登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Svabite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About SvabiteHide

08559260014946994421975.jpg
Anton von Swab
Formula:
Ca5(AsO4)3F
Colour:
Colorless, light yellow, gray, light brown; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
3.5 - 3.8
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named in 1891 by (Sten Anders) Hjalmar Sjögren in honor of Anton von Swab (Svab) [July 29, 1703 Fahlun, Sweden - January 28, 1768 Stockholm, Sweden], chemist, mineralogist, and Swedish mining official - Bergmästaregatan in Skåne and Kronoberg. Swab was a step-brother of Emmanuel Swedenborg. Swab made important discoveries. He refined zinc from calamine and later from blende and together with Axel Cronstedt developed a commercial process for refining zinc and in turn greatly aided the manufacture of brass in Sweden. Swab also discovered native antimony at Sala, Sweden. Weeks (1960) cited an obituary of Anton von Swab and Georg Brandt written by Carl von Linne: "The kingdom and our sciences have now lost in a single year two stars of the first magnitude, Brandt and Svab. The Bureau of Mines and the science of mining have lost their supporting pillars. Men such as these never spring up like mushrooms. So far as I know, Europe has none like them. ... A king can lose an army, but within a year have another ]ust as good. A king can lose a fleet and within two years have another rigged up, but a Brandt and a Svab cannot be gotten again during his entire reign"

Isostructural with:
Apatite Supergroup. The arsenate analogue of fluorapatite. The fluorine analogue of johnbaumite and turneaureite.

Forms a series toward fluorapatite with an increase of P for As. Also forms a series toward hedyphane and mimetite with an increase of Pb and Cl. Occurs as an rare accessory mineral in calc-silicate skarns.

Sjögren (1891) described and named svabite as a new mineral from Harstigen, Värmland, Sweden. In 1892 he reported the occurrence of svabite at Harstigen and also at another locality, the Jakobsberg Mine, Sweden. At the time they did not distinguish between OH-dominant and F-dominant calcium arsenate. A re-examination of the chemical analyses of Sjögren (1891, 1892) shows that the mineral from Harstigen was probably not svabite (F-dominant), but johnbaumite (OH-dominant). The reason for "probably" concerns the inaccuracy of fluorine determinations in the time period. The Sjögren (1891, 1892) chemical analysis of the specimen from Jakobsberg is F-dominant (svabite). The accuracy of the analysis of the Harstigen specimen relating to its being the type locality for svabite, has been questioned (Biagioni & Pasero 2013) and Jakobsberg may be regarded as the type locality.


Classification of SvabiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.BN.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
N : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1
41.8.3.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
8 : A5(XO4)3Zq
22.1.28

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
1 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with fluoride

Physical Properties of SvabiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colorless, light yellow, gray, light brown; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
On {1010}, indistinct.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.5 - 3.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.67 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Lowest in material low in Pb and high in P.

Optical Data of SvabiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.706 nε = 1.698
Birefringence:
0.008
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of SvabiteHide

Formula:
Ca5(AsO4)3F
Common Impurities:
O,H,OH,Cl

Crystallography of SvabiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/mmc
Setting:
P63/mmc
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.75 Å, c = 6.92 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.71
Unit Cell V:
569.70 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals short prismatic [0001]. Also massive.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.94 Å(40)
3.44 Å(50)
2.87 Å(100)
2.79 Å(90)
2.65 Å(40)
1.981 Å(40)
1.860 Å(60)
Comments:
From "Langban, Sweden"

Type Occurrence of SvabiteHide

Other Language Names for SvabiteHide

Relationship of Svabite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Germanate-pyromorphitePb5(PO4)2GeO4
HydroxylpyromorphitePb5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
OxypyromorphitePb10(PO4)6O
PieczkaiteMn5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3ClHex.
Unnamed (F-analogue of Pyromorphite)Pb5(PO4)3F
Unnamed (OH-analogue of Mimetite)Pb5(AsO4)3(OH)
VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
21 photos of Svabite associated with TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
7 photos of Svabite associated with CalciteCaCO3
4 photos of Svabite associated with BarysilitePb8Mn2+[Si2O7]3
3 photos of Svabite associated with SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
2 photos of Svabite associated with BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)
2 photos of Svabite associated with BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
2 photos of Svabite associated with BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
2 photos of Svabite associated with Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
2 photos of Svabite associated with HematiteFe2O3
1 photo of Svabite associated with LångbaniteMn2+4Mn3+9Sb5+O16(SiO4)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BN.05AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex.
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)Hex.
8.BN.05ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BN.05FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MorelanditeCa2Ba3(AsO4)3ClHex.
8.BN.05PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3ClHex.
8.BN.05VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(La)NaLaSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Deloneite(Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5Trig.
8.BN.05FluorcaphiteSrCaCa3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Kuannersuite-(Ce)NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5Trig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite-MCa5(PO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)NaNdCa3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.10ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.8.3.2TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3ClHex.
41.8.3.3JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
41.8.3.4Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.1.1AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)FTric. 1 : P1
22.1.2LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
22.1.3NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
22.1.5NacaphiteNa2Ca(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.6ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.1.7NefedoviteNa5Ca4(PO4)4FTric.
22.1.9FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.1.10HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)Mon. 2/m
22.1.11IsokiteCaMg(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
22.1.12PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)Mon.
22.1.13BabefphiteBaBePO4(F,OH)Tet.
22.1.14FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
22.1.15MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2OOrth. mm2 : Pba2
22.1.16MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
22.1.17BøggilditeNa2Sr2Al2PO4F9Mon.
22.1.18FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.1.19ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3Mon.
22.1.20VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.21MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)FMon.
22.1.22Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.23TripliteMn2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m
22.1.24Magniotriplite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)2PO4FMon.
22.1.25ZwieseliteFe2+2(PO4)FMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.1.26McauslaniteFe3Al2(PO4)3(PO3OH)F · 18H2OTric.
22.1.27RichelliteCaFe3+2(PO4)2(OH,F)2Amor.
22.1.29TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)FMon. m : Bb
22.1.30Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
22.1.31DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b

Fluorescence of SvabiteHide

Fluoresces golden yellow to orange yellow SW and LW

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in dilute acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SvabiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Sjögren, H. (1891): Bidrag till Sveriges mineralogi. Svabit, ett mineral af apatitgruppen från Harstigsgrufvan. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 13: 789-796.
Sjögren, H. (1892): Contributions to Swedish mineralogy. Part I: 7. Svabite a new member of the apatite group. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Upsala. 1: 50–56.
Sjögren (1895) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 17: 313.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 140.
Flink (1925) Geologiska Föreningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 47: 127.
Bauer and Berman (1930) American Mineralogist: 15: 347.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 899–900.
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1966): 166: 134.
Welin, E. (1968) X-ray powder data for minerals from Långban and the related mineral deposits of Central Sweden. Arkiv Mineral. Geol., 4(30), 499–541.
Kucharski, Marian; Mroz, Wieslaw; Kowalczyk, Janusz; Szafirska, Barbara; Gluzinska, Monika (2002): Leachability and thermal stability of synthesized and natural svabite. Archives of Metallurgy 47, 119-126.
Whitfield, Pamela S.; Le Page, Yvon; Mercier, Patrick H. J.; Kim, Jean Y. (2007): Least-squares thermal expansion tensor of vanadate and arsenate triclinic apatites derived from laboratory X-ray powder diffraction cell data. Journal of Applied Crystallography 40, 1019-1026.
Zhu, Yi-Nian; Zhang, Xue-Hong; Zeng, Hong-Hu; Liu, Hui-Li; He, Na; Qian, Mei-Fang (2011): Characterization, dissolution and solubility of synthetic svabite [Ca5(AsO4)3F] at 25-45°C. Environmental Chemistry Letters 9(3), 339-345.
Biagioni, C. & Pasero, M. (2013): The crystal structure of johnbaumite, Ca5(AsO4)3OH, the arsenate analogue of hydroxylapatite. American Mineralogist: 98: 1580–1584.
Deng, Huan; Mo, Lingyun; Zhu, Yinian; Zhu, Zongqiang; Liu, Huili; He, Na; Liu, Jie (2015): Dissolution and stability of arsenate/phosphate fluorapatite solid solution [Ca5(PxAs1-xO4)3F] in aqueous solution at 25 °C. Asian Journal of Chemistry 27, 521-531.
Biagioni, C., Bosi, F., Hålenius, U., Pasero, M. (2016): The crystal structure of svabite, Ca5(AsO4)3F, an arsenate member of the apatite supergroup. American Mineralogist 101, 1750-1755.

Internet Links for SvabiteHide

Localities for SvabiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Navis
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T., Auer, C. (2019): 2113) Akatoreit(?), Albit, Ardennit-(As), Ardennit-(V), „Ardennit-(Si)“, Baryt, Brandtit(?) (oder unbenanntes Ca2Mn(AsO4)2?), Coelestin, Fluorapatit, Fluorcalcioroméit, Frankdicksonit(?), Friedelit, Ganophyllit(?), Hämatit, Hausmannit, Hollandit, Jacobsit, Klinochlor, Kutnohorit, Manganberzeliit, Manganiandrosit-(La)-Manganiakasakait-(La)-Mischkristalle, Muskovit, Opal(?), Pennantit, Piemontit(?), Pyrobelonit, Pyrophanit, Quarz, Rhodochrosit, Rhodonit, Sarkinit, Schallerit, Spessartin, Svabit, Tephroit, Tilasit und Tiragalloit vom Navisbach, Navistal, Nordtirol. Pp. 251-260 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
    • Lienz District
      • Virgen valley
        • Prägraten am Großvenediger
          • Timmelbach valley
Kolitsch, U. and Schachinger, T. (2019): 2115) Alleghanyit(?), Baddeleyit, Grossular, Hausmannit, Kellyit, Manganberzeliit, Piemontit, Svabit und Thorit aus den metamorphen Manganmineralisationen der Wunwand (Wunspitze) bei Prägraten, Osttirol. Pp. 264-268 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Montaldo di Mondovì
        • Borgata Oberti
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.; Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Cadoni, M., Armellino, G., Piccoli, G.C., Ambrino, P., Blass, G., Odicino, G., Ciuffardi, M. (2011) Montaldo di Mondovì Minerali della miniera di manganese e ferro. Micro, 9, 4-21.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Brizzi, G., Cocco, E., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1989): Nuovi ritrovamenti di minerali nella Sardegna nord-occidentale. 2° Sa Duchessa (Domusnovas). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1989, 121-134.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
G. Raade, U. Kolitsch and T. A. Husdal (2006): Si-rich bergslagite from a granitic pegmatite at Tennvatn, north Norway. GFF 128, 65-68.
    • Tysfjord
Raade, G. (1982): Svabitt fra Hellemofjorden. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 99.; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p. 124;
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 251–255, 2003
  • Norrbotten County
    • Jokkmokk
      • Ultevis
My own collection
Augsten, R. (2010): Mineralientouren nach Skandinavien (III). Lapplands bunte Farben: Manganmineralien vom Tjaktjajaure, Ultevis, Schweden. Lapis, 35 (2), 39-41.
Wilke Band 4 Skandinavien
  • Örebro County
    • Lindesberg
      • Nyberget ore field
Collection of Bergsskolan, Filipstad. Kjell Gatedal photo (8115)
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 900; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183; K. Gatedal
      • Nordmark District
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Sjögren, H. (1892): Contributions to Swedish mineralogy. Part I: 7. Svabite a new member of the apatite group. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Upsala. 1, 50–56.
Nysten, P. (1987). Armangite from Nordmark. GFF, 109(2), 110-110.
Nysten, P. (1994): Alabandit och synadelfit, Nordmark. Långbansnytt. vol 10. [reprinted in: Långbansnytt. De första 20 åren 1983-2003. Långbansällskapet - Skrifter och rapporter. 2, 43]
Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407; Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Sjögren, H. (1891): Bidrag till Sveriges mineralogi. Svabit, ett mineral af apatitgruppen från Harstigsgrufvan. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 13, 789-796.; DAN Earth Sci. 166 (1966), 134; Biagioni, C. & Pasero, M. (2013): The crystal structure of johnbaumite, Ca5(AsO4)3OH, the arsenate analogue of hydroxylapatite. American Mineralogist. 98, 1580–1584
  • Västmanland County
    • Norberg
Nysten, P. & Lorin, T. (2016) Nyupptäckta Ca-, Mn-, Pb-, Ba-, As- och Sb-förande mineral i Norbergs malmtrakt. LångbansNytt 22 (1): 7-19
  • Västra Götaland County
    • Åmål
      • Strandhem ore field
Johansson, Dan (1990):Mineralnytt från Sverige. STEIN 17(4),39
USA
 
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Crimmins, Laura G. (2012) Structure and Chemistry of Minerals in the Ca-(AsP)-(OH,F,Cl) Apatite System" Johnbaumite, Svabite, and Turneaureite from Franklin and Sterling Hill, New Jersey, USA. M.S. Thesis, Miami University, Miami, Ohio, pp. 55.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.2.26 14:49:57 Page generated: 2020.2.12 03:41:31
Go to top of page