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Asbolane

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About AsbolaneHide

Formula:
(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Colour:
Bluish to brownish black
Lustre:
Dull
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named from the Greek "to soil like soot".
A poorly defined material, usually defined as cobalt or nickel-bearing "wad". An alternate formula sometimes given is (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O.

The chemical composition is highly variable and can contain large amounts of Ni, Co, Cu, Mg and other metals. It is a mixed-layer mineral with layers of Mn-O octahedra and of other metals mostly in separate layers. It should be defined as a group.

Possible Mg analogue is known as UM1995-20-OH:AlMgMnNi.


Classification of AsbolaneHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.FL.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 7th ed.:
6.4.9.1
6.4.9.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
4 : Miscellaneous
7.21.4

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
21 : Oxides of Co

Physical Properties of AsbolaneHide

Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Bluish to brownish black
Streak:
Black to brownish black

Optical Data of AsbolaneHide

Type:
Uniaxial

Chemical Properties of AsbolaneHide

Formula:
(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
IMA Formula:
Mn4+(O,OH)2 · (Co,Ni,Mg,Ca)x(OH)2x · nH2O
Common Impurities:
Al,Ca,Fe,Si

Crystallography of AsbolaneHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.04 Å, c = 9.34 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.072
Unit Cell V:
74.75 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Thin lamellar aggregates of platelets up to several µm; massive

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.6 Å(w)
4.82 Å(s)
2.445 Å(mw)
1.7 Å(vw)
1.419 Å(vw)
Comments:
Recorded on material from the Lipov deposit, Russia

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
As a weathering product in silicic rocks; in siliceous schists; widespread in residual soils above ultramafic rocks

Synonyms of AsbolaneHide

Other Language Names for AsbolaneHide

Simplified Chinese:钴土矿
Traditional Chinese:鈷土礦

Varieties of AsbolaneHide

CuproasbolanePresently defined as a Cu-bearing variety of asbolane and a synonym of lampadite.
Can also be considered a cobalt-bearing wad.
Potentially an actual species but requires better definition.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Asbolane associated with ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
3 photos of Asbolane associated with CrocoitePbCrO4
3 photos of Asbolane associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Asbolane associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
3 photos of Asbolane associated with TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
2 photos of Asbolane associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
2 photos of Asbolane associated with Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
2 photos of Asbolane associated with ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
2 photos of Asbolane associated with Agardite-(Y)YCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
1 photo of Asbolane associated with Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FL.TrébeurdeniteFe2+2Fe3+4O2(OH)10CO3·3H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05IowaiteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05JamboriteNi2+1-xCo3+x(OH)2-x(SO4)x · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.05MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
4.FL.05FougèriteFe2+4Fe3+2(OH)12[CO3]·3H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FL.10HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
4.FL.15KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2OTrig.
4.FL.20AuroriteMn2+Mn4+3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.20ChalcophaniteZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.20ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.20Jianshuiite(Mg,Mn,Ca)Mn3O7 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : R3
4.FL.25WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.FL.35BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
4.FL.40Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2OTrig. 3 : P3
4.FL.40Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2OHex.
4.FL.45Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.FL.55CianciulliiteMn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
4.FL.60JenseniteCu3[TeO6] · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
4.FL.65LeisingiteCu2MgTe6+O6 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : P3
4.FL.70Akdalaite5Al2O3 · H2OHex.
4.FL.75CafetiteCaTi2O5 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
4.FL.80MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10Mon.
4.FL.85DeloryiteCu4(UO2)(MoO4)2(OH)6Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.21.1HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)Hex.
7.21.3Cochromite(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AsbolaneHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Palache, C., Berman, H. and Frondel, C. (1944): Dana's system of mineralogy, 7th ed., Vol. 1, 566, 568.
Chukhrov, F. V., Gorshkov, A. I., Vitovskaya, I. V., Drits, V. A., Sivtsov, A. V. and Rudnitskaya, Y. S. (1980): Crystallochemical nature of Co-Ni-asbolan. Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, Ser. Geol. 6, 73-81 (in Russian). - Mineral. Abs. (1981) 32, 322 (abstract). - American Mineralogist (1982) 67: 417 (abstract).
Chukhrov, F. V., Gorshkov, A. I., Vitovskaya, I. V., Drits, V. A., Sivtsov, A. V. and Dikov, Y. P. (1980): Crystallochemical nature of Ni-asbolan. Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, Ser. Geol. 9, 108-120 (in Russian). - American Mineralogist (1982) 67: 418 (abstract).
Llorca, S. and Monchoux, P. (1991): Supergene cobalt minerals from New Caledonia. Canadian Mineralogist 29, 149-161.
Manceau, A., Gorshkov, A. I. and Drits, V. A. (1992): Structural chemistry of Mn, Fe, Co and Ni in manganese hydrous oxides, part II: Information from EXAFS spectroscopy and electron X-ray diffraction. American Mineralogist 77, 1144-1157.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26.

Internet Links for AsbolaneHide

Localities for AsbolaneHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Atlantic Ocean
 
Varentsov, I. M., Drits, V. A., & GORSCHKOV, A. (2009, April). Mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis of manganese-iron crusts on the Bezymiannaya Seamount 640, Cape Verde Plate, Atlantic. In Sediment-Hosted Mineral Deposits: Proceedings of a Symposium Held in Beijing, People's Republic of China, 30 July-4 August 1988 (pp. 89-107). Blackwell Publishing Ltd..
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
part of list from university of queensland
  • Western Australia
    • Ngaanyatjarraku Shire
      • West Musgrave Block
        • Wingellina Community (Irrunytju)
Putzolu, F., Balassone, G., Boni, M., Maczurad, M., Mondillo, N., Najorka, J., & Pirajno, F. (2018). Mineralogical association and Ni-Co deportment in the Wingellina oxide-type laterite deposit (Western Australia). Ore Geology Reviews.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Villach-Land District
      • Finkenstein am Faaker See
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
    • Völkermarkt District
      • Eisenkappel-Vellach
        • Ebriach
G. Blass, H. Prasnik: Carinthia II 189./109.:263-266 (1999)
  • Salzburg
    • Tamsweg District
      • Murwinkel
        • Rotgülden
          • Lower Rotgülden lake
E. Fugger: Die Mineralien des Herzogthumes Salzburgs, 11. Jahresber. d. k. k. Ober-Realschule in Salzburg (1878)
    • Zell am See District
      • Bramberg am Wildkogel
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
            • Schwarzleo mining district
C.Auer (2014)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
            • Vogel Alp
R.Poeverlein (2016)
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Rottenmann
        • Bärndorf
C.Auer (2013)
      • Schladming
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Obertalbach valley
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Murau District
      • Teufenbach
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2007)
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
        • Geyer - Silberberg District
          • Silberberg
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Schnorrer+Poeverlein (2005)
    • Schwaz District
      • Ringenwechsel District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
  • Vorarlberg
    • Bludenz District
      • Vandans
        • Rells valley
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2007): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVI. Carinthia II, 197/117, 149-190.
    • Silber valley
      • Fresch alp
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1857) Allophan(?), Aragonit, Asbolan, Aurichalcit, Brochantit, Calcit, Chalkopyrit, Chlorit, Covellin, Galenit, Goethit, Greenockit(?), Hydrozinkit, Jarosit, Lepidokrokit, Malachit, Mikroklin, Pyrit, Pyrrhotin, Quarz, Siderit, Smithsonit und Sphalerit von einem alten Erzschurf bei der Alpe Fresch im Silbertal, Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 94-96 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Cornelio Saavedra Province
      • Machacamarca mining district (Colavi mining district)
        • Serranía Huarihuari
GEOBOL, Boletín #11, June 1968.
    • Tomás Frías Province
      • Chulchucani
Ahlfeld, F. (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Soares, G.A.R., Palermo, N., Pires, F.R.M. (2018) Caracterização geoquímica e mineralógica de uma seção ao longo da laterita niquelífera da Fazenda da Roseta, Liberdade, Minas Gerais. Geologia USP. Série Científica: 18(2): 201-216.
Cameroon
 
  • East Region
    • Lomié
      • Lomié Ultramafic complex
Lambert, R.J., and Noble, A.C. (2008): Nkamouna Cobalt Project Feasibility Study. Pincock, Allen & Holt NI 43-101 Technical Report for Geovic Mining Corp.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Great Bear Lake
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
          • Coleman Township
Maggie Wilson
            • Nipissing 404
Reiner Mielke 2017
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Mejillones
        • Mejillones peninsula
SEM-EDS and XRD by Joy Desor and Gerhard Möhn
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
Sample in the I. Domeyko Museum, of La Serena School of Mines
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga mining district
XRD by Joachim Lorenz, SEM-EDS by Joy Desor
    • Huasco Province
      • Freirina
        • Sierra Perdices
Pnud Chile/Corfo; "Evaluaciones de los conocimientos existentes sobre Cobalto, Manganeso, Mercurio"; Stgo de Chile, Chile; 1969
      • Germán Riesco district
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
      • Sierra Totorita
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
  • Santiago
    • Cordillera Province
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
China
 
  • Guangdong
    • Heyuan
      • Longchuan Co. (Lungchuan Co.)
Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
    • Moa-Baracoa District
      • Moa Ni ore field
Domènech, C., Galí, S., Proenza, J., & Villanova-de-Benavent, C. (2014) Reactive transport simulation of the formation of Ni-laterite profiles (Punta Gorda, Moa Bay, Cuba). 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 81
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
Vrtiška L., Loun J., Malíková R., Sejkora J. (2016):Fluorwavellit a variscit z Počepic u Sedlčan (Česká republika)_(Fluorwavellite and variscite from Počepice near Sedlčany (Czech Republic)), Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. 24, 2, 285-297. (with english abstract) https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318109106_Fluorwavellite_and_variscite_from_Pocepice_near_Sedlcany_Czech_Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
  • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
Dominican Republic
 
  • La Vega Province
    • Bonao
      • Falcondo Mine
Tamara Gallardo, Esperanca Tauler, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis, Salvador Gali, Manuel Labrador, Francisco Longo, Giovanni Bloise (2010): Geology, Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Loma Ortega Ni Laterite Deposit, Dominican Republic. Macla no 13. septiembre ‘10, Revista de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía.
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kolwezi
Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Lubilhac
    • Isère
      • Allemont (Allemond)
Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 517-529; "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
  • Grand Est
    • Moselle
      • St Avold
Tony Nikischer
  • New Caledonia
    • Northern Province
      • Houaïlou Commune
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
    • Southern Province
      • Mont-Dore Commune
C. Gineste
      • Yaté Commune
Dublet, G., Juillot, F., Morin, G., Fritsch, E., Noel, V., Brest, J., & Brown, G. E. (2014). XAS evidence for Ni sequestration by siderite in a lateritic Ni-deposit from New Caledonia. American Mineralogist, 99(1), 225-234.
  • Occitanie
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Mosset
Remy, P., Gatel, P., Meisser, N. (2014): Indice à terres rares de Mosset (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1-2014, 3-17.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
            • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Schiltach
          • Stammelbach valley
[Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
    • Schapbach
      • Wildschapbach valley
J. Gröbner: Neufunde von der Grube Katharina im Wildschapbach, Der Erzgräber 18 (2/2004), 34-37.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    • Göttingen
      • Bad Lauterberg
J. Gröbner: Neufunde aus den Bergbaurevieren St. Andreasberg, Bad Lauterberg und von Oberschulenberg im Harz, MINERALIEN-WELT 18 (2007), 43-51.
J. Gröbner (2001): Eine neue Mineralisation vom Klingenthaler Gang bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Mineralien-Welt 12 (6), 16-22. (in German)
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Sundern
          • Hellefeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
          • Eisern
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
Weiss: Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Odenwald
    • Bensheim
      • Hochstädten
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Bernkastel-Wittlich
      • Thalfang am Erbeskopf
        • Etgert
http://www.mineralienfreunde-der-pfalz.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1625&Itemid=214
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Bärenstein
        • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Johanngeorgenstadt
Gröbner, J., Grimm, O. & Zienau, H. (2005): Neufunde interessanter Wismut- und Uranmineralien am Schaarschacht, Johanngeorgenstadt, Sachsen. Lapis 30 (6), 44-51; 62.
      • Langenberg
        • Graul
          • Gottes Geschick Vereinigt Feld Mine
http://www.dergraul.de
      • Schlettau
Nickerl, F., and Röthig, H. (2000): Verzeichnis der Berggebäude von Schlettau 1500-1900. Streifzüge durch die Geschichte des oberen Erzgebirges, Bergbaunachrichten. Arbeitskreis Annaberg-Buchholzer Heimatforscher, 124 pp.
      • Schneeberg
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
          • Weißer Hirsch Mine (Shaft 3)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    • Vogtlandkreis
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
  • Thuringia
    • Nordhausen
      • Harztor
        • Ilfeld
J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
      • Nordhausen
J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
    • Saalfeld-Rudolstadt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Wartburgkreis
      • Bad Liebenstein
No reference listed
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
No reference listed
Ireland
 
  • Leinster
    • Co. Dublin
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
Israel
 
Vapnik, Y., Galuskina, I., Murashko, M., Britvin, S., & Galuskin, E. (2014). The Hatrurim Complex-the New Unique Locality on World Mineral Map: the Review of Mineral Discoveries. In Israel Geological Society 2014, Annual Meeting, En Boqeq (pp. 143-144).
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
        • Borzoli
Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: Identificazioni UKiS AMI, Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro, 1/2010, 124-127
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Mandanici
La Valle, G. (1898) Su di alcuni minerali cobaltiferi e nicheliferi nella provincia di Messina. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, 7, 2° semestre, 68-71.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tirol
      • Lasa (Laas)
Mair, V. (1996): Die Kupferbergbaue von Stilfs, Eyrs und Klausen. Der Stoansucher 10 (1), 38-44.
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Roncegno
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Veneto
    • Verona Province
      • Soave
Pegoraro, S., Bressan, F., and Mattioli, M. (2017) Le zeoliti di quota 194 m s.l.m. del Monte Foscarino (Soave, Monte Lessini, Veneto). Micro, 15, 2-2017, 66-91.
Japan
 
  • Aichi Prefecture
(mistaken ID for cobalt-rich lithiophorite)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Kargaly
P.M. Kartashov data
Am.Min.79,388(1994)
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Batken Region
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26
Madagascar
 
  • Alaotra-Mangoro
    • Moramanga
      • Ambohibary
Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Cuatrociénegas Municipality
      • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
        • Limestone caves
Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
  • Queretaro
    • San Juan del Río Municipality
      • San Pedro Ahuacatlán (Ahuacatlán)
Panczner(1987):100.
  • Sonora
    • Hermosillo Municipality
      • El Zubiate
Panczner(1987):100.
Moldova
 
  • Edinet
    • Criva
Klimchouk, A. (2012). Gypsum karst in the Western Ukraine. International Journal of Speleology, 25(3), 20.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Pacific Ocean
 
Uspenskaya, T. Y., Gorshkov, A. I., & Sivtsov, A. V. (1987). Mineralogy and internal structure of Fe-Mn nodules from the Clarion-Clipperton fracture zone. International Geology Review, 29(3), 363-371.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie Co.
      • Gmina Złoty Stok
Siuda, R. (2014): Secondary arsenic minerals from old adits in the Złoty Stok area (Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 104-105
  • Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship
    • Kielce District
      • Chęciny
Wojciechowski, J. (1958): Minerals occurring at Miedzianka near Checiny (Swietokrzyskie Mts., Central Poland). Prace Muzeum Ziemi (No. 1), 133-156.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
  • Beja
    • Almodôvar
      • Santa Cruz
        • Barrigão Mine
Pedro Alves analytical data
    • Beja
      • Trindade
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data. EDS showed very low Ni content and significant Ca and Cu.
    • Odemira
      • São Luís
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Red Sea
 
Sediment-Hosted Mineral Deposits: Proceedings of a Symposium Held in Beijing, People's Republic of China, 30 July-4 August 1988
Romania
 
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Agapovsky District
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26
    • Miass
Palchik, N. A., Moroz, T. N., Grigorieva, T. N., & Miroshnichenko, L. V. (2014). Manganese minerals from the Miassovo freshwater lake: Composition and structure. Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 59(5), 511-518.
    • Verkhny Ufaley
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26
  • Moscow Oblast
    • Podolsk Urban District
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data; https://webmineral.ru/deposits/unit.php?id=366676
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Nizhnii Tagil
Kievlenko E.V., Senkevich N.N. (1983) Geology of gem stone deposits, - Moscow, "Nedra", pp. 97-99 (in Rus.)
    • Rezhevsky District
      • Lipovsk pegmatite field
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26; Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica District
      • Ľubietová
Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
ARANA CASTILLO, R. (1972) : Investigaciones mineralogicas en Sierra Nevada. PhD report Grenada University.
      • Níjar
        • Huebro
Dr. César Menor Salván
    • Granada
      • Molvizar
J. Gröbner and M. A. Fernández Périz (2006): Minerals of the Copper-Cobalt Deposits Molvizar and Cerro Minado in Andalusia. Mineralup February 2006, 48-56.
    • Jaén
      • Linares-La Carolina District
        • Linares
Colectivo Arrayanes, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia, Cesar Menor (2008): El Coto de la Luz. Bocamina, 22: 56-105.
  • Canary Islands
Marino, E., González, F. J., Kuhn, T., Madureira, P., Wegorzewski, A. V., Mirao, J., ... & Somoza, L. (2019). Hydrogenetic, Diagenetic and Hydrothermal Processes Forming Ferromanganese Crusts in the Canary Island Seamounts and Their Influence in the Metal Recovery Rate with Hydrometallurgical Methods. Minerals, 9(7), 439.
Marino, E., González, F. J., Kuhn, T., Madureira, P., Wegorzewski, A. V., Mirao, J., ... & Somoza, L. (2019). Hydrogenetic, Diagenetic and Hydrothermal Processes Forming Ferromanganese Crusts in the Canary Island Seamounts and Their Influence in the Metal Recovery Rate with Hydrometallurgical Methods. Minerals, 9(7), 439.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Ripollès
        • Camprodon
          • Rocabruna
Joan Rosell
    • Tarragona
      • Baix Camp
        • Alforja
Abella i Creus, Joan (2018) Plumboagardite, green anglesite and other minerals from the Alforja mine, Alforja, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineral Up, 2018/2.
      • Priorat
        • Ulldemolins
Rosell, J., Rubio, C., Varela, F. (2017): Els Minerals de Vanadi de la mina Maria Magdalena. Ulldemolins, el Priorat, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1/2017.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Chóvar
        • Bellota ravine
Joan Vinals & Miguel Calvo (2007) Corderoite, Kenhsuite and Perroudite, mercury sulphohalides from Chovar (Xovar), Castello, Spain. Mineral Up, June 2007.
        • El Hembrar
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
      • Vall d'Uixó
        • La Corraliza
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
    • Valencia
      • Vilamarxant (Villamarchante)
        • La Rodana
CASANOVA HONRUBIA, JUAN MIGUEL & CANSECO CABALLÉ, MANUEL, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
Turkey
 
  • Manisa Province
    • Turgutlu
Masurenko, C., and Tanaskovic, D. (2007), In: Andrew, C.J. et al. (eds.): Proc. 9th Biennial SGA Meeting, Dublin (Ireland), August 20-24, 2007.; Helvaci, C., Gündoğan, İ., Oyman, T., Sözbi̇li̇r, H., & Parlak, O. (2013) Çaldağ (Turgutlu-Manisa) lateritik Ni-Co yatağının jeolojisi, mineralojisi ve jeokimyasal özellikleri. Yerbilimleri Dergisi, 34(2), 141-168.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
BMS Database
BMS Database
BMS Database
BMS Database
No reference listed
BMS Database
    • Cornwall
      • Gwennap
        • St Day
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
      • St Day
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
      • St Just
        • Botallack
          • Cliff outcrops
Carne, J. (1822): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 2, 290-358; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro), 108 pp.
      • St Stephen-in-Brannel
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    • Shropshire
      • Clive
Dewey & Eastwood: Special Reports on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain, vol XXX Copper Ores of the Midlands, pp18-19
      • Shrewsbury
Dewey & Eastwood: Special Reports on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain, vol XXX Copper Ores of the Midlands, pp19
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Stirling
      • Tyndrum
Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 643-649
  • Wales
    • Denbighshire
      • Dyserth
Le Neve Foster, C. (1879): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 10, 107-112
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Arkansas
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
        • Calico District (Daggett District; Calico-Daggett area)
          • Calico
[Murdoch, J & Webb, R (1966) Minerals of California, California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 189]
    • Tulare Co.
      • Lindsay
        • King C. Gillette farm
Melhase, John (1934), A diversity of many fine minerals available in California for collectors: Oregon Mineralogist: 2(7): 23; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 299.
RRUFF Specimen No. R070306
      • Tennessee Knob
Murdoch, "Minerals of California" 1966 p. 298
  • Missouri
    • Crawford Co.
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
    • Madison Co.
      • Fredericktown Mining District
        • Mine La Motte
Dana 6:1083.; American Mineralogist 6:7-10
  • North Carolina
    • Catawba Co.
J.H.Pratt,1907,NCGS Economic Paper No.11,The Mining Industry in North Carolina During 1905
    • Gaston Co.
      • Lincolnton
J.H,Pratt,1907,NCGS Economic Paper No.11,The Mining Industry in North Carolina During 1905
    • Wake Co.
J.H,Pratt,1907,NCGS Economic Paper No.11,The Mining Industry in North Carolina During 1905
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon
R&M 75:4 p240-248
 
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