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Sulfurite

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About SulfuriteHide

Formula:
S
Colour:
brown, yellow, yellow-grey
Specific Gravity:
2.0
Crystal System:
Amorphous
Name:
For the elemental composition, and to differentiate it from normal alpha-sulphur.
A mixture of metastable allotropes of native sulphur which slowly reverts to crystalline alpha-sulphur. Formed when liquid sulphur is rapidly quenched (as when a sulphur flow runs into water). The composition of the mixture depends on the temperature and age of the liquid when quenched and is usually dominated by long helical chain molecules that are the cause of the plasticity of the sulphur, with about 3 atoms per spiral. Initially elastic, soon gets brittle due to crystallization of the S8 contained in the mixture.


Physical Properties of SulfuriteHide

Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
brown, yellow, yellow-grey
Comment:
depends on composition and color of liquid before quenching, may change during conversion to alpha-sulphur
Tenacity:
Elastic
Density:
2.0 g/cm3 (Measured)    
Comment:
approximate value

Chemical Properties of SulfuriteHide

Crystallography of SulfuriteHide

Crystal System:
Amorphous

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Where liquid native sulphur has flowed from volcanoes.

Synonyms of SulfuriteHide

Varieties of SulfuriteHide

ArsensulfuriteAn arsenic-rich (10-33 mas.% As) sulfurite.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SulfuriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Rinne (1902) Cbl. Min., 499-500.
Jimbo, K. et al (1916) Wada's "Minerals of Japan", 2nd ed., 21.
Palache, C. et al (1944) Dana's System of Mineralogy, vol. 1, 144.
Wiberg, N (1985) Hollemann-Wiberg Lehrbuch der Anorganischen Chemie, 91.-100. ed.

Internet Links for SulfuriteHide

Localities for SulfuriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Teplice District
      • Bílina
        • Bílina coal mine
[var: Arsensulfurite] Z. Dvorák collection (Petr Fuchs photo)
Indonesia
 
  • West Java Province
    • Garut Regency
[var: Arsensulfurite] Palache, C. (1944) Dana's System of Mineralogy, vol 1, 144.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Pozzuoli
[var: Arsensulfurite] Palache, C. (1944) Dana's System of Mineralogy, vol 1, 144.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
[var: Arsensulfurite] Garavelli, A., Mitolo, D., Pinto, D., Vurro, F. (2013): Lucabindiite, (K,NH4)As4O6(Cl,Br), a new fumarole mineral from the "La Fossa" crater at Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist, 98, 470–477.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Oshima Subprefecture
Jimbo, K. et al (1916) Wada's Minerals of Japan, 21.
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Kagoshima District
      • Mishima village
        • Satsuma-Ioujima (Satsuma-Iwojima; Iou island)
          • Iodake (Iwodake; Ioudake)
Amir Akhavan Field Observations
Poland
 
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
[var: Arsensulfurite] Fabiańska, M.J., Ciesielczuk, J., Kruszewski, Ł., Misz-Kennan, M., Blake, D.R., Stracher, G., Moszumańska, I., 2013: Gaseous compounds and efflorescences generated in self-heating coal-waste dumps — A case study from the Upper and Lower Silesian Coal Basins (Poland). International Journal of Coal Geology: 116-117: 247-261
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
[var: Arsensulfurite] Okrugin, V., Favero, M., Liu, A., Etschmann, B., Plutachina, E., Mills, S., Tomkins, A.G., Lukasheva, M., Kozlov, V., Moskaleva, S., Chubarov, M., Brugger, J. (2017): Smoking gun for thallium geochemistry in volcanic arcs: nataljamalikite, TlI, a new thallium mineral from an active fumarole at Avacha Volcano, Kamchatka Peninsula, Russia. American Mineralogist: 102
[var: Arsensulfurite] Zelensky, M.E., Kaz’min, L.A. (2004): Mineral associations and modeling of mineral formation processes in the high temperature fumarole zone of the Mutnovsky volcano (Kamchatka). Experiment in Geosciences: 10(1): 92-94
    • Tolbachik volcano
      • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
[var: Arsensulfurite] Elena Yu. Bykova analytical data 1996
USA
 
www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Mineralienportrait/Schwefel (with photo)
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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