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Simonite

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Formula:
TlHgAs3S6
Colour:
Red
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Apparently named after Simon Engel, the son of the principal describer.
Occurs as inclusions in rebulite.


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Classification of SimoniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1982
2.GC.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
C : Poly-sulfarsenites
3.7.10.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
7 : ø = 2
5.5.4

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl

Physical Properties of SimoniteHide

Colour:
Red

Chemical Properties of SimoniteHide

Formula:
TlHgAs3S6
Common Impurities:
Sb

Crystallography of SimoniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.948(2) Å, b = 11.404(6) Å, c = 15.979(5) Å
β = 90.15(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.522 : 1 : 1.401
Unit Cell V:
1,083.87 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Occurs as inclusions in rebulite.
Comment:
Space group P21/n.

Type Occurrence of SimoniteHide

Synonyms of SimoniteHide

Other Language Names for SimoniteHide

German:Simonit
Simplified Chinese:斜硫砷铊汞矿
Spanish:Simonita

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.GC.05HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1
2.GC.05Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
2.GC.10SinneriteCu6As4S9Tric. 1 : P1
2.GC.15WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5Orth.
2.GC.25QuadratiteAg(Cd,Pb)AsS3Tet.
2.GC.25ManganoquadratiteAgMnAsS3Tet. 4 2 2 : P43 2 2
2.GC.30SmithiteAgAsS2Mon. 2/m
2.GC.35TrechmanniteAgAsS2Trig.
2.GC.40aAleksitePbBi2Te2S2Trig.
2.GC.40bKochkaritePbBi4Te7Trig.
2.GC.40cPoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
2.GC.40cRucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.
2.GC.40eBabkinitePb2Bi2(S,Se)3Trig.
2.GC.40dSaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3Hex.
2.GC.45TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3Mon. 2/m
2.GC.50MutnovskitePb4As2S6IClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

3.7.10.2EdenharteritePbTlAs3S6Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3Trig. 3m : R3m
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26Mon. 2/m
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3Mon. 2/m
5.5.6RouthieriteTl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
5.5.7HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5Tric.
5.5.9BernarditeTlAs5S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.10VrbaiteHg3Tl4As8Sb2S20Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2As7.5Sb0.3S13Mon. 2/m
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2Tric. 1 : P1
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7Tric.
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2(Sb,As)10S16Orth. mm2 : Pna21
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTlSb5S8Mon. m
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10Mon.
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl4Pb2(Sb,As)20S34Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SimoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Engel, P., Nowacki, W., Balić-Žunić, T., Šćavnićar, S. (1982): The crystal structure of simonite, TlHgAs3S6. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 161, 159-166.
American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 211 (abs.).
Rieck, B. (1993): Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia. Mineralogical Record, 24, 437-449. (p. 446)
Roth, P. (2007): Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and minerals named after Swiss individuals, Kristallografik Verlag (Achberg Germany). (pp. 198-199)

Internet Links for SimoniteHide

Localities for SimoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Iran
 
  • West Azerbaijan Province
    • Takab County
Mehrabi, B. (2008). Solid solution in the As2S3-Sb2S3 Series at Zarshuran Gold Deposit, Iran. Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran, 19, 137-143. ; Mehrabi, B., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cann, J.R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 673-696.; Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.
North Macedonia (TL)
 
  • Kavadarci Municipality
    • Rožden
Zeitschr. Krist. (1982) 161, 159-166; Rieck, B. (1993): Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia, Mineralogical Record, 24 (6), 437-449; Percival, T.J. & Radtke, A.S. (1994): Sedimentary-rock-hosted disseminated gold mineralization in the Alšar district, Macedonia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 649-655.
 
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