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About RusselliteHide

Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montagu Russell
Yellow-green, yellow
Specific Gravity:
7.33 - 7.37
Crystal System:
Named in 1938 by Max Hey and Frederick Allen Bannister in honor of Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montagu Russell [November 30, 1878 Folkestone, Kent, England, UK - February 23, 1964]. Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montagu Russell (1878-1964) 6th Baronet, of Swallowfield Park, Reading, Berkshire, was perhaps the greatest British mineral collector of the 20th century. Sir Arthur Russell’s Will, directed that his collection should be given to the British Museum (Natural History) – now the Natural History Museum. The Russell Society, an organisation for amateur and professional mineralogists, dedicated to British topographical mineralogy, was named in his honor. Arthurite was also a mineral named in his honor and a name shared with his friend Arthur Kingsbury.
An alteration product of primary bismuth minerals and wolframite.

The tungstate analogue of koechlinite and the Bi analogue of tungstibite.

Classification of RusselliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra

2 : A2XO4

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
4 : Tungstates

Pronounciation of RusselliteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of RusselliteHide

Yellow-green, yellow
3½ on Mohs scale
7.33 - 7.37 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.4 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of RusselliteHide

Biaxial (+)
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of RusselliteHide


Crystallography of RusselliteHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.43 Å, b = 16.43 Å, c = 5.45 Å
a:b:c = 0.33 : 1 : 0.332
Unit Cell V:
486.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of RusselliteHide

Other Language Names for RusselliteHide

Simplified Chinese:钨铋矿
Traditional Chinese:鎢鉍礦

Relationship of Russellite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
KoechliniteBi2MoO6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
TungstibiteSb3+2WO6Orth. 2 2 2

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Russellite associated with QuartzSiO2
4 photos of Russellite associated with Zavaritskite(BiO)F
4 photos of Russellite associated with ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
2 photos of Russellite associated with OpalSiO2 · nH2O
2 photos of Russellite associated with ScheeliteCa(WO4)
2 photos of Russellite associated with ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
1 photo of Russellite associated with PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
1 photo of Russellite associated with ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
1 photo of Russellite associated with FluoriteCaF2
1 photo of Russellite associated with BismuthBi

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DE.10Koragoite(Mn2+,Fe3+)3(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(Nb,Mn)2(W,Ta)2O20Mon. 2 : P21
4.DE.15KoechliniteBi2MoO6Orth. mm2 : Pna21
4.DE.15TungstibiteSb3+2WO6Orth. 2 2 2
4.DE.20TelluriteTeO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DE.30BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.DE.30StibiotantaliteSb(Ta,Nb)O4Orth. mm2
4.DE.30StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4Orth. mm2
4.DE.35BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

27.4.1CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
27.4.2ScheeliteCa(WO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.4.4AnthoiniteAlWO3(OH)3Tric. 1
27.4.5MpororoiteWAlO3(OH)3 · 2(H2O)
27.4.7Yttrotungstite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,Y)W2O6(OH)3Mon. 2 : P21
27.4.8StolzitePb(WO4)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
27.4.9RaspitePb(WO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
27.4.12Uranotungstite(Fe2+,Ba,Pb)(UO2)2(WO4)(OH)4 · 12H2OOrth.
27.4.13HübneriteMnWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
27.4.14FerberiteFeWO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
27.4.15Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
27.4.16FerritungstiteIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
27.4.17Phyllotungstite(H2O,M)x(W,Fe)(O,OH)3 · yH2O (M = Ca, Cs, Pb or K)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RusselliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hey, Max and Bannister, Frederick Allen (1938), Russellite, a new British mineral, Mineralogical Magazine: 25: 41-55.
American Mineralogist (1938): 23: 121.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman, and Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 604-605.
Knight, K. S. (1992) The crystal structure of russellite; a re-determination using neutron powder diffraction of synthetic Bi2WO6, Mineralogical Magazine 56: 399-409.
American Mineralogist (1993): 78: 454.

Internet Links for RusselliteHide

Localities for RusselliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Lawrence, L.J., Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2002) Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 8:1, 55-60.
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Lobethal
A. Pring, W. Aird and U. Kolitsch (2003): Perite and russellite from South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 9, 87-90.
  • Victoria
    • Golden Plains Shire
      • Pittong
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
    • Towong Shire
      • Thologolong
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
  • Western Australia
    • Cue Shire
Hodge, L.C.(1970): Russellite- a second occurrence, Mineralogical Magazine, 1970: 37: 705-707
Hodge, L.C. (1970): Russellite - a second occurrence. Mineralogical Magazine 37, 705-707.
  • Potosí
    • Nor Chichas Province
      • Cerro Tazna
SEM-EDS & Raman confirmed by Joy Desor, November 2019.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie Mts
      • Nahanni River area
MinRec 17:340
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
      • Mayo
        • Kalzas Mt
J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997); T. S. Ercit and G. W. Robinson (1994) A refinement of the structure of ferritungstite from Kalzas Mountain, Yukon, and observations on the tungsten pyrochlores. Can Mineral 32:567-574
  • Hong Kong
    • New Territories
      • Tuen Mun District
Field collected by Christopher Chui. PXRD pattern resembles that for russellite more than any other secondary Bi oxide mineral, but far from a perfect match. XRF shows only significant Bi and W.
Czech Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Sokolov District
      • Horní Slavkov
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
  • Liberec Region
    • Liberec District
Pauliš, P., Kopista, J., Sláma, J.: Zajímavá lokalita Sn-W minerálů v Jeřmanicích u Liberce. Minerál, 2008, roč. 16, č. 3, s. 238-243.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Krupka (Graupen)
      • Steinknochen area (Lux vein)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    • Teplice District
Petr Fuchs, analysed by P. Pauliš
  • Vysočina Region
    • Havlíčkův Brod District
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Vrtiška L., Čejka J., Pour O., Laufek F. (2016): Stolzit z Vysoké u Havlíčkova Brodu (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 24 (1): 95-99. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/310615726_Stolzite_from_Vysoka_near_Havlickuv_Brod_Czech_Republic
  • Ore Mountains
Jansa, J., Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Scharmová, M.: Supergenní minerály Sn-W ložiska Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 83-101; Lapis 17(2), 31-35 (1992)
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Boisson, J.-M., Leconte, J. (2017) Analyses MNHN-MICROMONTEURS 2015-2016, La revue des Micromonteurs, 21, 2-36
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Meymac
Ansermet, S., Cuchet, S. & Meisser, N. (2010): Minéralogie de la mine de La grange, Meymac, Corrèze. Le Règne Minéral, 91: 23-31
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
          • Vaulry Mines
Boisson, J.-M., Leconte, J. (2017) Analyses MNHN-MICROMONTEURS 2015-2016, La revue des Micromonteurs, 21, 2-36
      • Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat
Harlaux, M., Marignac, C., Cuney, M., & Mercadier, J. (2015, August). The Puy-les-Vignes breccia pipe (Massif Central, France): a unique occurrence of polymetallic W-Nb±Ta-HREE-Bi-Cu-As±Au-Ag mineralization in the Variscan belt. In 13th Biennial SGA Meeting (Vol. 2, pp. 749-752).
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); KOLITSCH, U. & GÖTZINGER, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. - Erzgräber 14, 33-47.
    • Nordrach
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Schneeberg
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch: Lapis 30(7/8):71-73 (2005)
      • Steinbach
No reference listed
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge District
      • Altenberg
Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Yamaguchi
    • Mine city
Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.; Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karazhal
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
Jeremolenko, V. (2002): Kara-Oba: Mineralogische Perle der Betpak-Ebene bei Dzhambul, Kasachstan. Lapis 27 (4), 13-34 + 50; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
Schnaitmann, E. A., Nägele, H., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Jahn, S. (2007): Das Metazeunerit-Pocket auf Tubussis 22, Erongo. Mineralien-Welt 18 (2), 33-43. (in German)
    • Karibib
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
    • Omaruru
Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra Co.
      • Szklarska Poręba
        • Szklarska Poręba-Huta
Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Serovsky District
      • Turinsk-Auerbakovsk ore field
        • Turya river
          • Tur'insk
Kasatkin, A.V., Makovicky, E., Plášil, J., Škoda, R., Agakhanov, A.A, Karpenko, V.Y. and Nestola, F. (2018) Tsygankoite, Mn8Tl8Hg2(Sb21Pb2Tl)S24S48, a New Sulfosalt from the Vorontsovskoe Gold Deposit, Northern Urals, Russia. Minerals: 8(5): 218.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
Dolgopolova, A., Seltmann, R., Kober, B., Weiss, D., Stanley, C., & Dulski, P. (2004). Geochemical characteristics and lead isotope systematics of highly fractionated Li–F-enriched amazonite granites and related host rocks of the Orlovka–Spokoinoe mining district, Eastern Transbaikalia (Russia). Applied Earth Science, 113(1), 83-99.
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Belalcázar
Rewitzer C., Hochleitner R., Fehr T., Utrera C., Karibibite, schneiderhöhnite, tooeleite and other uncommon secondary minerals in the Nuestra Señora de las Alcantarillas mine, Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain; MineralUp (Revista de Minerales) No.1 Oct. 2016 Page 9-39
        • La Ventosilla farmhouse
Rewitzer, C., Calvo, M. Hochleitner, R., and Utrera, C. (2018). Adamite, austinite, schlegelite, dugganite and other uncommon minerals in the “Cogolla Alta” claim,Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain. Mineral Up, 5 (2), 50-77.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Calstock
        • Gunnislake
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; Weiss, S., Green, D.H., Hooper, J.J., and Elton, N. (2007): Lapis 32(11), 13-25
      • St Columb Major
        • Castle-an-Dinas
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications; Hey M H, Bannister F A, Russell A (1938) Russellite, a new British mineral, Mineralogical Magazine, 25, 41-56
    • Cumbria
      • Copeland
        • Waberthwaite
BMS Database
    • Devon
      • Plymouth
        • Plympton
Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:249
  • Northern Ireland
    • Ulster
      • Co. Down
        • Mourne Mts
Moles, N. R., & Tindle, A. G. (2012). Tungsten and bismuth minerals, including russellite, within greisen veins in the western Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 15, 40-48.
Moles, N. R., & Tindle, A. G. (2012). Tungsten and bismuth minerals, including russellite, within greisen veins in the western Mourne Mountains, Northern Ireland. Journal of the Russell Society, 15, 40-48.
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