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Sudburyite

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About SudburyiteHide

Formula:
PdSb
Member of the triple system PdTe-PdBi-PdSb with a continuous isomorphic series along Te-Bi and Bi-Sb sides of triangle. Isomorphism along Te-Sb side is complicated in absence of Bi especially for high-Te compositions.
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Member of:
Name:
Named after its discovery locality: Sudbury, Ontario, Canada.
Member of isomorphic series Sudburyite-Sobolevskite and Sudburyite-Kotulskite.

Compare UM1976-23-Sb:BiPdTe.


Classification of SudburyiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1973
First Published:
1974
2.CC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
3.12.34

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Pronounciation of SudburyiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of SudburyiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
White
Hardness:
4½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of SudburyiteHide

Anisotropism:
Weak to moderate
Bireflectance:
None
Colour in reflected light:
White with a yellow tint

Chemical Properties of SudburyiteHide

Formula:
PdSb

Member of the triple system PdTe-PdBi-PdSb with a continuous isomorphic series along Te-Bi and Bi-Sb sides of triangle. Isomorphism along Te-Sb side is complicated in absence of Bi especially for high-Te compositions.
Idealised Formula:
PdSb
Common Impurities:
Bi,As,Te

Crystallography of SudburyiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.07 Å, c = 5.58 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.371
Unit Cell V:
80.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0011585SudburyiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of SudburyiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Royal Ontario Museum, Ontario, Canada (M32841).
Reference:
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G. (1974) Sudburyite, a new pallidium-antimony mineral from Sudbury, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 275-279.

Synonyms of SudburyiteHide

Other Language Names for SudburyiteHide

German:Sudburyit
Simplified Chinese:六方锑钯矿
Spanish:Sudburyita
Traditional Chinese:六方銻鈀礦

Relationship of Sudburyite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AchávaliteFeSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)Hex.
LangisiteCoAsHex. 6 : P63
NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
SobolevskitePdBiHex.
StumpflitePtSbHex.
VavříniteNi2SbTe2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2Trig.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Sudburyite associated with BreithauptiteNiSb
3 photos of Sudburyite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
2 photos of Sudburyite associated with GersdorffiteNiAsS
2 photos of Sudburyite associated with PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
1 photo of Sudburyite associated with GeversitePtSb2
1 photo of Sudburyite associated with Frooditeα-PdBi2
1 photo of Sudburyite associated with PaolovitePd2Sn
1 photo of Sudburyite associated with SilverAg
1 photo of Sudburyite associated with MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
1 photo of Sudburyite associated with PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CC.UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
2.CC.05AchávaliteFeSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)Hex.
2.CC.05LangisiteCoAsHex. 6 : P63
2.CC.05NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
2.CC.05Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05SobolevskitePdBiHex.
2.CC.05StumpflitePtSbHex.
2.CC.05JaipuriteCoSHex.
2.CC.05ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2Trig.
2.CC.10PyrrhotiteFe1-xSMon.
2.CC.10Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.CC.10TroiliteFeSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.15CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CC.15Modderite(Co,Fe)AsOrth.
2.CC.15Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
2.CC.15Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
2.CC.20MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
2.CC.20Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
2.CC.20UM1990-38-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ni,Fe,Rh,Cu,Ir,Pt)S
2.CC.25Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
2.CC.30Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
2.CC.30VavříniteNi2SbTe2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.35aBraggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
2.CC.35bCooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
2.CC.35aVysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
3.12.6XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2Trig.
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7Iso.
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)Hex.
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
3.12.23MerenskyitePdTe2Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3Trig.
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAsHex.
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2Hex.
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.30VincentitePd3AsTet.
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)Orth.
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2Hex.
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4Iso.
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4Hex.
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.12.40SobolevskitePdBiHex.
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.47MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2Orth.
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.55StumpflitePtSbHex.
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2Mon.
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbSIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SudburyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G. (1974) Sudburyite, a new pallidium-antimony mineral from Sudbury, Ontario. The Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 275-279.
Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., Mandarino, J.A., Chao, G.Y., Cabri, L.J. (1976) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 61: 174-186.
Fu, P.-C., Kung, Y.-H., Chang. (1979) Crystal structure of sudburyite. Ti Ch’iu Hua Hseuh: 72–75. (in Chinese)
Kjekshus, A., Walseth, K.P. (1969) On the properties of the Cr1+xSb, Fe1+xSb, Co1+xSb, Ni1+xSb, Pd1+xSb, and Pt1-xSb phases. Acta Chemica Scandinavica: 23: 2621-2630.

Internet Links for SudburyiteHide

Localities for SudburyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • West Arnhem Region
      • South Alligator River
Cuzens, H. (2010) The Genesis and Spatial Distribution of Platinum-Group Elements in the Coronation Hill Deposit, Northern Territory, Australia. University of Western Australia.
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Hudson, D.R. (1986) Platinum-group minerals from the Kambalda nickel deposits, Western Australia, Economic Geology, Vol 81, No.5 pp.1218-1225.
    • Kondinin Shire
Prichard, H. M., Fisher, P. C., McDonald, I., Knight, R., Sharp, D. and Williams, J. (2013): The distribution of PGE and the role of arsenic as a collector of PGE in the Spotted Quoll nickel ore deposit in the Forrestania Greenstone Belt, Western Australia. Economic Geology 108, 1903-1921.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Mittersill
        • Haidbachgraben
S.Schwabl (2016); Melcher, F., Onuk, P., Schwabl, S., Zimmermann, M. & Aiglsperger, T. (2019): Rhenium sulphides and platinum-group minerals at Haidbach/Pinzgau – recent results. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 165, 64 (abs.).
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
Garuti, G., Proenza, J. A., & Zaccarini, F. (2005). Platinum-group element distribution and mineralogy in altered chromitite of the Campo Formoso layered intrusion (Bahia state, Brazil). Geology & Petrology 82-85
  • Goiás
    • Niquelândia
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Proenza, J. A., Thalhammer, O. A., & Angeli, N. (2012). Platinum-group minerals in chromitites of the Niquelândia layered intrusion (Central Goias, Brazil): Their magmatic origin and low-temperature reworking during serpentinization and lateritic weathering. Minerals, 2(4), 365-384.
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Flin Flon District
      • Bear Lake
Olivo & Theyer (2004) CM 42, 667; Olivo, G., Theyer, P., & Bursztyn, N. (2002). Platinum group element investigations in the Flin Flon greenstone belt: Petrography and mineralogy of the McBratney Lake PGE-Au occurrence (NTS 63K13), Manitoba. Report of Activities, 94-99.
    • Thompson Nickel Belt
      • Moab-Setting Lakes area
Y. Chen, M. E. Fleet and Y. Pan (1993) Platinum-group minerals and gold in Arsenic-rich ore at the Thompson mine, Thompson Nickel Belt, Manitoba, Canada. Mineralogy and Petrology 49:127-146; Chen, Yuan, "Precious-metal Mineralization And Sulfide-silicate Relationships In Some Canadian Nickel-copper Sulfide Deposits: Thompson Mine, Manitoba; Sudbury, Ontario; Dundonald Beach, Ontario" (1993). Digitized Theses. Paper 2231.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Denison Township
Molnar,Watkinson & Jones 2003
      • McKim Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 511.
      • Snider Township
CABRI, L.J. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1974 ): Sudburyite, a new palladiumBantimony mineral from Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 275-279. FU, PING-CHIU, KUNG YU-HUA & LIU CHANG (1979): Crystal structure of sudburyite. Ti Ch'iu Hua Hseuh, 72-75 (in Chinese). ; Smith and Barnes (2011)
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Sudbury: Nickel Capital of the World. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 79-84; 157-158.
Robert C. Smith, II Pennsylvania Geological Survey, 10-03-10
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13. ; Good, D. J., Cabri, L. J., & Ames, D. E. (2017). PGM facies variations for Cu-PGE deposits in the Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Ontario, Canada. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 748-771.
      • Seeley Lake Area
Good, D. J., Cabri, L. J., & Ames, D. E. (2017). PGM facies variations for Cu-PGE deposits in the Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Ontario, Canada. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 748-771.
  • Québec
    • Côte-Nord
      • Caniapiscau RCM
Beaudoin, G., Laurent, R. & Ohnenstetter, D. (1990) First report of platinum-group minerals at Blue Lake, Labrador Through, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 409-418.
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Nunavik
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
          • Donaldson deposit
Dillon-Leitch, H. C. H. (1990). The distribution of platinum-group elements and platinum-group minerals from the Donaldson West and Surface deposits, Cape Smith belt, Quebec: The roles of thermal and dynamic metamorphism. PhD Thesis Carleton University (Canada)
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1147-1158
harlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
Charlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
        • Ungava Peninsula
Charlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
Liu, Y., Mungall, J. E., & Ames, D. E. (2016). Hydrothermal redistribution and local enrichment of platinum group elements in the Tootoo and Mequillon magmatic sulfide deposits, South Raglan Trend, Cape Smith Belt, New Quebec Orogen. Economic Geology, 111(2), 467-485.
Am Min 90:1466-1467; McDonald et al (2005), Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1735-1744
Liu, Y., Mungall, J. E., & Ames, D. E. (2016). Hydrothermal redistribution and local enrichment of platinum group elements in the Tootoo and Mequillon magmatic sulfide deposits, South Raglan Trend, Cape Smith Belt, New Quebec Orogen. Economic Geology, 111(2), 467-485.
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Kluane District
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.G., Martin. R.F. (2002): Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Can. Mineral.: 40(2): 651-669
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Jinchang
      • Jinchuan District
Gang Chai, Naldrett, A.J., Rucklidge, J.C., and Kilius, L.R. (1993): Canadian Mineralogist 31, 19-30.; Econ Geol (1992) 87:1475-1495
  • Sichuan
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Danba Co.
        • Yangliuping Cu-Ni-PGE ore field
Dunn, P.J., Chao, G.Y., Grice, J.D, Ferraiolo, J.A., Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., and Zilczer, J.A. (1985): American Mineralogist 69, 565-569; American Mineralogist (1979), 64, 464; Xiaoqiang Hu, Yunquan Li, and Dequan Shuai (2001): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 21(1), 14-18; Song, X. Y., Zhou, M. F., & Cao, Z. M. (2004): The Canadian Mineralogist, 42(2), 469-483
    • Panzhihua
      • Miyi County
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
      • Wadi Allaqi District
        • Wadi Haimur
Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Finland
 
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Akaa
Gervilla,H., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K. and Johanson, B. 1998. Platinum-Palladium- and Gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. (Vammala Nickel Belt, SW Finland) Mineralogy and Petrology (1998) 64, 163-185.; Gervilla, F., Papunen, H., Kojonen, K., & Johanson, B. (1998). Platinum-, palladium-and gold-rich arsenide ores from the Kylmäkoski Ni-Cu deposit. Mineralogy and Petrology, 64(1-4), 163-185.
France
 
  • New Caledonia
    • Southern Province
      • Mont Dore
        • Ouen Island
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in chromitite schlieren from the ouen island, new caledonia ophiolite
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Bautzen District
      • Sohland an der Spree
Sandmann, D., & Gutzmer, J. (2015). Nature and distribution of PGE mineralisation in gabbroic rocks of the Lusatian Block, Saxony, Germany Art und Verbreitung der PGE-Mineralisation in den gabbroiden Gesteinen des Lausitzer Blocks, Sachsen, Deutschland. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Geowissenschaften, 166(1), 35-53.
India
 
  • Odisha
    • Keonjhar District
Canadian Mineralogist 40:277-309
Augé, T., Bailly, L., Cocherie, A., Genna, A., Guerrot, C., Lerouge, C., ... & Patra, R. N. (2002, July). Magmatic and Hydrothermal Platinum-Group Element Mineralization in the Baula Area, Orissa, India. In Proceedings of the 9th International Platinum Symposium (pp. 21-24).
Canadian Mineralogist 39:979-996; Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 902-906
Norway
 
  • Trøndelag
    • Røyrvik
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
Russia
 
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Spiridonov, E. M., E. A. Kulagov, A. A. Serova, I. M. Kulikova, N. N. Korotaeva, E. V. Sereda, I. N. Tushentsova, S. N. Belyakov, and N. N. Zhukov. "Genetic Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Rh mineralogy in Noril’sk sulfide ores." Geology of Ore Deposits 57, no. 5 (2015): 402-432.
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Ben Schumer collection
    • Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District
      • Kureika river
Ryabov, V. V., & Lapkovsky, A. A. (2010, October). Unique polymineral association of Co-Ni and noble metal phases in gabbro-dolerite of the Dzhaltul trap intrusion (Siberian Platform). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 434, No. 2, pp. 1325-1329). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Lovchorr Mt
Karpov S.M., Voloshin A.V., Savchenko E.E., Selivanova E.A., Polekhovskii Yu.S. (2012) coulsonite in pyrrhotite gorge deposit (Kola peninsula): the first find in Russia, - Doklady RAN, 445/2, p. 1-3 (in Russ.)
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2001) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 86: 197-200.; American Mineralogist: 85: 199.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Severo-Baykalsky District
        • Dovyren Highlands
Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
    • Chiney massif
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
  • Mpumalanga
http://www.unileoben.ac.at/~buero62/minpet/malitch/4IASMalitch.pdf
  • North West
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Klerksdorp
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Östergötland County
    • Valdemarsvik
Jonsson, E., Högdahl, K., Majka, J. & Murashko, M. (2014): Te-Cu-rich sudburyite – the first platinum-group-element mineral from the selenide mineralisation at Skrikerum, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 191, 137-144
  • Västerbotten County
    • Norsjö
Jonsson, E., Högdahl, K., Majka, J. & Murashko, M. (2014): Te-Cu-rich sudburyite – the first platinum-group-element mineral from the selenide mineralisation at Skrikerum, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 191, 137-144; Mikael Jansson () Platinagruppens mineral vid nickeloch kopparmineraliseringarna kring Njuggträskliden
Tanzania
 
  • Kagera Region
    • Ngara District
Maier, W. D., Barnes, S. J., Sarkar, A., Ripley, E., Li, C., & Livesey, T. (2010). The Kabanga Ni sulfide deposit, Tanzania: I. Geology, petrography, silicate rock geochemistry, and sulfur and oxygen isotopes. Mineralium Deposita, 45(5), 419-441.
  • Kigoma Region
Wilhelmij, H.R. and Cabri, L.J. (2016) Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 51(3), 343-367.
USA
 
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite Mining District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
    • York Co.
      • Frogtown
Pennsylvania Geology, vol. 39(1), 2009 - PA Geol. Survey
 
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