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Sorbyite

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About SorbyiteHide

00279060014949783618139.jpg
Henry Clifton Sorby
Formula:
CuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
Colour:
Lead gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Specific Gravity:
5.52 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after Henry Clifton Sorby (1826-1908), chemist and geologist, independent research scientist of Sheffield (England), and a pioneer in the application of physics to explain geological phenomena. He is acknowledged, particularly, for his innovation of making thin sections of rocks to study their mineral composition, texture, etc. and is regarded as the founder of microscopical petrology.
Formula redefined by Moëlo et al. (2008) as CuPb9(Sb,As)11S26, but the structure has not been determined.


Classification of SorbyiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1966
2.LB.30

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
L : Unclassified Sulfosalts
B : With essential Pb
3.6.12.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
5.6.21

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of SorbyiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Lead gray
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN50=175 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}
Density:
5.52 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SorbyiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Strong

Chemical Properties of SorbyiteHide

Formula:
CuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
IMA Formula:
Pb9Cu(Sb,As)11S26
Idealised Formula:
Pb19(Sb,As)20S49

Crystallography of SorbyiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 45.15 Å, b = 4.14 Å, c = 26.53 Å
β = 113.42°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 10.906 : 1 : 6.408
Unit Cell V:
4,550.47 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Equant to thin tabular
Twinning:
Irregular lamellae in polished sections

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal

Type Occurrence of SorbyiteHide

Synonyms of SorbyiteHide

Other Language Names for SorbyiteHide

German:Sorbyit
Spanish:Sorbyita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Sorbyite associated with JarositeKFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.LB.05MiharaiteCu4FePbBiS6Orth.
2.LB.30ArdaitePb19Sb13S35Cl7Mon.
2.LB.30LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
2.LB.30MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
2.LB.30PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
2.LB.30SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
2.LB.35Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
2.LB.40PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
2.LB.40MazzettiiteAg3HgPbSbTe5Orth.
2.LB.45CreraritePt2-x(Bi,Pb)11(S,Se)11Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SorbyiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
JAMBOR, J.L. (1967): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario. 1. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 7-24.
JAMBOR, J.L. (1967): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario. 2. Mineral descriptions. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 191-213.
JAMBOR, J.L. (1968): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario. 3. Syntheses, paragenesis, origin. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 507-521.
JAMBOR, J.L., LAFLAMME, J.H.G. & WALKER, D.A. (1982): A re-examination of the Madoc sulfosalts. Mineralogical Record 13, 93-100.
Moëlo, Y., Makovicky, E., Mozgova, N.N., Jambor, J.L., Cook, N., Pring, A., Paar, W., Nickel, E.H., Graeser, S., Karup-Møller, S.; Balić-Žunić, T.; Mumme, W.G., Vurro, F., Topa, D., Bindi, L., Bente, K., Shimizu, M. (2008): the IMA CNMNC Sulfosalt Subcommittee. Revision of sulfosalt definition and nomenclature. A review of sulfosalts systematics. European Journal of Mineralogy, 20, 7-46.

Internet Links for SorbyiteHide

Localities for SorbyiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada (TL)
 
  • Ontario
    • Hastings County
      • Madoc area
        • Huntingdon Township
JAMBOR, J.L. (1967): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario. 1. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 7-24. JAMBOR, J.L. (1967): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario. 2. Mineral descriptions. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 191-213. JAMBOR, J.L. (1968): New lead sulfantimonides from Madoc, Ontario. 3. Syntheses, paragenesis, origin. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 507-521. JAMBOR, J.L., LAFLAMME, J.H.G. & WALKER, D.A. (1982): A re-examination of the Madoc sulfosalts. Mineralogical Record 13, 93-100.
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Bourgoin, V., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J.-C. (2011): Jas Roux (Hautes-Alpes): un gisement exceptionnel à minéraux de thallium. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, no. 113, 2-92.
Indonesia
 
  • South Sulawesi Province
    • Gowa Regency
Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Batken Region
[Lapis 11:11-24]
USA
 
  • Nevada
Canadian Mineralogist 9:191
      • Candelaria Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
 
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