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Philipsburgite

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About PhilipsburgiteHide

Formula:
(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Cu:Zn ratio is roughly 2.5:1 - 3:1.
Colour:
Bright emerald green
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3 - 4
Specific Gravity:
4.07
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for the town of Philipsburg, Montana, USA, near the type locality.
The arsenate analogue of kipushite.

See also Unnamed (As/P-ordered P-rich "philipsburgite").


Classification of PhilipsburgiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1985
8.DA.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
A : With small (and occasionally larger) cations
42.2.4.2

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
20.3.8

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
3 : Arsenates of Zn, Cd or Hg

Physical Properties of PhilipsburgiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Bright emerald green
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness:
3 - 4 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
None Observed
Parting:
None observed
Density:
4.07 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.04 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PhilipsburgiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.729 nβ = 1.774 nγ = 1.775
2V:
Measured: 17° , Calculated: 16°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.046
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Y=Z mediam green, X pale green

Chemical Properties of PhilipsburgiteHide

Formula:
(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O

Cu:Zn ratio is roughly 2.5:1 - 3:1.
Common Impurities:
Zn,P

Crystallography of PhilipsburgiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.33 Å, b = 9.2 Å, c = 10.69 Å
β = 96.92°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.34 : 1 : 1.162
Unit Cell V:
1,203.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.559 Å(100)
4.05 Å(90)
12.2 Å(80)
2.666 Å(60)
1.534 Å(60)
3.405 Å(50)
6.21 Å(40)

Type Occurrence of PhilipsburgiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, M41000
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, 161201.
Reference:
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Ramik, R.A., Sturman, B.D., Zeihen, L.G. (1985) Philipsburgite, a new copper zinc arsenate hydrate related to kipushite, from Montana. The Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 255-258.

Synonyms of PhilipsburgiteHide

Other Language Names for PhilipsburgiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
14 photos of Philipsburgite associated with QuartzSiO2
5 photos of Philipsburgite associated with Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2O
4 photos of Philipsburgite associated with DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
3 photos of Philipsburgite associated with CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
3 photos of Philipsburgite associated with ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
2 photos of Philipsburgite associated with ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
2 photos of Philipsburgite associated with LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
2 photos of Philipsburgite associated with MixiteBiCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
2 photos of Philipsburgite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
1 photo of Philipsburgite associated with CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DA.05BearsiteBe2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
8.DA.05MoraesiteBe2(PO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
8.DA.10RoscheriteCa2Mn2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.DA.10ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DA.10GreifensteiniteCa2Fe2+5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon.
8.DA.10AtencioiteCa2Fe2+3Mg2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
8.DA.10RuifrancoiteCa2(◻,Mn)2(Fe3+,Mn,Mg)4Be4(PO4)6(OH)4(OH,H2O)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DA.10GuimarãesiteCa2Be4Zn5(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DA.10FootemineiteCa2Mn2+Mn2+2Mn2+2Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DA.15UraloliteCa2Be4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 5H2OMon.
8.DA.20WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DA.25TiptopiteK2(Na,Ca)2Li3Be6(PO4)6(OH)2 · H2OHex.
8.DA.30Veszelyite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(PO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DA.35Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.
8.DA.40SpenceriteZn4(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DA.45GlucineCaBe4(PO4)2(OH)4 · 0.5H2O
8.DA.50Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.2.4.1Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2OMon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.3.1AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
20.3.2ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
20.3.3KoritnigiteZn(HAsO4) · H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.3.4LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.3.5WarikahniteZn3(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.3.6KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
20.3.7StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2Tric. 1 : P1
20.3.9AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.3.10ProsperiteCa2Zn4(AsO4)4 · H2OMon.
20.3.11GaititeCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.3.12ZincroseliteCa2Zn(AsO4)2 · 2H2OMon.
20.3.13O'DanieliteNa(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
20.3.14JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
20.3.15Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
20.3.16Chudobaite(Mg,Zn)5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 10H2OTric.
20.3.17Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
20.3.18LotharmeyeriteCa(Zn,Mn3+)2(AsO4)2 · 2(H2O,OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
20.3.19Metaköttigite(Zn,Fe,Fe)3(AsO4)2 · 8(H2O,OH)Tric. 1 : P1
20.3.20OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
20.3.21FahleiteCaZn5Fe3+2(AsO4)6 · 14H2OOrth.
20.3.22KeyiteCu2+3Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m

Fluorescence of PhilipsburgiteHide

None observed

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PhilipsburgiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Ramik, R.A., Sturman, B.D., Zeihen, L.G. (1985) Philipsburgite, a new copper zinc arsenate hydrate related to kipushite, from Montana. The Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 255-258.
Hawthorne, F.C., Fleischer, M., Grew, E.S., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Puziewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Vanko, D.A., Zilczer, J.A. (1986) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 71: 1277-1282.
Olmi, F., Sabelli, C., Brizzi, G. (1988) Agardite-(Y), Gysinite-(Nd) and other rare minerals from Sardinia. The Mineralogical Record: 19: 305-310.
Ciesielczuk, J., Janeczek, J., Dulski, M., Krzykawski, T. (2016) Pseudomalachite-cornwallite and kipushite-philipsburgite solid solutions: chemical composition and Raman spectroscopy. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 555-569.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)

Internet Links for PhilipsburgiteHide

Localities for PhilipsburgiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Villach-Land District
      • Finkenstein am Faaker See
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994); Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
    • Schwaz District
      • Ringenwechsel District
        • Weißer Schrofen
Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
Bulgaria
 
  • Vratsa Province
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo
    • Choapa Province
      • Combarbalá
        • Cogotí
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.; http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/philipsburgit.htm
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Sokolov District
Vrtiška L., Sejkora J., Malíková R. (2016) Philipsburgit z Krásna u Horního Slavkova, Slavkovský les (Česká republika); Philipsburgite from Krásno near Horní Slavkov, Slavkovský les Mts. (Czech Republic);. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 24, 2, 243-251. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/318110009_Philipsburgite_from_Krasno_near_Horni_Slavkov_Slavkovsky_les_Mts_Czech_Republic
Vrtiška L., Sejkora J., Malíková R. (2016) Philipsburgit z Krásna u Horního Slavkova, Slavkovský les (Česká republika); Philipsburgite from Krásno near Horní Slavkov, Slavkovský les Mts. (Czech Republic);. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 24, 2, 243-251
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
BLAß, G. & GRAF, H. W. (1994): Neufunde von bekannten Fundstellen (XI). - Mineralien-Welt 5 (3), 53-55.
    • Karlsruhe
      • Calw
        • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Frücht
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Langenberg
http://www.dergraul.de
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
[MinRec 19:308-309]
Japan
 
  • Yamaguchi
    • Mine city
Shirose, Y. & Uehara, S. (2011) Philipsburgite from the Yamato mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 106, 153-157.; Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra County
      • Gmina Janowice Wielkie
Siuda R., Kruszewski L., 2006: New data on bayldonite, cornwallite, olivenite and philipsburgite from Miedzianka (Rudawy Janowickie Mts., Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, 28, 202-204
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal de Almería
        • Del Cura Ravine
José Miguel Sola ; https://www.mindat.org/mesg-6-420445.html; Jose M. Sola collection; Jose M Sola collection
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Gwinear-Gwithian
        • Fraddam
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Hilary
Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Schultenite: Symes,R.F.,Wirth,M., Mineral Mag. (1990), 54,p.659
No reference listed
Braithwaite, R.S.W. and Ryback, G. (1988) Philipsburgite from the Caldbeck Fells and kipushite from Montana, and their infrared spectra. Mineralogical Magazine, 53, 529-533.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Braithwaite & Ryback, 1988).; Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
          • Potts Gill
Braithwaite, R.S.W. and Ryback, G. (1988) Philipsburgite from the Caldbeck Fells and kipushite from Montana, and their infrared spectra. Mineralogical Magazine, 52(367), 529-533.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Braithwaite & Ryback, 1988).
BMS Database
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
USA (TL)
 
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg Mining District (Flint Creek Mining District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
[MinRec 17:342, 23:482]; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point Mining District
        • Valmy
Silver Coin Mine. Compact Disc. Paul Adams
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Eureka
[Mineralogical Record 29:177]
        • Mammoth
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
        • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Rick Dalrymple Collection
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22; Adams, P.M. (2005): Zalesiite from the Gold Hill Mine, Toole County, Utah. Mineral News, 21(8), 1; 3; 5.
 
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