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Sobolevskite

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About SobolevskiteHide

09746800015211958063221.jpg
Petr G. Sobolevski
Formula:
PdBi
Member of the triple system PdTe-PdBi-PdSb with a continuous isomorphic series along Te-Bi and Bi-Sb sides of triangle. Isomorphism along Te-Sb side is complicated in absence of Bi especially for high-Te compositions.
Colour:
Gray-white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Member of:
Name:
Named after Petr Grigorevich Sobolevski (Петра Григорьевича Соболевского) (1781, St. Petersburg, Russian Empire - 24 October 1841, St. Petersburg, Russian Empire), engineer and metallurgist. A student of the platinum deposits of the Russian Urals and one of the founders of powder metallurgy.

Not to be confused with sobolevite.
Member of two isomorphic series: Sobolevskite-Kotulskite Series and Sobolevskite-Sudburyite Series.

A possible intermediate member of the second series is coded as 'UM1985-01-Bi:PdSb'. A potential Bi analogue is known: 'UM1974-02-Bi:AsPdPtSb'.


Classification of SobolevskiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1973
2/C.20-110
2.CC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
3.12.40

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals

Physical Properties of SobolevskiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Gray-white
Hardness:

Chemical Properties of SobolevskiteHide

Formula:
PdBi

Member of the triple system PdTe-PdBi-PdSb with a continuous isomorphic series along Te-Bi and Bi-Sb sides of triangle. Isomorphism along Te-Sb side is complicated in absence of Bi especially for high-Te compositions.
Idealised Formula:
PdBi
Common Impurities:
Pt,Ag

Crystallography of SobolevskiteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.23 Å, c = 5.69 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.345
Unit Cell V:
88.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005249SobolevskiteBayliss P (1990) Revised unit cell dimensions, space group, and chemical formula of some metallic minerals The Canadian Mineralogist 28 751-75519900293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of SobolevskiteHide

Synonyms of SobolevskiteHide

Other Language Names for SobolevskiteHide

Simplified Chinese:铋钯矿
Spanish:Sobolevskita

Relationship of Sobolevskite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AchávaliteFeSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)Hex.
LangisiteCoAsHex. 6 : P63
NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
StumpflitePtSbHex.
SudburyitePdSbHex.
VavříniteNi2SbTe2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2Trig.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Sobolevskite associated with AltaitePbTe
5 photos of Sobolevskite associated with UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
5 photos of Sobolevskite associated with ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
5 photos of Sobolevskite associated with InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
5 photos of Sobolevskite associated with CubaniteCuFe2S3
4 photos of Sobolevskite associated with SilverAg
4 photos of Sobolevskite associated with Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8
4 photos of Sobolevskite associated with StumpflitePtSb
4 photos of Sobolevskite associated with MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
4 photos of Sobolevskite associated with Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CC.UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
2.CC.05AchávaliteFeSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05FrebolditeCoSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)Hex.
2.CC.05LangisiteCoAsHex. 6 : P63
2.CC.05NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
2.CC.05Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.05StumpflitePtSbHex.
2.CC.05SudburyitePdSbHex.
2.CC.05JaipuriteCoSHex.
2.CC.05ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2Trig.
2.CC.10PyrrhotiteFe1-xSMon.
2.CC.10Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.CC.10TroiliteFeSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.15CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CC.15Modderite(Co,Fe)AsOrth.
2.CC.15Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
2.CC.15Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
2.CC.20MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
2.CC.20Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
2.CC.20UM1990-38-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ni,Fe,Rh,Cu,Ir,Pt)S
2.CC.25Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
2.CC.30Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
2.CC.30VavříniteNi2SbTe2Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CC.35aBraggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
2.CC.35bCooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
2.CC.35aVysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
3.12.2LauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)AsOrth.
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
3.12.6XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2Trig.
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7Iso.
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5Orth.
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4Mon.
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4Orth.
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)2-x (x ≈ 0.4)Hex.
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)Iso.
3.12.23MerenskyitePdTe2Trig. 3m : P3m1
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2AsMon. 2/m : P2/m
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3Trig.
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25Hex. 6 m2 : P62m
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAsHex.
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2Hex.
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3Tric. 1 : P1
3.12.30VincentitePd3AsTet.
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)Orth.
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2Hex.
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)Hex.
3.12.34SudburyitePdSbHex.
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4Iso.
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4Hex.
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8Sb2.5As0.5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
3.12.44CooperitePtSTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mmc
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)STet.
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
3.12.47MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2Trig.
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2Orth.
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3Tet. 4 2 2
3.12.55StumpflitePtSbHex.
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2Mon.
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbSIso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SobolevskiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Evstigneeva, T.L., Genkin, A.D., Kovalenker, V.A. (1975) A new bismuthide of palladium, sobolevskite, and the nomenclature of minerals of the system PdBi-PdTe-PdSb. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo [Vserossiyskogo?] Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 104: 568-579.
Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., Cabri, L.J. (1976) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 61: 1053-1056 (1054).
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 302: 1112-1117 (in Russian).
Bayliss, P. (1990) Revised unit cell dimensions, space group, and chemical formula of some metallic minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 751-755.
Jambor, J.L., Burke, E.A.J. (1991) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 76: 2020-2026.
Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Merkle, R.K.W., Bernhardt, H.J. (2002) Sobolevskite, taimyrite, and Pt2CuFe (tulameenite?) in complex massive talnakhite ore, Noril'sk orefield, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 329-340.

Internet Links for SobolevskiteHide

Localities for SobolevskiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Amapá
    • Mazagão
      • Vila Nova
Prichard, H.M., Sá, J.H.S., Fisher, P.C. (2001) Platinum-group mineral assemblages and chromite composition in the altered and deformed Bacuri Complex, Amapa, Northeastern Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist: 39(2): 377-396.
  • Goiás
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Proenza, J. A., Thalhammer, O. A., & Angeli, N. (2012). Platinum-group minerals in chromitites of the Niquelândia layered intrusion (Central Goias, Brazil): Their magmatic origin and low-temperature reworking during serpentinization and lateritic weathering. Minerals, 2(4), 365-384.
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
Canadian Mineralogist 45, 775; Grammatikopoulos, T.A., Hiebert, R.S., Barr, S.M. and Valeyev, O., (2006) Cu-Ni-PGM Mineralization In The Mechanic Settlement Pluton, Southern New Brunswick, Canada. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
  • Nunavut
    • Kivalliq Region
Campos-Alvarez, N. O., Samson, I. M., & Fryer, B. J. (2012). The roles of magmatic and hydrothermal processes in PGE mineralization, Ferguson Lake deposit, Nunavut, Canada. Mineralium Deposita, 47(4), 441-465.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • MacLennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Wisner Township
Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13. ; Good, D. J., Cabri, L. J., & Ames, D. E. (2017). PGM facies variations for Cu-PGE deposits in the Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Ontario, Canada. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 748-771.
      • Seagull Lake Area
        • Seagull Lake complex
Wilson, G., & Harper, G. (2013). Nipigon Reefs Project: A New Look at the PGE-bearing Seagull Mafic-Ultramafic Complex. Field Guide to the Copper-Nickel-Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Precambrian Research Center Guidebook, 13-01.
      • Seeley Lake Area
EcoMetrix Reort for Stillwater Canada Inc, Marathon Project (2012) Table 4.1-3
Good, D. J., Cabri, L. J., & Ames, D. E. (2017). PGM facies variations for Cu-PGE deposits in the Coldwell Alkaline Complex, Ontario, Canada. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 748-771.; Cao, Y. (2017). Cu-Pd mineralization and exploration geochemistry of the Eastern Gabbro, Coldwell Alkaline Complex, ON, Canada. PhD thesis, University of Western Ontario
  • Yukon
    • Whitehorse mining district
      • Kluane District
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.; Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.G., Martin. R.F. (2002): Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Ni-Cu-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Can. Mineral.: 40(2): 651-669
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Portimo complex
Iljina, M. 1994. The Portimo Layered Igneous Complex - with emphasis on diverse sulphide and platinum-group element deposits. Acta Univ. Oul. A258, 1994
    • Sodankylä
Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
      • Kevitsansarvi (Keivitsansarvi)
Gervilla, F., & Kojonen, K. (2002). The platinum-group minerals in the upper section of the Keivitsansarvi Ni–Cu–PGE deposit, northern Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 377-394.
Greece
 
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
        • Cassandra Mines
Katie A. McFall, Jonathan Naden, Stephen Roberts, Tim Baker, John Spratt, Iain McDonald (2018): Platinum-group minerals in the Skouries Cu-Au (Pd, Pt, Te) porphyry deposit. Ore Geology Reviews 99, 344-364.
Ivory Coast
 
  • Montagnes
    • Tonkpi
      • Biankouma Department
Gouedji, F., Picard, C., Coulibaly, Y., Audet, M. A., Auge, T., Goncalves, P., ... & Ouattara, N. (2014). The Samapleu mafic-ultramafic intrusion and its Ni-Cu-PGE mineralization: an Eburnean (2.09 Ga) feeder dyke to the Yacouba layered complex (Man Archean craton, western Ivory Coast). Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 185(6), 393-411.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Rødøy
      • Selsøya
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (11998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Głogów County
Jadwiga PIECZONKA, Adam PIESTRZYŃSKI, Jacek MUCHA, Adam GŁUSZEK, Maciej KOTARBA, Dariusz WIĘCŁAW (2008): The red-bed-type precious metal deposit in the Sieroszowice-Polkowice copper mining district, SW Poland. Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae 78, 151-280.
Piestrzyński, A., & Pieczonka, J. (2012). Low temperature ore minerals associations in the Kupferschiefer type deposit, Lubin–Sieroszowice mining district, SW Poland. Мінералогічний збірник, (2), 59-66.
Kucha H., Plimer I.R., Stumpfl E. F. 1998: Geochemistry and mineralogy of gold and PGE's in mesothermal and epithermal deposits and their bearing on the metal recovery. Fizykochemiczne Problemy Metalurgii, 32, 7-30
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
Russia
 
  • Aldan Shield
    • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Kolotilina, T. B., Mekhonoshin, A. S., & Orsoev, D. A. (2019). Re Sulfides from Zhelos and Tokty-Oi Intrusions (East Sayan, Russia). Minerals, 9(8), 479.
    • Uda–Biryusa district
Mekhonoshin, A. S., Tolstykh, N. D., Podlipsky, M. Y., Kolotilina, T. B., Vishnevsky, A. V., & Benedyuk, Y. P. (2013). PGE mineralization of dunite-wehrlite massifs at the Gutara-Uda interfluve, Eastern Sayan. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 162-175.
Kolotilina, T. B., Mekhonoshin, A. S., & Orsoev, D. A. (2019). Re Sulfides from Zhelos and Tokty-Oi Intrusions (East Sayan, Russia). Minerals, 9(8), 479.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
Shcheka G.G., Lehmann B., Gierth E., Gomann K., Wallianos A. (2004) Macrocrystals of Pt-Fe alloy from the Kondyor PGE placer deposit, Khabarovskiy kray, Russia: trace-element content, mineral inclusions and reaction assemblages, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, N2, pp. 601-617.; Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
Barkov, A.Y., Shvedov, G.I., Polonyankin, A.A., Martin, R.F. (2016): New and unusual Pd-Tl-bearing mineralization in the Anomal'nyi deposit, Kondyor concentrically zoned complex, northern Khabarovskiy kray, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12836 (2016)
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p320; Spiridonov, E. M., E. A. Kulagov, A. A. Serova, I. M. Kulikova, N. N. Korotaeva, E. V. Sereda, I. N. Tushentsova, S. N. Belyakov, and N. N. Zhukov. "Genetic Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Rh mineralogy in Noril’sk sulfide ores." Geology of Ore Deposits 57, no. 5 (2015): 402-432.
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Vymazalová, A., Laufek, F., Sluzhenikin, S.F., Stanley, C.J., Kozlov, V.V., Chareev, D.A., Lukashova, M.L. (2017): Kravtsovite, PdAg2S, a new mineral from the Noril’sk-Talnakh deposit, Krasnoyarskiy kray, Russia. European Journal of Mineralogy: 29: 597-602.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
2014 Ultramafic-mafic intrusions, volcanic rocks and PGE-Cu-Ni sulfide deposits of the Noril’sk Province, Polar Siberia . 12th International Platinum Symposium
    • Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District
      • Kureika river
Ryabov, V. V., & Lapkovsky, A. A. (2010, October). Unique polymineral association of Co-Ni and noble metal phases in gabbro-dolerite of the Dzhaltul trap intrusion (Siberian Platform). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 434, No. 2, pp. 1325-1329). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Shvedov, G. I., & Barkov, A. Y. (2015). Oulankaite, a Pd-rich stannosulphotelluride, and associated platinum-group minerals from the Dzhaltul microgabbroic intrusion, Krasnoyarskiy kray, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(3), 229-237.
  • Murmansk Oblast
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula; Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
Groshev, N.Y.; Rundkvist, T.V.; Karykowski, B.T.; Maier, W.D.; Korchagin, A.U.; Ivanov, A.N.; Junge, M. (2019) Low-Sulfide Platinum–Palladium Deposits of the Paleoproterozoic Fedorova–Pana Layered Complex, Kola Region, Russia. Minerals 9, 764.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
    • Monche tundra intrusion
Chashchin, V. V., Petrov, S. V., & Drogobuzhskaya, S. V. (2018). Loypishnyun Low-Sulfide Pt–Pd Deposit of the Monchetundra Basic Massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(5), 418-448.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Loukhsky District
      • Oulanka plutonic complex
        • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
Can Min (2002) 40, (2), 679-692; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 973-978.
    • Medvezhyegorsky District
      • Zaonezhie peninsula
        • Velikaya Guba uran-vanadium deposit
American Mineralogist, Volume 83, pages 1118, 1998; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Northern Karelia
Lavrov, O. B., & Kuleshevich, L. V. (2017). Platinoids in the Kaalamo Differentiated Massif in the Northern Ladoga Region, Karelia, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(7), 632-641.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Severo-Baykalsky District
        • Dovyren Highlands
          • Yoko-Dovyrensky Massif
Spiridonov, E. M., Orsoev, D. A., Ariskin, A. A., Kislov, E. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Nikolaev, G. S., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2019, April). Palladogermanide PdGe 2 from Sulfidized Anorthosite of the Yoko-Dovyren Intrusion: First Finding in Russia. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 485, No. 2, pp. 458-460). Pleiades Publishing.
Kislov, E.V.; Khudyakova, L.I. (2020) Yoko–Dovyren Layered Massif: Composition, Mineralization, Overburden and Dump Rock Utilization. Minerals 10, 682.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Burgersfort
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
        • Sekhukhuneland
Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
      • Steelpoort
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
Hutchinson, D., & Kinnaird, J. A. (2005). Complex multistage genesis for the Ni–Cu–PGE mineralisation in the southern region of the Platreef, Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Applied Earth Science, 114(4), 208-224.
Viljoen, F., Ramakoloi, N., Rose, D., & Reinke, C. (2015). Mineral Chemistry of (Pt, Pd)-Bismuthotelluride Minerals In the Platreef At Zwartfontein, Akanani Project, Northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(6), 1109-1127.
Holwell, D. A., & McDonald, I. (2007). Distribution of platinum-group elements in the Platreef at Overysel, northern Bushveld Complex: a combined PGM and LA-ICP-MS study. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 154(2), 171-190.
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.; HOLWELL D.A., MCDONALD I. & ARMITAGE, P.E.B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the South Central Pit, Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70, 83-101.
Fanus Viljoen, F., Ramakoloi, N., Rose, D. and Reinke, C. (2016) Mineral Chemistry of (Pt,Pd)-Bismuthotelluride Minerals In the Platreef At Zwartfontein, Akanani Project, Northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53(6), 1109-1127.
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Barberton
Zaccarini, F., Tredoux, M., Miller, D. E., Garuti, G., Aiglsperger, T., & Proenza, J. A. (2014). The occurrence of platinum-group element and gold minerals in the Bon Accord Ni-oxide body, South Africa. American Mineralogist, 99(8-9), 1774-1782.
Switzerland
 
  • Aargau
    • Brugg
      • Riniken
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 379.
Tanzania
 
  • Kigoma Region
Cabri, L. J., Wilhelmij, H. R., & Eksteen, J. J. (2017). Contrasting mineralogical and processing potential of two mineralization types in the platinum group element and Ni-bearing Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Ore Geology Reviews, 90, 772-789.; Wilhelmij, H.R. and Cabri, L.J. (2016) Platinum mineralization in the Kapalagulu Intrusion, western Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita, 51(3), 343-367.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Fort William and Ardnamurchan
Graham, S.D., Holwell, D.A., McDonald, I., Jenkin, G.R.T., Hill, N.J., Boyce, A.J., Smith, J., Sangster, C. (2017) Magmatic Cu-Ni-PGE-Au sulfide mineralisation in alkaline igneous systems: An example from the Sron Garbh intrusion, Tyndrum, Scotland. Ore Geology Reviews: 80: 961-984.
USA
 
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite Mining District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
      • Mhondoro
Oberthür, T. (2018). The fate of platinum-group minerals in the exogenic environment—From sulfide ores via oxidized ores into placers: Case studies bushveld complex, South Africa, and Great Dyke, Zimbabwe. Minerals, 8(12), 581.
 
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