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Pollucite

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About PolluciteHide

Formula:
(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Colour:
Almost always colorless or white, also light gray, light pink, light blue, pale violet
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.9
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named after Pollux, a figure from Greek mythology, brother of Castor, for its common association with "castorite" (petalite). The name was later changed to the current pollucite.
Isostructural with:

Classification of PolluciteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.GB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
B : Chains of single connected 4-membered rings
Dana 7th ed.:
77.1.1.2
77.1.1.2

77 : TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
1 : Zeolite group - True zeolites
16.5.1

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
5 : Aluminosilicates of Cs, NH4 and Cu

Physical Properties of PolluciteHide

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Rarely as strong vitreous luster as quartz
Colour:
Almost always colorless or white, also light gray, light pink, light blue, pale violet
Comment:
May be slightly pink due to montmorillonite inclusions
Streak:
white
Hardness:
6½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Comment:
Very brittle when compared with quartz; frequently shows splintery broken fragments
Density:
2.9 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.96 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PolluciteHide

Type:
Isotropic
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic
Comments:
Refractive index 1.508-1.528

Chemical Properties of PolluciteHide

Formula:
(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Cs(Si2Al)O6 · nH2O
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ca,K,Rb

Chemical AnalysisHide

Oxide wt%:
 1
SiO245.80 %
Al2O315.93 %
Na2O1.15 %
K2O0.04 %
Rb2O0.32 %
Cs2O35.60 %
CaO0.06 %
Total:98.9 %
Sample references:
IDLocalityReference
1Ambatofinandrahana, Amoron'i Mania, MadagascarTeertstra, D.K. & ?ern

Crystallography of PolluciteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Ia3d
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.67 Å
Unit Cell V:
2 ų
Z:
16
Morphology:
Almost always massive, rarely in trapezohedral or cubic crystals usually with both forms present, but either form may be dominant.
Comment:
A monoclinic variety (C2/c) has also been reported (Kamiya et al., 2008). Pollucite may probably be (as is analcime) cubic, tetragonal, orthorhombic, monoclinic or triclinic, depending on ordering.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000159PolluciteNewnham R E (1967) Crystal structure and optical properties of pollucite American Mineralogist 52 1515-151819670293
0004971PolluciteGatta G D, Rotiroti N, Boffa Ballaran T, Sanchez-Valle C, Pavese A (2009) Elastic behavior and phase stability of pollucite, a potential host for nuclear waste American Mineralogist 94 1137-11432009Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine, USA0293
0018016PolluciteNaray-Szabo S (1938) Die Struktur des Pollucits (Cs Al Si2 O6)*(H2 O)X _cod_database_code 1011122 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 99 277-28219380293
0018017PolluciteNaray-Szabo S (1938) Die Struktur des Pollucits (Cs Al Si2 O6)*(H2 O)X _cod_database_code 1011123 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 99 277-28219380293
0010690PolluciteBeger R M (1969) The crystal structure and chemical composition of pollucite Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 129 280-3021969Rumford, Maine, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.65 Å(30)
3.42 Å(100)
2.91 Å(45)
2.42 Å(20)
2.22 Å(20)
1.86 Å(20)
1.74 Å(20)
1.71 Å(10)
Comments:
25-194; also 29-407 (synthetic material)

Type Occurrence of PolluciteHide

Synonyms of PolluciteHide

Other Language Names for PolluciteHide

German:Pollucit
Latin:Pollux
Simplified Chinese:铯沸石
Spanish:Pollucita

Relationship of Pollucite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2 : P21
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2OMon. 2
Ammonioleucite(NH4)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2OHex.
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Imma
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
Chabazite-Levyne SubgroupM[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
ClinoptiloliteM3-6(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2OOrth.
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
Dachiardite-KK4(Si20Al4O48) · 13H2OMon.
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
ErioniteM2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
FaujasiteM3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
FerrieriteZeolite Group.
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2] · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
Garronite-CaNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2OTet. 4 2m : I4m2
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2OOrth. mm2 : Fdd2
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
GmeliniteIn 1997, gmelinite was split into Gmelinite-Ca, Gmelinite-Na and Gmelinite-K.
GobbinsiteNa5(Si11Al5)O32 · 11H2OOrth.
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2OOrth.
HeulanditeHeulandite is the name applied to specimens with unknown dominance of the extra-framework cations.
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36 · 9H2OOrth. mm2
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
MartinandresiteBa2(Al4Si12O32) · 10H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2OHex.
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2OOrth.
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2OOrth.
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2OOrth.
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
Natrolite SubgroupA subgroup of the Zeolite Group.
OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2OIso. 2 3 : I2 3
ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K,Na,Ba, ◻)10 (Si, Al)42O84 · 34H2OIso.
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2OIso.
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2OHex.
Phillipsite subgroupZeolite Group.
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.
Stilbite subgroupM6-7[Al8-9Si27-28O72] · nH2O
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2OOrth.
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mmm
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[Al3Si3O12]4(OH)8 · nH2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
UM1996-38-SiO:AlCaHNaNa-Ca-Al-Si-O-H
UM1999-33-SiO:AlHKNaK7Na5Al12Si20O64 · 24H2O
UM2002-40-SiO:AlCaHKMgNa(Mg,Ca,Na,K)7.5(Al12.8Si51.2)O128 · 65H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 2 2
Unnamed (Ca analogue of merlinoite)(Ca,K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O ?
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2OHex.
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
LepidoliteA Li-rich mica in, or close to, the so-called Polylithionite-Trilithionite series.
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
33 photos of Pollucite associated with Lepidolite
16 photos of Pollucite associated with ElbaiteNa(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
9 photos of Pollucite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
8 photos of Pollucite associated with TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
7 photos of Pollucite associated with KunziteLiAlSi2O6
6 photos of Pollucite associated with AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
6 photos of Pollucite associated with CleavelanditeNa(AlSi3O8)
6 photos of Pollucite associated with RubelliteA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
5 photos of Pollucite associated with ChalcedonySiO2
3 photos of Pollucite associated with NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GB.05Ammonioleucite(NH4)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
9.GB.05AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.GB.05HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
9.GB.05LithositeK6Al4Si8O25 · 2H2OMon.
9.GB.05LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)Tet. 4/m : I41/a
9.GB.05WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
9.GB.05KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.GB.10LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GB.15YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2OMon.
9.GB.20RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2OTet.
9.GB.25GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon.
9.GB.30Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2OOrth.
9.GB.35ParthéiteCa2(Si4Al4) O15 (OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

77.1.1.1AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
77.1.1.3WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OMon. 2/m
77.1.1.4LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
77.1.1.5HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
77.1.1.8KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.5.2NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
16.5.3Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
16.5.4Ammonioleucite(NH4)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
16.5.5Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
16.5.6Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2OTric.
16.5.7PapagoiteCaCu[H3AlSi2O9]Mon.

Fluorescence of PolluciteHide

Usually non-fluorescent, rarely may have a pale yellow fluorescence in SW UV.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Pollucite in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for PolluciteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt, J.F.A. (1846) Pollux. (Poggendorff's). Annalen der Physik und Chemie: 69: 439-439.
Kume, S., Koizumi, M. (1965) Synthetic pollucites in the system Cs2O·Al2O3·4SiO2—Cs2O·Fe2O3·4SiO2—H2O— their phase relationship and physical properties. American Mineralogist: 50: 587-592.
Mandarino, J.A., Harris, D.C. (1965) New Canadian mineral occurrences: I. Eucryptite, pollucite, rozenite, epsomite, dawsonite, fairchildite and butschliite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 8: 377-381.
Newnham, R.E. (1967) Crystal structure and optical properties of pollucite. American Mineralogist: 52: 1515-1518.
Beger, R.M., Buerger, M.J. (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: The structure of pollucite. The Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 284-285.
Beger, R.M. (1969) The crystal structure and chemical composition of pollucite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 129: 280-302.
Černý, P. (1974) The present status of the analcime-pollucite series. Canadian Mineralogist: 12: 334-341.
Martin, R.F., Lagache, M. (1975) Cell edges and infrared spectra of synthetic leucites and pollucites in the system KAlSi2O6 — RbAlSi2O6 — CsAlSi2O6. Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 275-281.
Černý, P. (1978) Alteration of pollucite in some pegmatites of southeastern Manitoba. The Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 89-95.
Černý, P., Simpson, F.M. (1978) The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba. X. Pollucite. Canadian Mineralogist: 16: 325-333.
Černý, P. (1979) Pollucite and its alteration in geological occurrences and in deep-burial radioactive waste disposal. Scientific basis for Nuclear Waste Management: 1: 231-236.
Wang, X.J., Zou, T.R., Xu, J.G., Yu, X.Y., and Qiu, Y.Z. (1981) Study of pegmatite minerals of the Altai region. Science Publishing House, Beijing, China.
Torres-Martinez, L.M., West, A.R. (1986) New family of silicate phases with the pollucite structure. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 175: 1-7.
Sebastian, A. and Lagache, M. (1990) Experimental study of the equilibrium between pollucite, albite, and hydrothermal fluid in pegamtite systems. Mineralogical Magazine: 54: 447-454.
Teertstra, D.K. and Černý, P. (1992) Controls on morphology of analcime-pollucite in natural minerals, synthetic phases, and nuclear waste products. Crystal Research Technology: 27: 931-939.
Teertstra, D.K., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (1992) Compositional heterogeneity of pollucite from High Grade Dyke, Maskwa Lake, southeastern Manitoba. The Canadian Mineralogist: 30: 687-697.
Canadian Mineralogist (1994): 32: 69.
Legache, M. (1995) New experimental data on the stability of the pollucite-analcime series: application to natural assemblages. European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 319-323.
Teertstra, D.K. and Černý, P. (1995) First natural occurrences of end-member pollucite: A product of low-temperature reequilibration. European Journal of Mineralogy: 7: 1137-1148.
Teertstra, D.K., Černý, P., and Novák, M. (1995) Compositional and textural evolution of pollucite in pegmatites of the Maldanubicum. Mineralogy and Petrology: 55: 37-51.
Coombs, D.S., Alberti, A., Armbruster, T., Artioli, G., Colella, C., Galli, E., Grice, J.D., Liebau, F., Mandarino, J.A., Minato, H., Nickel, E.H., Passaglia, E., Peacor, D.R., Quartieri, S., Rinaldi, R., Ross, M., Sheppard, R.A., Tillmanns, E., Vezzalini, G. (1997) Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1571-1606.
London, D., Morgan, G.B., VI, and Icehower, J. (1998) Stability and solubility of pollucite in granitic system at 200 MPa H2O. Canadian Mineralogist: 36: 497-510.
Zhu, J.C., Wu, C.N., Liu, C.S., Li, F.C., Huang, X.L., and Zhou, D.S. (2000) Magmatic-hydrothermal evolution and genesis of Koktokay no. 3 rare metal pegmatite dyke, Altai, China. Geological Journal of China Universities: 6(1): 40-52 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Mineralogical Record: 30: 5-6.
Ogorodova, L.P., Melchakova, L.V., Kiseleva, I.A., and Belitsky, I.A. (2003) Thermochemical study of natural pollucite. Thermochimica Acta: 403: 251-256.
Wang, R.C., Hu, H., Zhang, A.C., Huang, X.L., Ni., P. (2004) Pollucite and the cesium-dominant analogue of polylithionite as expressions of extreme Cs enrichment in the Yichun topaz-lepidolite granite, southern China. Canadian Mineralogist: 42: 883-896.
Wang, R.C., Hu, H., Zhang, A.C., Fontan, F., Zhang, H., de Parseval, P. (2006) Occurrence and late re-equilibration of pollucite from the Koktokay no. 3 pegmatite, Altai, northwestern China. American Mineralogist: 91: 729-739.
Kamiya, N., Nishi, K., Yokomori, Y. (2008) Crystal structure of pollucite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 223: 584–590.
Presser, V., Klouzková, A., Mrázová, M., Kohoutková, M., Berthold, C. (2008) Micro-raman spectroscopy on analcime and pollucite in comparison to X-ray diffraction. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 39: 587-592.
Gatta, G. Diego, et al (2009) On the crystal structure and crystal chemistry of pollucite, (Cs,Na)16Al16Si32O96·nH2O: A natural microporous material of interest in nuclear technology. American Mineralogist: 94: 1560-1568.
Gatta, G.D., Rotiroti, N., Boffa Ballaran, T., Sanchez-Valle, C., Pavese, A. (2009) Elastic behavior and phase stability of pollucite, a potential host for nuclear waste. American Mineralogist: 94: 1137-1143.
Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Gatta, G.D., Cestelli Guidi, M., Harley, S. (2012) Carbon dioxide in pollucite, a feldspathoid with the ideal composition (Cs,Na)16Al16Si32O96·nH2O. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 903-911.

Internet Links for PolluciteHide

Localities for PolluciteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan
    • Fayzabad District
      • Talbuzanak pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Kunar
    • Chapa Dara District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Laghman
    • Alingar District (Alinghar District)
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110.
    • Mihtarlam District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110.
  • Nangarhar
    • Surkh Rod District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
  • Nuristan
    • Du Ab District
      • Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
David Eicher
    • Kamdesh District
Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
    • Mandol District
      • Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Nuristan District
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
    • Parun District
      • Parun (Paroon; Parown) pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Waygal District
      • Parun (Paroon; Parown) pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Angola
 
  • Namibe Province
    • Giraul pegmatite field
Gonçalves, A. O., Melgarejo, J. C., Alfonso, P., Amores, S., Paniagua, A., Neto, A. B., ... & Camprubí, A. (2019). The Distribution of Rare Metals in the LCT Pegmatites from the Giraúl Field, Angola. Minerals, 9(10), 580.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba Province
    • Punilla Department
      • Sierra de Córdoba
Demartis, M., Melgarejo, J. C., Colombo, F., Alfonso, P., Coniglio, J. E., Pinotti, L. P., & D’Eramo, F. J. (2014). Extreme F activities in late pegmatitic events as a key factor for LILE and HFSE enrichment: The Ángel pegmatite, central Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 52(2), 247-269.
  • San Luis Province
    • Coronel Pringles department
      • El Trapiche
        • Las Águilas deposit
Miguel Á. Galliski, María Florencia Márquez-Zavalía, Raúl Lira, Jan Cempírek and Radek Škoda (2012) Mineralogy and Origin of the Dumortierite-Bearing Pegmatites of Virorco, San Luis, Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 50:873-894.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
Econ Geol (1995) 90:616-635
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Nepean
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
http://www.pioneerresources.com.au/project_pioneerdome.php
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waidhofen an der Thaya District
      • Raabs an der Thaya
        • Eibenstein an der Thaya
Kolitsch, U., Löffler, E., Schillhammer, H., Knobloch, G., Lamatsch, P. (2020): 2178). Baryt, Bertrandit, Columbit-(Mn), Eulytin, Hübnerit, rosa Olenit, Pezzottait(?), Pollucit, Rutil, Scheelit, Stibarsen, „Uranmikrolith“ und gediegen Wismut sowie ein neues Cs-Al-Phosphat in einem rosa Turmaline enthaltenden Pegmatit im Steinbruch von Eibenstein im Waldviertel, Niederösterreich: ein Vorbericht. Pp. 191-200 in Walter, F. et al. (2020): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIX. Carinthia II, 210./130., 153-218.
  • Styria
    • Murtal District
      • Pusterwald
        • Pusterwald-Bretstein area
          • Spodumene pegmatites
Mali, H. (2004): Die Spodumenpegmatite von Bretstein und Pusterwald (Wölzer Tauern, Steiermark). Joannea Mineralogie 2, 5-53.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Jeremie Pfister Collection
    • Itinga
      • Monte Belo
[MinRec 12:74]; Quéméneur, J., & Lagache, M. (1999). Comparative study of two pegmatitic fields from Minas Gerais, Brazil, using rubidium and cesium content of the micas and feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 29(1), 27-32.
Morteani, G., Preinfalk, C., and Horn, A.H. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 638-655.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Revelstoke Mining Division
      • Revelstoke
Dixon, A. (2014, October). Mount Begbie Pegmatite Group, British Columbia, Canada–evolution from Barren to Complex Rare-element Pegmatites. In 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
Bannatyne, B. B. (1985). Industrial minerals in rare-element pegmatites of Manitoba (Vol. 84, No. 1). Manitoba Energy and Mines, Geological Services.
Crouse, R.A., Černý, P. (1972) The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba. I. Geology and paragenesis. Canadian Mineralogist, 11(3), 591-608.; Černý, P., Simpson, F.M. (1978) The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic Lake, Manitoba. X. Pollucite. Canadian Mineralogist, 16, 325-333.; Bannatyne, B.B. (1985) Industrial minerals in rare-element pegmatites of Manitoba, 84(1). Manitoba Energy and Mines, Geological Services.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bernic Lake, Manitoba: Mining for Space-age Elements. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 64-67; 153-155.; Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World: 51, 428.; Van Lichtervelde, Marieke, Melcher, Frank, Wirth, Richard (2009) Magmatic vs. hydrothermal origins for zircon associated with tantalum mineralization in the Tanco pegmatite, Manitoba, Canada. American Mineralogist, 94(4), 439–450.
      • Cat Lake - Winnipeg River pegmatite field
        • Donner Lake
Teertstra, D.K. et al. ( 1992): "Compositional heterogeneity of pollucite from High Grade Dyke, Maskwa Lake, southeastern Manitoba". Can. Mineral., 30, pp. 687-697; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.428; Teertstra, D. K.; Černý, P.; Ottolini, L. (1999): Stranger in paradise. Liddicoatite from the High-Grade Dike pegmatite, southeastern Manitoba, Canada. European Journal of Mineralogy 11, 227-235.; Bannatyne, B. B. (1985). Industrial minerals in rare-element pegmatites of Manitoba (Vol. 84, No. 1). Manitoba Energy and Mines, Geological Services.
    • Red Cross Lake
Xianjue Wang, Xiaolin Xiong, and Cerny, P. (2002): Geochimica 5, 481-486; Černý, O., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., Selway, J.B., Hawthorne, F.C., Ferreira, K., Chackowsky, L.E., Wang, X.J. & and Meintzer, R.E. (2012); Černý, P., Teertstra, D. K., Chapman, R., Selway, J. B., Hawthorne, F. C., Ferreira, K., ... & Meintzer, R. E. (2012). Extreme Fractionation And Deformation Of The Leucogranite–Pegmatite Suite At Red Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Iv. Mineralogy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1839-1875.
  • Northwest Territories
    • O'Grady Lake area
Canadian Mineralogist 41:117-137
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Lilypad Lakes pegmatites
        • Ferguson Lake Area
J.C. Pedersen (2000) Report on 2000 Winter Diamond Drill Program Lilypad Lakes Tantalum - Cesium Property. Assessment File
      • Pakeagama Lake Area
Andrew G. Tindle, Fred W. Breaks and Julie B. Selway (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype granitic pegmatites; evidence of fractionation and contamination from the Paleagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist 40:753-78; Breaks, F. W., Tindle, A. G., & Smith, S. R. The Pakeagama Lake Pegmatite: Continued Field and Laboratory Investigation of Highly Evolved, Complex-Type, Petalite-Subtype Rare-Element Mineralization in the Berens River-Sachigo Subprovince Boundary Zone
Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • La Corne
Sabina, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 169p.
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
Potter, E. G., Taylor, R. P., Jones, P. C., Lalonde A. E., Pearse, G. H. K., and Rowe, R., 2009, Sokolovaite and evolved lithian micas from the Eastern Moblan pegmatite, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 337-349.
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field
Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Nianming Qiu, Chenghu Chen, Chaofa Cai, Yaping Zhang, Jiabing Liu, and Yuexian Chen (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(3), 10-21; Can Rao, Rucheng Wang, and Huan Hu (2009): Geological Journal of China Universities 15(4), 496-505; Rao, C., Wang, R. C., Hatert, F., & Baijot, M. (2014). Hydrothermal transformations of triphylite from the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite dyke, southeastern China. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 179-188.; Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia, Q., Yue, X., & Wang, W. (2017). Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 864-876.; Rao, C.; Wang, R.-C.; Hatert, F.; Wu, R.-Q.; Wang, Q. (2020) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Sr-Bearing Phosphates from the Nanping No. 31 Pegmatite (SE China): Implications for Sr Circulation and Post-Magmatic Processes in Granitic Systems. Minerals 10, 541.
  • Henan
    • Sanmenxia
      • Lushi County
        • Guanpo
          • Guanpo pegmatite field
Qu, K.; Sima, X.; Li, G.; Fan, G.; Shen, G.; Liu, X.; Xiao, Z.; Guo, H.; Qiu, L.; Wang, Y. (2020) Fluorluanshiweiite, KLiAl1.5□0.5(Si3.5Al0.5)O10F2, a New Mineral of the Mica Group from the Nanyangshan LCT Pegmatite Deposit, North Qinling Orogen, China. Minerals 10, 93.
Fan G., Li G., Shen G., Xu J., Dai J. (2013): Luanshiweiite: A New Member of Lepidolite Series. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 33, 713-721.
  • Jiangxi
    • Yichun
      • Yuanzhou District
        • Yichun complex (Yashan batholith)
Rucheng Wang, Huan Hu, Aicheng Zhang, Xiaolong Huang, and Pei Ni (2004): Canadian Mineralogist 42(3), 883-896.; Lin Yin, Pollard, P.J., Hu Shouxi, and Taylor, R.G. (1995): Economic Geology 90(3), 577-585
  • Xinjiang
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Yizhou District
        • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuhai Co. (Burultokay Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
          • Koktokay pegmatite field (Keketuohai pegmatite field)
            • Altay Mine
Tianren Zou, Xiangchen Zhang, Fuyi Jia, Rucong Wang, Huizhi Cao, and Boqing Wu (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(4), 34-48; Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Aicheng Zhang, and Shijin Xu (2004): Mineral Deposits 23(4), 411-421
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Czech Republic
 
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Český Krumlov District
Welser, P. et al.: Lithný pegmatit Nová Ves. Minerál, Special volume, 2007, roč. 15.; Novák, M., Ertl, A., Povondra, P., Vašinová Galiová, M., Rossman, G. R., Pristacz, H., ... & Škoda, R. (2013). Darrellhenryite, Na (LiAl2) Al6 (BO3) 3Si6O18 (OH) 3O, a new mineral from the tourmaline supergroup. American Mineralogist, 98(10), 1886-1892.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Jihlava District
      • Jihlava (Iglau)
Miškovský, J.: Doplňky k mineralogii lithného pegmatitu u Jeclova na Jihlavsku. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, Vědy přírodní, 1960, roč. 45, s. 25-29.
Miskovsky, Josef (1955): Pollucite from Puklice near Jihlava. Casopis Moravskeho Musea, Vedy Prirodni 40, 89-92.; Bull. Minéral., 1984, 107, pp. 369-384.; Novak, M., & Divis, K. (1996). Compositional trends in manganocolumbite from the Puklice I pegmatite, western Moravia, Czech Republic. Journal of GEOsciences, 41(1-2), 1-6.
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Věžná
www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/556.PDF.; Cerny, P., Novak, M., Chapman, R., & Masau, M. (2000). Subsolidus behavior of niobian rutile from Vezna, Czech Republic: A model for exsolutions in phases with Fe2+>> Fe3+. Journal of GEOsciences, 45(1-2), 21-35.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
Ethiopia
 
  • Oromia Region
    • Kenticha pegmatite field
A Geological Excursion To The Mesozoic Sediments Of The Abay Basin ( Blue Nile), Recent Volcanics Of The Ethiopian Main Rift And Basement Rocks Of The Adola Rea, Ethiopia. Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. 147 (2002)
Finland
 
  • North Karelia
    • Tohmajärvi
Teertsra David K., Lahti Seppo I., Alviola Reijo, Cerny Petr. 1993. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 368, 39 s.
  • Pirkanmaa
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Teerstra, D.K., Lahti, S., Alviola, R. & Černý, P. (1993): Pollucite and its alteration in Finnish Pegmatites. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 368 (p. 15-22)
  • South Ostrobothnia
    • Seinäjoki
      • Peräseinäjoki
Teerstra, D.K., Lahti, S., Alviola, R. & Černý, P. (1993): Pollucite and its alteration in Finnish Pegmatites. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 368. (p.22-26)
  • Southwest Finland
    • Somero
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, (p.295) ; Teerstra, D.K., Lahti, S., Alviola, R. & Černý, P. (1993): Pollucite and its alteration in Finnish Pegmatites. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 368
  • Tavastia Proper
    • Tammela
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, p.294-295
India
 
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Monoj Maitra, B. Chattopadhyay, S. K. Sengupta and S. Nandy (2007) Presence of Niobian Rutile and Its Exsolution Phases in Rare Element Pegmatite of Belamu Area, Purulia District, West Bengal. Journal Geological Society of India 74:296-298
Monoj Maitra, B. Chattopadhyay, S. K. Sengupta and S. Nandy (2007) Presence of Niobian Rutile and Its Exsolution Phases in Rare Element Pegmatite of Belamu Area, Purulia District, West Bengal. Journal Geological Society of India 74:296-298
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Viterbo Province
Della Ventura, G., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Rossi, P., Tamagnini, F., Fiori, S., 2004. Dieci anni di micromineralogia laziale. Il Cercapietre. Not. del Gruppo Mineralogico Romano, 1-2
Signoretti, E., Carlini, R., Mattei, L. (2004): Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Pian di S. Martino, Le Carcarelle, Torre del Quercio. Il Cercapietre, 1-2, articolo 3; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
Luigi Mattei specimen
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campo nell'Elba
        • San Piero in Campo
Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
Giuliano Bettini Collection
A. Beithaupt (1846) - Neue Mineralien: Kastor und Pollux - Poggend. An., 69: 436-439.
Pezzotta, F., Hawthorne, F.C., Cooper, M.A., Teertstra, D.K. (1996): Fibrous foitite from San Piero in Campo, Elba, Italy. Can. Mineral., 34, 741-744.
        • Sant'Ilario in Campo
          • Catri
            • Fosso Marcianella Pegmatite
Field Trip Excursion Programm IMA, May 29, 2005 (M.E. Ciriotti).
Japan
 
  • Fukuoka prefecture
    • Munakata City
Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages); Shirose, Y., & Uehara, S. (2014). Secondary phosphates in montebrasite and amblygonite from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(2), 103-108.
  • Ibaraki Prefecture
    • Hitachiota City
Sakurai et al (1977) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 72, 13-27.
Kazakhstan
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Ulan
Oitseva, Tatyana & D’yachkov, Boris & Vladimirov, A. & Kuzmina, O. & Ageeva, O.. (2017). New data on the substantial composition of Kalba rare metal deposits. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 110. 012018. 10.1088/1755-1315/110/1/012018.
Madagascar
 
  • Amoron'i Mania
Teertstra, D.K. & Černý, P. (1995) First natural occurrences of end-member pollucite: A product of low-temperature reequilibration. European Journal of Mineralogy, 7: 1137-1148
De Ascenção Guedes, R., Lebocey, J., Bayle, L.-D. & Chappero, P.-J. (2011): Munich 2011. Le Règne Minerál. 102, 10-29 [p. 22]
      • Sahatsiho Ambohimanjaka
        • Manandona Valley
Lefevre, M. & Thomas, L. (1998): Les pegmatites de la vallée de la Sahatany, Madagascar. Le Règne Minéral no 19, 15-28
  • Vakinankaratra
    • Antsirabe II
      • Ibity
        • Sahatany Valley
Larsen, K. E. (2003): Mineralene i Sahatany pegmatittfelt, Madagaskar. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 25, 5-18 (in norwegian)
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive
Alain Hanson Collection (Waiting to be analyzed to confirm id, photo id 499876)
    • Betafo
      • Anosiarivo Manapa
        • Antsentsindrano
Pezzotta, F.; Diella, V. & Demartin, F. (2003): Londonit aus Madagaskar- eine neue Mineralart. Lapis 35 (2), 35-38
Morocco
 
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
    • Aousserd Province
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Bettencourt Dias, M. and Wilson, W.E.(2000): Famous mineral localities: The Alto Ligonha pegmatites (Mozambique. Mineralogical Record. 31, 459-497
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Myanmar
 
  • Shan State
    • Kyaukme District
      • Momeik Township
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
          • Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)
Harald Schillhammer collection
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Etiro Farm 50
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 679 pp. (in English)
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 679 pp. (in English); Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35.
Keller, P. (1991) The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic pegmatites of Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia, 7, 21-35;
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 679 pp. (in English)
- Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
Paul Keller, The occurrence of Li-Fe-Mn phosphate minerals in granitic.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • Karasburg East
      • Tantalite Valley
Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Meløy
      • Holandsfjorden
Kristiansen, R. and Olsen, H. Chr. (2019) Pollucite - an old, new mineral to Norway. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019, 116-118.
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan
    • Astore District
Dudley Blauwet et al. (2004), Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International
    • Skardu District
      • Braldu Valley
Baluwet, D., 2004. Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains and Majesty, Lapis International, 96 p.
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Reiner Mielke
      • Haramosh Mts.
        • Chamachhu
Blauwet, et al, 1997, Aguide to the Mineral Localities of the Northern Areas, Pakistan. Mineralogical Record 28(3), 183-200.
No reference listed
AM Mizunaka
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Dzierżoniów County
      • Piława Górna
Pieczka A., Szełęg E., Szuszkiewicz A., Łodziński M., Nejbert K., Turniak K., Ilnicki S., Banach M., Michałowski P. & Różniak R. 2010: Lithium pegmatite from the DSS Piława Górna mine, Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 37, 99
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Ma, C., Rossman, G.R., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Turniak, K., Nejbert, K., Ilnicki, S.S., Buffat, P., Rutkowski, B. (2016): Żabińskiite, ideally Ca(Al0.5Ta0.5)(SiO4)O, a new mineral of the titanite group from the Piława Górna pegmatite, the Góry Sowie Block, southwestern Poland, Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
Pieczka, A., Łodziński, M., Szełęg, E., Ilnicki, S.S., Nejbert, K., Szuszkiewicz, A., Turniak, K., Banach, M., Michałowski, P. & Różniak, R. (2012) the Sowie Mts. Pegmatites (Lower Silesia, Sw Poland): A Current Knowledge. Mineralogica-Petrographica, 94, 105. Abstract Series, Szeged, Vol. 7
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie County
      • Gmina Ząbkowice Śląskie
        • Szklary
Pieczka, A., Evans, R. J., Grew, E. S., Groat, L. A., Ma, C., & Rossman, G. R. (2013). The dumortierite supergroup. II. Three new minerals from the Szklary pegmatite, SW Poland: Nioboholtite,(Nb0. 6⃞0. 4) Al6BSi3O18, titanoholtite,(Ti0. 75⃞0. 25) Al6BSi3O18, and szklaryite, ⃞Al6BAs33+ O15. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(6), 2841-2856.; Pieczka, A., Biagioni, C., Gołębiowska, B., Jeleń, P., Pasero, M., & Sitarz, M. (2018). Parafiniukite, Ca2Mn3 (PO4) 3Cl, a New Member of the Apatite Supergroup from the Szklary Pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Poland: Description and Crystal Structure. Minerals, 8(11), 485.
Russia
 
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Voron'i Tundry
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. V., Kononkova, N. N., Agakhanov, A. A., Belakovsky, D. I., Kazantsev, S. S., & Zubkova, N. V. (2010). Voloshinite, a new rubidium mica from granitic pegmatite of Voron’i Tundras, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 591-598.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Rezhevsky District
      • Lipovsk pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Krasnyi Chikoy
Rainer Thomas, Paul Davidson and Elena Badanina (2010) Water- and Boron-Rich Melt Inclusions in Quartz from the Malkhan Pegmatite, Transbaikalia, Russia. Minerals 2012, 2, 435-458.
[Lapis 1993:1 p13-15]
[MinRec 32:44]
Kasatkin, A. V., Britvin, S. N., Peretyazhko, I. S., Chukanov, N. V., Škoda, R., & Agakhanov, A. A. (2020). Oxybismutomicrolite, a new pyrochlore-supergroup mineral from the Malkhan pegmatite field, Central Transbaikalia, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine 84:444-454
International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-06 The Sosedka gem tourmaline-rich mine: Emplacement of extremely chemically heterogeneous pegmatite-forming medium; Zagorsky, V. Y. (2012). Mineralogy of pockets of the Malkhan tourmaline deposit (< i> Transbaikalia): feldspars of the Sosedka vein. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 53(6), 522-534
    • Menza District
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa
      • Steinkopf
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.; Baldwin, J. R. (1994). Lithium and tantalum mineralization in rare-element pegmatites from southern Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of St Andrews).
Sweden
 
  • Gävleborg County
    • Gävle
      • Bergby
Jonsson, Erik (2020) Pollucit med flera mineral från Litiumpegmatiten vid Bergby, Hamrånge. Berg & Mineral 30 (nr 98): 10-11
  • Stockholm County
    • Haninge
      • Utö
Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31; Teertstra, D. K., Čern yacute, P., Langhof, J., Smeds, S. A., & Grensman, F. (1996). Pollucite in Sweden: Occurrences, crystal chemistry, petrology and subsolidus history. GFF, 118(3), 141-149.
Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nykopingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nykopingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
  • Västerbotten County
    • Skellefteå
      • Skellefte mining district
Grensman, F & Langhof, J.(1991): Åkerberget. Guldgruva med litiumpegmatite. STEIN 18(2),20-22; Teertstra, D. K., Čern yacute, P., Langhof, J., Smeds, S. A., & Grensman, F. (1996). Pollucite in Sweden: Occurrences, crystal chemistry, petrology and subsolidus history. GFF, 118(3), 141-149.; Billström, K., Mattson, B., Söderlund, U., Årebäck, H., & Broman, C. (2012). Geology and Age Constraints on the Origin of the Intrusion-Related, Sheeted Vein-Type Åkerberg Gold Deposit, Skellefte District, Sweden. Minerals, 2(4), 385-416.
Sandström, F. (2008) Varuträskpegmatiten. Litofilen, 25 (2), 17-46; Teertstra, D. K., Čern yacute, P., Langhof, J., Smeds, S. A., & Grensman, F. (1996). Pollucite in Sweden: Occurrences, crystal chemistry, petrology and subsolidus history. GFF, 118(3), 141-149.
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • West Devon
        • Okehampton Hamlets
http://johnblanchard.net/index.php/some-sites/226-meldon-aplite-quarry-sssi; von Knorring, O., Condliffe, E. (1984) On the occurrence of niobium-tantalum and other rare-element minerals in the Meldon aplite, Devonshire. Mineralogical Magazine, 48(348), 443-448 (referring to Kingsbury).
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
      • White Picacho Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 332; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 89.
  • California
    • San Diego County
      • Mesa Grande Mining District
        • Gem Hill
Rynerson, F. J. 1967. Exploring and mining for Gems and Gold in the West. Happy Camp, California: Naturegraph Publishers, Inc., 204 pages.
      • Pala Mining District
        • Pala
Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
      • Ramona Mining District
        • Ramona
David London, George B. Morgan VI, and James L. Maner (2016) Pegmatites of the Little Three mine, Ramona, San Diego County, California. in Second Eugene E. Foord Pegmatite Symposium July 15-19, 2016 Colorado School of Mines campus, Golden, Colorado
      • Volcan Mountains
        • Ranchita
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 370.
      • Warner Springs Mining District
        • Warner Springs
Rocks & Minerals, May-June 2003
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Quartz Creek Pegmatite Mining District
Rocks & Min. Vol.71, No.3, p.193
Van King; Bob Cobban
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
      • Ridgefield
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
    • Hartford Co.
      • Glastonbury
        • South Glastonbury
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World, p.148.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995): Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue): 70(6): 402.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
Rocks & Min.: 70:382; Rocks & Minerals (1970) 45:443-449; Rocks & Minerals (1970) 45:595-600; Barton and Goldsmith (1968)
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • East Mount Apatite Mining District
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
        • West Mount Apatite Mining District
No reference listed
      • Minot
Van King
      • Poland
Jeffrey Morrison, William Simmons, Alexander Falster, Encar Roda Robles (2018) The havey gem tourmaline pegmatite, Poland, and roscoggin county, maine – an example of highly
    • Franklin Co.
      • D Township
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
    • Oxford County
      • Buckfield
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1, King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1., V.2
Gary Freeman
Barton, W. & C. E. Goldsmith (1968) New England Beryllium investigations. US Bureau Mines RI 7070
No reference listed
Rocks & Min.: 62:403-404.
      • Greenwood
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
Rocks & Min.: 58:181.; Mineral News (1993) 9:2 p. 8
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
American Mineralogist; November-December 2009; v. 94; no. 11-12; p. 1560-1568; Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., Dallaire, D. A., Nizamoff, J. W., & Sprague, R. A. (2019). The Emmons Pegmatite, Greenwood, Oxford County, Maine. Rocks & Minerals, 94(6), 498-519.
      • Hebron
No reference listed
USGS Bull 445
      • Newry
Shainin and Dellwig (1955)
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
      • Norway
No reference listed
      • Paris
King, V. and Foord, E., 2000, Mineralogy of Maine.
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. , 1998; Encar Roda-Robles, William Simmons, Alexander Falster, Alfonso Pesquera, Pedro-Pablo Gil-Crespo (2018) Paragenetic and compositional evolution of tourmaline from the Mt. Mica pegmatite (Maine, USA). in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 498; Myles M. Felch, William B. Simmons, Alexander U. Falster, and Karen L. Webber (2016) A large scale boundary layer texture in the Mt. Mica pegmatite, Paris, Oxford County, Maine. in Second Eugene E. Foord Pegmatite Symposium July 15-19, 2016 Colorado School of Mines campus, Golden, Colorado
      • Rumford
No reference listed
      • West Paris
Hess et al. (1943)
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Chesterfield
No reference listed
      • Goshen
Shaub, B. M and Schenck, B. J. (1954). Pollucite From Lithia, Massachusetts (American Mineralogist 39:661); "Western Massachusetts Mineral Localites" by Plante, A.R., Valley Geology Press, 1992
    • Worcester Co.
      • Leominster
Billings, 1944.Spodumene Deposits in the Leominster-Sterling Area; Richmond and Gonyer, 1938. On Pollucite (AmMin 23:783)
  • North Carolina
    • Mitchell Co.
Wise MA,Brown CD (2009) Extreme rare-earth element enrichment in a muscovite -rare element class granitic pegmatite: A case study of the spodumene-amazonite McHone pegmatite,Spruce Pine,North Carolina:Southeast Geology 46:155-172
    • Yancey Co.
      • Burnsville
        • Hurricane Mountain
"Mineralogy and History of the Ray Mica Mine, Yancey County, NC"
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117-118; Meeves, H., et al (1966), Reconnaissance of beryllium-bearing pegmatite deposits in six western states, US Bur. Mines Info. Circ. 8298: 32 (Table A-1).Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. ; Staatz, M. H.; Page, L. R.; Norton, J. J.; Wilmarth, V. R. (1963) Exploration for beryllium at the Helen Beryl, Elkhorn, and Tin Mountain pegmatites, Custer County, South Dakota. USGS Prof. Paper 297C.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Hill City Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Wisconsin
    • Florence Co.
      • Fern
        • Pine River pegmatites
Sirbescu, M. L. C., E. E. Hartwick, E.E., & J. J. Student (2008): Rapid crystallization of the Animikie Red Ace Pegmatite, Florence county, northeastern Wisconsin: inclusion microthermometry and conductive-cooling modeling. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 156: 289-305.; Falster, A. U., Simmons, W. B., Webber, K. L., & Pandalai, S. G. (1994). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite, Florence county, Wisconsin (Master's thesis, University of New Orleans).
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland East
    • Mudzi District
Hornung. G. PhD thesis. Pegmatites of th N. Mtoko Region. University of Leeds, Research Institute of African Geology. !961
Ackermann, K.J., Branscombe, K.C., Hawkes, J.R., Tidy, A.J.L. (1968) The geology of some beryl pegmatites in Southern Rhodesia. Verhandelinge van die Geologiese Vereniging van Suid Afrika (Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa), 69(1), 1-38.
  • Masvingo
    • Bikita Area
Walsh, K.L. and Harmer, R.E. (1997) Excursion guide: Alkaline igneous rocks of southeastern Zimbabwe. Geological Society of Zimbabwe conference field trip No. 5
http://geology.csupomona.edu/drjessey/class/GSC433/Pegmatites.htm; Cerny, P., Anderson, A. J., Tomascak, P. B., & Chapman, R. (2003). Geochemical and morphological features of beryl from the Bikita granitic pegmatite, Zimbabwe. The Canadian Mineralogist, 41(4), 1003-1011.
  • Matabeleland South
    • Insiza District
      • Pioneer village No. 4
HARRISON (N.M.) - The geology of the country around Fort Rixon and Shangani. Rhodesia Geol. Surv., Bull. 61. 1969. 152 p.
 
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