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Sonoraite

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About SonoraiteHide

00166560014949112547042.jpg
Sunset in the Sonoran Desert, Mexico

Sonora, Mexico
Formula:
Fe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
Colour:
Yellow-green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1968 by Richard Valentine Gaines, Gaibrielle Donnay, and Max H. Hey after the state of Sonora, Mexico, that includes the discovery locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Sonoraite.


Classification of SonoraiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1968
4.JN.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
N : Tellurites with additional anions, with H2O
34.7.1.1

34 : SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
7 : Hydrated Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
28.3.25

28 : Selenites, Selenates, Tellurites, and Tellurates
3 : Tellurites

Physical Properties of SonoraiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Yellow-green
Hardness:

Optical Data of SonoraiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.018 nβ = 2.023 nγ = 2.025
2V:
Measured: 20° to 25°, Calculated: 64°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.007
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of SonoraiteHide

Formula:
Fe3+(TeO3)(OH) · H2O
IMA Formula:
Fe3+(Te4+O3)(OH) · H2O

Crystallography of SonoraiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.98 Å, b = 10.26 Å, c = 7.91 Å
β = 108.48°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.07 : 1 : 0.771
Unit Cell V:
845.15 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of SonoraiteHide

Synonyms of SonoraiteHide

Other Language Names for SonoraiteHide

German:Sonorait
Spanish:Sonoraita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Sonoraite associated with EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
2 photos of Sonoraite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Sonoraite associated with JarositeKFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
1 photo of Sonoraite associated with Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
1 photo of Sonoraite associated with MackayiteFe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.JN.10PoughiteFe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2OOrth.
4.JN.15CesbroniteCu2+3Te6+O4(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
4.JN.20EztlitePb2+2Fe3+3(Te4+ O3)3(SO4)O2ClMon. m : Bm
4.JN.30JuabiteCaCu10(TeO3)4(AsO4)4(OH)2 · 4H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

28.3.1BalyakiniteCu(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.2RajiteCu(Te4+2O5)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
28.3.3GraemiteCu[TeO3] · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmma
28.3.4TeineiteCu2+(Te4+O3) · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
28.3.5CesbroniteCu2+3Te6+O4(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
28.3.6MroseiteCaTe4+(CO3)O2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
28.3.7QuetzalcoatliteZn6Cu3(TeO6)2(OH)6 · AgxPbyClx+2yTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
28.3.8ZemanniteMg0.5ZnFe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
28.3.9KinichiliteMg0.5Mn2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
28.3.10Denningite(Mn2+,Ca,Zn)Te4+2O5Tet.
28.3.11SpiroffiteMn2+2Te4+3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/b
28.3.12WinstanleyiteTiTe4+3O8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Ia3
28.3.13FairbankitePb(TeO3)Tric.
28.3.14PlumbotelluritePb(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.15Choloalite(Cu,Sb)3(Pb,Ca)3(TeO3)6ClIso. 4 3 2 : P41 3 2
28.3.16SmirniteBi2Te4+O5Orth. mm2
28.3.17ChekhovichiteBi2Te4+4O11Mon. 2/m
28.3.18Cliffordite(UO2)Te4+3O7Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
28.3.19Schmitterite(UO2)(TeO3)Orth.
28.3.20MoctezumitePb(UO2)(TeO3)2Mon.
28.3.21EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
28.3.22BlakeiteFe3+2[TeO3]3 (?)
28.3.23MackayiteFe3+(Te4+2O5)(OH)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
28.3.24PoughiteFe3+2(TeO3)2(SO4)(H2O)2 · H2OOrth.
28.3.26RodalquilariteFe2(TeO2OH)3(TeO3)ClTric. 1 : P1
28.3.27EztlitePb2+2Fe3+3(Te4+ O3)3(SO4)O2ClMon. m : Bm
28.3.28KeystoneiteMg0.5Ni2+Fe3+(Te4+O3)3 · 4.5H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SonoraiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gaines, R.V., Donnay, G., Hey, M.H. (1968) Sonoraite. American Mineralogist: 53: 1828-1832.
Donnay, G., Stewart, J.M., Preston, H. (1970) The crystal structure of sonoraite, Fe3+Te4+O3(OH)·H2O. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 14: 27-44.

Internet Links for SonoraiteHide

Localities for SonoraiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Japan
 
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (1999) Chigaku Kenkyu (Geoscience Magazine), 47, 225-228.; Takashi Yamada, Tokuhei Tagai, Takeshi Kojiro, Akira Harada, and Yasuhiro Kosuge (1999) Rare Minerals from Kawazu Mine, Shizuoka Prefecture. Chikyu-Wakusei Godo-Taikai Koen-Yoshi (Abstract of the Joint Meeting of the Societies of Earth and Planetary Sciences), conference presentation, Mc-002
Mexico (TL)
 
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
      • Moctezuma
Amer.Min.(1968) 53, 1828-1832; Panczner(1987):108-401.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 356, 375.
      • Tombstone Mining District
        • Tombstone
Bruce J. Murphy collection
          • Silver Plume Mine (Emerald & Silver Plume Mine group)
Georges FAVREAU collection
Mike Scott S102666 fm Cureton CWB ID by A. Roberts
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake Mining District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
PXRD analyzed by Tony Kampf.
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Vulcan Mining District (Cebolla Mining District; Domingo Mining District)
        • Vulcan
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Teller Co.
      • Cripple Creek Mining District
        • Cripple Creek
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Goldfield Mining District
        • Goldfield
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Mammoth
John Dagenais collection, ID'd by EDS.
 
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