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Sabieite

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About SabieiteHide

06782900015217997812239.jpg
Sabie, South Africa
Formula:
(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Earthy
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
2.36 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after the twon of Sabie, South Africa, closest to the discovery locality.
Dimorph of:
Isostructural with:
The ferric Fe analogue of godovikovite. Chemically related to pyracmonite and ferroefremovite. Slightly hydroscopic.

The following different polytypes are known: 1T, 2H and 3R (Kampf et al., 2014).




Classification of SabieiteHide

Approved
7.AC.20

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
A : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
28.3.5.1

28 : ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
3 : AXO4
25.11.13

25 : Sulphates
11 : Sulphates of Fe and other metals

Physical Properties of SabieiteHide

Earthy
Comment:
Semitransparent
Colour:
White
Hardness:
Density:
2.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SabieiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.578 nε = 1.595
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.017
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of SabieiteHide

Formula:
(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2

Crystallography of SabieiteHide

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Sabieite-1TSabieite-2HSabieite-3R
   
   
   
   
   



   
   
   

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Dehydration product of lonecreekite.

Type Occurrence of SabieiteHide

Synonyms of SabieiteHide

Other Language Names for SabieiteHide

German:Sabieit
Spanish:Sabieita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Sabieite associated with Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
1 photo of Sabieite associated with Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.AC.Aluminopyracmonite(NH4)3Al(SO4)3Trig. 3 : R3
7.AC.Acmonidesite(NH4,K,Pb)8NaFe2+4(SO4)5Cl8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
7.AC.05VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.AC.08Pyracmonite(NH4)3Fe(SO4)3Trig. 3m : R3c
7.AC.10Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3Iso.
7.AC.10LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
7.AC.10ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
7.AC.15YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.AC.15EldfelliteNaFe3+(SO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.AC.20Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
7.AC.25ThénarditeNa2SO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
7.AC.30MetathénarditeNa2SO4Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.AC.35Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2Trig.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

28.3.5.2Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.11.1NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.11.2SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.11.3MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
25.11.4FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
25.11.5AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.11.6YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
25.11.7KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
25.11.8GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.11.9JarositeKFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.11.10VoltaiteK2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
25.11.11UngemachiteK3Na8Fe(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
25.11.12MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2OTrig.
25.11.14Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
25.11.15Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2OTric.
25.11.16Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.11.17Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso.
25.11.18Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2Trig. 3 2 : P3 2 1
25.11.19BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.11.21Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2OTrig. 3 : R3
25.11.23SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
25.11.24Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3Trig. 3 : R3
25.11.25AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.11.26HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2 : P2
25.11.27Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
25.11.28LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.11.29ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Slowly soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SabieiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Martini, J. E. J. (1984) Lonecreekite, sabieite, and clairite, new secondary ammonium ferric-iron sulfates from Lone Creek Fall cave, near Sabie, eastern Transvaal. Annals of the Geological Survey (South Africa): 17: 29-34.
American Mineralogist (1986): 71: 229.
Kampf, A.R., Richards, R.P., Nash, B.P. (2014) The 2H and 3R polytypes of sabieite, NH4Fe3+(SO4)2, from a natural fire in an oil-bearing shale near Milan, Ohio. American Mineralogist: 99: 1500-1506.

Internet Links for SabieiteHide

Localities for SabieiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Kladno District
      • Libušin
Zacek, V., Skoda, R., Laufek, F., Kosek, F., & Jehlicka, J. (2019). Complementing knowledge about rare sulphates lonecreekite, NH4Fe3+ (SO4) 2· 12 H2O and sabieite, NH4Fe3+ (SO4) 2: chemical composition, XRD and RAMAN spectroscopy (Libusin near Kladno, the Czech Republic). Journal of Geosciences, 64(2), 149-159.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Alsdorf
Blaß, G. and Strehler, H. (1993): Mineralbildungen in einer durch Selbstentzündung brennenden Bergehalde des Aachener Steinkohlenreviers. Mineralien-Welt 4 (4), 35-42. (in German); Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
      • Freital
Witzke, T. (2012): Neubestimmungen von Fundstellen in Sachsen: Pyracmonit, Philipsbornit, Mottramit, Mansfieldit, Hydrocerussit und weitere. Aufschluss, 63, 295-300.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
    • Komló
Geoda 2007/1
    • Pécs
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
Poland
 
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Rybnik Co.
      • Gmina Czerwionka-Leszczyny
Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Segit, T., Kusy, D., Motyliński, R., Ciesielczuk, J., Deput, E., (2019): Carbon-nitrogen compounds, alcohols, mercaptans, monoterpenes, acetates, aldehydes, ketones, SF6, PH3, and other fire gases in coal-mining waste heaps of Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland) – a re-investigation by means of in situ FTIR external database approach. Science of The Total Environment (in press)
      • Rydułtowy
        • ROW Ruch Rydułtowy Mine
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Ciesielczuk, J., Segit, T., Orłowski, R., Motyliński, R., Kusy, D., Moszumańska, I., 2018. First multi-tool exploration of a gas-condensate-pyrolysate system from the environment of burning coal mine heaps: An in situ FTIR and laboratory GC and PXRD study based on Upper Silesian materials. Science of the Total Environment, 640-641 (1 November 2018), 1044-1071; https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.319
South Africa (TL)
 
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Sabie
        • Lone Creek Falls
Ann.Geol.Surv.S.Africa,(1983) 17, 29-34
USA
 
  • Ohio
    • Huron Co.
      • Huron River
Richards, Pete (2014), "What's New" short presentations before the 41st. Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 25, 2014.; Kampf, A.R., Richards, R.P., Nash, B.P. (2014): The 2H and 3R polytypes of sabieite, NH4Fe3+(SO4)2, from a natural fire in an oil-bearing shale near Milan, Ohio. American Mineralogist, 99, 1500-1506. ; Kampf, A., Richards, R., and B., Nash (2014), The 2H and 3R polytypes of sabieite, NH4Fe3+(SO4)2, from a natural fire in an oil-bearing shale near Milan, Ohio: American Mineralogist: 99(7): 1500–1506.
 
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