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Riebeckite

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About RiebeckiteHide

05506470014946378603794.jpg
Emil Riebeck
Formula:
◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Riebeckite is defined as a member of the riebeckite group with Fe2+>Mg in the C2+ position and (OH) dominant in the W position.
Colour:
Usually black, also commonly light blue to blue-black, gray-blue, gray, brown
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 5½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For Emil Riebeck [June 11, 1853 Preuslitz, Germany - June 22, 1885), German explorer, ethnologist, and mineralogist. Noted author and field collector of artifacts.
Chemically closely related to arfvedsonite.


Classification of RiebeckiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DE.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles
14.20.6

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
20 : Silicates of Fe and alkali metals

Physical Properties of RiebeckiteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Usually black, also commonly light blue to blue-black, gray-blue, gray, brown
Streak:
Pale gray to bluish-grey.
Hardness:
5 - 5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {110}
Fracture:
Splintery

Optical Data of RiebeckiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.680 - 1.698 nβ = 1.683 - 1.700 nγ = 1.685 - 1.706
2V:
Measured: 68° to 85°, Calculated: 62° to 78°
Birefringence:
0.008
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.005 - 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
strong
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X dark blue Z blue gray to yellow green

Chemical Properties of RiebeckiteHide

Formula:
◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2

Riebeckite is defined as a member of the riebeckite group with Fe2+>Mg in the C2+ position and (OH) dominant in the W position.
IMA Formula:
◻Na2(Fe2+3Fe3+2)Si8O22(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ti,Mg,Al,Mn

Crystallography of RiebeckiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.76 Å, b = 18.04 Å, c = 5.33 Å
β = 103.59°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.541 : 1 : 0.295
Unit Cell V:
912.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Prismatic {110}, frequently very elongated. May be acicular, especially in late cavities. Sometimes is very acicular in fine-grained, light colored aggregates. Well-terminated crystals are uncommon.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.40 Å(100)
4.51 Å(20)
3.42 Å(10)
3.27 Å(10)
3.12 Å(60)
2.80 Å(20)
2.73 Å(40)
2.18 Å(20)
Comments:
ICDD 19-1061

Type Occurrence of RiebeckiteHide

Synonyms of RiebeckiteHide

Other Language Names for RiebeckiteHide

Relationship of Riebeckite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2
Magnesio-fluoro-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)F2
Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
45 photos of Riebeckite associated with QuartzSiO2
15 photos of Riebeckite associated with ZirconZr(SiO4)
8 photos of Riebeckite associated with Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
8 photos of Riebeckite associated with AstrophylliteK2NaFe2+7Ti2Si8O28(OH)4F
8 photos of Riebeckite associated with Smoky QuartzSiO2
7 photos of Riebeckite associated with AnataseTiO2
5 photos of Riebeckite associated with RutileTiO2
4 photos of Riebeckite associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
4 photos of Riebeckite associated with DanaliteBe3Fe2+4(SiO4)3S
4 photos of Riebeckite associated with Hydroastrophyllite(H3O,K,Ca)3(Fe,Mn)5-65Ti2Si8(O,OH)31

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Permanganogrunerite☐{Mn2+2}{Mn2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Joesmithite{Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-ferri-hornblende☐Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.15Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+5}(AlSi7O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Al2Si6O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe2+4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Al)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+4Al)Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe2+3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Mangano-ferri-eckermannite{Na}{Na2}{Mn2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteNaNa2(Mn2+2Mn3+3)(Si8O22)O2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteNa(Na2)(Fe2+2Fe3+2Li)(Si8O22)(F)2Mon.
9.DE.25Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistiteNa0.5{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraite{Na}{Na2}{MgMn3+2LiTi4+}Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.20.1EmeleusiteLi2Na4Fe2Si12O30Orth.
14.20.2AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.20.4WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1
14.20.5TuperssuatsiaiteNa2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
14.20.7 Ferri-anniteKFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
14.20.8Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)Tric.
14.20.9Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4

Fluorescence of RiebeckiteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
If in fibrous form the fibers, if breathed in, can cause serious and irreversable lung damage. Avoid exposure to dust.

Riebeckite in petrologyHide

References for RiebeckiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Addison, C.C., Addison, W.E., Neal, G.H., Sharp, J.H. (1962) Amphiboles. I. The oxidation of crocidolite. Journal of the Chemical Society: 1468-1471.
Hanisch, K. (1966) Messung des Ultrarot-Pleochroismus von Mineralien. VI. Der Pleochroismus des OH-Streckfrequenz in Riebeckit. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 109-112.
Borg, I.Y. (1967) Optical properties and cell parameters in the glaucophane-riebeckite series. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 15: 67-92.
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Hawthorne, F.C. (1978) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles; VIII, The crystal structure and site chemistry of fluor-riebeckite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 187-194.
Hawthorne, F.C. (1983) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles.The Canadian Mineralogist: 21: 173-480.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.

Internet Links for RiebeckiteHide

Localities for RiebeckiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Atakor volcanic massif
M. Girod, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 121-125.
M. Girod, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 121-125.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Western Antarctica
Davies, T. G. (1984). The geology of part of northern Palmer Land (Vol. 103). British Antarctic Survey, 1-46
Goldring, D. C. (1962). The geology of the Loubet Coast, Graham Land (Vol. 36). British Antarctic Survey. 1-50
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba Province
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
Dina, H. (1993). Hentschelita en Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Córdoba. Informacion Tecnologica, 48(3-4), 277-282.
  • Salta Province
    • Iruya Department
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 163.
    • La Poma department
      • Cobres
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Alcoota Station
Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
  • Queensland
    • Central Highlands Region
      • Capella
R. Wally Johnson, ‎Jan Knutson, ‎Stuart Ross Taylor - 1989 Intraplate Volcanism: In Eastern Australia and New Zealand. edited by R. Wally Johnson, Jan Knutson, Stuart Ross Taylor, Australian Academy of Science
    • Mount Isa City Shire
Mineralium Deposita 44 (2009) 11-40.; Andy Wilde, Alex Otto, John Jory, Colin MacRae, Mark Pownceby, Nick Wilson and Aaron Torpy (2013) Geology and Mineralogy of Uranium Deposits from Mount Isa, Australia: Implications for Albitite Uranium Deposit Models. Minerals, 3(3), 258-283
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Ameroo Hill
Gov't.Geol.Recon.Map(1954).
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
      • Tom Price
Barley, M.E., Pickard, A.L., Hagemann, S.G., and Folkert, S.L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 784-789.
Miyano, T., Klein, C. (1983): Conditions of Reibeckite Formation In The Iron Formation Of The Dales Gorge Member, Hamersley Group, Western Australia, American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 517-529
Ayres, D. E. (1972). Genesis of iron-bearing minerals in banded iron formation mesobands in the Dales Gorge Member, Hamersley Group, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 67(8), 1214-1233.; Takashi M., Miyano S. (1982): Ferri-Annite From The Dales Gorge Iron Formation, Wittenoom Area, Western Australia, American Mineralogist (December 1982):67:1179-1194
        • Wittenoom Gorge
Grubb, P. L. C. (1971). Silicates and their paragenesis in the Brockman Iron Formation of Wittenoom gorge, Western Australia. Economic Geology, 66(2), 281-292.
        • Yampire Gorge
http://www.mininglegacies.org/mines/west-aust/wittenoom/
http://www.mininglegacies.org/mines/west-aust/wittenoom/
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Weeli Wolli Creek Area
Lascelles, D. F. (2006): Economic Geology 101, 1359-1376.
West Angelas Closure Plan February 2015 FDMS No. RTIO-HSE-0228290
    • Port Hedland Shire
      • Wallareenya Station
Calderwood, M.A., Grguric, B.A., Jacobson, M.I., (2007) Guidebook to the Pegmatites of Western Australia. Hesperian Press, Carlisle, Western Australia.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Kolbnitz
Walter, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2015): 1918) Bastnäsit-(Ce) aus dem Riekengraben, Reißeckgruppe. Pp. 220-221 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Lower Austria
    • Neunkirchen District
      • Gloggnitz
        • Schlossberg
Brandstätter, F. & Niedermayr, G. (1998); Exel, R. (1993)
Kolitsch, U. & Slama, M. (2016): Zur Mineralogie des niederösterreichischen Anteils des Semmering-Basistunnels: ein erster Bericht. Der Steirische Mineralog 31, 20-27 (in German).
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Chapare Province
      • Alto Chapare mining district
        • Cristalmayu subdistrict
          • Cristalmayu
            • Cristalmayu valley
Amer.Min. (1993) 78, 433-436 (Dubious ID; more likely magnesioriebeckite)
  • Santa Cruz
    • Velasco Province
No reference listed
Brazil
 
  • Amazonas
    • Presidente Figueiredo
Horbe, M. A., Horbe, A. C., Costi, H. T., & Teixeira, J. T. (1991). Geochemical characteristics of cryolite-tin-bearing granites from the Pitinga mine, northwestern Brazil—a review. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40(1), 227-249.
A. C. Bastos Neto, V. P. Pereira, L. H. Ronchi, E. F. de Lima and J. C. Frantz (2009): The world-class Sn, Nb, Ta, F (Y, REE, Li) deposit and the massive cryolite associated with the albite-enriched facies of the Madeira A-type granite, Pitinga mining district, Amazonas State, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 1329-1357.; Horbe, A. M. C., & da Costa, M. L. (1999). Geochemical evolution of a lateritic Sn–Zr–Th–Nb–Y–REE-bearing ore body derived from apogranite: the case of Pitinga, Amazonas—Brazil. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 66(1), 339-351.; Sighnolfi, G., Costi, H. T., Horbe, A. M. C., Borges, R. M. K., Dall'agnol, R., & Rossi, A. (2008). Mineral chemistry of cassiterites from Pitinga Province, Amozonian Craton, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 30(4), 775-782
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Lafaiete
http://acd.ufrj.br/geologia/posgrad/area1_d.htm
    • Ubá
Pinto, C. P. (1996). Petrologia de gnaisses alcalinos da Serra da Mantiqueira em Minas Gerais, Brasil. Boletim IG-USP. Publicação Especial, (18), 21-23.
  • Pernambuco
http://www.unb.br/ig/sigep/sitio111/sitio111english.pdf
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Miller, R. R. (1988). Yttrium (Y) and other rare metals (Be, Nb, REE, Ta, Zr) in Labrador. Newfoundland Dept Min Rept, 88, 229-245.
Curtis, L.W. & Currie, K.L. (1977) Geology and petrology of the Red Wine complex, Central Labrador. GSC Bulletin 287, 61p. + maps
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
KLEIN, C. (1966): Mineralogy and petrology of the metamorphosed Wabush iron formation, southwest Labrador. Journal of Petrology 7, 246-305.
    • Newfoundland
      • St. Lawrence
Norman Wilson collection; Teng, H.H. and Strong, D.F., 1976, Geology and Geochemistry of the St. Lawrence Peralkaline Granite and Associated Fluorite Deposits, Southeast Newfoundland: Can Jour. Earth Sci., v. 113, pp. 1374-1385. Van Alstine, R. E. 1948, Geology and Mineral Deposits of the St. Lawrence Area, Burin Peninsula, Newfoundland; Newfoundland Geological Survey Bulletin No. 23, St. John’s, Newfoundland, 1948.
  • Northwest Territories
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/can.htm.; Badham 91978), Davidson (1978 & 1983)
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
    • Yellowknife Pegmatite field
Northern Mineral Showings Database, NWT Geoscience Office.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Pugwash
Boehner, R.C. (1986) Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Department of Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5.
Doucette, C., Pe-Piper, G. (1997) Digitial mapping of the Wentworth plutonic complex, Cobequid Highlans, Nova Scotia, and petrology of its felsic phases. 1997 AGS Abstracts, Atlantic Geology: 33(1): 56.
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
      • Ellesmere Island
Wooley, A (1987) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Vol.1
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • McMurray Township
http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol24/AM24_382.pdf
RIEBECKITE IN QUARTZ VEINS FROM THE MICHIPICOTEN DISTRICT, ONTARIO J. E. Hawley (1937) AM Vol22, pg.1099
http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol22/AM22_1099.pdf
Econ Geol (1997) 92:308-324
    • Cochrane District
      • Moosonee Town
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
      • Timmins area
        • Macklem Township
Reiner Mielke
    • Hastings County
      • Wollaston Township
Identified by Mineral Associates Inc.
    • Peterborough County
      • Methuen Township
McLEMORE, V. T. (2006). Nepheline Syenite. Industrial Mineral and Rocks, 7th Edition, Kogel, JE, Trivedi, NC, Barker, JM and Krukowsk, ST (Seniors Editors), Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Littleton, Colorado, 653-670.
    • Sudbury District
      • I.R.6
Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines MDI Number: MDI41I06SW00056
      • Lackner Township
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Thunder Bay District
Currie (1980)
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Témiscamingue RCM
        • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
Kenneth L. Currie and Otto van Breemen (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34:435-451
    • Côte-Nord
      • Caniapiscau RCM
        • Schefferville
Carl M. Lesher (1978) Mineralogy and petrology of the Sokoman Iron Formation near Ardua Lake, Quebec. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 15:480-500
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Bancroft & Howard (1923)
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R., & Jébrak, M. (2016) Evolution ofMontviel alkaline-carbonatite complex by coupled fractional crystallization, fluid mixing and metasomatism — Part II: Trace element and Sm–Nd isotope geochemistry ofmetasomatic rocks: implications for REE-Nb mineralization. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 1163-1162.
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/can.htm; BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
Geol, Survey of Canada database
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Tongling
      • Zongyang County
        • Dalongshan-Zongyang massif
Wang, Q., Zhao, Z. H., Jian, P., Xiong, X. L., Bao, Z. W., Dai, T. M., ... & Ma, J. L. (2005). Geochronology of Cretaceous, A-type granitoids or alkaline intrusive rocks in the hinterland, South China: constraints for late-Mesozoic tectonic evolution. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 21(3), 795-808.
  • Guangxi
    • Chongzuo
      • Daxin Co.
Zhao Zhenhua and Tu Guangzhi (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of Strata-bound Deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), pp. 281-305
  • Heilongjiang
    • Heihe
      • Aihui District
Wu, F. Y., Sun, D. Y., Li, H., Jahn, B. M., & Wilde, S. (2002). A-type granites in northeastern China: age and geochemical constraints on their petrogenesis. Chemical Geology, 187(1-2), 143-173.
      • Nenjiang County
Wu, F. Y., Sun, D. Y., Li, H., Jahn, B. M., & Wilde, S. (2002). A-type granites in northeastern China: age and geochemical constraints on their petrogenesis. Chemical Geology, 187(1-2), 143-173.
    • Qiqihaer
Xiaoshi Ding, Ge Bai, Zhongxian Yuan, and Luren Sun (1981): Geological Review 46(5), 459-466
  • Henan
    • Luoyang
      • Luanchuan County
Bao, Z., Wang, Q., & Du, F. (2011). Geochemistry and geodynamic significance of the rare-earth mineralized Paleoproterozoic Longwangzhuang granite on the southern margin of the North China Craton. Chinese Journal of Geochemistry, 30(2), 270-279. Xinxiang, L. (1989). The geological characteristics of Longwangzhuuang A-type granite and its significance [J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 1, 67-77. Wang, X. L., Jiang, S. Y., Dai, B. Z., & Kern, J. (2013). Lithospheric thinning and reworking of Late Archean juvenile crust on the southern margin of the North China Craton: evidence from the Longwangzhuang Paleoproterozoic A‐type granites and their surrounding Cretaceous adakite‐like granites. Geological Journal, 48(5), 498-515.
  • Hunan
    • Changsha
      • Ningxiang City
Mei, H., Tang, C., Li, S., Li, Y., Zhang, X., Lu, D., & Zhang, L. (1998). Lamproites and kimberlites in China and the genesis of diamond deposit. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 41(1), 54-92.
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Baotou City (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo mining district
        • Bayan Obo
Campbell, L. S., Compston, W., Sircombe, K. N., & Wilkinson, C. C. (2014). Zircon from the East Orebody of the Bayan Obo Fe–Nb–REE deposit, China, and SHRIMP ages for carbonatite-related magmatism and REE mineralization events. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 168(2), 1041-1063. Chao, E. C. T., Back, J. M., Minkin, J. A., Tatsumoto, M., Wen, W. J., Conrad, J. E., ... & Huang, S. G. (1997). US Geological Survey Bulletin 2143: The sedimentary carbonate-hosted giant Bayan Obo REE-Fe-Nb ore deposit of Inner Mongolia, China: A cornerstone example for giant polymetallic ore deposits of hydrothermal origin. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin, 2143. Drew, L. J., Qingrun, M., & Weijun, S. (1990). The Bayan Obo iron-rare-earth-niobium deposits, Inner Mongolia, China. Lithos, 26(1-2), 43-65. Fan, H. R., Hu, F. F., Yang, K. F., & Wang, K. Y. (2006). Fluid unmixing/immiscibility as an ore-forming process in the giant REE–Nb–Fe deposit, Inner Mongolian, China: evidence from fluid inclusions. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 89(1-3), 104-107. Yang, K. F., Fan, H. R., Santosh, M., Hu, F. F., & Wang, K. Y. (2011). Mesoproterozoic carbonatitic magmatism in the Bayan Obo deposit, Inner Mongolia, North China: constraints for the mechanism of super accumulation of rare earth elements. Ore Geology Reviews, 40(1), 122-131.
Tu Guangchi and Wang Kaiyi (1997) in: Pei Rongfu (ed.): Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress, Vol.9, VSP (Utrecht, Tokyo), pp. 83-90.
Smith, M.P. (2007): Lithos 93(1/2), 126-148.
Tu Guangchi and Wang Kaiyi (1997) in: Pei Rongfu (ed.): Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress, Vol.9, VSP (Utrecht, Tokyo), pp. 83-90.; Youbin Liang, Zhonglong Xu, and Zhiyin Hu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 29-33
          • Dulahala
Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zheng, Y.F., and Le Bas, M.J. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 93-110.
    • Tongliao City (Tongliao Prefecture)
      • Jarud Banner (Zalute Co.)
        • Baerzhe complex
Zhongxin Yuan and Ge Bai (1997): Geology and Prospecting 33(1), 42-48; Wubin Yang, Qiang Shan, Zhenhua Zhao, Yong Luo, Xueyuan Yu, Ningbo Li, and Hecai Niu (2011): Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition) 41(6), 1689-1704; Jingzhan Zhu, Guohui Zhang, Qingsong Du, and Jing He (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(4), 207-214
The Editorial Committee of the Mineral deposits in China (eds) Mineral deposits of China, Vol. 3, 226-279.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Kuandian County
Wu, F. Y., Lin, J. Q., Wilde, S. A., Zhang, X. O., & Yang, J. H. (2005). Nature and significance of the Early Cretaceous giant igneous event in eastern China. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 233(1-2), 103-119.
  • Shandong
    • Jining
      • Weishan County
Wu, C., Yuan, Z., and Bai, G. (1996): Rare earth deposits in China. In: Jones, A.P., Wall, F., and Williams, C.T. (Eds.): Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, origin and ore deposits. The Mineralogical Society Series, Vol. 7. Chapman & Hall (London).
  • Sichuan
    • Liangshan
      • Dechang County
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189, 174 pp.
      • Mianning County
Congde Chen and Guangping Pu (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(5), 18-23
      • Xichang County
Yuquan Zhang and Yingwen Xie (1997): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences) 40(1), 104-112; Shellnutt, J. G., Jahn, B. M., & Dostal, J. (2010). Elemental and Sr–Nd isotope geochemistry of microgranular enclaves from peralkaline A-type granitic plutons of the Emeishan large igneous province, SW China. Lithos, 119(1-2), 34-46. Shellnutt, J. G., & Iizuka, Y. (2011). Mineralogy from three peralkaline granitic plutons of the Late Permian Emeishan large igneous province (SW China): evidence for contrasting magmatic conditions of A-type granitoids. European Journal of Mineralogy, 23(1), 45-61.
      • Yanyuan County
Huang, X. L., Xu, Y. G., Li, X. H., Li, W. X., Lan, J. B., Zhang, H. H., ... & Yang, Q. J. (2008). Petrogenesis and tectonic implications of Neoproterozoic, highly fractionated A-type granites from Mianning, South China. Precambrian Research, 165(3-4), 190-204.
    • Panzhihua
      • Dong District
Shellnutt, J. G., & Iizuka, Y. (2011). Mineralogy from three peralkaline granitic plutons of the Late Permian Emeishan large igneous province (SW China): evidence for contrasting magmatic conditions of A-type granitoids. European Journal of Mineralogy, 23(1), 45-61. Shellnutt, J. G., & Jahn, B. M. (2010). Formation of the Late Permian Panzhihua plutonic-hypabyssal-volcanic igneous complex: implications for the genesis of Fe–Ti oxide deposits and A-type granites of SW China. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 289(3-4), 509-519. Shellnutt, J. G., & Zhou, M. F. (2007). Permian peralkaline, peraluminous and metaluminous A-type granites in the Panxi district, SW China: their relationship to the Emeishan mantle plume. Chemical Geology, 243(3-4), 286-316. Zhang, Y., Luo, Y., & Yang, C. (Eds.). (1990). Panxi Rift and its geodynamics. Geological Publishing House. Zhong, H., Zhu, W. G., Hu, R. Z., Xie, L. W., He, D. F., Liu, F., & Chu, Z. Y. (2009). Zircon U–Pb age and Sr–Nd–Hf isotope geochemistry of the Panzhihua A-type syenitic intrusion in the Emeishan large igneous province, southwest China and implications for growth of juvenile crust. Lithos, 110(1-4), 109-128. Zhong, H., Campbell, I. H., Zhu, W. G., Allen, C. M., Hu, R. Z., Xie, L. W., & He, D. F. (2011). Timing and source constraints on the relationship between mafic and felsic intrusions in the Emeishan large igneous province. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(5), 1374-1395. Zhou, M. F., Robinson, P. T., Lesher, C. M., Keays, R. R., Zhang, C. J., & Malpas, J. (2005). Geochemistry, petrogenesis and metallogenesis of the Panzhihua gabbroic layered intrusion and associated Fe–Ti–V oxide deposits, Sichuan Province, SW China. Journal of Petrology, 46(11), 2253-2280.
      • Miyi County
Shellnutt, J. G., Zhou, M. F., & Zellmer, G. F. (2009). The role of Fe–Ti oxide crystallization in the formation of A-type granitoids with implications for the Daly gap: an example from the Permian Baima igneous complex, SW China. Chemical Geology, 259(3-4), 204-217. Shellnutt, J. G., Wang, C. Y., Zhou, M. F., & Yang, Y. (2009). Zircon Lu–Hf isotopic compositions of metaluminous and peralkaline A-type granitic plutons of the Emeishan large igneous province (SW China): constraints on the mantle source. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 35(1), 45-55. Zhong, H., Campbell, I. H., Zhu, W. G., Allen, C. M., Hu, R. Z., Xie, L. W., & He, D. F. (2011). Timing and source constraints on the relationship between mafic and felsic intrusions in the Emeishan large igneous province. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(5), 1374-1395. Zhong, H., Zhu, W. G., Chu, Z. Y., He, D. F., & Song, X. Y. (2007). SHRIMP U–Pb zircon geochronology, geochemistry, and Nd–Sr isotopic study of contrasting granites in the Emeishan large igneous province, SW China. Chemical Geology, 236(1-2), 112-133. Shellnutt, J. G., Jahn, B. M., & Dostal, J. (2010). Elemental and Sr–Nd isotope geochemistry of microgranular enclaves from peralkaline A-type granitic plutons of the Emeishan large igneous province, SW China. Lithos, 119(1-2), 34-46.
Lin, C., LIu, Y., Wang, Z., & Hong, W. (1995). Rare element and rare-earth element deposits of China. Mineral deposits of China, 3, 226-279.
      • Yanbian County
Fenlian Wang, Taiping Zhao, and Wei Chen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(2), 293-308
XIA, B., LIU, H., & ZHANG, Y. (2004). SHRIMP DATING OF AGPAITIC ALKALIC ROCKS IN PANXI RIFT ZONE AND ITS GEOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS—EXAMPLES FOR HONGGE, BAIMA AND JIJIE ROCK BODIES [J]. Geotectonica Et Metallogenia, 28, 149-154. Zhang, Y., Luo, Y., & Yang, C. (Eds.). (1990). Panxi Rift and its geodynamics. Geological Publishing House. Bai, Z. J., Zhong, H., Li, C., Zhu, W. G., He, D. F., & Qi, L. (2014). Contrasting parental magma compositions for the Hongge and Panzhihua magmatic Fe-Ti-V oxide deposits, Emeishan Large Igneous Province, SW China. Economic Geology, 109(6), 1763-1785.
  • Xinjiang
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Akesu Co. (Aksu Co.; Aqsu Co.)
Lifei Zhang, Wenbo Jiang, Chunjing Wei, and Shenbao Dong (1999): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 42 (3), 233-239.
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Qitai Co. (Gucheng Co.; Guqung Co.)
        • Sabei intrusion
Yuping Su, Hongfeng Tang, Sylvester, P.J., Congqiang Liu, Wenjun Qu, Guangshun Hou, and Feng Cong (2007): Geochemical Journal 41, 341-357
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuhai Co. (Burultokay Co.)
Fuwen Chen, Huaqin Li, Hong Cai, Houqun Liu, and Hailiang Chang (1999): Mineral Deposits 18(1), 91-97
Zhou, T., Yuan, F., Fan, Y., Zhang, D., Cooke, D., & Zhao, G. (2008). Granites in the Sawuer region of the west Junggar, Xinjiang Province, China: geochronological and geochemical characteristics and their geodynamic significance. Lithos, 106(3-4), 191-206.
Zhou, T., Yuan, F., Fan, Y., Zhang, D., Cooke, D., & Zhao, G. (2008). Granites in the Sawuer region of the west Junggar, Xinjiang Province, China: geochronological and geochemical characteristics and their geodynamic significance. Lithos, 106(3-4), 191-206.
  • Yunnan
    • Lincang
      • Cangyuan County
Lin, Y., Wei, G. A. O., Zengtao, C., Yulong, Y., & Yan, T. (2010). LA‐ICP‐MS Zircon U‐Pb Geochronology and Petrology of the Muchang Alkali Granite, Zhenkang County, Western Yunnan Province, China. Acta Geologica Sinica‐English Edition, 84(6), 1488-1499.
  • Zhejiang
    • Hangzhou
      • Xiaoshan District
Li, X-H., Li, W-X., Li, Z.X., Ying, L. (2008) 850–790 Ma bimodal volcanic and intrusive rocks in northern Zhejiang, South China: A major episode of continental rift magmatism during the breakup of Rodinia. Lithos, 102 (1-2), 341-357. Wang, Q., Wyman, D.A., Li, Z.X., Bao, Z.W., Zhao, Z.H., Wang, Y.X., Jian, P., Yang, Y.H., Chen, L.L. (2010) Petrology, geochronology and geochemistry of ca. 780 Ma A-type granites in South China: Petrogenesis and implications for crustal growth during the breakup of the supercontinent Rodinia. Precambrian Research, 178(1-4), 185-208.
    • Wenzhou
      • Cangnan County
Xiao, E., Qiu, J. S., Xu, X. S., Jiang, S. Y., Hu, J., & Li, Z. (2007). Geochronology and geochemistry of the Yaokeng alkaline granitic pluton in Zhejiang province: Petrogenetic and tectonic implications. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 23(6), 1431-1440. Qiu, J. S., Wang, D. Z., McInnes, B. I., Jiang, S. Y., Wang, R. C., & Kanisawa, S. (2004). Two subgroups of A-type granites in the coastal area of Zhejiang and Fujian Provinces, SE China: age and geochemical constraints on their petrogenesis. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 95(1-2), 227-236.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Igaliku
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p (p.288-289); Petersen Ole V., Secher K. (1985) Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 p
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
          • Kvanefjeld (Kuannersuit Plateau)
Semenow, E.I. et al. (1967): Rare Earths in minerals of the Joaquinite group, American Mineralogist, Vol. 52, 1762-1769
Upton, B.J.G. , Hill, P.G., Johnsen, O. & Petersen, O.V. (1978): Emeleusite: a new LiNaFeIII silicate from south Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 42, 31-34
        • Quagdlimiut
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
    • Northeast Greenland National Park
      • J.V.Jensen Land
Larsen, O. (1982): The age of the Kap Washington Group volcanics, North Greenland. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark. 31, 49-55
    • Sermersooq
      • Arsuk Fjord
Stephenson, D. & Upton, B.J.G. (1982) Ferromagnesian silicates in a differentiated alkaline complex: Kûngnât Fjeld, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine. 46: 283-300
Bedford, C.M., 1989. The mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Gronnedal-Ika complex, southwest Greenland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kipushi
Deliens, M. (1996) Overzicht van de mineralogie van de koper-, kobalt- en uraniumvoorkomens in Zuid-Shaba (Zaïre). Pages 35-49 in: Schatten der Aarde. Van mineraal tot juweel. Tentoonstelling in de abdij Saint-Gérard de Brogne van 27 april tot 27 oktober 1996. Catalogus opgemaakt onder de leiding van R. Warin, AGAB en P. Van hee, MKA (in Dutch).
Egypt
 
  • New Valley
    • Lake Nasser
Hassan, K.M. (2018): Trace elements and REE enrichment at Seboah Hill, SW Egypt. Mineralogia 49, 47-65.
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
M. Hassaan, A. El-Mezayen, Mervat S. Hassan, T. Ramadan and H. El-Desoky (2009) On the Metamorphism of Hafafit Sillimanite-bearing Pelitic Schists, Nubian Shield: Geochemical and Mineralogical Contributions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 3(1): 229-253
Finland
 
  • Kainuu
    • Kajaani
Hytönen, Kai, Hautala, Tuula 1985. Aegerine and riebeckite of the alkaline gneisses of Pikkukallio in the Honkamäki- Otanmäki region, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 57 (1-2), 164-180.
  • Lapland
    • Enontekiö
Hytönen, Kai; Hautala, Tuula 1985. Aegerine and riebeckite of the Pikkukallio in the Honkamäki-Otanmäki region, Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland 57 (1-2), 169-180.
  • North Karelia
    • Juuka
Sotka, P. 1984. Juuka, Panjavaara: Ce-La-Sr-mineraalien esiintyminen karbonaattijuonissa. Outokumpu OY raportti 070/4312 08A/PMS/1984.
France
 
  • Corsica
    • Corse-du-Sud
Bonin, B., Grelou-Orsini, C., Vialette, Y. (1978): Age, origin and evolution of the anorogenic complex of Evisa (Corsica): A K-Li-Rb-Sr study. Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 65, 425-432; http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Crystals_of_black_riebeckite_in_alkaline_pegmatite,_near_%C3%89visa_%28Corsica,_France%29.jpg
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Molines-en-Queyras
M.S. self collected in 2014
      • Saint-Véran
  • Réunion
    • Cilaos
      • Bras de Cilaos
Jean-Marie Lièvre collection.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Franconian Forest
      • Hof
        • Gattendorf
Leon Hupperichs collection
Greece
 
  • Central Greece
    • Euboea
P. Xypolias, I. Iliopoulos,V. Chatzaras, and S. Kokkalas, (2012): Subduction- and exhumation-related structures in the Cycladic Blueschists: Insights from south Evia Island (Aegean region, Greece). TECTONICS, VOL. 31, TC2006
  • Central Macedonia
    • Pella
      • Edessa
Michailidis, K. M. (1990): Zoned chromites with high Mn-contents in the Fe-Ni-Cr-laterite ore deposits from the Edessa area in Northern Greece. Mineralium Deposita 25, 190-197.
Michailidis, K. M. (1990): Zoned chromites with high Mn-contents in the Fe-Ni-Cr-laterite ore deposits from the Edessa area in Northern Greece. Mineralium Deposita 25, 190-197.
Michailidis, K. M. (1990): Zoned chromites with high Mn-contents in the Fe-Ni-Cr-laterite ore deposits from the Edessa area in Northern Greece. Mineralium Deposita 25, 190-197.
Hungary
 
  • Vas County
    • Felsõcsatár (Felsöcsatár)
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Anantapur District
Suresh, G., Ananthanarayana, R., Hanumanthu, R. C., Ghosh, S., Kumar, A. A., & Reddy, K. V. S. (2010). Geology of Pulikonda and Dancherla Alkaline Complexes, Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 75(4), 576-595.
Suresh, G., Ananthanarayana, R., Hanumanthu, R. C., Ghosh, S., Kumar, A. A., & Reddy, K. V. S. (2010). Geology of Pulikonda and Dancherla Alkaline Complexes, Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 75(4), 576-595.
Suresh, G., Ananthanarayana, R., Hanumanthu, R. C., Ghosh, S., Kumar, A. A., & Reddy, K. V. S. (2010). Geology of Pulikonda and Dancherla Alkaline Complexes, Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 75(4), 576-595.
    • Kadapa district
Suresh, G., Ananthanarayana, R., Hanumanthu, R. C., Ghosh, S., Kumar, A. A., & Reddy, K. V. S. (2010). Geology of Pulikonda and Dancherla Alkaline Complexes, Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 75(4), 576-595.
    • Prakasam District
Madhavan, V., Mallikharjuna Rao, J., Srinivas, M., Natarajan, R., & Sayeed, A. U. S. A. F. (1994). Petrology and petrogenesis of syenites from the Cuddapah basin, Andhra Pradesh. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 225-237. Appavadhanulu, K. (1966). Minette and riebeckite-kalisyenite dykes in some upper Cuddapah rocks, Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 94(2), 303-304.
Vijayam, B. E. (1969). Plutonic rocks in the Cuddapah basin. Journal of the Indian Geoscience Association, 11, 75-78. Madhavan, V., Mallikharjuna Rao, J., Srinivas, M., Natarajan, R., & Sayeed, A. U. S. A. F. (1994). Petrology and petrogenesis of syenites from the Cuddapah basin, Andhra Pradesh. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 225-237.
Madhavan, V., & Sugrive Reddy, A. G. (1990). The Podili Syenites―A suite of alkaline and subalkaline rocks from Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 35(4), 341-356. Murty, M. S. (1977). Sodalite-Cancrinite-Fluorite Syenite from the Granitic Terrain of Podili, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 18(6), 297-298.
Vijayam, B. E. (1969). Plutonic rocks in the Cuddapah basin. Journal of the Indian Geoscience Association, 11, 75-78. Rao, N. C., Wu, F. Y., & Srinivas, M. (2012). Mesoproterozoic emplacement and enriched mantle derivation of the Racherla alkali syenite, Palaeo-Mesoproterozoic Cuddapah Basin, southern India: insights from in situ Sr–Nd isotopic analysis on apatite. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 365(1), 185-195. Madhavan, V., Mallikharjuna Rao, J., Srinivas, M., Natarajan, R., & Sayeed, A. U. S. A. F. (1994). Petrology and petrogenesis of syenites from the Cuddapah basin, Andhra Pradesh. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 225-237.
  • Karnataka
    • Chikkamagaluru District
Econ Geol. (1995) 90:2040-2057
  • Kerala
    • Kasaragod district
Santosh, M. & Nair, N.G.K. 1986. Petrogenesis of the Angadimogar syenite, Kerala and its taphrogenic affiliation. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 27, 494-507. Santosh, M., Iyer, S. S., Vasconcellos, M. B. A., & Enzweiler, J. (1989). Late Precambrian alkaline plutons in southwest India: geochronologic and rare-earth element constraints on Pan-African magmatism. Lithos, 24(1), 65-79.
    • Wayanad district
Rajesh, H. M. (2000). Characterization and origin of a compositionally zoned aluminous A-type granite from South India. Geological Magazine, 137(3), 291-318.
  • Odisha
    • Debagarh District
Rath, S.C. & Sahoo, K.C. 1997. Study of alkaline and ultramafic rocks in the western and northern margins of Eastern Ghats. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 130, 204-205.
    • Nuapada District
Pattnaik, S. K. (1996). Petrology of the Bhela-Rajna alkaline complex, Nuapara District, Orissa. J Geol Soc India, 48, 27-40.
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
Bhushan, S.K. 2000 Neoproterozoic magmatism of the Malani Igneous Suite western Rajasthan, Indian. Geological Survey of India, Special Publications, 55, 319-332. Bhushan, S. K., & Chittora, V. K. (1999). Late Proterozoic bimodal volcanic assemblage of Siwana subsidence structure, Western Rajasthan, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 53, 433-452. Dhar, S., Frei, R., Kramers, J. D., Nagler, T. F., & Kochhar, N. (1996). Sr, Pb and Nd isotope studies and their bearing on the petrogenesis of the Jalor and Siwana complexes, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 48(2), 151-160. Eby, G. N., & Kochhar, N. (1990). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Malani igneous suite, North Peninsular India. J. Geol. Soc. India, 36(2), 109-130. Maheshwari, A., Coltorti, M., Rajput, S. K., & Verma, M. (2009). Geochemical characteristics, discrimination and petrogenesis of Neoproterozoic peralkaline granites, Barmer District, SW Rajasthan, India. International Geology Review, 51(12), 1103-1120. Singh, A. K., & Vallinayagam, G. (2009). Radioactive element distribution and rare-metal mineralization in anorogenic acid volcano-plutonic rocks of the Neoproterozoic Malani Felsic Province, Western Peninsular India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 73(6), 837-853. Singh, A. K., Singh, R. B., & Vallinayagam, G. (2006). Anorogenic Acid Volcanic rocks in the Kundal area of the Malani Igneous Suite, Northwestern India: geochemical and petrogenetic studies. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(4), 544-557.
    • Jaipur district
      • Sikar District
Basu, S. K., & Narsayya, B. L. (1982). Note on a zone of probable carbonatite-alkali metasomatic rock associotion in the eastern part of Khetri copper belt, Northeastern Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 36(1), 29-31. Saxena, M. N., Gupta, L. N., & CHAUDHRI, N. (1984). Carbonatite dikes in Dhanota-Dhancholi hills, Narnaul, Haryana. Current science, 53(12), 651-652.
  • Sikkim
    • South Sikkim district
      • Namchi
Parthasarathy, T.N., Parihar, P.S., Krishna, K.V.G. (1990) Potash feldspar-rich alkaline rocks of Rangit Tectonic Window, south Sikkim: their genesis and relation to uranium, thorium, and REE mineralizations in the area. Exploration and Research for Atomic Minerals, 3, 115-130.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Krishnagiri District
Natarajana, M., Rao, B. B., Parthasarathy, R., Kumar, A., & Gopalan, K. (1994). 2.0 ga old pyroxenite-carbonatite complex of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, south India. Precambrian Research, 65(1-4), 167-181. Srinivasan, V. (1977). The carbonatite of Hogenakal, Tamil Nadu, South India. Geological Society of India, 18(11), 598-604.
Srivastava, R. K. (1998). Petrology of the Proterozoic alkaline carbonatite complex of Samalpatti, district Dharmapuri, Tamil Nadu. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 51, 233-244. Subramaniam, V., Viladkar, S. G., & Upendran, R. (1978). Carbonatite Alkali Complex of Samalpatti Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 19(5), 206-216. Semenov, E. I., Gopal, V., & SUBRAMANIAN, V. (1971). A note on the occurrence of benstonite, a carbonate of calcium and barium from the carbonatite complex at Jogipatti, near Samalpatti, Dharmapuri District, Tamil Nadu. Current Science, 254-256.
  • Telangana
    • Nalgonda District
Kaur, G., & Mitchell, R. H. (2017) Mineralogy of the baotite-bearing Gundrapalli lamproite, Nalgonda district, Telangana, India. 11th International Kimberlite Conference Extended Abstract No. 11IKC-4499, 2017
Iran
 
  • West Azerbaijan Province
    • Piranshahr County
Mazhari, S. A., Bea, F., Amini, S., Ghalamghash, J., Molina, J. F., Montero, P., ... & Williams, I. S. (2009). The Eocene bimodal Piranshahr massif of the Sanandaj–Sirjan Zone, NW Iran: a marker of the end of the collision in the Zagros orogen. Journal of the Geological Society, 166(1), 53-69.
Israel
 
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Bard
Ch. Wagner and D. Velde, Bull. Minéral. , 1985, 108, pp. 173-187.
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Scerscen Valley
Oberti R, Boiocchi M, Hawthorne F C, Ciriotti M E, Revheim O, Bracco R (2018) Clino-suenoite, a newly approved magnesium-iron-manganese amphibole from Valmalenco, Sondrio, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine 82, 189-198
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bellino
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Cesana Torinese
Brizio, P., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010). L'affioramento a Mn, SiO, Fe, S di Roccia Rossa, Cesana, Torino. Micro (località) 1/2010, 313-328
      • Oulx
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Pragelato
        • Troncea Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Prali
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Mergozzo
Palache C., Berman H., Frondel C. (1951): The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York, page 284.
Jamaica
 
  • Portland Parish
Draper, G. (1986) Blueschists and associated rocks in eastern Jamaica and their significance for Cretaceous plate margin development in the northern Caribbean. Geological Society of America Bulletin 87: 48–60
Japan
 
  • Kochi Prefecture
    • Kochi City
Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1989) Manganbabingtonite from Mitani, Kochi City, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 15, #3, 81-89.
  • Niigata
    • Itoigawa City
      • Ōmi
        • Hashidate
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
  • Okinawa
Hashimoto, M. (1974); Mem. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, 7:19-24
Hashimoto, M. (1974) Memoirs of the National Science Museum, 7, 19-24.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Khromtau
Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Ayagoz
    • Tarbagatai Range
      • Akzhaylyautas Mts (Akzhailyautas Mts; Akjaylautas Mts; Akzhalautas Mts)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.; Sokolova, E., Abdu, Y., Hawthorne, F. C., Stepanov, A. V., Bekenova, G. K., & Kotel’nikov, P. E. (2009). Camaraite, Ba3NaTi4 (Fe2+, Mn) 8 (Si2O7) 4O4 (OH, F) 7. I. A new Ti-silicate mineral from the Verkhnee Espe Deposit, Akjailyautas Mountains, Kazakhstan.
    • Zharma
  • Jambyl Region
    • Sarysu
      • Berkuty stream
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karkaraly
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Osakarov
  • Kostanay Region
    • Altynsarin
Kogarko, L. N., Konova, V. A., Orlova, M. P., & Woolley, A. R. (1995). Kazakhstan. In Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World (pp. 71-88). Springer Netherlands.
Kogarko, L. N., Konova, V. A., Orlova, M. P., & Woolley, A. R. (1995). Kazakhstan. In Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World (pp. 71-88). Springer Netherlands.
  • Pavlodar Region
    • Bayanaul
    • May
Kenya
 
  • Makueni County
    • Umba Valley Region
      • Sultan Hamud
Campell Smith, W., Hey, M.H. and Kempe, D.R.C. (1968): Riebeckite from near Sultan Hamud, Machalcos District, Kenya. Mineralogical Magazine 36, 1164-1167. [http://www.minersoc.org/pages/Archive-MM/Volume_36/36-284-1164.pdf]
  • Nakuru County
    • Hell’s Gate National Park
Mineralogical Magazine, August 1998, V. 62, N° 4, pp. 477-486. / Journal of Petrology, Vol. 42, N° 4, pp. 825-845, 2001. / Mineralogical Magazine, Volume 66, Number 2, 1 April 2002, pp. 287-299(13) / The United Nations University, GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME Reports 2004, Number 1, Orkustofnun, Grensásvegur 9, IS-108 Reykjavík, Iceland
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul Region
Terra Nostra 2001/2: 3
Madagascar
 
  • Amoron'i Mania
    • Manandriana
      • Andakatany
M. Arligue photo and specimen
  • Diana
    • Ambanja
      • Antsirabe
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Malawi
 
  • Northern Region
    • Chitipa
      • Songwe Complex
Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
  • Southern Region
    • Mulanje
Wooley (2001)
    • Zomba
Cairncross, B. (2002). Aegirine and Associated Minerals from Mount Malosa, Malawi. Rocks & Minerals, 77(1), 31-37.
Dowman, E., Wall, F., Treloar, P. J., Rankin, A. H., & Corkhill, C. (2017). Rare-earth mobility as a result of multiple phases of fluid activity in fenite around the Chilwa Island Carbonatite, Malawi. Mineralogical Magazine, 81(6), 1367-1395.
Mali
 
  • Kayes Region
Randabel, J., Bowell, R., & Sangare, I. (2018). Falea: An Unconformity-Type Polymetallic Deposit, Mali, West Africa (No. IAEA-CN--261).
Mauritania
 
  • Trarza Region
    • Bir Allah
Mauritanian Geological Survey (1995) database
Taylor, C.D. and Giles, S. A. (2012): Potentiel minéral pour des dépôts d’éléments incompatibles au sein des pegmatites, de roches alcalines et de carbonatites sur le territoire de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie.- Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de la Mauritanie (PRISM-II), Phase V ; Livrable 87, USGS, 45 pages.
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Pico Etero District
Levinson, A.A. (1962) Beryllium-fluorine mineralization at Aguachile Mountain, Coahuila, Mexico. American Mineralogist, 47, 67-74.
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov analytical data
Kempe, U., Möckel, R., Graupner, T., Kynicky, J., & Dombon, E. (2015). The genesis of Zr–Nb–REE mineralisation at Khalzan Buregte (Western Mongolia) reconsidered. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 602-625.
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Kovalenko, V. I., Yarmolyuk, V. V., Sal nikova, E. B., Kartashov, P. M., Kovach, V. P., Kozakov, I. K., ... & Yakovleva, S. Z. (2004). The Khaldzan-Buregtei Massif of peralkaline rare-metal igneous rocks: structure, geochronology, and geodynamic setting in the Caledonides of Western Mongolia. Petrology c/c of Petrologiia, 12(5), 412-436.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
      • Brandberg Area
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas
Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
New Zealand
 
  • Auckland Region
Searle, E.J. (1958) A note on the formation of native iron and other effects associated with contact of basalt and carbonized wood at Auckland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 1:3, 451-458.
  • Bay of Plenty Region
Osborne Hutton, C. (1956) Re-Examination of the mineral tuhualite. Mineralogical Magazine 31, 96-106.
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
NZJGG, 2003, 46: 581-590. NZJGG, 1991, 34: 337-340. NZJGG, 1981, 24: 449-467
  • Northland Region
    • Kaipara District
      • Dargaville
Von Blaramberg, K (1987) Micro Minerals Field Trips, Symposium 1987.
  • Tasman Region
    • Cobb Valley
Windle, S.J., Craw, D. (1991) Gold mineralisation in a syntectonic granite dike, Sams Creek, north-west Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34:4, 429-440.
  • West Coast Region
    • Westland District
Cooper, A.F. (1996) Nb-rich baotite in carbonatites and fenites at Haast River, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine Vol. 60, 473-482.
White, A.J.R. (1962) Aegirine-Riebeckite Schists from South Westland, New Zealand. Journal of Petrology, Vol. 3 (1): 38-48.
Niger
 
  • Agadez
    • Aïr Mountains
Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
      • South Aïr
J. Fabriès and G. Rocci, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallo., 1965, LXXXVIII, 319-340
    • Arlit
Woolley, A (2001) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa, p.224
Nigeria
 
  • Plateau
    • Jos Plateau
OMADA, J.I., MARTINS, R.F. & ABAA, S.I. (2003): The Kigom peralkaline granite pluton of the Nigerian Younger Granite suite.- Global J. of Geol. Sci., Nigeria, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp 1-11.
      • Younger ring complex
Wooley (2001) p.242
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
INOUE Tami (1950) Amphiboles and Biotites from the Fukushinzan Alkaline Complex, Korea. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 56(653), 71-77, 1950-06-25
Norway
 
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
L. O. Kvamsdal (1998): Mineralene fra Nordmarkitt og Grefsensyenitt i Oslofeltet. AS Merkur-Trykk, Oslo.
Raade, R. (2005): Gjerdingen-ekeritten, en unik mineralforekomst. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift nr. 30, p. 18.
  • Telemark
    • Nome
      • Fen Complex
Kresten, P. & Morgan, V. (1986): Fenization at the Fen complex, southern Norway. Liyhos: 29:27-42
    • Porsgrunn
      • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
      • Slevolden
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
Knut Eldjarn Collection
    • Skien
      • Luksefjell
        • Luksefjell Chapel (Bø Chapel)
Dietrich, R.V., Heier, K.S. & Taylor, S.R. (1965): Studies on the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. XX. Petrology and geochemistry of ekerite. Skrifter Norske videnskaps-akademi i Oslo. Matematisk-naturvidenskapelig klasse, Ny serie. 19, 28 pp.
  • Vestfold
    • Færder
      • Færder Islands
Andersen, F. (2017): Pegmatittganger og mineraler på Hoftøya og Langøya ved Færder i Ytre Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2017: 69-75
      • Lindholmen
Frode Andersen & Svein Arne Berge collection 2006
      • Nøtterøy
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 2806
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
Larsen, K. E. & Andersen, F. (2009): Mineralforekomster i den østlige delen av Siljan-Hvarnes plutonkompleks, sørvestre Vestfold. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift, 41: 54-63
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM- 6105
      • Lardal
Dietrich, R.V., Heier, K.S. & Taylor, S.R. (1965): Studies on the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. XX. Petrology and geochemistry of ekerite. Skrifter Norske videnskaps-akademi i Olso. Matematisk-naturvidenskapelig klasse, Ny serie. 19, 28 pp.
      • Stavern (Fredriksvärn)
        • Fuglevika
Kristiansen, R.(2005): Milarittgruppens mineraler i Norge. Norsk Berverksmuseum Skrifter 30:21-29
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM- 6273 ( Ex- Svein A Berge collection 1989)
    • Sandefjord
      • Fokserød
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
      • Haneholmveien
Larsen, K. E. & Kolitsch, U. (2012): An unique mineral suite in a syenite pegmatite at Virikkollen, Sandefjord, Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 35-44
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Berge, S. A. & Hansen, R. (1975): Mineraler fra Sandefjord. NAGS-nytt : 3 (1): 10-12 ; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Lahellefjorden
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1782
      • Vesterøya
        • Framnes
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59; Berge, S. A. (2013):Mineralene i Husebyyåsen feltspatbrudd, Vesterøya, Sandefjord. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 50, 93-99
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 20, 50-59
Berge, S. A. & Larsen, A. O. (1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV. Granater. NAGS-nytt 7 (2): 21-24
        • Veløyveien
Svein A. Berge collection 1992
        • Vindal
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Peshawar
      • Hameed Abad Kafoor Dheri
The Mineralogical Record, Volume 35 Number 3, p. 212
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Northern Province (Oro Province)
Worthing, M.A. (1987) Deerite from Papua New Guinea. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(363), 689-693.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Świdnica Co.
      • Gmina Marcinowice
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
Portugal
 
  • Portalegre
    • Alter do Chão
      • Alter do Chão
Martins da Pedra collection
Romania
 
  • Harghita
Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
    • Gheorgheni
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Eastern Sayan
Gordienko, I. V., Roshchektaev, P. A., & Gorokhovsky, D. V. (2016). Oka ore district of the Eastern Sayan: Geology, structural–metallogenic zonation, genetic types of ore deposits, their geodynamic formation conditions, and outlook for development. Geology of Ore Deposits, 58(5), 361-382.
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Savel’eva, V.B., and Karmanov, N.S. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 681-696.
  • Komi Republic
    • Timan Range
Mordberg, L.E., Stanley, C.J., and Germann, K. (2001): Mineralogical Magazine 65(1), 81-101.
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Belye Tundry Massif
Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
Kogarko, L.N. et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Vol 2.
Sorokhtina, N. V., Kogarko, L. N., Shpachenko, A. K., & Senin, V. G. (2016). Composition and conditions of crystallization of zircon from the rare-metal ores of the Gremyakha–Vyrmes Massif, Kola Peninsula. Geochemistry International, 54(12), 1035-1048.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
      • Kihlman Mt.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • The Carbonatite Stock in the vicinity of Tul'ilukht Bay
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010)
    • Lovozersky District
      • Keivy Mountains
        • Western Keivy Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Kostomuksha City District
Kuleshevich, L.V., and Gor’kovets, V.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 599-608.
    • Lake Onega
      • Zaonezhie peninsula
        • Velikaya Guba uran-vanadium deposit
Borozdin, A. P., Polekhovskii, Y. S., Bushmin, S. A., Glebovitskii, V. A., Belyatskii, B. V., & Savva, E. V. (2014, January). Age of metasomatism and ore formation in the Srednyaya Padma vanadium-precious metals-uranium deposit (Karelia, Baltic Shield). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 454, No. 1, p. 68). Springer Science & Business Media.
    • Louhi District
Bea, F., Arzamastsev, A., Montero, P., & Arzamastseva, L. (2001). Anomalous alkaline rocks of Soustov, Kola: evidence of mantle-derived metasomatic fluids affecting crustal materials. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 140(5), 554-566.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
Nokleberg, W.J., Bundtzen, T.K., Dawson, K.M., Eremin R.A., Goryachev, N.A., Koch R.D., Ratkin, V.V., Rozenblum, I.S., Shpikerman, V.I., Frolov, Y.F., Gorodinsky, M.E., Melnikov, V.D., Diggles, M.F., Ognyanov, N.V., Petrachenko, E.D., Petrachenko, R.I., Pozdeev, A.I., Ross, K.V., Wood, D.H., Grybeck, Donald, Khanchuk, A.I., Kovbas, L.I., Nekrasov, I.Ya., and Sidorov, A.A., 1997, Significant metalliferous and selected non-metalliferous lode deposits and placer districts for the Russian Far East, Alaska, and the Canadian Cordillera: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-513-B
  • Tuva
Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
    • Todzhinsky District
no reference
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
USGS Open File Report 2005-1252 p20; Savel’eva, V. B., Bazarova, E. P., Khromova, E. A., & Kanakin, S. V. (2017). Fluorides and Fluorcarbonates in Rocks of the Katugin Complex, Eastern Siberia: Indicators of Geochemical Mineral Formation Conditions. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(7), 561-574.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Al Madinah
Küster, D. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 68-86.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Poltár Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Bratislava Region
    • Bratislava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal
    • Uthungulu District
USGS Open File report 02-189
  • Limpopo
    • Vhembe District
      • Musina (Messina)
Minerals of South Africa
  • North West
    • Dr Ruth Segomotsi Mompati District
      • Pomfret
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, p 238;
  • Northern Cape
Cairncross/Dixon, 1995. Minerals of South Africa
    • Pixley ka Seme
      • Siyathemba
M. Arliguie and Van King specimens.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Antequera
Juan Miguel Jiménez analyses; Romero Silva, J.C (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la Provincia de Málaga. CEDMA County Council 318 pp 1 map
  • Galicia
    • Pontevedra
      • Gondomar
        • Vincios
Floor, P. (1967): Petrology of an aegirine-riebeckite gneiss-bearing part of the Hesperian massif. The Galineiro and surrounding area, Vigo, Spain. Leidse Geologische Mededelingen 36, 1-204.; Floor, P. (1961): Astrophyllite, a new mineral in Spain. Notas y Communs. Inst. Geol. y Minero Espana, No. 62, 59-72.
      • Vigo
Floor, P. (1961): Astrophyllite, a new mineral in Spain. Notas y Communs. Inst. Geol. y Minero Espana, No. 62, 59-72.
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Adamson, O. J. (1944): The Petrology of the Norra Kärr District. An occurrence of alkaline Rocks in Southern Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 66: 112-255
  • Norrbotten County
    • Arjeplog
      • Jäkkvik
Switzerland
 
  • Glarus
    • Linth Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
  • Grisons
    • Engadin
      • Maloja
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
      • Sils im Engadin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Ausserferrera
Found by F. Vanini, analyzed by J. Brugger
    • Vorderrhein Valley
      • Breil-Brigels
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
  • Uri
    • Schächen Valley
      • Klausen pass area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 350.
    • Seedorf
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 349.
Tajikistan
 
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Falmouth
Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; A. Hall (1982) The Pendennis Peralkaline Minette. Mineralogical Magazine 45:257-266.
  • Scotland
    • Highland
No reference listed
      • Isle of Skye
        • Luib
    • Outer Hebrides
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockall#Geology
Young, B. R., Hawkes, J. R., Merriman, R. J., & Styles, M. T. (1978). Bazirite, BaZrSi 3 O 9, a new mineral from Rockall Island, Inverness-shire, Scotland. Mineral Mag, 42, 35-40.
Ukraine
 
  • Dnepropetrovsk Oblast
Baranov, P., Shevchenko, S., Heflik, W., Natkaniec-Nowak, L., & Dumanska-Slowik, M. (2009). Jaspilite—the gemstone of Ukraine. The journal of gemmology and proceedings of the Gemmological Association of Great Britain, 31(5), 163.; Mboudou, G. M. M., Lordon, A. E. D., & Mafany, G. T. (2013). Combined statistics, Petrography and Geochemistry for the definition of ore types in Krivoy Rog Iron Province (Ukraine). Sci. Technol. Dev., 14, 25-34.
  • Kirovohrad Oblast
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
Cuney, M., Emetz, A., Mercadier, J., Mykchaylov, V., Shunko, V., & Yuslenko, A. (2012). Uranium deposits associated with Na-metasomatism from central Ukraine: a review of some of the major deposits and genetic constraints. Ore Geology Reviews, 44, 82-106.
  • Zhytomyr Oblast
ДУБИНА, А. В., КРИВДИК, С. Г., МИТРОХИН, А. В., СОБОЛЕВ, В. Б., ВИШНЕВСКИЙ, А. А., & ГРЕЧАНОВСКАЯ, Е. Е. (2014). РЕДКОМЕТАЛЛЬНАЯ МИНЕРАЛИЗАЦИЯ И ГЕНЕЗИС ЖИЛЬНЫХ ЩЕЛОЧНЫХ СИЕНИТОВ ПЕНИЗЕВИЧСКОГО РУДОПРОЯВЛЕНИЯ (КОРОСТЕНСКИЙ АНОРТОЗИТ-РАПАКИВИГРАНИТНЫЙ ПЛУТОН). МІНЕРАЛОГІЧНИЙ ЖУРНАЛ, 36(1), 12-25.
Bailey, J. C: Formation of cryolite and other aluminofluorides: A petrologic review. Bull. geol. Soc. Denmark, vol. 29, pp. 1-45. Copenhagen, June 10th, 1980.
L. N. Kogarko, V. A. Konova, M. P. Orlova, A. R. Woolley (1995) Ukraine in Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World pp 49-58
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
      • Ketchikan Mining District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Bokan Mountain
Am Min 69:106-199
          • Cholmondeley Sound
            • Dora Bay
Barker, J.C., and Mardock, C.L., 1990, Rare-earth-element-and yttrium-bearing pegmatite dikes near Dora Bay, southern Prince of Wales Island: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report OFR 19-90, 41 p
  • Arizona
    • Coconino County
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
        • San Francisco Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 355.
Robinson, Henry H. (1913), The San Franciscan Volcanic Field, AZ, USGS PP 76: 110-112.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
      • Magnet Cove
H. Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Garnet Hill
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
      • West Belt
        • New Melones Dam
Albino, G. V. (1995). Sodium metasomatism along the Melones fault zone, Sierra Nevada foothills, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 59(3), 383-399.
    • El Dorado Co.
      • West Belt
        • Shingle Springs Mining District
          • Mount Aigare
Nash, J. Thomas (1988) Geology and geochemistry of gold deposits of the Big Canyon area, El Dorado County, California USGS Bull 1854.
Pelletier, 1962. Mineral Species & Localities of Marin County
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Laytonville
Chesterman, C.W. (1966b), Mineralogy of the Laytonville quarry, Mendocino County, California, in: Geology of Northern California: California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 190: 503, 506; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 403.; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70.; Wood, R. W. (1979) The iron-rich blueschist facies minerals: 2. Howieite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:363-370.; Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
        • Round Valley
Wood, R. W. (1979) The iron-rich blueschist facies minerals: 2. Howieite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:363-370.
    • San Benito Co.
Ernst, W.G. (1965) Mineral paragenesis in Franciscan metamorphic rocks, Panoche Pass, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin: 76: 887; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
        • Mountain Pass District
          • Mountain Pass
USGS Bulletin 2160
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Black Wonder Mining District
        • Sugarloaf Mountain
Am Min 69:200-206
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Cazadero
Coleman, R.G. & D.E. Lee (1963), Glaucophane-bearing metamorphic rocks of the Cazadero area, California: Journal of Petrology: 4: 260; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.; Wood, R. W. (1979) The iron-rich blueschist facies minerals: 2. Howieite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:363-370.
      • Healdsburg
Switzer, George S. (1951b) Mineralogy of the California glaucophane schists. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 161: 56-57; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
Switzer, George S. (1951b) Mineralogy of the California glaucophane schists. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 161: 56-57; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
      • West Mayacmas Mining District
        • Hood Mountain Regional Park
          • Mount Hood
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70, 309; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 393, 404.
    • Tulare Co.
      • Tonyville
Durrell, C. (1940a), Metamorphism in the southern Sierra Nevada, northeast of Visalia, California: California Department of Geology Sci. Bulletin: 25: 93; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
    • Tuolumne Co.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Jacksonville Mining District
          • Hog Mountain
Knopf, Adolf (1929), The Mother Lode system of California: USGS Professional Paper 157: 82; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 70; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • Jamestown Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Custer Co.
      • Rosita Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • El Paso Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
American Mineralogist (1936): 20: 319-333
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Gross, E. and Heinrich, E., 1966, Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa Area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado. II. Pegmatites, American Mineralogist, v. 51, p. 299-323.
reference: "Petrology and Mineralogy of the Mount Rosa area, El Paso and Teller Counties, Colorado II. Lamprophyres and Mineral Deposits" By E. B. Gross and E. WM. Heinrich - The American Mineralogist, Vol 51, Sept-Oct, 1966
Hanson, S.L. and Zito, G. (2013) Mineralogy of Miarolitic Pegmatites in the Stove Mountain Area, Colorado. The 40th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, Contributed Papers in Specimen Mineralogy, 14-15.
    • Fremont Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel; USGS Bull 2192
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 16, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
      • McClure Mountain Complex
Am. Min. 51:1088-1106
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Garfield Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; USGS Bull 2192
    • Rio Blanco Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Teller Co.
      • Crystal Peak
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Maine
    • Kennebec Co.
      • Litchfield
West, D. P., Bradley, D., & Coish, R. (2016). The Litchfield pluton in south-central Maine: Carboniferous alkalic magmatism in northern New England, USA. Atlantic Geology, 52, 169-187.
      • West Gardiner
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v.1.
    • York Co.
Toulmin, P., 1957, Notes on a Peralkaline Granite from Cashes Ledge, Gulf of Maine, American Mineralogist, 42: 912-915
      • Shapleigh
Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
      • York
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
Gilman, R., 1978, Bedrock Gepology of the Newfield 15' Quadrangle, Maine, ME Geol Surv OF-78-10.
  • Maryland
    • Carroll Co.
      • Sykesville
Mines of the Washington D.C Area
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Dale, Thomas Nelson (1908): The Chief Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI (USGS Bulletin 354).
P Cristofono collection , 2009
P. Cristofono collection, 2011
      • Lynn
Dale, T. N. (1910). Supplementary Notes on the Commercial Granites of New England (in Contributions to Economic Geology, USGS Bulletin 470).
Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.197-198.
    • Norfolk Co.
      • Milton
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Sayer, Susan (1974): An Integrated Study of the Blue Hills Porphyry and Related Units, Quincy and Milton, Massachusetts (MIT master's thesis)
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 284.
Dale, T.N. (1908) The Chief Commercial Granites of Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Rhode Island. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 354, 228 pages.
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, T.N. (1908) The Chief Commercial Granites of Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Rhode Island. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 354, 228 pages.
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
Dale, T.N. (1908) The Chief Commercial Granites of Massachusetts, New Hampshire and Rhode Island. United States Geological Survey, Bulletin 354, 228 pages.
Dale, 1908. The Commercial Granites of MA, NH, and RI
      • Sharon
Warren, C. H. and Powers, Sidney (1914). Geology of the Diamond Hill - Cumberland District in Rhode Island - Massachusetts. (Bulletin of the Geological Society of America 25:435-476).
www.mass.gov/dcr/parks/borderland/geology.htm
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Michigan
    • Gogebic Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
www.deq.state.mi.us/documents/deq-glm-rcim-geology-Minerals_Found_In_Michigan.Pdf.
      • Humboldt Township
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Palmer
Rocks & Min.:58:111.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Republic
Rocks & Min.: 58:112.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Mesabi Range
        • Babbitt
George T. Mason, Jr., and Arndt, Raymond E., 1996, Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey Digital Data Series DDS-20, U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA.
  • Missouri
    • Washington Co.
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
  • Montana
    • Garfield Co.
Am Min 60:566-573
    • Madison Co.
      • Ruby Range
Immega, I. P. and Klein, C. (1976) Mineralogy and petrology of some metamorphic Precambrian iron-formations in southwestern Montana. American Mineralogist, 61, 1111-1144.
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Opalite Mining District
        • McDermitt caldera
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Mineral Basin Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Albany
No reference listed
No reference listed
      • Bartlett
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
      • Conway
No reference listed
        • North Conway
Rocks and Minerals, (1990) 65:286-296
      • Effingham
No reference listed
      • Hale's Location
No reference listed
No reference listed
    • Coos Co.
      • Kilkenny
No reference listed
No reference listed
Morrill, 1960. NH Mines and Mineral Localities.
    • Grafton Co.
      • Lincoln
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
  • New Jersey
    • Somerset Co.
      • Bernards Township
Kent, B.P. and Butkowski, B. (2000): Minerals of the Millington Quarry, Somerset County, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record, 31: 410.
    • Sussex Co.
      • Andover Township
Dana 6: 1065.
  • New Mexico
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Otero Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
USGS Prof. Paper 318 (1959); USGS Open-File Report 02-189
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; U.S. Geological Survey (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • New York
    • Orange Co.
NY State Museum spec. no. 19349
    • Putnam Co.
      • Town of Southeast
        • Brewster
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, 42-43 (Januzzi, 1966, 1989) (Trainer, 1942).
  • North Carolina
    • Ashe Co.
Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 1, North and South America,- Woolley,A,R,-1987
    • Caswell Co.
Ackermann, Rolf V., Schlische, Roy W., Patino, Lina C., and Johnson, Lois A., 2003, "A Lagerstatte of Rift-Related Tectonic Structures from the Solite Quarry, Dan River - Danville Rift Basin", in Peter M. Letourneau and Paul E. Olsen (editors), The Great Rift Valleys of Pangea in Eastern North America, volume 1, p. 118-133.
    • Mitchell Co.
      • Spruce Pine Mining District
        • Spruce Pine
    • Pitt Co.
      • Fountain
Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. II - Silicates - Bafertisite (localities)
  • Oklahoma
    • Kiowa Co.
      • Lugert
R&M 72:4 pp 252-264
  • Oregon
    • Coos Co.
Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
    • Lincoln Co.
McLEMORE, V. T. (2006). Nepheline Syenite. Industrial Mineral and Rocks, 7th Edition, Kogel, JE, Trivedi, NC, Barker, JM and Krukowsk, ST (Seniors Editors), Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Littleton, Colorado, 653-670.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Berks Co.
      • Birdsboro
        • Gickerville (Gibralter)
    • Chester Co.
      • Warwick Township
        • St. Peters
Mineralogical Record, 25(2),pp:105-120.
  • Rhode Island
Hermes,O.D and Zartman,R.E.,(1985) Late Proterozoic and Devonian Plutonic Terrance Within The Avalon Zone of Rhode Island:Geological Society of America Bulletion,v.96,p.272-282
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, University of Rhode Island, Kingston; Rocks & Minerals (1986): 61: 286-289
Michael W. Kieron collection
  • South Carolina
    • Greenville Co.
Mineralogical Record, Vol 1, No. 3, p. 97
  • Texas
    • El Paso Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
  • Utah
    • Duchesne Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Loudoun Co.
      • Conklin
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Pittsylvania Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
JL Jerden Jr (2001) Origin of Uranium Mineralization at Coles Hill Virginia (USA) and its Natural Attenuation within an Oxidizing Rock-Soil-Ground Water System
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.49,51; American Mineralogist, V.58, p. 874
  • Wisconsin
    • Jackson Co.
Kimball, K & F. Spear (1984,) Metamorphic Petrology of the Jackson County Iron Formation, Wisconsin, Canadian Mineralogist: 22: 605-619. Cordua, W.S., 1998, "Minerals of Wisconsin", Rocks and Minerals: 73(6): 378 - 399
Am.Jour.Sci. vol. 23, ser.4 (1907)
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Stettin pluton
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
Weidman S., and V. Lenher, 1907, "Marignacite, a New Variety of Pyrochlore from Wausau, Wis.", American Journal of Science, vol. 23, Series 4, p. 287-292.
  • Wyoming
    • Fremont Co.
      • South Pass-Atlantic City Mining District
        • Atlantic City
James Cheshire collection
Venezuela
 
  • Amazonas
Greta J. Orris and Richard I. Grauch (2002) Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits, and Occurrences. USGS Open File Report 02-189; U. S. Geological Survey; Corporacion Venezolana de Guayana. (1993) Geology and mineral resource assessment of the Venezuelan Guayana Shield. USGS Bulletin: 2062; Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 213.
Yemen (TL)
 
  • Adan Governorate
Sauer A (1888) Ueber Riebeckit, ein neues Glied der Hornblendegruppe, sowie über Neubildung von Albit in granitischen Orthoklasen, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 40, 138-152
Sauer A (1888) Ueber Riebeckit, ein neues Glied der Hornblendegruppe, sowie über Neubildung von Albit in granitischen Orthoklasen, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 40, 138-152
Sauer, A. (1888) Ueber Riebeckit, ein neues Glied der Hornblendegruppe, sowie über Neubildung von Albit in granitischen Orthoklasen, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 40, 138-152.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
www.venuewest.com/8IKC/s1post.htm.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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