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Parnauite

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About ParnauiteHide

06048270014947727791336.jpg
Jack Parnau
Formula:
Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
May contain minor Ni, Cl.
Colour:
Pale blue, green, dark green, blue-green, yellow-green
Specific Gravity:
3.09
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
After John L. Parnau (1906-1990), American mineral collector, of Campbell, California, USA, who made contributions to knowledge of the type locality.
An uncommon secondary Cu-sulphate-arsenate. Fibrous varieties and crusts may be confused with strashimirite.




Classification of ParnauiteHide

Approved
8.DF.35

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
F : With only medium-sized cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 > 3:1
43.5.13.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
5 : Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
22.3.1

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates

Physical Properties of ParnauiteHide

Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Pale blue, green, dark green, blue-green, yellow-green
Density:
3.09(4) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.09 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ParnauiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.680 nβ = 1.704 nγ = 1.712
2V:
Measured: 60° (5), Calculated: 58°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.032
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X= pale green
Y= yelow-green
Z= blue-green

Chemical Properties of ParnauiteHide

Formula:
Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O

May contain minor Ni, Cl.
Common Impurities:
P,C,Al

Crystallography of ParnauiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Pmn21
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.0113(4) Å, b = 14.259(3) Å, c = 14.932(2) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.211 : 1 : 1.047
Unit Cell V:
641.15 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Lath-like crystals (subparallel), bowties, rosettes, scales, compact crusts.
Comment:
Cell of 3 Å substructure (Mills et al. 2013). Originally assumed cell: 14.98, 14.22, 6.01 Å.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
14.3 Å(100)
4.52 Å(60)
10.38 Å(24)
4.00 Å(21)
2.849 Å(19)
7.14 Å(10)
6.42 Å(8)

Type Occurrence of ParnauiteHide

Synonyms of ParnauiteHide

Other Language Names for ParnauiteHide

German:Parnauit
Simplified Chinese:砷铜矾
Spanish:Parnauita

Varieties of ParnauiteHide

DebaoiteDebaoite was described in 1990 without IMA approval as a new mineral, whose status remained uncertain. It was later recognized as a carbonate-bearing variety of parnauite (the latter may, however, contain carbonate anyway, see there).

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
40 photos of Parnauite associated with CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
21 photos of Parnauite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
15 photos of Parnauite associated with BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
14 photos of Parnauite associated with ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
14 photos of Parnauite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
10 photos of Parnauite associated with StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
8 photos of Parnauite associated with OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
7 photos of Parnauite associated with CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
5 photos of Parnauite associated with SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
5 photos of Parnauite associated with EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DF.05HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2OTric.
8.DF.10BolivariteAl2(PO4)(OH)3 · 4-5H2OAmor.
8.DF.10EvansiteAl3(PO4)(OH)6 · 6H2OAmor.
8.DF.10Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2OOrth.
8.DF.10Rosièresite(Pb, Cu, Al, P, O, H)Amor.
8.DF.15Rusakovite(Fe3+,Al)5(VO4,PO4)2(OH)9 · 3H2O
8.DF.20LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
8.DF.25SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
8.DF.30ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2OTrig. 3 : R3
8.DF.40GladiusiteFe2(Fe,Mg)4(PO4)(OH)11(H2O)Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.3.2ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
22.3.3Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2OHex.
22.3.4ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2OMon.
22.3.5PeisleyiteNa2Al9[(P,S)O4]8(OH)6•28H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.6ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2OTrig. 3 : R3
22.3.7WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.8Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
22.3.9SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.10KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.11SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
22.3.12KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.13HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2OTric.
22.3.14WeileriteBaAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.15TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.16ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.17HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.18HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.19OrpheitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.20CoconinoiteFe3+2Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2OMon.
22.3.21Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
22.3.22Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.
22.3.23CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.24BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.25DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
22.3.26SarmientiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.3.27BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.28ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
22.3.29TooeleiteFe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
22.3.30Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)Amor.
22.3.31Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2OTet.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ParnauiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Wise, W. S. (1978) Parnauite and goudeyite, two new copper arsenate minerals from the Majuba Hill Mine, Pershing County, Nevada. American Mineralogist 63, 704-708.
Walenta, K. (1981) Parnauit von Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Aufschluss 32, 135-140. (in German).
Lairen Lai, Yi Li, and Nicheng Shi (1997) Discovery and Study of Parnauite. Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 50-55 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Riviéra Scientifique (1997) 3-58.
Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., McDonald, A. M., Bindi, L., Christy, A. G., Kolitsch, U. & Favreau, G. (2013) The crystal structure of parnauite: a copper arsenate‒sulphate with translational disorder of structural rods. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25, 693–704.

Internet Links for ParnauiteHide

Localities for ParnauiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Villach-Land District
      • Finkenstein am Faaker See
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
    • Völkermarkt District
      • Eisenkappel-Vellach
        • Ebriach
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 191./111.:97-102 (2001)
        • Rijavitzagraben (Jeravitzagraben; Remscheniggraben)
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 191./111.:97-102 (2001)
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Inschlag Alp
C.L. Lengauer, G. Giester, E. Kirchner: Mineralogy and Petrology 81:187-201 (2004)
            • Schwarzleo mining district
R.Poeverlein (2016)
C.L. Lengauer, G. Giester, E. Kirchner: Mineralogy and Petrology 81:187-201 (2004)
peter neschen collection
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Tragöß-Sankt Katharein
Postl, W. (1990); Exel, R. (1993)
    • Murtal District
      • Knittelfeld
        • Flatschach
          • Cu deposit (Schönberg)
C.Auer (2015)
      • Weißkirchen in Steiermark
        • Feistritz
          • Kothgraben (Kotgraben)
Auer & Postl (2016)
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
Lapis 29(9):9-11 (2004)
        • Geyer - Silberberg District
          • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Der Aufschluß (2006)
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
        • Hof
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2010): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen: 7. Die Minerale des Bergbaus Hofer Tratte bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 61, 147-156.
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
Schnorrer+Poeverlein (2005)
    • Landeck District
      • Flirsch
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch, R. Poeverlein & M. Strasser (2009): Ein ungewöhnliches Fahlerzvorkommen bei der Flirscher Schihütte im Stanzer Tal, Tirol. Lapis 34, 13-19; 58.
    • Schwaz District
      • Ringenwechsel District
        • Weißer Schrofen
Schnorrer, G., Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Minerale des Martinstollens am Weißen Schrofen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 27-40
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Piatã
      • Inúbia
Lapis 32 (12) 44
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofia City Province
    • Svoge Obshtina
      • Bov
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001): Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. - Compt. rend. Acad. bulg. Sci., 54, 6, 39-42.
  • Vratsa Province
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Chañaral Province
      • Potrerillos
collected and analysed by french mineralogist Remy Phillippe
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga mining district
maurizio dini collection - quantitative analysis
  • Coquimbo
    • Choapa Province
      • Combarbalá
        • Cogotí
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany, and Dr. Hubert Putz (Salzburg Department of Mineralogy)
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Baise
      • Debao Co.
Lairen Lai, Yi Li, and Nicheng Shi (1997): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 16(1), 50-55.
Czech Republic
 
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Karlovy Vary District
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
  • Grand Est
    • Vosges
      • Val-d'Ajol
        • Faymont
- ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
- ESCANDE, J.-C., JOHAN, Z., LOUGNON, J., PICOT, P. & PILLARD, F. (1973): Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges). - Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. 96, 398-399. - ASSELBORN, E. (1982): Le filon des roches en Val d'Ajol. - Minéraux et Fossiles 88, 32-37. - FLUCK, P. & STEIN, S. (1992): Espèces minérales des principaux districts miniers du massif vosgien. - Pierres et Terre 35 (December 1992), 120 pp. - L'HEUR, C. & MOREAU, F. (1994): Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d`Ajol (Vosges). – Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2, 3-14. - HOHL, J. L. (1994): Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien. - Ed. du Rhin, Mulhouse, Frankreich. - U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German) - Favreau, G. et Iltis, A. (2000): Données complémentaires sur les minéraux du Val d'Ajol (Vosges). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (1), 39-54.
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Nantiat
        • Vaulry
          • Vaulry Mines
Queneau Patrice collection
Queneau, P. & Husson, F. (2013): 1812-2012, 200 ans d'histoire aux anciennes mines de Vaulry et dans les monts de Blond (Haute-Vienne); La minéralogie. Béryl Limousin, Société de Géologie du Limousin, Limoges Ed., HS n°3, 61-89.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Padern
http://www.zampano.com/minmax/fundort.php3?lang=US&fp=1975&foid=1549]
      • Salsigne
Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54
    • Aveyron
      • Monteils
- Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
      • Saint-Rome-de-Tarn
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Tarn
      • Alban
        • Paulinet
          • Saint-Jean-de-Jeannes
Ref: Boisson J.M., Leconte J., Analyses 2014 - MNHN-Micromonteurs. La revue des Micromonteurs n°23 - 2015
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Daluis
Mari G., Sarp H., Dalia A. (1997), Le gîte cuprifère de l'Hubac de Jourdan (Daluis et la Croix-sur-Roudoule, Alpes-Maritimes, France), Le Règne Minéral, n° 13, pp: 30-37
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
Sarp, H., Deferne, J., and Liebich, B.W. (1978) Présence de parnauite, un nouveau sulfo-arséniate de cuivre, dans la mine de la Garonne (Var, France). Arch. Sc. Genève, 31(3), 213-217.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 400-403.; van den Berg, W.R. (xxxx) Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2: 11-15.; Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., McDonald, A.M., Bindi, L., Christy, A.G., Kolitsch, U., and Favreau, G. (2013) The crystal structure of parnauite: a copper arsenate‒sulphate with translational disorder of structural rods. European Journal of Mineralogy: 25: 693-704.
trouvaille 1980 _ collection personnelle
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., McDonald, A. M., Bindi, L., Christy, A. G., Kolitsch, U. & Favreau, G. (2013) The crystal structure of parnauite: a copper arsenate‒sulphate with translational disorder of structural rods. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25, 693-704. [study includes material from Clara mine]
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Karlsruhe
      • Calw
        • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).; American Mineralogist: 67: 854.
      • Freudenstadt
        • Baiersbronn
          • Schönegründ
Slotta, C. (2016): Von Carlhintzeit bis Pradeit: Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Schwarzwald. Lapis 41 (2), 30-31. (in German)
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    • Schapbach
      • Tiefenbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Hilchenbach
          • Müsen
Schnorrer, G. (2004): Mineralogische Notizen VIII. Der Aufschluss, 55 (6), 381-384.; Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54
        • Siegen
          • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
          • Gosenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
          • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
      • Bad Ems
        • Frücht
Möhn, G., Frohwein, J. & Blaß, G. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Friedrichssegen bei Bad Ems. Lapis 34 (5), 35-40; 58.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Bärenstein
        • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
      • Langenberg
        • Graul
http://www.dergraul.de
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Wendel, W. & Markl, G. (1996): Eine Antimonit-Paragenese und weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 40-42; 62; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
              • Hilarion area
Lapis, 28/5 (May 2003)
Karl Heinz Fabritz collection; Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Kazincbarcika District
collection: Gábor Koller, analyzed by Sándor Szakáll
  • Fejér County
    • Lovasberény
HOM Collection-Szakáll S. 2010
Ireland
 
  • Connacht
    • County Galway
      • Killimor
de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s.
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Carnia
        • Cercivento
Bortolozzi, G.M., Ponton, M., Vidus, L. and Zucchini, R. (2017) Affioramento metallifero ad arseniati e solfati a debole radioattività: Rio Spinal da Ciare (Cercivento, Udine). Gortania, 39, 79-97.
      • Forni Avoltri
Bortolozzi G,M., Ciriotti M.E., Bittarello E. and Moeckel S. (2015): Monte Avanza, Forni Avoltri; Carnia (Udine, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): conferme e nuovi ritrovamenti. Micro,1-2015, 2-39.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
[MinRec 32:360]
        • Statale
Marchesini M. (1999): Tronchi silicizzati: associazioni a rame, arsenico e vanadio. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 23, 2 (2/1999), 116-122.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta di Vara
Palenzona, A., Balestra, C., Marchesini, M. (2002): La geigerite della miniera di Monte Nero (Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2002, 75-76.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Sarrabus-Gerrei
        • Sarrabus
          • Muravera
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi, G. (1993) Sarrabus. Miniere e Minerali. Associazione Mineralogica Sarda, Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, Associazione Piemontese Mineralogia Paleontologia e Mostra Torinese Minerali, Centro Mineralogico Varesino, Amici Mineralogisti Fiorentini, Gruppo Mineralogico Paleontologico Piacentino, et al., Stige Milano Srl, Milano, 208 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Carano
Ferretti, P., Campostrini, I., Dallabona, S., Demartin, F., and Rocchetti, I. (2019) La miniera di San Lugano (Carano, Val di Fiemme, TN). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 43, 2, 84-96.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Colonnata quarrying basin
          • Colonnata
Orlandi, P. (2004) Carraraite, zaccagnaite, IMA 1998-033 e altre specie rinvenute nelle geodi dei marmi Apuani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 1 (1-2004), 24-27; Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, 180 pp.
Orlandi, P., and Criscuolo, A. (2009) Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, Pisa, 180 pp.
        • Casette
Orlandi, P., and Bellè, E. (2002) I minerali del marmo del bacino del Frigido, Massa. Comune della Città di Massa - Tipografia Ceccotti, Massa, 144 pp.; Orlandi, P. (2004) Carraraite, zaccagnaite, IMA 1998-033 e altre specie rinvenute nelle geodi dei marmi Apuani. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 28, 1 (1-2004), 24-27.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
          • Zuccanti Valley
Saccardo D., Benincasa E., Malferrari D., Medici L., 2002. I minerali di Monte Cengio (Torrebelvicino, Vicenza). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 42-47.
Japan
 
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
Matsubara, S. (2002) The Mineral Species of Japan, 5th edition (Kobutsu Joho)
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Mine city
Nagashima, M., Akasaka, M., & Morifuku, Y. (2016). Ore and Skarn Mineralogy of the Yamato Mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan, with Emphasis on Silver‐, Bismuth‐, Cobalt‐, and Tin‐bearing Sulfides. Resource Geology, 66(1), 37-54.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Amerzgane
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica District
      • Ľubietová
Sejkora, J. (1993): Zajímavé nálezy nerostu v České republice a na Slovesnku. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 1, 108-113.
      • Poniky (Poinik)
Števko M., Sejkora J., Bačík P., 2011: Mineralogy and origin of supergene mineralization at the Farbište ore occurrence near Poniky, central Slovakia. Journal of Geosciences, 57, 3, 273-298.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
VIÑALS, J., CALVO, M., and MARTÍ, J. (2004): Parnauita, paratacamita y otros minerales secundarios de Cerro Minado, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 2, 5, 47-49.(in Spanish). Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya) and in English version (Mineral Up)
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
Calvo, Miguel. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Alpartir
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Vall de Almonacid
        • Fuente Huerpita
Calvo, Miguel. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España
        • San Rafael claim
- Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
Switzerland
 
  • Glarus
    • Murg Valley
No reference listed
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Grimentz
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Marais Alp
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
    • Sion
      • Granges
Le Règne Minéral, 44, p15-21
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne
        • Beacon
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • Carharrack
        • Carharrack
          • West Clifford United Mines
[Ian Bruce collected material, XRD confirmed Manchester Museum]; Bruce, I, & D. Aubrey-Jones (1998) UKJMM 19:18-23
      • Gwennap
        • St Day
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • Lanivet
        • Mulberry Downs
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • Linkinhorne
        • Upton Cross
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Day
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 47 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Hilary
No reference listed
Golley, P., Williams, R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications, Truro, Cornwall.
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    • Leicestershire
      • Hinckley and Bosworth
        • Stanton under Bardon
          • Cliffe Hill Quarry
UKJMM 26:31-42
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Trefeirig
        • Goginan
Rust S.A. & Mason, J.S.(1994): An unusual occurrence of arsenate minerals at Gwaith-yr-Afon mine, Dyfed, Walws. J.of the Russell Society, 5(2),109-113.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino County
      • Grand Canyon
        • Grand View Mining District
          • Horseshoe Mesa
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 322.
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Weepah Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope Mining District
American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978; Mills, S. J., Kampf, A. R., McDonald, A. M., Bindi, L., Christy, A. G., Kolitsch, U. & Favreau, G. (2013) The crystal structure of parnauite: a copper arsenate‒sulphate with translational disorder of structural rods. European Journal of Mineralogy, 25, 693-704.
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
    • Washoe Co.
      • Pyramid Mining District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Mammoth
Collected by Brent Thorne
collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
        • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
  • Washington
    • Snohomish Co.
      • Monte Cristo Mining District
        • Monte Cristo
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
 
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