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Sartorite Group

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About Sartorite GroupHide

A group of chemically and structurally very complex sulphosalts which are impossible to identify visually.
Also known as 'Sartorite homologous series'.

The insufficiently described marumoite may also belong to this group.

The crystal chemistry and crystallography is described in Makovicky (1985) and Makovicky & Topa (2015).

Synonyms of Sartorite GroupHide

Relationship of Sartorite Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Argentobaumhauerite Ag1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
Argentodufrénoysite Ag3Pb26As35S80Tric. 1 : P1
Argentoliveingite Ag3+xPb36-2xAs51+xS112Tric. 1 : P1
Barikaite Ag3Pb10(Sb8As11)S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Baumhauerite Pb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
Bernarlottiite Pb6(As5Sb3)S18Tric. 1 : P1
Boscardinite TlPb4(Sb7As2)S18Tric. 1 : P1
Carducciite (Ag2Sb2)Pb12(As,Sb)16S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Dekatriasartorite TlPb58As97S204Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Dufrénoysite Pb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
Écrinsite AgTl3Pb4As11Sb9S36Tric. 1 : P1
Enneasartorite Tl6Pb32As70S140Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Guettardite PbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Hendekasartorite Tl2Pb48As82S172Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Heptasartorite Tl7Pb22As55S108Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Hyršlite Pb8As10Sb6S32Mon. 2 : P21
Incomsartorite Tl6Pb144As246S516Mon. 2/m
Liveingite Pb9As13S28Mon.
Parapierrotite TlSb5S8Mon. m
Philrothite TlAs3S5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Pierrotite Tl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
Polloneite AgPb46As26Sb23S120Mon. 2 : P21
Rathite Ag2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
Sartorite PbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
Twinnite  Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
Veenite Pb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sartorite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Makovicky, E. (1985): The building principles and classification of sulphosalts based on the SnS archetype. Fortschritte der Mineralogie 63, 45-89.
Pring, A. (2001): The crystal chemistry of the sartorite group minerals from Lengenbach, Binntal, Switzerland—a HRTEM study. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 81, 69-87.
Berlepsch, P., Makovicky, E., Balić-Žunić, T. (2001): Crystal chemistry of sartorite homologues and related sulfosalts. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 176, 45-66.
Berlepsch P, Armbruster T, Topa D (2002): Structural and chemical variations in rathite, Pb8Pb4-x(Tl2As2)x(Ag2As2)As16S40: modulations of a parent structure. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 217, 581-590.
Berlepsch P., Armbruster, T., Makovicky, E., Topa, D. (2003): Another step toward understanding the true nature of sartorite: Determination and refinement of a ninefold superstructure. Am. Mineral. 88, 450-461. [= enneasartorite]
Makovicky, E. (2006): Crystal structures of sulfides and other chalcogenides. Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry 61, 7-125.
Makovicky, E. & Topa, D. (2015): Crystal chemical formula for sartorite homologues. Mineral. Mag. 79, 25-31.
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Stöger, B., Stanley, C. (2017): Heptasartorite, Tl7Pb22As55S108, enneasartorite, Tl6Pb32As70S140 and hendekasartorite, Tl2Pb48As82S172, three members of the anion-omission series of ‘sartorites’ from the Lengenbach quarry at Binntal, Wallis, Switzerland. European Journal of Mineralogy 29, 701-712.
Makovicky, E., Topa, D., Stoeger, B. (2018): The crystal structures of heptasartorite, Tl7Pb22As55S108, and enneasartorite, Tl6Pb32As70S140, two members of an anion-omission series of complex sulfosalts from Lengenbach, the Swiss Alps, and comparison with the structures of As–Sb sartorite homologues. Eur. J. Mineral. 30, 149-164.

Internet Links for Sartorite GroupHide

Localities for Sartorite GroupHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Jujuy Province
    • Rinconada Department
      • Rinconada
[Sartorite] Sureda, R.J., Brito, J.R. (1992) Sartorita, PbAs2S4, en el prospecto polimetalico cerro Redondo, Jujuy, Argentina. 1 Reunion de Mineralogia y Metalogenia. Instituto de Recursos Minerales. UNLP Publicacion 2:307-318.; Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Coira, B. L., & de Brodtkorb, M. K. (1995) Polymetallic mineralization associated with Cenozoic volcanism in Northern Puna, Argentina. In Pacrim (Vol. 95, pp. 135-140).
  • Syunik Province
    • Sisian (Sisavan; Karakilisa)
[Dufrénoysite] Kukulyan, M A. (1987): Dufrenoysite and twinnite in ores of the Mardzhansk deposit. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Armyanskoi SSR, Nauki o Zemle 40 (2), 66-69 (in Russian).
  • Queensland
    • McKinlay Shire
      • McKinlay
[Veenite] USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Leigh Creek
          • Puttapa
[Baumhauerite] Elliott, P. (1991): Minerals from the Beltana mine, Puttapa, South Australia. Mineralogical Record 22, 449-456. ; Muller, D. W. (1972). The geology of the Beltana willemite deposits. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1146-1167.
  • Salzburg
    • Hallein District
      • Golling an der Salzach
        • Grubach
          • Moosegg (Mooseck)
[Baumhauerite] Graeser, S., Paar, W.H., Chen, T.T. (1986): Baumhauerit, ein zweites Vorkommen (Salzburg / A). Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 66, 259-266; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989); Topa, D. & Makovicky, E. (2016): Argentobaumhauerite: name, chemistry, crystal structure, comparison with baumhauerite, and position in the Lengenbach mineralization sequence. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 819-840.
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Tragöß-Sankt Katharein
[Baumhauerite] Kolitsch, U. (2009): 1607) Turmalin und ein Baumhauerit-Mineral aus dem Gipsabbau Oberort-Tragöß, Bruck an der Mur, Steiermark. P. 226 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Hall
        • Hall valley
[Sartorite] Spötl (1989)
  • Balakan District
    • Belokan-Avar ore district
[Sartorite] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
  • Oruro
    • Cercado Province
      • Oruro City
[Twinnite] Sidki Rius, N. (2017). Metalogénesis del yacimiento San José, Oruro, Bolivia (Bachelor's thesis, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya).
  • Potosí
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
[Veenite] Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632
Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Tuzla Canton
      • Srebrenica
[Twinnite] Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Nikola S. Vuković (2016): (Pb–Sb)-bearing sphalerite from the Čumavići polymetallic ore deposit, Podrinje Metallogenic District, East Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ore Geology Reviews 72, 253-268.
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Owen Lake
[Guettardite] Hood, C. T., Sinclair, A. J., & Leitch, C. H. (1991). British Columbia Geological Survey Geological Fieldwork 1991.
  • Ontario
    • Hastings County
      • Madoc area
        • Huntingdon Township
[Guettardite] JAMBOR, J.L. (1967): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario. 1. Mineral descriptions. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 7-24. JAMBOR, J.L. (1967): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario. 2. Mineral descriptions. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 191-213. JAMBOR, J.L., LAFLAMME, J.H.G. & WALKER, D.A. (1982): A re-examination of the Madoc sulfosalts. Mineralogical Record 13, 93-100.
    • Kenora District
      • GTP Block 7 Township
[Veenite] Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Geoffrey Khalil Abdallah (1990) Ore Mineralogy of Mattabi Mine, Northwestern Ontario, Canada. MSC Thesis, Lakehead University
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
[Baumhauerite] Harris, D.C., Roberts, A.C., Laflamme, J.H.G. and Stanley, C.J. (1988): Criddleite, TlAg2Au3Sb10S10, a New Gold-Bearing Mineral from Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 52, 691-697.
[Parapierrotite] Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
[Parapierrotite] Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
[Parapierrotite] M. Bonnemaison, J. Delair, F. Tollon, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 81-84.
  • Québec
    • Mauricie
      • Mékinac RCM
[Twinnite] Mineral. Deposita 42 (2007) 627-637.
  • Arica and Parinacota
    • Parinacota Province
      • Ticnamar area
[Liveingite] Cecioni A, Cornejo C, Ruz L.; Choquelimpie, un yacimiento epitermal", Actas n. 1 del Congreso Geológico Chileno, pag.181/183, agosto 2000; Econ Geol (1991) 86:1206-1221
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga mining district
          • Alacrán
[Veenite] sample analysed by Dr. Frank Keutsch, Wisconsin University
  • Hunan
    • Huaihua
      • Huitong Co.
[Sartorite] Dezhong Zhou, Dayuan Ye, and Dalong Yu (1989): Mineral Deposits 8(1), 51-64
  • Jiangxi
    • Shangrao
      • Dexing Co.
        • Yinshan ore field
[Dufrénoysite] Zhengping Hao (1988): Mineral Deposits 7(3), 3-14
  • Liaoning
    • Huludao
      • Lianshan District
[Dufrénoysite] Fuchang Ni (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(4), 17-21
  • Yunnan
    • Nujiang
      • Lanping County
        • Baiyangping ore field
          • Eastern ore zone
[Dufrénoysite] Jiajun Liu, Degao Zhai, Zhiming Li, Mingqin He, Yuping Liu, and Chaoyang Li (2010): Acta Petrologica Sinica 26(6), 1646-1660
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Péone
[Liveingite] R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
[Pierrotite] Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1970) 93, 66-71; American Mineralogist, Volume 68, pages 235-244, 1983; Johan, Z. & Mantienne, J. (2000): Thallium-rich mineralization at Jas Roux, Hautes-Alpes, France: a complex epithermal, sediment-hosted, ore-forming system. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 63-77.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Altenahr
        • Ahrbrück
          • Martinsknipp
[Veenite] Beyer, H. (1978): Über Haldenfunde aus den Antimonitgängen von Ahrbrück (Eifel)..., Der Aufschluß, 29, 401-408
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
[Veenite] Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
  • Pest County
    • Szob District
[Sartorite] Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
  • Rajasthan
    • Udaipur Division
      • Udaipur District
[Twinnite] Chaudhuri, J. N. Bhadra and Friedrich, M. (1980): Investigations on some ores from Rajpura-Dariba in Rajasthan, India. Journal of Mines, Metals and Fuels 28(8), 196-201, 180.; Mukherjee, A. D., Sen, R., & Mondal, A. (1998). Freibergite from polymetallic sulphide deposits of the Delhi-Aravalli belt, Rajasthan. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 52(5), 543-547.
  • West Azerbaijan Province
    • Sardasht County
      • Sardasht
[Barikaite] Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Putz, H., Zagler, G. and Tajjedin, H. (2013) Barikaite, IMA 2012-055. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 4; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12; Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Tajedin, H., Putz, H., Zagler, G. (2013): Barikaite, Pb10Ag3(Sb8As11)S19S40, a new member of the sartorite homologous series. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3039-3046.
    • Takab County
[Twinnite] Daliran, F. (2008): The carbonate rock-hosted epithermal gold deposit of Agdarreh, Takab geothermal field, NW Iran—hydrothermal alteration and mineralisation. Mineralium Deposita, 43, 383-404
[Baumhauerite] Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Petrography, mineralogy and geochemistry of the Zarshuran Carlin-like gold deposit, northwest Iran. Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.; Asadi, H. H.; Voncken, J. H. L.; Hale, M. (2001): Sulphosalts at Zarshuran Carlin-like gold deposit, Northwest Iran: Implications for gold mineralization. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, Section B: Applied Earth Science 110, B24-B32.
  • Connacht
    • County Galway
      • Killimor
[Dufrénoysite] de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Ormea
[Guettardite] Orlandi P., Campostrini I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamento di mineralogia Italiana 2004. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 29, 3 (3-2005), 184-192; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo), 607 pp.
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Ceresole Reale
[Twinnite] - Maletto, G., Moroni, M. (2013): Il sito di Chiapili di sotto, Ceresole Reale, Val di Locana (Torino). Micro, 11, 10-22
      • Oulx
        • Signols
[Guettardite] Orlandi, P. (2011). Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro 1/2011, 39-42; Brizio, P., Bittarello, E., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E. (2014): Cava di Cumbë Suřdë, Signols, Oulx, Val di Susa, Torino, Piemonte. GMT 2014 Giornate Mineralogiche di Tavagnasco, 6-8 giugno 2014. Plinius, 40, 178.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Formazza
[Dufrénoysite] Graeser S., Oberholzer W., Schmultz L., Stalder H.A. (1981): Mineral-Neufunde aus der Schweiz und angrenzenden Gebieten. V. Schweizer Strahler, 5, 11, 437-467; Mattioli V. (1987): Minerali ossolani, 10 anni dopo: errata corrige e novità. I. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 11, 4 (4-1987), 195-200; Piccoli G.C., Maletto G., Bosio P., Lombardo B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Pietrasanta
        • Valdicastello Carducci
[Carducciite] Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Bindi, L. (2014). Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVI. Carducciite,(AgSb) Pb6 (As, Sb) 8S20, a new Sb-rich derivative of rathite from the Pollone mine, Valdicastello Carducci: occurrence and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(7), 1775-1793.
      • Seravezza
[Guettardite] Bracci, G., Dalena, D., Orlandi, P., Duchi, G. & Vezzalini, G. (1980) Guettardite from Tuscany, Italy; a second occurrence. Canadian Mineralogist, 18, 13-15; Orlandi P., Del Chiaro L., Pagano R. (1996): Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Mineralogical Record 27, 47-58; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.; Dr. Biagioni (2009): Minerali della Provincia di Lucca. Edited by AMI, Associazione Mineralogica Italiana, pp 159-160.
[Bernarlottiite] Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y. and Paar, W.H. (2014) Bernarlottiite, IMA 2013-133. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 553; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558; Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y. and Paar, W.H. (2017): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XXI. Bernarlottiite, Pb12(As10Sb6)Σ16S36, a new N = 3.5 member of the sartorite homologous series from the Ceragiola marble quarry: occurrence and crystal structure. Eur. J. Mineral 29, 713-726.
[Guettardite] Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
      • Stazzema
        • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
[Boscardinite] Orlandi, P., Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Paar, W.H. (2012): Lead-antomony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XII. Boscardinite, TlPb4(Sb7As2){sum}9S18, a new species from Monte Arsiccio mine: Occurrence and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist , 50 , 235-251; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., & Orlandi, P. (2014). Mercury-arsenic sulfosalts from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Routhierite,(Cu0. 8Ag0. 2) Hg2Tl (As1. 4Sb0. 6)∑= 2S6, from Monte Arsiccio mine: occurrence and crystal structure. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 163-170; Biagioni, C. & Moëlo, Y. (2017): Lead-antimony sulfosalts from Tuscany (Italy). XVIII. New data on the crystal-chemistry of boscardinite. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 47-60.
  • Aomori Prefecture
[Dufrénoysite] Matsubara, S, et al. (2000) Abstracts of the Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan, 91; Shimizu, M., Ishizaki, Y., Honma, T., Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R. (2005) Dufrenoysite and marumoite from the Okoppe mine, Japan. in Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge. Proceedings of the Eighth Biennial SGA Meeting Beijing, China, 18–21 August 2005. Session 6., Springer (Berlin) 695-697. [Poster #100]
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Shiribeshi Subprefecture
      • Abuta District
        • Takarada
[Sartorite] Shimizu & Matsuyama (1997) Ganko-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 160.
  • Batken Region
[Baumhauerite] [Lapis 11:11-24]
[Baumhauerite] Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Osh Region
[Guettardite] [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
  • Chihuahua
    • Batopilas Municipality
      • Andres del Rio District
[Dufrénoysite] Wilson, W. and Panczner, C., 1986, Batopilas, Mineralogical Record, v 17: 61-80.
  • Mexico
    • Temascaltepec Municipality
      • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
[Veenite] Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
New Zealand
  • Auckland Region
    • Great Barrier Island
[Dufrénoysite] Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
North Macedonia
  • Kavadarci Municipality
    • Rožden
[Parapierrotite] Tschermaks Min. Petr. (1975) 22, 200-210; Rieck, B. (1993) - Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia, Mineralogical Record, 24 (6), 437-449; Percival, T.J. & Radtke, A.S. (1994): Sedimentary-rock-hosted disseminated gold mineralization in the Alšar district, Macedonia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 649-655.; Boevl, B., Bermanec, V., Serafimovski, T., Lepitkoval, S., & Mikulcic, S. (2001). Allchar Mineral Assemblage. Geologica Macedonica, Vol. 15-16, p. 1-23 (2001-2002) Suppl
[Parapierrotite] Gunnar Färber specimens
  • Nordland
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvasslia
[Dufrénoysite] Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56.
Papua New Guinea
  • Bismarck Sea
  • Huancavelica
    • Castrovirreyna Province
[Dufrénoysite] Kampf, A.R., Downs, R.T., Housley, R.M., Jenkins, R.A. & Hyrsl, J. (2011): Anorpiment, As2S3, the triclinic dimorph of orpiment. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2857-2867.
    • Huancavelica Province
[Veenite] Birnie, R. W. and Petersen, U. (1977): The paragenetic association and compositional zoning of lead sulfosalts at Huachocolpa, Peru. Economic Geology 72, 983-992; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
[Dufrénoysite] Pérez-Puig Obieta, C.R., Yparraguirre Calderón, J.A. (2013) El distrito Polimetálico de Huachocolpa (Huancavelica, Perú) [The Polymetallic Mining District of Huachocolpa (Huancavelica, Peru)]. Acopios, 4: 1-57.
  • La Libertad
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
[Argentobaumhauerite] Robinson, G. W., Harris, D. C. (1987): A baumhauerite-like mineral from Quiruvilca, Peru. Mineralogical Record 18, 199-201.; Crowley, J.A., Currier, R.H. & Szenics, T. (1997): Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record 28, 1-98.
  • Lima
    • Oyon Province
[Hyršlite] Keutsch, F.N., Topa, D. and Makovicky, E. (2017) Hyršlite, IMA 2016-097. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 404; Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 403–409; Keutsch, F.N., Topa, D., Makovicky, E. (2018): Hyršlite, Pb8As10Sb6S32, a new N = 3;3 member of the sartorite homologous series from the Uchucchacua polymetallic deposit, Peru. European Journal of Mineralogy 30, 1155-1162.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie County
      • Gmina Bardo
[Twinnite] Nejbert, K., Siuda, R., Matyszczak, W., Borzęcki, R. (2014): Mineralogic and textural relationships among Pb-Sb sulphosalts from the Dębowina mine, Bardzkie Mountains, Sudetes. Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 83
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
[Twinnite] http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu; Cook, N. J. & Damian, G. S. (1997): New data on "plumosite" and other sulfosalt minerals from the Herja hydrothermal vein deposit, Baia Mare district, Rumania. Geologica Carpathica 48, 387-399.
  • Amur Oblast
    • Urusha-Oldoi ore district
[Dufrénoysite] Vakh, A. S., Khomich, V. G., Boriskina, N. G., & Santosh, M. (2016). The Berezitovoe gold-polymetallic deposit (Upper Amur region, Russia): Structure, mineralogy and genetic aspects. Geoscience Frontiers, 7(3), 483-494.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Serovsky District
      • Turinsk-Auerbakovsk ore field
        • Turya river
          • Tur'insk
[Pierrotite] Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vikent'eva, O., & Vikentev, I. (2016, April). Occurrence modes of As, Sb, Te, Bi, Ag in sulfide assemblages of gold deposits of the Urals. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 123, No. 1, p. 012028). IOP Publishing.
[Twinnite] Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2013): Polymetallic mineralization of the Boranja orefield, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: zonality, mineral associations and genetic features. Periodico di Mineralogia, 82, 61-87.; Radosavljević, S. A., Stojanović, J. N., Pačevski, A. M., Radosavljević-Mihajlović, A. S., & Kašić, V. D. (2016). A review of Pb-Sb (As)-S, Cu (Ag)-Fe (Zn)-Sb (As)-S, Ag (Pb)-Bi (Sb)-S and Pb-Bi-S (Te) sulfosalt systems from the Boranja orefield, West Serbia. Geološki Anali Balkanskog Poluostrva, 2016(77), 1-12.
    • Krupanj
[Twinnite] Moelo, Yves; Borodaev, Youri S.; Mozgova, Nadja N. (1983): The twinnite-zinckenite-plagionite association from the antimony-lead-zinc deposit, Rujevac (Yugoslavia). Bull. Minéral. 106, 505-510.; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Aleksandar M. Pačevski, Hg-bearing sphalerite from the Rujevac polymetallic ore deposit, Podrinje Metallogenic District, Serbia: Compositional variations and zoning, Chemie der Erde - Geochemistry, Volume 72, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 237-244, ISSN 0009-2819, 10.1016/j.chemer.2011.12.003.
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Cuevas del Almanzora (Cuevas de Vera)
        • Sierra Almagrera
[Veenite] Martínez-Frías, J., Lunar, R., Rodríguez-Losada, J. A., Delgado, A., & Rull, F. (2004). The volcanism-related multistage hydrothermal system of El Jaroso (SE Spain): Implications for the exploration of Mars. Earth, planets and space, 56(7), v-viii.
      • Pechina
        • Baños de Alhamilla
[Veenite] Rewitzer, C., Hochleitner, R. y Fehr, T. Mina Casualidad, Baños de Alhamilla, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 8, (4), 8-32
    • Granada
      • Baza
        • Sierra de Baza
[Sartorite] Torres-Ruis, J., Velilla, N., Vivaldi, M., Manuel, J., Delgado Salazar, F., & Fenoll Hach-Ali, P. (1985). The fluorite-(Ba-Pb-Zn) deposits of the" Sierra de Baza"(Betic Cordillera, South-Eeast Spain). Bulletin de minéralogie, 108(3), 421-436.
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Crémenes
[Rathite] Crespo, J. L., Moro, M. C., Fadón, O., Cabrera, R., & Fernández, A. (2000). The Salamón gold deposit (León, Spain). Journal of Geochemical Exploration,71(2), 191-208.
  • Västmanland County
    • Sala
[Twinnite] Holmgren, J. (2002): Sala silvergruva. Hälleflintan (Medlemsblad för Upplands Geologiska Sällskap), UGS, 2002:3
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld
[Argentobaumhauerite] Laroussi, A., Moëlo, Y., Ohnenstetter, D., Ginderow, D. (1989): Argent et thallium dans les sulfosels de la série de la sartorite (Gisement de Lengenbach, vallée de Binn, Suisse). Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, Série II, 308, 927-933. [as "Ag-rich baumhauerite"]; Pring, A., Birch, W. D., Sewell, D., Graeser, S., Edenharter, A. & Criddle, A. (1990): Baumhauerite-2a: A silver-bearing mineral with baumhauerite-like supercell from Lengenbach, Switzerland. American Mineralogist: 75, 915-922 [as "baumhauerite-2a"]; Topa, D. & Makovicky, E. (2016): Argentobaumhauerite: name, chemistry, crystal structure, comparison with baumhauerite, and position in the Lengenbach mineralization sequence. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 819-840; Raber, T. (2016): Argentobaumhauerit. Schweizer Strahler 50 (3), 20-29.
[Dufrénoysite] U. Kolitsch und F. C. A. de Wit (1996): Die Mineralien vom Messerbach im Binntal. Lapis 21 (9), 23-31; 58. (in German)
        • Giessen
[Dufrénoysite] Most recent: Gea 1993/04 p.137 with most literature references
[Sartorite] Cannon, R., Hensel, H. & Raber, T. (2008): Der Reckibach-Dolomit im Binntal, Schweiz: Mineralbestand und Neufunde. Lapis, 33 (3), 20-28; 50. (in German); Lapis No. 3, March 2008
    • Sion
      • Granges (Lens)
[Guettardite] Ansermet, S., Meisser, N. & Cuchet, S. (2011): Ein Hauch Carrara im Wallis - zur Mineralogie des Steinbruchs La Plâtrière in Lens. Schweizer Strahler 2/2011, 2-17 (in German/French).
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Endellion
        • Port Isaac
[Dufrénoysite] Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
  • Odessa Oblast
    • Dnister-Bug domain
      • Savran-Sinistovska ore zone
[Rathite] Bobrov, O. B., Merkushin, I. E., Sergienko, V. M., Pogukaj, V. I., Mudrovska, I. V., Voloshyn, O. A., ... & Sivoronov, A. O. (2006, August). Object B2. Mayske gold deposit. In International Field Workshop. IAGOD; Bobrov A.B. (2014) Mayske gold deposit. OBJECT G8. IAGOD Field trip.
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
      • Kaiyuh Mining District
[Baumhauerite] Van King specimen
  • Arizona
    • Mohave County
      • Cerbat Mountains (Cerbat Range)
        • Wallapai Mining District
[Dufrénoysite] Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 34; Galbraith, F.W. (1953), AZ Bur. of Mines Bull. 153: 29.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
[Dufrénoysite] Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 178; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 50, 172.
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Red Mountain Mining District
        • Anvil Mountain
[Guettardite] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
[Sartorite] Rocks & Minerals 71:2 pp94-101
  • Idaho
    • Blaine Co.
[Dufrénoysite] R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Boise Co.
[Dufrénoysite] Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Pioche Mining District
[Dufrénoysite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
[Baumhauerite] J. Cianciulli, Curator, Franklin Mineral Museum
[Baumhauerite] Dunn(1995):Pt4:553.
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc Mining District
[Dufrénoysite] Steven C. Chamberlain & George W. Robinson (2013) Collector's Guide to the Minerals of New York State. Schiffer Books.
        • Fowler
          • Sylvia Lake
  • Pennsylvania
    • Blair Co.
      • Birmingham
[Baumhauerite] Robert C. Smith, II Ph.D., P.G.
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • San Francisco Mountains
        • San Francisco Mining District (Frisco Mining District)
          • Frisco
[Dufrénoysite] UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mountains
        • Bingham Mining District (West Mountain Mining District)
[Dufrénoysite] UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
[Dufrénoysite] Dana 6: 1093.
      • Wasatch Mountains (Wasatch Range)
[Dufrénoysite] UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Little Cottonwood Mining District (Alta Mining District)
[Dufrénoysite] Dana 6:1092-1093.
[Dufrénoysite] Dana 6: 1092.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Sheeprock Mountains
        • Blue Bell Mining District
[Parapierrotite] U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
        • Little Valley
[Parapierrotite] King, N. R. (2014, October). THE MINERAL ASSEMBLAGE FROM LOOKOUT PASS AREA, SHEEPROCK MOUNTAINS, TOOELE CO., UTAH. In 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.
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