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Symplesite

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About SymplesiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Colour:
Light green, greenish black, light blue, indigo blue
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.96 - 3.01
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named by Johan Friedrich August Breithaupt in 1837 from the Greek 'ουν' and 'πλησιαζειν' meaning 'to bring together' because of its relationship with other minerals.
Dimorph of:
Isostructural with:
Symplesite Group.
May be intergrown with its dimorph parasymplesite.

The Fe2+ may oxidise to a significant degree to Fe3+ (see ferrisymplesite) with an accompanying change in colour and optical properties analogous to vivianite.


Classification of SymplesiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.CE.45

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O about 1:2.5
40.3.8.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
3 : A3(XO4)2·xH2O
20.9.6

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
9 : Arsenates of Fe

Physical Properties of SymplesiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent
Comment:
Pearly lustre on cleavage planes.
Colour:
Light green, greenish black, light blue, indigo blue
Streak:
White, bluish white.
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {110}, perfect.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Translation gliding:
T {1_10}, t[001].
Density:
2.96 - 3.01 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.02 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Measured value on Lobenstien material.

Optical Data of SymplesiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.635 nβ = 1.668 nγ = 1.702
2V:
Measured: 87° , Calculated: 88°
Birefringence:
0.067
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.067
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Optical Extinction:
Z^c = 31.5° increasing to 50° as oxidised, X perpendicular to {1-10
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X = ┴ (110) = Deep blue
Y = Nearly colourless
Z = ^ c 31½° = Pale Yellow

Chemical Properties of SymplesiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

Crystallography of SymplesiteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Setting:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.7505(2) Å, b = 7.7893(5) Å, c = 9.2567(5) Å
α = 106.372(3)°, β = 93.046(4)°, γ = 98.152(4)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.61 : 1 : 1.188
Unit Cell V:
323.75 ų
Z:
1
Morphology:
Crystals small and imperfect, elongated [001]; flattened {110} at times. Spherical aggregates with a coarsely fibrous, radial structure.
Twinning:
On {110}
Comment:
Runčevski et al. (2015)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.971 Å(15)
7.499 Å(16)
6.785 Å(100)
5.027 Å(7)
4.069 Å(7)
4.007 Å(8)
3.743 Å(8)
Comments:
ICDD 8-172; very similar to the data for metaköttigite. Data calculated from Runčevski et al. (2015) are more reliable.

Type Occurrence of SymplesiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidised zone of arsenic-bearing hydrothermal deposits.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for SymplesiteHide

Relationship of Symplesite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FerrisymplesiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Common AssociatesHide

AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
PharmacosideriteKFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
9 photos of Symplesite associated with CalciteCaCO3
7 photos of Symplesite associated with StibarsenAsSb
7 photos of Symplesite associated with PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
4 photos of Symplesite associated with GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
2 photos of Symplesite associated with Pharmacosiderite Group
2 photos of Symplesite associated with PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
2 photos of Symplesite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
2 photos of Symplesite associated with ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
1 photo of Symplesite associated with ArsenicAs
1 photo of Symplesite associated with ArsenoliteAs2O3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CE.XBabánekiteCu3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.05Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.05GeigeriteMn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
8.CE.10NewberyiteMg(HPO4) · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CE.15BrassiteMg(HAsO4) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CE.20PhosphorrössleriteMg(HPO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.20RößleriteMg(HAsO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.25MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.CE.25SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
8.CE.30LindackeriteCuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30OndrušiteCaCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30VeselovskýiteZnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30PradetiteCoCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.30KlajiteMnCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9-10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.35BobierriteMg3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CE.40AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ArupiteNi3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40Barićite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40FerrisymplesiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
8.CE.40HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40ManganohörnesiteMn2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.40ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40VivianiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.40PakhomovskyiteCo3(PO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.CE.50CattiiteMg3(PO4)2 · 22H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.55KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2OTet.
8.CE.60KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2OMon. 2 : P2
8.CE.65SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.CE.70MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.CE.70SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2OMon.
8.CE.75MalhmooditeFeZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.CE.75ZigrasiteMgZr(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CE.75Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Zigrasite)CaZr[PO4]2 · 4H2OTric.
8.CE.80SantabarbaraiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OAmor.
8.CE.85Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

40.3.8.2Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.9.1AngelelliteFe3+4(AsO4)2O3Tric. 1 : P1
20.9.2ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
20.9.3KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2OMon. 2 : P2
20.9.4FerrisymplesiteFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
20.9.5KaatialaiteFe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m
20.9.7ParasymplesiteFe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
20.9.8Natropharmacosiderite(Na,K)Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3m
20.9.9PharmacosideriteKFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3m
20.9.10KolfaniteCa2Fe3+3O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2OMon.
20.9.11ArseniosideriteCa2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.9.12YukoniteCa3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OOrth. mm2
20.9.13DussertiteBaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
20.9.14Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2OOrth.
20.9.15MapimiteZn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2OMon.
20.9.16OgdensburgiteCa2Fe3+4(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
20.9.17WalentaiteFe3+3(P0.84As0.16O4)2(O,OH)6As3+2.56Ca0.42Na0.28Mn2+0.35Fe2+0.30O6.1(OH)0.9(H2O)0.9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma

Fluorescence of SymplesiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids. Turns reddish brown in strong KOH solution or in 30% H2O2.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SymplesiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt, August (1837): Bestimmung neuer Mineralien. 1. Symplesischer Diatom oder Symplesit. Journal für praktische Chemie: 10: 501-512.
Bořický (1868): Vh. min. Geselschaft: 3: 98.
Krenner (1886): Termés Füzetek, 10: 83, 108.
Krenner (1887): Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 13: 70.
Larsen, Esper Signus (1921): The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin: 679: 140.
Heide (1928): Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 67: 81.
Wolfe, Caleb Wroe (1940): American Mineralogist: 25: 801.
Palache, Charles, Berman, Harry, & Frondel, Clifford (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 752-753.
Structural Reports (1950): 63:303
Mori, H., Ito, T. (1950): The structure of vivianite and symplesite. Acta Crystallographica, 3, 1-6.
Ito, T. and Mori, H. (1954): The Symplesite Problem. Tokyo University Faculty Science Journal: 9(2): 201-204.
Schmetzer, K., Tremmel, Gerd, and Bartelke, Wolfgang (1980): Eine Paragenese Seltener Minerale aus Bou-Azzer, Marokko: Parasymplesite, Symplesite, Schneiderhoehnite, Karibibite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 1980, 138: 94-108.
Runčevski, T., Makreski, P., Dinnebier, R.E. & Jovanovski, G. (2015): The crystal structure of symplesite. Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie 641, 1207-1210. [Note: sample locality is given as "Laubach mine (Germany)", most probably a misprint or misreading of Saubach]

Internet Links for SymplesiteHide

Localities for SymplesiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mareeba Shire
      • Dimbulah
Steve Sorrell Collection
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Vulkathunha - Gammon Ranges National Park
Noble et al, 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals. SADM handbook 7
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
        • Weld river district
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Waratah district
        • Magnet
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753; Ralph Bottrill EDS-analyses
  • Western Australia
    • Menzies Shire
      • Diemals Station
Simpson, E.S. (1948), Minerals of Western Australia, Vol 3, p 613
    • Ravensthorpe Shire
      • Kundip
Western Mail Newspaper (Perth), Phillips River Goldfield-Discovery of New Minerals; 27/02/1909
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hermagor District
      • Kirchbach
        • Kirchbachgraben
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberg
          • Hüttenberger Erzberg
H. Meixner: Der Karinthin 1:2-6 (1948)
            • Lölling District
H. Meixner: Der Karinthin 23:277-280 (1953)
A. Brunlechner: Carinthia II 84:152-153 (1894)
          • Mosinzgraben
            • Schottenau
M. Puttner: Carinthia II 192./112.:255-260 (2002)
Puttner, M. (1987): Mineralien von St. Martin am Silberberg (Kärnten) und Sekundärbildungen in Schlackenhohlräumen. – Carinthia II, Klagenfurt, 177./97.: 149-157.
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Kölnbreinspitze - Lausnock area
Collection of NHM, Vienna
      • Petereck
Taucher, J. (1998): Parasymplesit, Rutil, Klinochlor. Arsenopyrit und Bismuthinit aus dem Wastlkar, westlich des Hafners, Maltatal, Kärnten. - Carinthia II, Mitt. Naturwiss. Ver. f. Ktn., 188./108.: p234-235
    • Völkermarkt District
      • Griffen
        • Saualpe
          • Prebl
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; MEIXNER, H. (1964): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XIX. Carinthia II, 154./74., 7-21.
  • Lower Austria
    • Neunkirchen District
      • Gloggnitz
        • Schlossberg
Sigmund, A. (1911): Erzvorkommen im Riebeckitgranit von Gloggnitz (N.-Ö.) und neuere Mineralfunde am steirischen Erzberg. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 30, 479-481;
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Schladming
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Obertalbach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989); Pribitzer, F. (1956): Die Minerallagerstätte Zinkwand bei Schladming in Steiermark (Österreich). Aufschluss, 7 (3), 59-63.
    • Murau District
      • St Blasen - Karchau area
Schachinger, T., Bernhard, F. & Auer, Ch. (2015): 1950) Anglesit, Beudantit, Gips, Mimetesit, Plumbojarosit, Schultenit, Skorodit, Symplesit/Parasymplesit und Wulfenit sowie andere Mineralien von einer Bergbauhalde nordwestlich des Rossecks, St. Blasen bei Murau, Steiermark. Pp. 264-265 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
    • Weiz District
      • Birkfeld
        • Gasen
Postl, W. & Moser, B. (1987); Exel, R. (1993)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Sergio Varvello collection
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
          • Coleman Township
Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p. Ellsworth, H.V. (1916) A study of certain minerals from Cobalt, Ontario. Report of the Ontario Bureau of Mines, Vol. XXV, Part 1.p39-42
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Carcross
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
          • Windy Arm
Tyrrell & Graham (1913), Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 7, sec. 4: 13-18; Traill (1983), Geol. Soc. of Canada Paper 80-18.
Sabina (1992), Geol. Soc. of Canada Misc. Report 50: 41.
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
maurizio dini collection - quantitative analysis
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Třebsko
Kašpar, P., Řídkošil, T., Šrein, V.: Minerogeneze žíly T 1 z Třebska u Příbrami. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1983, vol. 27, nos. 1-2, s. 61-96.
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
      • Horní Blatná
Gramblička R. (2014): Minerály rudních žil s fluoritem z Božího Daru a možnosti jejich sběru. - Minerál (České Budějovice), XXII, 5, 448-451
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
Sehrig, M. & Dietel, J. (2011): Silber, Uran, Arsen und Heilquellen: Auf Mineraliensuche in Jáchymov, einem der ältesten Bergwerke der Welt. Lapis 36 (7-8), 67-71; 86.
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
      • Javorník
Sejkora, J.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 105-110.
  • Plzeň Region
    • Plzeň-South District
      • Nepomuk
Litochleb, J.: Mineralogie zlatonosného zrudnění z dolu Jakub u Kasejovic (jz. Čechy). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 102-112.
    • Tachov District
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní
Tvrdý, J., Řídkošil, T.: Sekundární minerály z lokality Svatá Anna v Plané u Mariánských Lázní. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1983, roč. 28, č. 3, s. 316.; http://www.mineralos.cz/lokality/plana/plana.htm
  • South Bohemian Region
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
Historic mineral collection National museum of Czech Republic
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Klášterec nad Ohří
      • Měděnec (Kupferberg)
Roman Gramblička collection
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    • Teplice District
      • Košťany (Kosteny; Kosten)
Roman Gramblicka collection
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Křižanov
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
Finland
 
  • South Ostrobothnia
    • Kuortane
Lahti, Seppo I. 1998A. Kaatialan pegmatiitista ja sen mineraaleista. Kivi-lehti 2, 6–26; Makitie, H., Karkkainen, N., Lahti, S. I., & Alviola, R. (2001). Compositional variation of granitic pegmatites in relation to regional metamorphism in the Seinajoki region, western Finland. Special Paper 30 - Geological Survey of Finland, 31-59.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Laz
Germain C., Saget Ph., Tissier J.P. (1990), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°1, pp: 11-19
    • Morbihan
      • Le Roc Saint-André
Le Règne Minéral, (Hors Série 7), 42-58
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
            • Sankt Wilhelm vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
      • Thann-Guebwiller
        • Kruth
Kolitsch: Aufschluss 2/1997; U. Kolitsch (1997): Neufunde von Mineralien aus einigen Vorkommen der Vogesen, Frankreich: Giromagny, Auxelles-Haut und Kruth 1. Aufschluss 48 (4), 243-256.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
          • Vaulry Mines
Queneau Patrice collection and analysed by PJ Chiappero
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
    • Haslach
      • Schnellingen
Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (4), 57-60.
  • Bavaria
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Cham
        • Waldmünchen
          • Althütte
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Gernrode
        • Hagental
Thomas Luehr collection
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Breitenbrunn
        • Rittersgrün
Roman Gramblicka collection
      • Lauter-Bernsbach
        • Oberpfannenstiel
https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen/Erzgebirgskreis/Lauter-Bernsbach/Oberpfannenstiel/Stollen%20Nr.%207%20%28Sulfidnaja%29
      • Marienberg
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
    • Vogtland
      • Klingenthal
        • Muldenberg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
  • Thuringia
    • Greiz
      • Neumühle/Elster
Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
    • Saale-Orla-Kreis
      • Bad Lobenstein
A. Breithaupt (1837): Bestimmung neuer Mineralien. 1. Symplesischer Diatom oder Symplesit.- Journal für praktische Chemie 10, 501-512; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
    • Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Zeschke, G. (1963): Das Mineralvorkommen von Kassandra und Laurion, Griechenland. Der Aufschluss, 14 (5), 125-129 (in German).
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Fritz Schreiber collection
              • Hilarion area
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
        • Lavrion District slag localities
          • Sounion area
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Kavala
      • Kavála
Andrew P. Fornadel, Paul G. Spry, Vasilios Melfos, Michael Vavelidis and Panagiotis Ch. Voudouris (2011): Is the Palea Kavala Bi–Te–Pb–Sb ± Au district, northeastern Greece, an intrusion-related system? Ore Geology Reviews, 39, 119-133.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Sondalo
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
    • Varese Province
Biffi P., Sbacchi M., Sinelli E., 2004. Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 232-239
        • Cuasso al Piano
Guastoni, A., Pezzotta,F., Demartin, F. (2004): Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4 (4-2004), 194-202.; Biffi, P., Sbacchi, M., Sinelli, E. (2004): Gli arseniati di Cava del Prete e altre novità mineralogiche dal granofiro di Cuasso al Monte (Varese). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4 (4-2004), 232-239.
      • Lake Lugano
Gentile, P., Vignola, P. (2012): Gli arseniati di Brusimpiano (VA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 36, 3 (3-2012), 158-164.
  • Piedmont
    • Vercelli Province
Luigi Chiappino data
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Arbus
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2, 192 pp.
      • Fluminimaggiore
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
      • Gonnosfanadiga
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., and Tanca, G.A. [with contributions of Vinci, A., and Astolfi, M.] (1996) Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Associazione Mineralogica Domusnovas, Gruppo Mineralogico Arburese, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo et al. Ed., Siena, Vol. 2, 192 pp.
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 3 (3-1994), 193-206.
Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e minerali. Vol. II (pagg. 192). EMSa 1996.
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
      • Guspini
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Mandanici
La Valle, G. (1898) Su di alcuni minerali cobaltiferi e nicheliferi nella provincia di Messina. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 7, 2° semestre, 68-71; Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892. Seventh edition. John Wiley & Sons, New York, Volume II, page 753.
Japan
 
  • Gifu
    • Nakatsugawa City
      • Hirukawa
        • Tohgane mine (Togane mine)
Matsubara et al (1992) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 87, 147-148.
  • Oita
    • Saiki City
Sturman (1976) Canadian Mineralogist, 14, 437-441; Satoshi Matsubara, Ritsuro Miyawaki, Masako Shigeoka, Hidemasa Tajima, Katsuichi Nishida and Yoshiteru Fujiwara (2009): Bendadaite and iron arsenate minerals from the Kiura mine, Oita Prefecture, Japan. 2009 Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences, Abstracts Volume, Abs. R4-06, p. 100.
Masayuki Ohnishi, Norimasa Shimobayashi, Shigetomo Kishi, Mitsuo Tanabe, Shoichi Kobayashi (2013) Talmessite from the Uriya deposit at the Kiura mining area, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, No. 2 (April), 116-120.; Enju, S., & Uehara, S. (2015). Yukonite and wallkilldellite–(Fe) from the Kiura mine, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 110(3), 150-155.
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mapimí Municipality
      • Mapimí
No reference listed
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Rælingen
      • Løvenstad
Kamphaug, E.(1986): Geologien i området Blystadlia-Rælingen. NAGS-nytt 13(3), 4-13; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse, Skrifter 68, p. 125; Raade (1993): On the occurrence of parasymplesite in Norway. Interne notater 1990-1993. Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum, Universitetet i Oslo, 175-176
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Nucet
      • Băiţa mining district (Baita Bihor; Rézbánya)
Zajzon, N., Szentpéteri, K., Szakáll, S., & Kristály, F. (2015). The origin of the Avram Iancu U–Ni–Co–Bi–As mineralization, Băiţa (Bihor) metallogenic district, Bihor Mts., Romania. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 104(7), 1865-1887.
  • Maramureș
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 753.
Russia
 
  • Adygea
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Voron'i Tundry
Kalinin, A.A.; Savchenko, Y.E.; Selivanova, E.A. (2019) Mustard Gold in the Oleninskoe Gold Deposit, Kolmozero–Voronya Greenstone Belt, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Minerals 9, 786.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Cármenes
        • Valverdín
Personal collection. Analyzed by Dr. Joan Viñals Olià
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí i Poblet
Viñals, J.,Bareche,E.y Coca, J. (1990) Mines de Catalunya, Vimbodí (II).Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 4, 213-227.
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Malcantone
      • Alto Malcantone
        • Breno
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 392-393.
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Bassenthwaite
[UKJMM 18:16]
        • Caldbeck
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
        • St. John's Castlerigg and Wythburn
BMS Database
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
USA
 
  • California
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi Mining District
          • Adam Peak
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Custer
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
        • Gold Hill
Collected by Otto Reiter. In the collection of Brent Thorne.
 
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