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About PeriteHide

Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
Member of:
Named by Marianne Gillberg in 1960 in honor of Per Adolf Geijer (7 May 1886, Svea Artillery Government's Assembly, Sweden - 18 April 1976, Danderyd, Sweden) economic geologist with the Swedish Geological Survey (SGU), and professor at the Royal Institute of Technology.
Nadorite Group.

Perite from the Zakharovskoe deposit is bromian, with 0.62 wt.% Br.

Classification of PeriteHide

First Published:

D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu

2 : A(O,OH)Xq

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
9 : Halides of Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of PeriteHide

Perpendicular to c-axis
8.16 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of PeriteHide

Biaxial (+)

Chemical Properties of PeriteHide

IMA Formula:

Crystallography of PeriteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.62 Å, b = 5.57 Å, c = 12.42 Å
a:b:c = 1.009 : 1 : 2.23
Unit Cell V:
388.79 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
SG setting Bmmb.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.77 Å(8)
2.86 Å(10)
2.78 Å(7)
2.07 Å(7)
1.970 Å(7)
1.620 Å(9)
1.251 Å(8)

Type Occurrence of PeriteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Plates to 0.5 mm
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden.
The Natural History Museum, London, England, 1980,106.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Skarn in a metamorphosed Fe–Mn deposit

Other Language Names for PeriteHide


Relationship of Perite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
NadoritePbSbClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
SymesitePb10(SO4)O7Cl4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Perite associated with WulfenitePb(MoO4)
3 photos of Perite associated with Bromian ChlorargyriteAg(Cl,Br)
3 photos of Perite associated with FluoriteCaF2
3 photos of Perite associated with Milky QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Perite associated with Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
2 photos of Perite associated with StolzitePb(WO4)
2 photos of Perite associated with AikinitePbCuBiS3
2 photos of Perite associated with QuartzSiO2
2 photos of Perite associated with HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
1 photo of Perite associated with PlumbophyllitePb2Si4O10 · H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DC.05LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.05ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DC.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DC.15PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.20LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.25BismocliteBiOClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25ZhangpeishaniteBaFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.30NadoritePbSbClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.35AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
3.DC.37CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9Tric. 1
3.DC.40ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DC.45MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2Mon. m
3.DC.60SymesitePb10(SO4)O7Cl4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
3.DC.65EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
3.DC.70MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
3.DC.75DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
3.DC.80OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11Tric. 1 : P1
3.DC.85CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.95BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.9.1OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11Tric. 1 : P1
8.9.5BismocliteBiOClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.9.6Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm

Fluorescence of PeriteHide

None (short or long wave UV)

Other InformationHide

Easily soluble in dilute acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PeriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gillberg, M. (1960) Perite, a new oxyhalide mineral from Långban, Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi: 2: 565-570.
Fleischer, M. (1961) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 46: 765-770.
International Mineralogical Association (1962) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 260-263.
Welin, E. (1968) Notes on the mineralogy of Sweden 6. X-ray powder data for minerals from Långban and the related mineral deposits of Central Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi: 4: 499-541.
Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi (1969): 4: 528.
A. Pring, W. Aird, Kolitsch, U. (2003) Perite and russellite from South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy: 9: 87-90.
Zyryanova, L.A., Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N. (2015) PbBiO2Cl Perite from the Zakharovskoe deposit (NW Altai): first find in Russia. Vestnik Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta: 395: 241–243; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13114 (2016)

Internet Links for PeriteHide

Localities for PeriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Thackaringa district
Ben Grguric
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Manna Hill (Mannahill)
Pring, A., Aird, W., Kolitsch, U. (2003) Perite and russellite from South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 9, 87-90.
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
(misidentification of schwartzembergite)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
      • Langelsheim
        • Lautenthal
Schnorrer, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
No reference listed
Schnorrer, G. (1993): Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58.
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Sounion area
Gelaude, Piet, Piet van Kalmthout amd Christian Rewitzer, "Laurion" The minerals in the ancient slags.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Ciriotti, M.E., Kolitsch, U., Blass, G., Sancassani, A., Ambrino, P. (2010): Secondo ritrovamento di perite in Sardegna: Sa Duchessa, Oridda, Domusnovas. Micro (UK report), 1/2010, 128-133.
    • Sassari Province
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Cossu, C., Tovo, A., Fiori, S., Pucci, R. (1998): I minerali presenti nelle apliti dell'isola de La Maddalena (SS). Il Cercapietre, 24, 15-38.
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karazhal
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
Kartashov P.M., Pekov I.V., Marsiy I.M. The first occurence of perite in the CIS,- Doklady RAN,1995,v.333, pp.74-78
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. (2019) Nyfunn av mineraler fra Tysfjord-pegmatittene, Nordland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 31-46
    • Tysfjord
Husdal, T. (2019) Nyfunn av mineraler fra Tysfjord-pegmatittene, Nordland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 31-46
  • Altai Krai
    • Rubtsovsky District
Zyryanova, L.A., Pekov, I.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Britvin, S.N. (2015): PbBiO2Cl Perite from the Zakharovskoe deposit (NW Altai): first find in Russia. Vestnik Tomskogo Gosudarstvennogo Universiteta: 395: 241–243; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=13114 (2016)
Sweden (TL)
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Arkiv Min.Geol.(1961) 2, 565-570; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Sidney A. Williams specimen
        • Tres Alamos Wash
Rolf Luetcke
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 325, 343, 412.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Painted Rock Mountains
        • Painted Rock Mining District
          • Theba
            • Rowley Mine (Rawley Mine; Reliance Mine; Reliance Copper Mine; Rainbow Mine; Theba Mine; San Carlos patented claim #4524)
Kampf, A. R., Celestian, A. J., Nash, B. P., & Marty, J. (2019). Phoxite,(NH4) 2Mg2 (C2O4)(PO3OH) 2 (H2O) 4, the first phosphate-oxalate mineral. American Mineralogist, 104(7), 973-979.
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
      • Cargo Muchacho Mountains
        • Cargo Muchacho Mining District (Hedges Mining District; Ogilby Mining District)
          • Obregon
Robert E.Walstrom Collection
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Russ Mining District
          • Reward
Sugar White collection; Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Bullion Mts (Bullion Range)
        • Stedman District (Ludlow; Rochester; Buckeye)
          • Stedman
Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, Vol. 76 No. April 2006; Robert M. Housley (2005) Recent rare mineral finds in southern California and Nevada desert mines. Abstracts from the 2005 Desert Symposium. California State University, Desert Studies Consortium and LSA Associates, Inc.
      • Silver Lake Mining District
        • Soda Mountains
          • Baker
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., & Housley, R. M. (2010). The crystal structure of munakataite, Pb2Cu2 (Se4+ O3)(SO4)(OH) 4, from Otto Mountain, San Bernardino County, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 74(6), 991-998.
Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., Christy, A.G., Housley, R.M., Rossman, G. R.E. Reynolds and J. Marty (2014) Bluebellite and mojaveite, two new minerals from the central Mojave Desert, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 78(5), 1325–1340; Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., Christy, A.G., Housley, R.M., Rossman, G. R., Reynolds, E., Marty, J. (2014): Bluebellite and mojaveite, two new minerals from the central Mojave Desert, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine: 78(5): 1325–1340
Joe Marty specimens
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
in the collection of Eckhard D. Stuart, SEM by R. Housley
Housley R., pers.comm., May 2017
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
"The Blue Bell Claims San Bernardaino County, California", Maynard, M. et al, pg. 46.; Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., Kolitsch, U., Housley, R. M. & Raudsepp, M. (2010) The crystal chemistry and crystal structure of kuksite, Pb3Zn3Te6+P2O14, and a note on the crystal structure of yafsoanite, (Ca,Pb)3Zn(TeO6)2. American Mineralogist, 95(7), 933–938.
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Tule Canyon Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Luna County
Robert E Walstrom (2015) Skarn Minerals of the Victorio Mountains, Luna County, New Mexico. 36th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium p 34
Robert E. Walstrom Collection
Ron Gibbs; Robert E. Walstrom collection
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Mammoth
          • Mammoth Peak
Collected by and in the collection of Chuck Adan.
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