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Apatite Group

This page kindly sponsored by Matt Zukowski
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About Apatite GroupHide

Name:
The group has its name after the generic name apatite first introduced by the German mineralogist Abraham Gottlob Werner in 1786 (Gerards 1786). It is derived from the Greek ἀπατάω (apatao), to deceive, in allusion to apatite often being confused with other minerals (e.g., beryl, milarite). The designation "Apatite Group" has been used with different definitions in the history of mineralogy. The new nomenclature of the apatite supergroup and its divisons in 5 groups, among them the apatite group was approved by the IMA in 2010 (Pasero et al. 2010).
A group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudohexagonal phosphates, arsenates and vanadates containing the same species-defining cation at both the M1 and M2 sites (Pasero et al 2010).

"Apatite" (sensu lacto) is often used commonly as the generic name for the members of the group which have not been differentiated into specific species through analytical methods and was the name commonly used in the past. Older synonyms for undifferentiated apatites are listed under the Apatite file.


Some minerals in the apatite group:
Phosphates:
Fluorapatite
Chlorapatite
Alforsite
Ellestadite
Pyromorphite
Fluorapatite
Chlorapatite
Alforsite
Ellestadite
Pyromorphite
Fluorapatite
Chlorapatite
Alforsite
Ellestadite
Pyromorphite
Arsenates:
Svabite
Johnbaumite
Turneaureite
Mimetite
Svabite
Johnbaumite
Turneaureite
Mimetite
Svabite
Johnbaumite
Turneaureite
Mimetite
Vanadates:
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite
Vanadinite




Relationship of Apatite Group to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Belovite GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and trigonal phosphates with the M1 site split ...
Britholite Group(REE, Ca)5[(Si,P)O4]3X
Ellestadite GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudohexagonal sulphato-silicates with the ...
Hedyphane GroupA group in the Apatite Supergroup which includes hexagonal and pseudohexagonal phosphates, arsenates and ...
VanackeritePb4Cd(AsO4)3(Cl,OH) Trig. 3 : P3
Group Members:
Alforsite Ba5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
Apatite 
  Chlorapatite Ca5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
  Fluorapatite Ca5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
  Hydroxylapatite Ca5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
Hydroxylpyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
Johnbaumite Ca5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
Mimetite Pb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
Oxypyromorphite Pb10(PO4)6O
Pieczkaite Mn5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
Pyromorphite Pb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
Stronadelphite Sr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
Svabite Ca5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Turneaureite Ca5(AsO4)3ClHex.
Unnamed (F-analogue of Pyromorphite) Pb5(PO4)3F
Unnamed (OH-analogue of Mimetite) Pb5(AsO4)3(OH)
Unnamed (V-dominant analogue of Fluorapatite) Ca5(VO4,PO4,SO4)3F
Vanadinite Pb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Apatite Group in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

References for Apatite GroupHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gerhards, C.A. (1786) Erster Ahnung. Von einigen noch nicht genau bestimmten und ganz neu entdecken Mineralien. in Grundriss des Mineralsystems, Christian Friedrich Himburg (Berlin): 281-287 [First introduction of the name apatite, Werner credited as the originator]
Pasero, M., Kampf, A.R., Ferraris, C., Pekov, I.V., Rakovan, J. and White, T.J. (2010) Nomenclature of the apatite supergroup minerals. European Journal of Mineralogy, 22: 163-179.
Hughes, J.M. and Rakovan, J.F. (2015) Structurally robust, chemically diverse: apatite and apatite supergroup minerals. Elements, 11: 165-170.
Roycroft, P.D. and Cuypers, M. (2015) The etymology of the mineral name 'apatite': a clarification. Irish Journal of Earth Sciences, 3: 71-75.

Internet Links for Apatite GroupHide

Significant localities for Apatite GroupHide

Showing 91 significant localities out of 14,880 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Victoria-Daly Region
      • Grove Hill
[Mimetite] England, B. M., & Robinson, N. (1988). Mimetite and duftite from the Mount Bonnie mine, Northern Territory. Mineralogical Record, 19, 441-50.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Rosebud Station
        • Mary Kathleen district
[Fluorapatite] Costas Constantinides collection, Australian museum id
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan District
        • Dundas mineral field
[Mimetite] N.R. Kemp and R.S. Bottrill : "Crocoite : mine is from which mine", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
        • Zeehan mineral field
          • Zeehan Queen mine ("Sylvester-Queen")
[Pyromorphite] R Bottrill collection
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Untersulzbach valley
        • Knappenwand area
[Fluorapatite] Harjo Neutkens collection
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Krieglach
        • Teschengraben
[Mimetite] Tomazic, P. (1999): Der Blei-Zink Bergbau Freßnitzkogel - Stanglalm, Mürztal, Steiermark, Österreich. Annalen, Journal of science and art, 1, 57-62
Belgium
 
  • Walloon Brabant Province
    • Rebecq
      • Bierghes
[Apatite] Harjo Neutkens collection
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Arque Province
[Fluorapatite] (Widespread in collections in Bolivia.)
  • Potosí Department
    • Cerro Huañaquino
[Hydroxylapatite var: Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite] Alfredo Petrov (1997) Mineral News, 13, #4.
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Cross Lake
      • North Group
[Pieczkaite] Tait, K., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N. and Abdu, Y. (2014) Pieczkaite, IMA 2014-005. CNMNC Newsletter No. 20, June 2014, page 555; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 549-558. ; Tait, K., Ball, N.A. and Hawthorne, F. (2015): Pieczkaite, ideally Mn5(PO4)3Cl, a new apatite-supergroup mineral from Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 100, 1047-1052
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Monmouth Township
[Fluorapatite] Van King; G. W. Robinson, V. King (1993) Whats New in Minerals. Mineralogical Record 24:381-395; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42; Bermanec V, Tomašić N, Kniewald G, Back M E, Zagler G (2008) Nioboaeschynite-(Y), a new member of the aeschynite group from the Bear Lake diggings, Haliburton County, Ontario, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist 46, 395-402
        • Concession 15
          • Lot 34/35
[Fluorapatite] Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
[Fluorapatite] Michael Bainbridge collection
    • Hastings Co.
      • Carlow Township
[Apatite] Matthew Neuzil Collection
    • Renfrew Co.
      • Sebastopol Township
        • Miller property
[Apatite] R & M for the collector: Ottawa-North Bay; Hull-Waltham
[Apatite] R & M for the collector Ottawa-North Bay; Hull to Waltham
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Réservoir-Dozois
[Fluorapatite] Olivier Langelier Collection; Hudon, P., Friedman, R.M., Gauthier, G. & Martignole, J. (2006) Age of the Cabonga nepheline syenite, Grenville Province, western Quebec. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, vol. 43(9), 1237-1249.
    • Outaouais
      • Pontiac RCM
        • Otter Lake
[Fluorapatite] Leavitt, D.L. (1981). "Minerals of the Yates uranium mine, Pontiac County (Québec)." Mineralogical Record, 12(6),pp:359-363.; M A G Lafontaine (1979) Uranium-Thorium Deposite at the Yates Mine, Huddersfield Township, Quebec. MSc thesis, University of Ottawa.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Elqui Province
      • La Serena
        • Tambillos mining district
[Fluorapatite var: Cuproapatite] No reference listed
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Guilin Prefecture
      • Gongcheng Co.
[Pyromorphite] Guanghua Liu and Ottens, B. (2005): The Mineralogical Record 36(1) 25-33; Mineralogical Record 40:328
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
[Mimetite] Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
[Apatite] Lefèvre M. (1996), Une pegmatite à tourmaline et apatite colorées dans le massif granitique de Roscoff (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 16-17
    • Morbihan
      • Plumelin
[Pyromorphite] Le Roc'h P., Bocianowski M. ((2001), La carrière de la Lande, Plumelin (Morbihan), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°72, pp: 7-10
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
        • Urbeis
[Mimetite var: Campylite] Thierry Brunsperger collection.
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Cernay
        • Steinbach
          • Silberthal
[Pyromorphite] Mines, mineurs et minéralogie du Silberthal, tomes 1 et 2
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Ussel
[Pyromorphite] Brousse, A. (1982): Famous Mineral Localities. Les Farges mine. Mineralogical Record 13 (5), 261-68
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
[Fluorapatite] Thomas, R., and Webster, J.D. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 570-582.
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
        • Johanngeorgenstadt
[Mimetite] Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
[Pyromorphite] http://tw.strahlen.org/typloc/pyromorphit.html
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
[Apatite] Struever G., 1871. Apatite della miniera del Bottino presso Seravezza. Atti R. Acad. Sci. Torino, 26
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Casas Grandes
      • San Pedro Corralitos
        • León Group
[Mimetite] Panczner(1987):130 & 348.
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Durango
      • Cerro de los Remedios
        • Victoria de Durango
[Fluorapatite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 886.
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Zimapán
[Vanadinite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 897.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
      • Imilchil
[Fluorapatite] James Stroud's Collection
    • Midelt Province
      • Mibladen mining district
[Vanadinite] Praszkier, T. (2013): Mibladen, Morocco. Mineralogical Record. 44, 247-285
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region (Otjikoto Region)
    • Tsumeb
[Mimetite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 268, 893; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 295.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
[Chlorapatite] Rammelsberg, C.F. (1860) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. First edition, Leipzig, p. 353 Raade, G. (1996): Minerals originally described from Norway. Including notes on type material. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 11, p. 29
Pakistan
 
  • Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
    • Mohmand Agency
      • Warsak (Warzak)
        • Ganadao (Gandahab; Ghandahab valley)
[Apatite] personnal observation on field (in Peshawar)
Peru
 
  • Ancash Department
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
[Apatite] (specimens are widespread in numerous collections)
    • Pallasca Province
      • Pampas District
[Fluorapatite] Mineralogical Record 28, No. 4 (1997); collections of Rock Currier, Jack Crowley, Jaroslav Hyrsl and Alfredo Petrov.
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
[Fluorapatite] Crowley, Jack A., Currier, Rock H., & Szenics, Terry (1997) Mines and Minerals of Peru. Mineralogical Record, Vol.28, No.4. 98p.
Portugal
 
  • Castelo Branco District
    • Covilhã
[Fluorapatite] American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 854-860, l982; Dunn, P. J. (1977): Apatite. A guide to species nomenclature. Mineralogical Record 8 (2): 78-82
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Khibiny Massif
        • Kukisvumchorr Mt
[Stronadelphite] IMA website - May 2008 approvals
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
[Pyromorphite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 650, 893; World of Stones 2/93 p.35.; Cook, R. B. (2007). Crocoite: Dundas, Tasmania, Australia. Rocks & Minerals, 82(1), 50-54
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Santa Eufemia
        • Minas Viejas
[Pyromorphite] Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
    • Jaén
      • Linares-La Carolina District
        • Linares
[Mimetite] Colectivo Arrayanes, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia, Cesar Menor (2008): El Coto de la Luz. Bocamina, 22: 56-105.
  • Madrid
[Apatite] Garcia G., Gonzalez C., Bueno A. (2004) - Cadalso de los Vidrios (Madrid), Bocamina, n° 14, pp: 12-46.
  • Murcia
    • Jumilla
      • La Celia
[Fluorapatite] Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
Sweden
 
  • Skåne
    • Bromölla
      • Näsum
[Apatite] The Swedish Museum of Natural History collection # 18680536
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
[Turneaureite] Dunn, P.J., Petersen, E. U., Peacor D. R. (1985) Turneaureite, a new member of the apatite group from Franklin, New Jersey, Balmat, New York and Långban, Sweden, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23: 251-254
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
[Svabite] Sjögren, H. (1892): Contributions to Swedish mineralogy. Part I: 7. Svabite a new member of the apatite group. Bulletin of the Geological Institution of the University of Upsala. 1, 50–56.
    • Munkfors
      • Ransäter
[Chlorapatite var: Munkforssite] Igelström (1897) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 27: 601; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1006.
Tanzania
 
  • Manyara Region
    • Simanjiro District
      • Lelatema Mts
[Fluorapatite] Mineralogical Record (2009) 40:347-408. Rocks and Minerals (2013) 88(2):179-183.
[Fluorapatite] Van King; Simonoff J., Wise M (2012) A closer Look at Merelani Minerals. Mineral News Vol 28 No 2; Rocks and Minerals 88(2), 179-183 (2013); Rocks and Minerals 88(2), 154-165 (2013).
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Stokeclimsland
        • Callington United Mines (incl. Emmens United Mines)
[Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite var: Holmbushite] Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 105 pp.
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
[Vanadinite] [MinRec 12:247]
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Melindwr
        • Goginan
[Pyromorphite] No reference listed
      • Trefeirig
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
[Pyromorphite] No reference listed
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
[Pyromorphite] BMS Database, UKJMM 17
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Pima Co.
      • Tucson Mts
        • Amole District
          • Saguaro National Monument
[Vanadinite] Jones, D. (1983), The Old Yuma mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 95-107, 326; Univ. AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 59; Guild, F.N. (1911), Mineralogische Notizen, Zeit. Krystal. und Mineral.: 49: 321-331; Rocks & Min.: 63:328; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 158, 331, 410; Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 102 (Table 4); Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Jenkins, O.P. & E.D. Wilson (1920), A geological reconnaissance of the Tucson and Amole Mountains, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 106: 6, 16-17; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 73.
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek District
        • Rush Creek deposit
[Alforsite] Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 314.
[Alforsite] [MinRec 33:161]; American Mineralogist (1981), Volume 66, pages 1050-1053
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
      • Bethel
[Pyromorphite] Januzzi, Ronald E. (1959), Wulfenite and Cerussite at Bethel, Connecticut. American Mineralogist: 14(11-12).
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Thomaston
        • Thomaston Dam
[Pyromorphite] Schooner, Richard. (1961), The Mineralogy of Connecticut. Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.; Segeler, Curt and Molon, Joseph. (1985), The Thomaston Dam Site, Thomaston, Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 60(3): 119-124.
      • Torrington
[Fluorapatite] Mike polletta specimen
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
        • Haddam Neck
[Fluorapatite] Mineralogical Magazine 1902 13 : 97-121.; Scovil, Jeffrey A. (1992): Famous Mineral Localities: the Gillette Quarry, Haddam Neck, Connecticut. (Mineralogical Record, 23(1):19-28.); Cameron, Eugene N. and others. (1954) PEGMATITE INVESTIGATIONS 1942-45 NEW ENGLAND. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 255.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
[Fluorapatite] Harold Moritz collection; Seaman, David W. (1947): Reminiscing On Collins Hill, Portland, Conn. Rocks & Minerals, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 732-3.
[Fluorapatite] Cameron, Eugene N., Larrabee, David M., McNair, Andrew H., Page, James T., Stewart, Glenn W., and Shainin, Vincent E. (1954): Pegmatite Investigations 1942-45 New England; USGS Professional Paper 255: 333-338.; Schooner, Richard. (1955): 90 Minerals from 1 Connecticut Hill. Rocks & Minerals: 30(7-8): 351-8.; Schooner, Richard. (1958): The Mineralogy of the Portland-East Hampton-Middletown-Haddam Area in Connecticut (With a few notes on Glastonbury and Marlborough). Published by Richard Schooner; Ralph Lieser of Pappy’s Beryl Shop, East Hampton; and Howard Pate of Fluorescent House, Branford, Connecticut.
  • Georgia
    • Cherokee Co.
      • Holly Springs
[Fluorapatite] Rocks & Min.: 16:94.
  • Idaho
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Coeur d'Alene District
        • Kellogg
          • Bunker Hill properties
[Pyromorphite] Idaho Minerals (2004) L. Ream 2nd ed; Dunn, J. (1982): On the Chemical Composition of Bunker Hill Pyromorphite. Mineralogical Record 13 (5), 286
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • West Mount Apatite District
[Fluorapatite] King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine. Descriptive Mineralogy, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
  • Massachusetts
    • Bristol Co.
      • Acushnet
[Fluorapatite] M. Haritos collection; Cahoon, James C. (1985). Massachusetts: A Classic Swiss Alpine Cleft Mineral Region (Boston Mineralogical Symposium program book, May 1985)
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
[Pyromorphite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 893; Rocks & Minerals (1948): 23: 594-597.
  • Michigan
    • Gogebic Co.
      • Gogebic iron range
        • Marenisco
[Hydroxylpyromorphite] Olds, T.A., Carlson, S.M., Kampf, A.R., Rakovan, J., Laughlin-Yurs, C., Burns, P.C. and Mills, O.P. (2017) Hydroxylpyromorphite, IMA 2017-075. CNMNC Newsletter No. 40, December 2017, page 1580; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 1577–1581.
  • New Jersey
    • Morris Co.
      • Jefferson Township
        • Hurdtown
[Apatite] The Iron Mines of NJ (1910), Bayley:332; NJ State Geol. Ann. Rpt. (1856):167; State NJ Bull. #50:192.
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin mining district
        • Franklin
[Johnbaumite] Dunn, P.J., et al: Am.Min.:65:1143-1145 (1980); Dunn(1995):Pt5:651.
[Johnbaumite]
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
[Fluorapatite] Dunn (1995); Harold Moritz collection
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc District
        • Balmat
[Turneaureite] Dunn, P.J., et al (1985) Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 251-254.
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
[Fluorapatite] Jack Eaker collection.; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • Schuylkill Township
        • Phoenixville mining district
[Pyromorphite] Ref 1) Second Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, Preliminary Report on the Mineralogy of Pennsylvania 1874; F. A. Genth, Pgs. 139-140 Ref 2); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 893; Mineralogical Record: 20(5): 369-384.
  • Texas
    • Llano Co.
      • Kingsland Granite Company Quarry (Petrick Quarry)
[Fluorapatite] Self collected by Franklin Roberts, verified by SEM-EDS
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Kabwe District
      • Kabwe (Broken Hill)
[Pyromorphite] Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 734, 870; Mineralogical Record: 11: 339.
矿物 and/or 产地  
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