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Rinneite

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About RinneiteHide

07715710014947161328014.jpg
Friedrich W.B. Rinne
Formula:
K3Na[FeCl6]
Colour:
Colourless (pure), rose, violet, yellow; turns brown on exposure; colourless to yellowish in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.347
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1908 by Hendrik Enno Boeke in honor of Friedrich Wilhelm Berthold Rinne [March 16, 1863 Osterode, Harz, Germany - March 12, 1933 Guenterstal, Saxony, Germany], crystallographer and petrographer, University of Kiel, Germany
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Rinneite.


Classification of RinneiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.CJ.05

3 : HALIDES
C : Complex halides
J : With MX6 complexes; M = Fe, Mn, Cu
11.5.3.1

11 : HALIDE COMPLEXES
5 : AmBX6
8.11.6

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
11 : Halides of Fe and Ni

Physical Properties of RinneiteHide

Silky
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless (pure), rose, violet, yellow; turns brown on exposure; colourless to yellowish in transmitted light.
Streak:
white
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {11_20).
Fracture:
Splintery, Conchoidal
Density:
2.347 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.406 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of RinneiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.589 nε = 1.589
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.001
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of RinneiteHide

Formula:
K3Na[FeCl6]
IMA Formula:
K3NaFe2+Cl6

Crystallography of RinneiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3c
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.98 Å, c = 13.84 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.155
Unit Cell V:
1,720.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Massive, granular. Crystals thick tabular {0001} or short prismatic [0001] (artificial crystals).
Twinning:
On {0001} (artificial crystals)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Oceanic salt deposits.

Type Occurrence of RinneiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Saline deposits of the oceanic type.

Other Language Names for RinneiteHide

German:Rinneit
Simplified Chinese:钾铁盐
Spanish:Rinneita

Relationship of Rinneite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ChlormanganokaliteK4[MnCl6]Trig.
SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c

Common AssociatesHide

AnhydriteCaSO4
HaliteNaCl
KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
SylviteKCl
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Rinneite associated with CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.CJ.05ChlormanganokaliteK4[MnCl6]Trig.
3.CJ.10ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.CJ.10Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.CJ.15MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
3.CJ.20DouglasiteK2[Fe2+Cl4(OH2)2]Mon.
3.CJ.25Redikortsevite(NH4)MgCl3 · 6H2OOrth.
3.CJ.30Zirklerite(Fe,Mg,Ca)9Al4Cl18(OH)12 · 14H2O (?)Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.11.1MolysiteFeCl3Hex.
8.11.2HydromolysiteFeCl3 · 6H2O
8.11.3RokühniteFeCl2 · 2H2OMon.
8.11.4DouglasiteK2[Fe2+Cl4(OH2)2]Mon.
8.11.5ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.11.7Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.11.8IowaiteMg6Fe3+2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.11.9NickelbischofiteNiCl2 · 6H2OMon.
8.11.10Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in water. Decomposed by absolute alcohol with the extraction of ferrous chloride.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RinneiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Boeke, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75.
Boeke, H.E. (1909) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 38.
Schneider (1909) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie: 504.
Rinne and Kolb (1911) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie: 337.
Cheng (1929) Inaugural Dissertation, Leipzig.
Cheng (1931) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 52.
Bellanca A. (1947) La rinneite: struttura e relazioni cristallochimiche con la cloromanganocalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, Roma: 199-213.
Bellanca (1948) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 16: 199.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 107-108.
Inorganic Chemistry (1982): 21: 1292-1295.

Internet Links for RinneiteHide

Localities for RinneiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Pugwash
Boehner, R.C. (1986) Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Department of Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5.
China
 
Yuhua Chen, Heran Yuan, and Zhiyue Du (1998): Geological Review 44(1), 100-105
  • Yunnan
    • Pu'er
      • Jiangcheng County
Weihao Yue, Jianguo Gao, Yuncan Li, Yinghui Liu, and Xinkai Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(5), 809-822; Li, M., Yan, M., Wang, Z., Liu, X., Fang, X., & Li, J. (2015). The origins of the Mengye potash deposit in the Lanping–Simao Basin, Yunnan Province, Western China. Ore Geology Reviews, 69, 174-186.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
      • Heringen
A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
      • Phillippsthal
A.Dietrich, G.Behnke and T.Thonelt (2004): Kristalle aus der Tiefe - Eine Auswahl von Mineralen aus Kali- und Steinsalzlagerstatten. Kali und Steinsalz:3.p.6-14.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Celle
      • Hänigsen
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108; Bode "Mineralien und Fundstellen BRD" from 1989 ISBN 3-925094-24-5 Pg.9
      • Wathlingen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Hildesheim
      • Diekholzen Potash works
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108.
      • Giesen
Aufschluss 1987(4), 114
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Schwarmstedt
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 87.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102.
  • Thuringia
    • Nordhausen
      • Bleicherode
BOEKE, H.E. (1909): Rinneit, ein neugefundenes eisenchlorürhaltiges Salzmineral.- Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 72-75; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 108.
Leon Hupperichs Collection
    • Wartburgkreis
      • Krayenberggemeinde
XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
Iran
 
  • Hormozgan Province
    • Khamir County
Talbot, C., Farhadi, R., and Aftabi, P. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 352-366.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Turkmenistan
 
  • Lebap
    • Chardzhou
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
UK
 
  • England
    • North Yorkshire
      • Scarborough
        • Eskdaleside cum Ugglebarnby
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
Mineralogical Magazine 1951 29 : 667-689.
USA
 
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
Mike Scott S104332 from Cureton #CRD ID by A Roberts 1993
  • Texas
    • Austin Co.
      • Bellville
Excalibur Mineral Corporation specimen
 
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