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Palermoite

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About PalermoiteHide

Formula:
(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4
Colour:
Colorless, white
Lustre:
Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.22
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
For its occurrence at the Palermo #1 Mine, North Groton, New Hampshire, USA.
Bertossaite-Palermoite Series. The strontium analogue of bertossaite. The lithium analog of natropalermoite.

Structurally related to carminite and pilawite-(Y).


Classification of PalermoiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1953
8.BH.25

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
H : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH,etc.):RO4 = 1:1
41.7.1.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)7(XO4)4Zq
19.5.5

19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba

Physical Properties of PalermoiteHide

Sub-Adamantine, Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless, white
Streak:
White
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal, Fibrous
Density:
3.22 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.20 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PalermoiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.627 nβ = 1.642 nγ = 1.644
2V:
Measured: 20° , Calculated: 38°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.017
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of PalermoiteHide

Formula:
(Li,Na)2(Sr,Ca)Al4(PO4)4(OH)4
IMA Formula:
Li2SrAl4(PO4)4(OH)4

Crystallography of PalermoiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.55 Å, b = 15.84 Å, c = 7.31 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.729 : 1 : 0.461
Unit Cell V:
1,337.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000463PalermoiteMoore P B, Araki T (1975) Palermoite, SrLi2[Al4(OH)4(PO4)4]: Its atomic arrangement and relationship to carminite, Pb2[Fe4(OH)4(AsO4)4] American Mineralogist 60 460-4651975Palermo pegmatite, near North Groton, New Hampshire, USA0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of PalermoiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, 101342.
Reference:
Mrose, M.E. (1953) Palermoite and goyazite, two strontium minerals from the Palermo mine, North Groton, New Hampshire. (Abstract from the 33rd annual meeting of the Mineralogical Society of America). American Mineralogist: 38: 354-354.

Other Language Names for PalermoiteHide

German:Palermoit
Simplified Chinese:柱磷锶锂矿
Spanish:Palermoita

Relationship of Palermoite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4Orth.
NatropalermoiteNa2SrAl4(PO4)4(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
17 photos of Palermoite associated with GoedkeniteSr2Al(PO4)2(OH)
12 photos of Palermoite associated with QuartzSiO2
12 photos of Palermoite associated with GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
5 photos of Palermoite associated with FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
2 photos of Palermoite associated with Smoky QuartzSiO2
2 photos of Palermoite associated with RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
1 photo of Palermoite associated with HematiteFe2O3
1 photo of Palermoite associated with LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
1 photo of Palermoite associated with Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2
1 photo of Palermoite associated with StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BH.CrimsonitePbFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.05ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.BH.10DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10IsokiteCaMg(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)FMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.10MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)FMon. 2/m : P2/m
8.BH.10PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)Mon.
8.BH.10TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)FMon. m : Bb
8.BH.15DrugmanitePb2(Fe3+,Al)(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BH.20Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
8.BH.20CirroliteCa3Al2(PO4)3(OH)3 (?)
8.BH.20KulaniteBa(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
8.BH.20PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.20JohntomaiteBaFe2+2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BH.25Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4Orth.
8.BH.30CarminitePbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.30SewarditeCaFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
8.BH.35AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35AustiniteCaZn(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35CobaltaustiniteCaCo(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GabrielsonitePbFe3+(As3+O3)OOrth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.BH.35NickelaustiniteCaNi(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35TangeiteCaCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35GottlobiteCaMg(VO4,AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.35HermannroseiteCaCu(PO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.BH.40ČechitePbFe2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.BH.40DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.40PyrobelonitePbMn2+(VO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.BH.45BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.BH.45VésigniéiteBaCu3(VO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.50PaganoiteNiBi(AsO4)OTric. 1 : P1
8.BH.55JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Tric.
8.BH.60AttakoliteCaMn2+Al4(SiO3OH)(PO4)3(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.BH.65LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ibam

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

41.7.1.2Bertossaite(Li,Na)2(Ca,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)4(OH,F)4Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.5.1StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
19.5.2Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
19.5.3GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
19.5.4GoedkeniteSr2Al(PO4)2(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.6NabaphiteNaBaPO4 · 9H2OIso.
19.5.7Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
19.5.8NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2OIso. 2 3 : P21 3
19.5.9JagoweriteBaAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Tric.
19.5.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
19.5.11PenikisiteBa(Mg,Fe2+,Ca)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
19.5.12CuretoniteBa(Al,Ti)(PO4)(OH,O)FMon. 2/m
19.5.13Bjarebyite(Ba,Sr)(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2Al2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
19.5.14KulaniteBa(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon.
19.5.15PerloffiteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Fluoresces white in direct X-ray beam.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PalermoiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mrose, M.E. (1953) Palermoite and goyazite, two strontium minerals from the Palermo mine, North Groton, New Hampshire. (Abstract from the 33rd annual meeting of the Mineralogical Society of America). American Mineralogist: 38: 354-354.
Frondel, C., Ito, J. (1965) Composition of palermoite. American Mineralogist 50, 777-779
Moore, P.B., Araki, T. (1975) Palermoite, SrLi2[Al4(OH)4(PO4)4]: its atomic arrangement and relationship to carminite, Pb2[Fe4(OH)4(AsO4)4]. American Mineralogist: 60: 460-465.
American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 460-465.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1987): 305.
Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(4), 346-353(1993)
King, V. (2002) Palermoite from the Palermo No.1 pegmatite, Groton, Grafton county, New Hampshire: Crystallography. Rocks & Minerals: 77: 173.
King, V. (2002) Palermoite from the Palermo No.1 pegmatite, Groton, Grafton county, New Hampshire: Paragenesis. Rocks & Minerals: 77: 240-241.
Yakubovich, O.V., Kotelnikov, A.R., Suk, N.I., Chukanov, N.V. (2016) The novel arsenate Na3Al5O2(OH)2(AsO4)4: crystal structure and topological relations with minerals of the palermoite and carminite-attakolite families. European Journal of Mineralogy: 28: 83-91.
Schumer, B.N., Yang, H., Downs, R.T. (2017) Natropalermoite, Na2SrAl4(PO4)4(OH)4, a new mineral isostructural with palermoite, from the Palermo No. 1 mine, Groton, New Hampshire, USA. Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 833-840.

Internet Links for PalermoiteHide

Localities for PalermoiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Nanping
      • Yanping District
        • Nanping pegmatite field
Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Yaping Zhang, and Jiapin Liu (1986): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 5(2), 119–127; Rao, C., Wang, R. C., Hatert, F., & Baijot, M. (2014). Hydrothermal transformations of triphylite from the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite dyke, southeastern China. European Journal of Mineralogy, 26(1), 179-188.; Rao, C., Wang, R., Yang, Y., Hatert, F., Xia, Q., Yue, X., & Wang, W. (2017). Insights into post-magmatic metasomatism and Li circulation in granitic systems from phosphate minerals of the Nanping No. 31 pegmatite (SE China). Ore Geology Reviews, 91, 864-876.; Rao, C.; Wang, R.-C.; Hatert, F.; Wu, R.-Q.; Wang, Q. (2020) Mineralogy and Geochemistry of Sr-Bearing Phosphates from the Nanping No. 31 Pegmatite (SE China): Implications for Sr Circulation and Post-Magmatic Processes in Granitic Systems. Minerals 10, 541.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Toirano
Cortesogno L., Gaggero L., Lucchetti G. (1987): Phosphate mineralizations in a permo-triassic sequence (Giogo di Toirano, Italy). Neues Jb. Miner. Mh., 7, 305-313; Borgo E., Palenzona A. (1988): I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1988. SAGEP Editrice, Genova, 47 pp.; Bracco R., Marchesini M. (2016): Le quarziti a lazulite della Liguria e la scoperta della fluorcarmoite-(BaNa). Micro, 14, 2 (2-2016), 68-84.
USA
 
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1961)
  • Maine
    • Oxford County
      • Paris
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Amer.Min.(1953) 38, 354; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
    • Rockingham Co.
Meyers & Stewart 1956. Geology of NH, Part III.
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
 
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