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Rhenium

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About RheniumHide

Formula:
Re
Lustre:
Metallic
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
Named after the Rhine River.
Originally described as tiny grains in wolframite from a Russian locality (Rafalson & Sorokin, 1976). Later discredited because of uncertain origin. Also observed as microscopic grains (no size given) in calcium- and aluminum-rich inclusions in the Allende Meteorite, a carbonaceous chondrite.

Also found as two particles (the larger one ca. 9 microns in diameter) among the regolith fraction (from Luna landing sites) below 74 microns. The fraction consists mainly of glass, olivine, plagioclase, pyroxene, and ore minerals. Other associated reduced species include cerium, molybdenum, ytterbium, and zinc.


Classification of RheniumHide

Discredited
1.AB.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
B : Zinc-brass family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.2.3
1.2.2.4

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
1.56

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)

Physical Properties of RheniumHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque

Chemical Properties of RheniumHide

Formula:
Re
Common Impurities:
Ru

Crystallography of RheniumHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal

Other Language Names for RheniumHide

Russian:Рений
Simplified Chinese:自然铼

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.AB.MagnesiumMgHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AB.05CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AB.05ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AB.05TitaniumTiHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.AB.10bDanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.AB.10aZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.AB.10aα-BrassCu3ZnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.AB.10bTongxiniteCu2ZnIso.
1.AB.10aZinccopperiteCu7Zn4 (?)
1.AB.10UM2003-03-E:AgAuCuZn(Cu,Au,Ag)4Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-01-E:CuZnCu3Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-02-E:CuZnCu4.45Zn

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.2.2.1Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.2.2.2Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)Hex.
1.2.2.3Rutheniridosmine(Ir,Os,Ru)Hex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

1.1CopperCuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.2SilverAgIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.5GoldAuIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.6AuricuprideCu3AuOrth.
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCuTet.
1.8ZincZnHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.9CadmiumCdHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2Iso.
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZnIso.
1.12MercuryHgTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6Iso.
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2Iso.
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9Hex.
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2Orth.
1.18LuanheiteAg3HgHex.
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag,Hg)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.20IndiumInTet.
1.21AluminiumAlIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2Tet.
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)AlOrth.
1.24DiamondCIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.25GraphiteCHex. 6mm : P63mc
1.26ChaoiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
1.27LonsdaleiteCHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.28SiliconSiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.29TinSnTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
1.30LeadPbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mcm
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
1.33ArsenicAsTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.34ArsenolampriteAsOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
1.35PaxiteCuAs2Mon.
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2Hex.
1.37DomeykiteCu3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10Mon.
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7Iso.
1.41AntimonySbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.42StibarsenAsSbTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3AsMon. 2 : B2
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)Hex.
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
1.48DyscrasiteAg3SbOrth. mm2 : Pmm2
1.49BismuthBiTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
1.50MaldoniteAu2BiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
1.51SulphurS8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
1.52RosickýiteSMon. 2/m : P2/b
1.53SeleniumSeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.54TelluriumTeTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
1.55ChromiumCrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.57IronFeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Im3m
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
1.60WairauiteCoFeIso.
1.61NickelNiIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)Iso.
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.64TetrataeniteFeNiTet.
1.65AwaruiteNi3FeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.67PotaritePdHgTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
1.68PaolovitePd2SnOrth.
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2Hex.
1.70CabriitePd2CuSnOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
1.71Taimyrite(Pd,Cu,Pt)3SnOrth.
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.74ZvyagintsevitePd3PbIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3n
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2Hex.
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)Iso.
1.82PlatinumPtIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.83HongshiitePtCuTrig.
1.84NiggliitePtSnHex.
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3FeIso.
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFeTet.
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFeTet.
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNiTet.
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)Iso.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for RheniumHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Rafalson M.B., Sorokin N.D. (1976) Determination of native rhenium in wolframites by method of X-ray spectral analysis. Voprosy geochimii i tipomorphisma mineralov: 1: 62-66. [in Russian]
El Goresy, A., Nagel, K., Dominik, B., Ramdohr, P. (1977) Fremdlinge: Potential Presolar Material in Ca, Al rich inclusions of Allende. Meteoritics: 12: 215-216.
Fleischer, M. (1978) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 1283-1284.
Nickel, E.H., Mandarino, J.A. (1987) Procedures involving the IMA Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names and guidelines on mineral nomenclature. American Mineralogist (1987): 72: 1040: Appendix 1. [discreditation]
(2002) Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Earth Science Sections: 382: 83. [Occurrence, Chemistry].
(2004) Transactions (Doklady) of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Earth Science Sections: 395A: 448. [Occurrence]
Bogatikov, O.A., A.V. Mokhov, P.M. Kartashov, A.I. Gorshkov, E.V. Koporulina, L.O. Magazina & N.A. Ashikhmina (2004) Microparticles of ore minerals found in Lunar regolith from Mare Fecundidatis: (Cu,A,Ag)4Zn, Ag, Au, Sn, Pb, Sb, Re, MoS2, CdS, AuS, RhI3, - Doklady, Russian Academy of Sciences, Earth Sciences Section,v. 395, N6, pp. 803-807 (in Rus.).
A.V. Mokhov, O.A. Bogatikov, P.M. Kartashov, A.I. Gorshkov, E.V. Koporulina, L.O. Magazina & N.A. Ashikhmina (2006): Rhenium oxide, potassium perrhenate, iron and aluminium hydroxychlorides, barite, and celestine in lunar regolith. Doklady, Russian Academy of Sciences, Earth Sciences Section, 407A, 460–464.

Internet Links for RheniumHide

Localities for RheniumHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Landl
        • Gams bei Hieflau
Grachev, A.F., Borisovsky, S.E., and Grigor'eva, A.V. (2008) The first find of native rhenium in the transitional clay layer at the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary in the Gams section (Eastern Alps, Austria). Doklady Earth Sciences, 422(7), 1065-1067; Grachev, A.F. (Ed) (2009) The K/T boundary of Gams (Eastern Alps, Austria) and the nature of terminal Cretaceous mass extinction. The Geological Survey of Austria in cooperation with the Geophysical Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow-Vienna, 199 pages, doi:10.2205/2009-GAMSbook (electronic version); Geologische Bundesanstalt [Austria], Abhandlungen (2009), 63, 199 pages (printed version).
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
El Goresy, A., Nagel, K., Dominik, B., and Ramdohr, P. (1977) Fremdlinge: Potential Presolar Material in Ca, Al rich inclusions of Allende, Meteoritics, vol 12, pp 215-216.
Pacific Ocean
 
Astakhova, N. V. (2008, October). Noble, rare-earth, and nonferrous metals in ferromanganese crusts from submarine volcanoes of the Sea of Japan. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 422, No. 1, pp. 1161-1166). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Verkhneuralsky District
Vikentyev I.V. e.a. (2004) Gold and PGE in massive sulfide ore of the Uzelginsk deposit, Southern Urals, Russia, - Canadian Mineralogist, v.42, p.2, pp.651-665.
Rafalson M.B. & Sorokin N.D. (1976): Determination of native rhenium in wolframites by method of X-ray spectral analysis. Voprosy geochimii i tipomorphisma mineralov, v.1, 62-66 (in Russ.).
The Moon
www.informnauka.ru/eng/sci-2003-01_e.shtml.
  • Mare Crisium
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).
  • Mare Fecunditatis
Mokhov, A.V., Kartashov, P.M., Bogatikov, O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Russian).; Mokhov, A. V., Bogatikov, O. A., Kartashov, P. M., Gorshkov, A. I., Koporulina, E. V., Magazina, L. O., & Ashikhmina, N. A. (2006, March). Rhenium oxide, potassium perrhenate, iron and aluminum hydroxychlorides, barite, and Celestine in lunar regolith. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 407, No. 2, pp. 460-464). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
 
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