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About SulphohaliteHide

Colourless, gray, greenish yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Vitreous, Greasy
Crystal System:
The name is derived from its composition, containing SULFur, plus Greek "hals", salt, alluding to its content of halogens. Originally described from the Searles Lake, California, USA by Hidden and MacKintosh (1888).
Sulphohalite Subgroup.

Sulphohalite is an ordered double antiperovskite with the anti-elpasolite structure (Krivovichev 2008).

Classification of SulphohaliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations

1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1

26 : Sulphates with Halide

Physical Properties of SulphohaliteHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Luster weak.
Colourless, gray, greenish yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
3½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of SulphohaliteHide


Chemical Properties of SulphohaliteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of SulphohaliteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Crystals commonly dodecahedral; also octahedral, or with combinations of a, o and d.
Spacegroup: Fm 3 ̄ m (Krivovichev 2008)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0010549SulphohalitePabst A (1934) The crystal structure of sulphohalite Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 89 514-51719340293
0018630SulphohaliteSakamoto Y (1968) The size, atomic charges, and motion of the sulfate radical of symmetry -43m in the crystal of sulfohalite, Na6ClF(SO4)2 Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, Series A-II: Physics and Chemistry 32 101-1081968not provided0293
0018057SulphohaliteWatanabe T (1934) The crystal structure of sulphohalite _cod_database_code 1011182 Proceedings of the Japan Academy 10 575-57719340293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):

Type Occurrence of SulphohaliteHide

Synonyms of SulphohaliteHide

Other Language Names for SulphohaliteHide

Simplified Chinese:卤钠石
Traditional Chinese:鹵鈉石

Relationship of Sulphohalite to other SpeciesHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Sulphohalite associated with BoraxNa2(B4O5)(OH)4 · 8H2O
2 photos of Sulphohalite associated with TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
1 photo of Sulphohalite associated with HaliteNaCl

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BD.10SchaireriteNa21(SO4)7ClF6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
7.BD.20CesaniteNa3Ca2(SO4)3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
7.BD.20AiolositeNa4Bi(SO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
7.BD.30HanksiteNa22K(SO4)9(CO3)2ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
7.BD.35CannoniteBi2(SO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.BD.40LanarkitePb2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BD.45GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2Mon. 2/m
7.BD.50ItoitePb3Ge4+(SO4)2O2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BD.60HectorfloresiteNa9(SO4)4(IO3)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.BD.65PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10Orth. 2 2 2 : F2 2 2

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

26.3SchaireriteNa21(SO4)7ClF6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
26.5ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
26.6ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
26.7KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
26.8SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
26.9AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2OTric. 1
26.10Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
26.11Svyazhinite(Mg,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F · 14H2OTric.
26.14KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
26.15Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2OIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
26.16Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
26.17WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2OTric. 1 : P1
26.18CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
26.19LannoniteMg2Ca4Al4(SO4)8F8 · 24H2O Tet. 4/m : I4/m
26.20Chukhrovite-(Y)Ca3(Y,Ce)(AlF6)2(SO4)F · 10H2OIso.
26.21Chukhrovite-(Ce)Ca3(Ce,Y)(AlF6)2(SO4)F · 10H2OIso.
26.22GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2Mon. 2/m
26.23PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10Orth. 2 2 2 : F2 2 2
26.26MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2Mon. 2 : B2
26.27AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
26.28XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Other InformationHide

Slowly soluble in cold water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SulphohaliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hidden, W.E. and MacKintosh, A. (1888) Sulphohalite, a new sodian sulphato-chloride. American Journal of Science, 3rd Series: 36: 463
Zeitschr. Kristallographie (1889), Band 15: 294.
Penfield, Samuel Lewis (1900), On the chemical composition of sulphohalite: American Journal of Science, 4th. series: 9: 425-428.
E.S. Larsen in Gale and Hicks (1914) American Journal of Science: 38: 273.
Foshag (1920) American Journal of Science: 49: 76.
Foshag, Wm. F. (1933) Sulfohalite and Other Minerals from the Otjiwalundo Salt Pan, South West Africa. American Mineralogist: 18: 431-434.
Pabst (1934) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 89: 514.
Watanabé (1934) Proceedings of the Imperial Academy, Tokyo: 10: 575.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II: 548-549.
American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 485-510.
Sakamoto, Y. (1968) The size, atomic charges and motion of the sulfate radical of symmetry 43m in the crystal of sulfohalite, Na6ClF(SO4)2. Hiroshima University Journal of Science, series C: 32: 101-108. (elsewhere listed as: Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University. Series A-II, Physics and Chemistry 32, 101-108)
Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry: 10: 1-112.
Omori, K. (1970) Infrared study of sulphohalite. American Mineralogist: 55: 1879-1910.
Mineralogical Magazine (1975): 40: 131-139.
Krivovichev, S.V. (2008) Minerals with the antiperovskite structure: a review. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 223: 109-115

Internet Links for SulphohaliteHide

Localities for SulphohaliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Ross Archipelago
        • Ross Island
Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
Kezao Chen (1992): Quaternary Sciences 3(8), 193-202
  • Oshana Region
    • Uuvudhiya
Foshag, Wm. F. (1933) Sulfohalite and Other Minerals from the Otjiwalundo Salt Pan, South West Africa. American Mineralogist: 18: 431-434; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 549.; Specimen in the collection of the Smithsonian Institute, Museum of Natural History
  • Arusha Region
    • Monduli District
Kaldos, R, Guzmics, T., Mitchell, R.H., Dawson, J.B., Milke, R., and Szabo, C. (2015) A melt evolution model for Kerimasi volcano, Tanzania: Evidence from carbonate melt inclusions in jacupirangite. Lithos , 238 , 101-119
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
Hidden, William Earl & James B. MacKintosh (1888), Sulphohalite a new sodium sulphato-chloride: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 36: 464; Penfield, Samuel Lewis (1900), On the chemical composition of sulphohalite: American Journal of Science, 4th. series: 9: 425-428; Gale, Hoyt Stoddard (1915), Mineralogy of the Searles Lake deposits in Salines in the Owens, Searles, and Panamint basins, southeastern California: USGS Bulletin 580: 296-308; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 340, 549; Pabst, Adolf, Dwight L. Sawyer, Jr. & George S. Switzer (1963), Galeite and related phases in the system Na2SO4.NaF.NaCl: American Mineralogist: 48: 485; Smith, George Irving & D.V. Haines (1964), Character and distribution of nonclastic minerals in the Searles Lake evaporite deposit, California: USGS Bulletin 1181-P: 27; Speckels, M.L. (1965) Minerals for everyone: the complete guide to micromounts. Gembooks, Mentone, California.; Mineralogical Magazine (1975): 40: 131; Mineralogical Record (2007): 38: 213.; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 281-283;
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