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Quenselite

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About QuenseliteHide

00058180014947905099877.jpg
Percy Quensel
Formula:
PbMnO2(OH)
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Adamantine, Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
6.842
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after Percy Dudgeon Quensel (8. September 1881 in Marstrand, Bohuslän - 3. March 1966), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Stockholm, Sweden.
This page provides mineralogical data about Quenselite.


Classification of QuenseliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.FE.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
E : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
6.4.1.2

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
4 : Miscellaneous
7.11.29

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
11 : Oxides of Sn and Pb

Physical Properties of QuenseliteHide

Adamantine, Metallic
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Dark brownish gray
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=0171 - 268 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001} - micaceous
Comment:
Somewhat malleable
Density:
6.842 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.133 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of QuenseliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.300
Max Birefringence:
δ = 2.300
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of QuenseliteHide

Formula:
PbMnO2(OH)
IMA Formula:
PbMn3+O2(OH)

Crystallography of QuenseliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.61 Å, b = 5.70 Å, c = 9.15 Å
β = 93°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.984 : 1 : 1.605
Unit Cell V:
292.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {010}; also slightly elongated [001] or [100]. Striated on {011} parallel to [100].

Type Occurrence of QuenseliteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Metamorphosed manganese deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for QuenseliteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
7 photos of Quenselite associated with CalciteCaCO3
3 photos of Quenselite associated with BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.FE.05AmakiniteFe2+(OH)2Trig.
4.FE.05BruciteMg(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FE.05PortlanditeCa(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
4.FE.05PyrochroiteMn(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
4.FE.05TheophrastiteNi(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FE.10BayeriteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
4.FE.10DoyleiteAl(OH)3Tric.
4.FE.10GibbsiteAl(OH)3Mon. 2/m
4.FE.10NordstranditeAl(OH)3Tric. 1 : P1
4.FE.15BöhmiteAlO(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
4.FE.15Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
4.FE.20GrimaldiiteCrO(OH)Trig.
4.FE.20HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)Hex.
4.FE.25FeitknechtiteMn3+O(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
4.FE.25Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
4.FE.35FerrihydriteFe3+10O14(OH)2Trig.
4.FE.40FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)Hex.
4.FE.40Vernadite(Mn4+,Fe3+,Ca,Na)(O,OH)2 · nH2OHex.
4.FE.45QuetzalcoatliteZn6Cu3(TeO6)2(OH)6 · AgxPbyClx+2yTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

6.4.1.1Lithiophorite(Al,Li)MnO2(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.11.1RomarchiteSnOTet.
7.11.2CassiteriteSnO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.4SchoenfliesiteMg[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.5BurtiteCa[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.6VismirnoviteZn[Sn(OH)6]Iso.
7.11.7WickmaniteMn2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pn3
7.11.8TetrawickmaniteMn2+[Sn4+(OH)6]Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.9JeanbandyiteFe3+xFe2+1-xSn(OH)6-xOx (1 >= x > 0.5)Tet. 4/m : P42/n
7.11.10NataniteFe2+[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
7.11.11Mushistonite(Cu,Zn,Fe2+)[Sn(OH)6]Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pn3m
7.11.12Ferronigerite-2N1S(Al,Fe,Zn)2(Al,Sn)6O11(OH)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
7.11.13MagnesionigeriteTrig.
7.11.14ArgutiteGeO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mnm
7.11.15BrunogeieriteGe4+Fe2+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.11.16StottiteFe2+[Ge4+(OH)6]Tet.
7.11.17CarboiriteFeAl2(GeO4)O(OH)2Tric.
7.11.18OtjisumeitePbGe4O9Tric.
7.11.19BartelkeitePb(Fe2+Ge)[Ge2O7](OH)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.11.20MassicotPbOOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
7.11.21LithargePbOTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.22MiniumPb3O4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/mbc
7.11.23PlattneritePbO2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
7.11.24Scrutinyiteα-PbO2Orth.
7.11.25MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.11.26MacedonitePbTiO3Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
7.11.27CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
7.11.28CoronaditePb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
7.11.30PlumboferritePb2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Mg)11O19Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
7.11.31Magnetoplumbite(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)12O19Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
7.11.32SenaitePb(Mn,Y,U)(Fe,Zn)2(Ti,Fe,Cr,V)18(O,OH)38Trig.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in dilute acids including acetic acid. With HCl evolves Cl2. Upon heating loses water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for QuenseliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Flink G (1925) Quenselite, ein neues mineral von Långban. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar 47, 377-384
Orcel and Pavlovitch (1931), Bull. soc. min.: 54: 155.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 729-730.
Rouse R C (1971) The crystal structure of quenselite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 134, 321-332

Internet Links for QuenseliteHide

Localities for QuenseliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Wellington Co.
Steve Sorrell Collection
China
 
  • Shandong
    • Linyi
      • Mengyin County
        • Mengyin Kimberlite field
          • Changma Kimberlite belt
            • Wangcun deposit
Gorshkov, A.I., Titkov, S.V., Yan Nan Bao, Ryabchikov, I.D., and Magazina, L.O. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(4), 326-334.
India
 
  • Gujarat
    • Panch Mahal District
Rasul, S.H. (1965) The manganese ores of Shivrajpur, District Panch Mahals, Gujarat state, India. Economic Geology, 60(1), 149-162.
Japan
 
  • Yamagata Prefecture
Nambu & Yoshida (1993) Abstract of the Meeting of three Mineralogical Societies of Japan, 53.
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, 134, 321 (1971); Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Christopher O'Neill photo & collection ( old label)
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Newton Stewart
Nicholson, K. (1989). Manganese oxides from the British Isles. Mineralogical Magazine, 53(373), 637-638.
USA
 
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY PROFESSIONAL PAPER 1024,
 
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