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Sarmientite

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About SarmientiteHide

00730730014946586096651.jpg
Domingo Faustino Sarmiento
Formula:
Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Colour:
Light yellow-orange
Lustre:
Dull
Specific Gravity:
2.58
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honor of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento (15 February 1811, San Juan, Argentina - 11 September 1888, Asunción, Paraguay), educator, writer, and the seventh President of Argentina. He was a founder of the Cordoba Academy of Science.
Sanjuanite-Destinezite Group. Arsenate analogue of Diadochite.

An uncommon secondary mineral occurring in oxidized pyritic veins in diabase.


Classification of SarmientiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1968
8.DB.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4< 1:1
43.5.1.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
5 : Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
22.3.26

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates

Physical Properties of SarmientiteHide

Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Light yellow-orange
Density:
2.58 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.58 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SarmientiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.628 nβ = 1.635 nγ = 1.698
2V:
Measured: 38° , Calculated: 38°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.070
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak to distinct

Chemical Properties of SarmientiteHide

Formula:
Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O

Crystallography of SarmientiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.55 Å, b = 18.55 Å, c = 9.70 Å
β = 97.65°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.353 : 1 : 0.523
Unit Cell V:
1,168.08 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic [001] and flattened {010}, exhibiting {010}, {110} and {011}. Microcrystalline (to 20 μm) forming nodular masses as aggregates.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.29 Å(100)
4.87 Å(38)
4.64 Å(90)
4.26 Å(80)
3.43 Å(40)
3.06 Å(70)
2.60 Å(48)

Type Occurrence of SarmientiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia?
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Fe-sulfate gossan over pyrite vein.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for SarmientiteHide

German:Sarmientit
Spanish:Sarmientita

Relationship of Sarmientite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
DestineziteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric.
ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DB.ArangasiteAl2F(PO4)(SO4) · 9H2O Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DB.05DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
8.DB.05Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)Amor.
8.DB.05DestineziteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.10VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DB.15SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
8.DB.20SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
8.DB.25MitryaevaiteAl6(PO4)((P,S)O3(OH,O))2F2(OH)2 · 14.5H2OTric.
8.DB.30SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric.
8.DB.40BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.45ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
8.DB.50GiniiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DB.55Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
8.DB.60McauslaniteFe3Al2(PO4)3(PO3OH)F · 18H2OTric.
8.DB.65GoldquarryiteCuCd2Al3(PO4)4F2(H2O,F)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.70BirchiteCd2Cu2(PO4)2(SO4) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.DB.75BraithwaiteiteNaCu5(Ti4+Sb5+)(AsO4)4(HAsO4)2O2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

43.5.1.2BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
43.5.1.3SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.3.1ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
22.3.2ArdealiteCa2(PO3OH)(SO4) · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
22.3.3Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2OHex.
22.3.4ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2OMon.
22.3.5PeisleyiteNa2Al9[(P,S)O4]8(OH)6•28H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.6ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2OTrig. 3 : R3
22.3.7WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.8Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
22.3.9SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.10KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.11SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric.
22.3.12KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.13HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2OTric.
22.3.14WeileriteBaAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Hex.
22.3.15TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.16ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.17HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.18HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.19OrpheitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.20CoconinoiteFe3+2Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2OMon.
22.3.21Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
22.3.22Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.
22.3.23CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.24BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.25DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
22.3.27BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.28ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
22.3.29TooeleiteFe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
22.3.30Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)Amor.
22.3.31Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2OTet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SarmientiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Angelelli, V. & Gordon, S.G. (1941) Notulae Naturae, Academy of Sciences, Philadelphia: no. 92.
Angelelli and Gordon (1942) Publ. Inst. de Fisiog. y Geol., Univ. Nac. del Litoral, Argentina: no. XII.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1013-1014.
de Abeledo, M.E.J. & de Benyacar, M.A.R. (1968) American Mineralogist: 53: 2077-2082.
Colombo, F., Rius, J., Vallcorba, O., Miner, E.P. (2014) The crystal structure of sarmientite, Fe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH).5H2O, solved ab initio from laboratory powder diffraction data. Mineralogical Magazine: 78: 347-360.

Internet Links for SarmientiteHide

Localities for SarmientiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina (TL)
 
  • San Juan Province
    • Calingasta Department
      • Calingasta
        • Quebrada Alcaparrosa
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 480, 609, 1014.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion Mine
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
            • Mercati mines
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Amerzgane
M.E. Ciriotti collection [S. Möckel 2010 - EDX+PXRD]
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal
    • uMgungundlovu District
      • Mpendle District
Minerals of South Africa
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
Excalibur mineral specimen
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Winnemucca Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
 
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