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Papagoite

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About PapagoiteHide

04053470015423611698760.jpg
Flag of the Tohono O'odham Nation
Formula:
CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
Colour:
Blue
Hardness:
5 - 5½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named for the Tohono O'odham Nation of Native American people that live in the area around the type locality. The European name for these people was Papago, but the name has been rejected by the nation.

Classification of PapagoiteHide

Approved
First Published:
1960
9.CE.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
E : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings (vierer-Einfachringe), without insular complex anions
60.1.4.1

60 : CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
1 : Four-Membered Rings, as Titanosilicates
16.5.7

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
5 : Aluminosilicates of Cs, NH4 and Cu

Physical Properties of PapagoiteHide

Colour:
Blue
Hardness:
5 - 5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of PapagoiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.607 nβ = 1.641 nγ = 1.672
2V:
Measured: 78° , Calculated: 84°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.065
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v

Chemical Properties of PapagoiteHide

Formula:
CaCu[H3AlSi2O9]
IMA Formula:
CaCuAlSi2O6(OH)3
Common Impurities:
Ti,Fe,Mn,Mg,H2O

Crystallography of PapagoiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.92 Å, b = 11.49 Å, c = 4.69 Å
β = 100.81°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.124 : 1 : 0.408
Unit Cell V:
683.88 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014616PapagoiteGroat L A, Hawthorne F C (1987) Refinement of the structure of papagoite, CaCuAlSi2O6(OH)3 Mineralogy and Petrology 37 89-961987Ajo, Pima County, Arizona, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of PapagoiteHide

Reference:
Hutton, C.O., Vlisidis, A.C. (1960) Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ. American Mineralogist: 45: 599-611.

Other Language Names for PapagoiteHide

German:Papagoit
Spanish:Papagoita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
39 photos of Papagoite associated with QuartzSiO2
13 photos of Papagoite associated with Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2O
5 photos of Papagoite associated with TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)
2 photos of Papagoite associated with HematiteFe2O3
1 photo of Papagoite associated with CopperCu
1 photo of Papagoite associated with Clinozoisite-Epidote Series
1 photo of Papagoite associated with CupriteCu2O
1 photo of Papagoite associated with ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
1 photo of Papagoite associated with KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
1 photo of Papagoite associated with Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CE.10VerplanckiteBa2(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si2O6(O,OH,Cl,F)2 · 3H2O or nearHex.
9.CE.15BaotiteBa4Ti8Si4O28ClTet. 4/m : I41/a
9.CE.20NagashimaliteBa4(V,Ti)4B2Si8O27(O,OH)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
9.CE.20TaramelliteBa4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
9.CE.20TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2ClxOrth.
9.CE.25Bario-orthojoaquinite(Ba,Sr)4Fe2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2 · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ama2
9.CE.25Joaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(OH,F) · H2OMon. 2 : B2
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2FeTi2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25StrontiojoaquiniteSr2Ba2(Na,Fe)2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OMon.
9.CE.25Strontio-orthojoaquinite(Na,Fe)2Sr2Ba2Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH)2 · H2OOrth.
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(La)NaBa2La2Fe2+Ti2[Si4O12]2O2(O,OH) · H2OOrth.
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-MnNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10-12H2OMon.
9.CE.30aNenadkevichite(Na,◻)8Nb4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 4H2OOrth.
9.CE.30aKorobitsyniteNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3-4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-MnK2Mn2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5-6H2OMon.
9.CE.30bVuoriyarvite-KK2(Nb,Ti)2(Si4O12)(O,OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
9.CE.30bTsepinite-NaNa2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon.
9.CE.30cKarupmøllerite-Ca(Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-MgNa4K4(Ba,K)2Mg(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2OMon.
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-FeNa4K4(Ba,K)2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 10H2OMon.
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-BaNa2K2Ba(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-FeK2Fe2+(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hNeskevaaraite-FeK3Na2Fe2+(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-6 H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bTsepinite-KK2(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-BaBa4(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30bTsepinite-CaCa(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hAlsakharovite-ZnNaSrKZn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-MnK2Mn2+(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cLepkhenelmite-Zn(Ba,K)2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 7H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bTsepinite-SrSr(Ti,Nb)2(Si4O12)(OH,O)2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Na(Na,Sr,K,Ca)7(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · nH2O n ~ 8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30fParalabuntsovite-MgNa8K8Mg4Ti16(Si4O12)8(OH,O)16 · 20-24H2OMon. 2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-CaK2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-NaK2Na(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30hGutkovaite-MnK2CaMn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-ZnK2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)4 · 6-8H2OMon. m : Bm
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-MnK2Mn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 5-7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-ZnK2Zn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30gParakuzmenkoite-Fe(K,Ba)4Fe(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(O,OH)8 · 14H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.30cBurovaite-Ca(Na,K)4Ca2(Ti,Nb)8(Si4O12)4(OH,O)8 · 12H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.CE.45Komarovite(Ca,Mn)(Nb,Ti)2[Si2O7](O,F)3 · 3.5H2OOrth.
9.CE.45Natrokomarovite(Na,Ca,H)2Nb2Si2O10(OH,F)2 · H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.5.1Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
16.5.2NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2Mon.
16.5.3Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
16.5.4Ammonioleucite(NH4)(AlSi2O6)Tet.
16.5.5Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2Mon.
16.5.6Ajoite(K,Na)Cu7AlSi9O24(OH)6 · 3H2OTric.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PapagoiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hutton, C.O., Vlisidis, A.C. (1960) Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ. American Mineralogist: 45: 599-611.
Fleischer, M. (1961) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 46: 464-468.
International Mineralogical Association (1962) International Mineralogical Association: Commission on new minerals and mineral names. Mineralogical Magazine: 33: 260-263.
Guillebert, C., Le Bihan, M.T. (1965) Contributions à l'étude structurale des silicates de cuivre: Structure atomique de la papagoite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 88: 119-121.
Groat, L.A., Hawthorne, F.C. (1987) Refinement of the structure of papagoite, CaCuAlSi2O6(OH)3. Mineralogy and Petrology: 37: 89-96.

Internet Links for PapagoiteHide

Localities for PapagoiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Namibia
 
  • ǁKaras Region
    • Berseba
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 398 pp. (in English); Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 398 pp. (in English)
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Košice
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Vhembe District
Cairncross, B. (1991) The Messina Mining District, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 22(3) 187-199; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA
Cairncross, B. (1991) The Messina Mining District, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 22(3) 187-199; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA
USA (TL)
 
  • Arizona
    • Pima Co.
      • Ajo Mining District
        • Little Ajo Mountains
          • Ajo
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 319-320; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611; Guillebert, C. & M.T. Le Bihan (1965), Contributions à l'étude structurale des silicates de cuivre: Structure atomique de la papagoite, Bull. Soc. Franc. Min. Crist: 88: 119-121.
 
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