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About SternbergiteHide

Kaspar Maria von Sternberg
Golden brown, tarnishes violet-blue
1 - 1½
Specific Gravity:
4.101 - 4.215
Crystal System:
Named after Count Caspar Maria Sternberg (1761-1838), botanist and a founder of the National Museum of Prague (Czech Republic).
Dimorph of:
A rare mineral occurring in Pinchbeck brown (yellowish brown with metallic lustre), flexible(!), mm-sized tabular crystals. It and its dimorph argentopyrite are often pseudomorphed to iron oxides which collapse to dust when poked with a needle. On the way to the oxide replacements, partial pseudomorphs of pyrite or marcasite after either dimorph confused early workers.

Classification of SternbergiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.

9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
2 : Sulphides etc. of Ag

Physical Properties of SternbergiteHide

Golden brown, tarnishes violet-blue
1 - 1½ on Mohs scale
VHN50=31 - 44 kg/mm2 - Vickers
on {001}
4.101 - 4.215 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.275 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SternbergiteHide

Strong, bluish and reddish to lilac, reddish brown to light green with p-urplish pink shades
Colour in reflected light:
Light brown
In browns

Chemical Properties of SternbergiteHide


Crystallography of SternbergiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.615(2) Å, b = 11.639(4) Å, c = 12.693(4) Å
a:b:c = 0.568 : 1 : 1.091
Unit Cell V:
977.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Thin pseudohexagonal basal plates, rosettes and fan-like aggregates.
Lamellar on {130}
Space group Ccmb (non-standard setting).

Crystallographic forms of SternbergiteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Sternbergite - Tabular {001}
Sternbergite - Contact twin on {130}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by

Edge Lines | Miller Indices | Axes

Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Crystal StructureHide

Unit Cell | Unit Cell Packed
2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
Big Balls | Small Balls | Just Balls | Spacefill
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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014818SternbergitePertlik F (1987) Crystal structure of sternbergite, AgFe2S3 Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1987 458-4641987Medenec, Krusne hory Mts, Czechoslovakia0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal veins, Co-Ni-Ag assemblage

Type Occurrence of SternbergiteHide

Synonyms of SternbergiteHide

Other Language Names for SternbergiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Sternbergite associated with PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
3 photos of Sternbergite associated with AcanthiteAg2S
3 photos of Sternbergite associated with ProustiteAg3AsS3
1 photo of Sternbergite associated with SilverAg
1 photo of Sternbergite associated with ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
1 photo of Sternbergite associated with StephaniteAg5SbS4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso. 4 3m : P4 3m
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3m
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso. 4 3m : P4 3m
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.2.1AcanthiteAg2SMon. 2/m : P21/m
3.2.3NaumanniteAg2SeOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
3.2.4AguilariteAg4SeSMon. 2/m
3.2.5HessiteAg2TeMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.2.6EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.2.7StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36Hex. 6 : P6
3.2.8CervelleiteAg4TeSMon. 2/m
3.2.9DervilliteAg2AsS2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.2.10StromeyeriteAgCuSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.2.11MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.2.14CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
3.2.15Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
3.2.17ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
3.2.18Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.2.19ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SternbergiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haidinger (1827) Edinburgh Journal of Science: 7: 242.
Haidinger (1828) Royal Society of Edinburgh, Transactions: 11: 1.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 246-248.
American Mineralogist (1969) 54: 1198.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1986) 154: 207-222.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1987) 458-464.

Internet Links for SternbergiteHide

Localities for SternbergiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Kuridala
Alan Melbournes collection
    • Mareeba Shire
Harris, D.L., Lottermoser, B.G., Duchesne, J. (2003) Ephemeral acid mine drainage at the Montalbion silver mine, north Queensland. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50(5), 797-809.
    • McKinlay Shire
      • McKinlay
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Reißeck
        • Kolbnitz
Pichler, A. (2009) Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Sonderheft 63, 416 pages [in German].
  • Tyrol
    • Innsbruck-Land District
      • Axams
Vavtar, F. (1995): Erzmikroskopische Untersuchungen an Silberpentlanditen der Cu-Fe-Erzparagenese von Axams (Stubaikristallin, Tirol, Österreich). Geologisch-Paläontologische Mitteilungen Innsbruck 20, 313-334.
  • British Columbia
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Beaverdell
[MinRec 1989]
  • Nunavut
    • Itchen Lake
      • Izok Lake
Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22, 493-498
  • Guangdong
    • Zhanjiang
      • Lianjiang Co.
Zuwei Wang and Yongzhang Zhou (2002): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 26(2), 193-197
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Hulunbuir City (Hulunbei'er Prefecture)
      • New Barag Right Banner (Xin Barag Youqi)
Dong Zhensheng et al. (1996). In: Tu Guangzhi, Ed.: Low Temperature Geochemistry, Science Press (Beijing), 32-42.
  • Jiangxi
    • Shangrao
      • Wannian Co.
Dong Zhensheng et al. (1996). In: Tu Guangzhi, Ed.: Low Temperature Geochemistry, Science Press (Beijing), 32-42.
  • Liaoning
    • Yingkou
      • Gaizhou City
Qinghua Xu, Yanlong Wang, Haiquan Zhao, and Yulan Qiao (2014): Northwestern Geology 47(2), 164-171
  • Shanxi
    • Datong
      • Lingqiu County
Qingrong Zheng, Xinjun Zhang, and Erhu Sun (2012): Resources & Industries 14(2), 106-111
Jin Chen and Yuelin Tang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(11), 16-22, 28; Shaozhi Zhou (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(3), 6-8, 23; Shuchen Li and Lixia Zhou (2008): Geology and Prospecting 44(3), 18-21; Liu, T., Xiong, S. F., Jiang, S. Y., Li, H. L., Chen, Q. Z., & Jiang, H. (2017). Genesis of the Zhijiadi Ag-Pb-Zn deposit, central North China Craton: constraints from fluid inclusions and stable isotope data. Geofluids, 2017.
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
Škácha P., Sejkora J., Litochlebová E., Litochleb J. (2007): Sternbergite in the association with Ag-sulphides, the Březové Hory ore deposit, Příbram (Czech Republic). Bull mineral-petrolog Odd Nár Muz (Praha) 13: 207-210 (in Czech)
      • Háje
C.Auer (2016)
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Am Min 54 (1969), 1198
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Chomutov District
No reference listed
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 60-75.
    • Teplice District
      • Moldava
No reference listed
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Ylöjärvi
Clark Alan H. & Taylor, L. A. 1970. Sternbergite from Ylöjärvi, Finland. Occurrence and stability. Economic Geology 65 (1), 54-59
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Châteaulin
        • Laz
  • Lorraine
    • Vosges
      • District de La-Croix-aux-Mines
        • La-Croix-aux-Mines
          • La Croix-aux-Mines mines
J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Lörrach
        • Wieden
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab District
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
  • Hesse
    • Darmstadt
      • Darmstadt-Dieburg
        • Mühltal
          • Nieder-Beerbach
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Braunlage
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Bestwig
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Bärenstein
Baumann, L., Kuschka, E. and Seifert, T. (2000): Lagerstätten des Erzgebirges. Enke Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 170-176
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg
        • Lauta
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schneeberg
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Wolkenstein
        • Gehringswalde
Ramdohr, Paul, 1969, The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, p. 371.
    • Mittelsachsen
Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 10th Ed., Leipzig (1898)
  • Pest County
    • Szob District
      • Márianosztra
Szakáll & Jánosi. Minerals of Hungary, 1995
  • Aomori Prefecture
    • Kamikita District
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Ishikari Subprefecture
      • Chitose City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Suzuyama mining district
Matsukuma, T. (1962) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, 2, #2, 20-59.
  • Miyazaki Prefecture
    • Hyuga City
T. Matsukuma (1958)
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Kurshim
Глоба В.А. Месторождение Манка - новый геолого-промышленный тип месторождений золота. // Изв. НАН РК, Сер. геол. 2006, 5(403), с.20-28.
  • Hidalgo
    • Pachuca Municipality
Panczner(1987): 360.
  • Mexico
    • Temascaltepec Municipality
      • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Tinghir Province
      • Tinghir Cercle
Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Taroudant Province
      • Taliouine Cercle
        • Askaouen Caïdat
          • Jebel Siroua
Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
  • Plateau
    • Jos Plateau
Wolfgang Hampel, site visit /studies November 2007
  • Buskerud
    • Kongsberg
      • Overberget Mining Field
Brünnich, M. L. (1777): Forsøg til Mineralogie for Norge. Priskrift, Trondhjem, p. 22; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 23
Brünnich, M. L. (1777): Forsøg til Mineralogie for Norge. Priskrift, Trondhjem, p. 22; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 23
      • Underberget Mining Field
Cronstedt, A.F.(1758): Försök til en Mineralogie, eller Mineralrikets Uppstälning. Stockholm 1758; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 23).
Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
  • Nordland
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvasslia
Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56
  • Cajamarca
    • Celendín Province
      • Lucmapampa
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra County
Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Mare
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
Papp, Gábor, Alan J. Criddle, Chris J. Stanley, László Kriston and Géza Nagy (2007): Parajamesonite revisited: background of the discreditation of an enigmatic mineral species. Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 100, 495-502.
  • Kamchatka Krai
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]; Okrugin, V. M. (2004). Miocene to Quaternary center volcanic, hydrothermal and ore-forming activity in the Southern Kamchatka. In Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East)-Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margin, Interim IAGOD Conference, Excursion Guidebook, Dalnauka, Vladivostok, 2004 (pp. 147-176).
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Sorokhtina, N. V., Kogarko, L. N., Zaitsev, V. A., Kononkova, N. N., & Asavin, A. M. (2019). Sulfide Mineralization in the Carbonatites and Phoscorites of the Guli Massif, Polar Siberia, and Their Noble-Metal Potential. Geochemistry International, 57(11), 1125-1146.
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Omsukchansky District
Makshakov, A.S.; Kravtsova, R.G.; Tatarinov, V.V. (2019) Lithochemical Stream Sediments of the Dukat Gold–Silver Ore-Forming System (North–East of Russia). Minerals 9, 789.
Kravtsova, R. & Tauson, Vladimir & Pal'yanova, Galina & Makshakov, Artem & Pavlova, L. (2017). Specific Composition of Native Silver from the Rogovik Au-Ag Deposit, Northeastern Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits. 59. 10.1134/S1075701517050038.
Savva, N. E., & Pal’yanova, G. A. (2007). Genesis of gold and silver sulfides at the Ulakhan deposit (northeastern Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 48(10), 799-810.
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
[MinRec 32:8]
ROGULINA, L., MAKEEVA, T., PISKUNOV, Y. G., & SVESHNIKOVA, O. (2004). Первая находка платиноидов в рудах Майского золото-серебряного месторождения (Дальнегорск, Приморье).
Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Genkin, A.D., Bortnikov, N.S., and Golovanova, T.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 75-85.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
Mineralogical Record, 23 (3), 241-249
Jordi Fabre; Calvo, M. and Sevillano, E. (1995): Famous mineral localities: Hiendelaencina Guadalajara Prov. Spain. Mineralogical Record 23, 241-249.
  • Örebro County
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
  • Västerbotten County
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
        • Boliden
No reference listed
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Alston Moor
          • Garrigill
Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Dos Cabezas Mountains
        • Dos Cabezas Mining District (Two Heads Mining District)
          • Dos Cabezas
            • LeRoy Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 381.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 348.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Georgetown District
        • Silver Plume
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Storey Co.
R&M 74:6 p380-390
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
      • Mogollon Mountains
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
矿物 and/or 产地  
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