)Hg2+2(Sb3+O3)(OH)3Mon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TheisiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S. A. (1982): Theisite, a new mineral from Colorado. Mineralogical Magazine: 46: 49-50.
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 282.
European Journal of Mineralogy (1995): 7: 1325.

Internet Links for TheisiteHide

Localities for TheisiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hermagor District
      • Hermagor-Pressegger See
        • Podlanig
          • Lower Wolay Alp
http://www.indra-g.at/Datenbanken/Literaturnachweise/Lit.nachw.htm
      • Kirchbach
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Kötschach-Mauthen
        • Plöcken pass area
M. Puttner: Carinthia II 188./108.:193-199 (1998)
G.Indra
    • Villach-Land District
      • Arnoldstein
        • Feistritz an der Gail
Weissensteiner, G. & Postl, W. & Bernhard, F. (2011): Die Mineralien von der Kupfer-Lagerstätte Feistritzer Alm, Karnische Alpen, Italien. Der Steirische Mineralog 25, 34-38.
      • Finkenstein am Faaker See
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Blass, H. W. Graf: Carinthia II 190./110.:188-190 (2000)
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
      • Paternion
        • Ried
A.Pichler, A. (2009) Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Sonderheft 63, 416 pages [in German].
  • Salzburg
    • Tamsweg District
      • Weißpriach valley
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
    • Zell am See District
      • Rauris
        • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
          • Hoher Sonnblick
Schnorrer, G. & Bacher, F. (2000): Die Mineralien von der Sonnblick- Nordwand, Rauris, Salzburg / Österreich - insbesondere der erste Khaidarkanit- Fund in Österreich. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 52-57.
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Schladming
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Giglach valley
            • Giglach lakes
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
  • Tyrol
    • Kitzbühel District
      • Brixen im Thale
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1649) Aragonit, Theisit, Zinkolivenit und ein neues Cu-Zn-As-(S)-O-H-Mineral vom Bergbau Ottneralm (Traholz), Brixen im Thale, Salzburg. Pp. 235-237 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
      • Kirchberg in Tirol
        • Sperten valley
Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G. & Walter, F. (2010): 1635) Alunit, Aragonit, Azurit, Chalkopyrit, Dolomit, Malachit, Tetraedrit und Theisit vom Pengelstein bei Kitzbühel, Tirol. Pp. 222-223 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
        • Geyer - Silberberg District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
          • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Der Aufschluß (2006)
        • Gratlspitz
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
          • Thierberg District
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
Schnorrer+Poeverlein (2005)
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
C.Auer (2011)
        • St Gertraudi
          • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
A.Lechner, Siegsdorf, D
          • Kleinkogel
P Haas collection
    • Schwaz District
C.Auer (2015)
C.Auer (2015)
      • Ringenwechsel District
        • Weißer Schrofen
Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
China
 
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Gejiu City
        • Gejiu Sn-polymetallic ore field
Georges FAVREAU collection
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Montgaillard
Les Anciennes mines de Padern - Montgaillard ( Aude ) FRANCE
idem (2005...); Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 153-154.
      • Padern
http://www.zampano.com/minmax/fundort.php3?lang=US&fp=1975&foid=1549]
    • Aveyron
      • Saint-Rome-de-Tarn
Patrice Queneau Collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Münstertal
      • Staufen
        • Grunern
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Hesse
    • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Oberschulenberg
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Velbert
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Der Niederbergische Erzbezirk des Werdener Bergreviers in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Lapis 13(1): 11-35
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Bernkastel-Wittlich
      • Thalfang am Erbeskopf
        • Etgert
http://www.mineralienfreunde-der-pfalz.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1625&Itemid=214
Ireland
 
  • Connacht
    • Co. Galway
      • Killimor
de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s.
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Forni Avoltri
- Dondi, M. , Palenzona, A. and Puggioli, G. (1995). "La miniera di Monte Avanza, Forni Avoltri (Udine)." Rivista Mineralogica Italiana,(2), 125-136.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
Prof. Andrea Palenzona, Genoa University
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e mnerali. Vol.I, EMSa (Ente Minerale Sardo), pagg.238.
        • Oridda
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Colonnata quarrying basin
          • Colonnata
Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, Pisa, 180 pp.
      • Massa
        • Casette
Orlandi, P., and Campostrini, I. (2005) Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 29, 3 (3-2005), 184-191.
Japan
 
  • Saitama Prefecture
    • Chichibu City
      • Ohtaki-mura
        • Nakatsugawa
Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
      • Djebel Saghro
        • Bou Skour District
Georges Favreau collection
  • Marrakesh-Safi Region
    • Al Haouz Province
Georges FAVREAU collection
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
Collected by Gábor Koller,Analysed by HOM(S.Szakáll)
Spain
 
  • Asturias
    • Cabrales
      • Prado
        • Ortiguero
          • Hoyos de Alda
Vrtiška L, Sejkora J, Čejka J, Malíková R, Loun J (2017) Theisite, sabelliite and tyrolite from the Cu deposit La Mina Delfina, Ortiguero (Spain). Bull Mineral Petrolog 24: 1, 85-97. ISSN 1211-0329. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/322029568_Theisite_sabelliite_and_tyrolite_from_the_Cu_deposit_La_Mina_Delfina_Ortiguero_Spain
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Ripollès
        • Camprodon
          • Rocabruna
Joan Rosell
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
        • San Rafael claim
- Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 401.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Bagnes Valley
      • Bruson
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 401.; Cuchet, S., Ansermet, S. & Meisser, N. (2012): Die kupferhaltige Mineralisierung am Six Blanc im Wallis. Schweizer Strahler 46 (4), 2-16 (in German and French).
    • Les Bagnes Valley
      • Entremont Valley
        • Liddes
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 401.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
USA (TL)
 
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
Mineralogical Magazine(1982) 46, 49-50; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg Mining District (Flint Creek Mining District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Martin Jensen and Tony Nikischer (2012) Some notes on the mineralogy of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana. Mineral News, 28, #6, 1-10.
 
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