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Osumilite

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About OsumiliteHide

03867830014952087182958.jpg
Sakkabira from Sakurajima peninsula

Sakkabira, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan
Formula:
(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Colour:
Blue
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 6
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1953 by Akiho Miyashiro for the Osumi Peninsula, Japan, on which the type locality is found.
Osumilite Group.

Difficult to distinguish from Osumilite-(Mg).

Compare 'UM1984-35-SiO:AlCaFeKMg'.


Classification of OsumiliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.CM.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
M : [Si6O18]12- 6-membered double rings (sechser-Doppelringe)
63.2.1a.6

63 : CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
2 : Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
16.24.16

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
24 : Aluminosilicates of Fe, Mg, Ca and alkalis

Physical Properties of OsumiliteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Blue
Comment:
Strongly pleochroic
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of OsumiliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nω = 1.545 - 1.547 nε = 1.549 - 1.551
2V:
Measured: ~0° to 45°, Calculated: 0.0° to 0.0°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.004
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Optical Extinction:
nominally uniaxial(+/-), but may be anomalously biaxial (+/-) with a 2V° from 0 (so true uniaxial) up to ~45°

Chemical Properties of OsumiliteHide

Formula:
(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
IMA Formula:
KFe2(Al5Si10)O30
Common Impurities:
Ti,Mn,Ba,K

Crystallography of OsumiliteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.15 Å, c = 14.25 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.404
Unit Cell V:
1,271.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000078OsumiliteMiyashiro A (1956) Osumilite, a new silicate mineral, and its crystal structure American Mineralogist 41 104-11619560293
0000188OsumiliteBrown G E, Gibbs G V (1969) Refinement of the crystal structure of osumilite American Mineralogist 54 101-11619690293
0001149OsumiliteArmbruster T, Oberhansli R (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites American Mineralogist 73 585-59419880293
0001150OsumiliteArmbruster T, Oberhansli R (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites American Mineralogist 73 585-59419880293
0001151OsumiliteArmbruster T, Oberhansli R (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites American Mineralogist 73 585-59419880293
0001152OsumiliteArmbruster T, Oberhansli R (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites American Mineralogist 73 585-59419880293
0001153OsumiliteArmbruster T, Oberhansli R (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites American Mineralogist 73 585-59419880293
0001154OsumiliteArmbruster T, Oberhansli R (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites Japan-Hayasaki American Mineralogist 73 585-59419880293
0001155OsumiliteArmbruster T, Oberhansli R (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites American Mineralogist 73 585-59419880293
0001156OsumiliteArmbruster T, Oberhansli R (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites American Mineralogist 73 585-59419880293
0006584OsumiliteWinter W, Armbruster T, Lengauer C (1995) Crystal structure refinement of synthetic osumilite-type phases: BaMg2Al6Si9O30, SrMg2Al6Si9O30 and Mg2Al4Si11O30 European Journal of Mineralogy 7 277-28619950293
0006585OsumiliteWinter W, Armbruster T, Lengauer C (1995) Crystal structure refinement of synthetic osumilite-type phases: BaMg2Al6Si9O30, SrMg2Al6Si9O30 and Mg2Al4Si11O30 European Journal of Mineralogy 7 277-28619950293
0006586OsumiliteWinter W, Armbruster T, Lengauer C (1995) Crystal structure refinement of synthetic osumilite-type phases: BaMg2Al6Si9O30, SrMg2Al6Si9O30 and Mg2Al4Si11O30 European Journal of Mineralogy 7 277-28619950293
0007256OsumiliteSeryotkin Y V, Sokol E V, Bakakin V V, Likhacheva A Y (2008) Pyrometamorphic osumilite: occurrence, paragenesis, and crystal structure as compared to cordierite European Journal of Mineralogy 20 191-1982008South Urals, Russia0293
0007263OsumiliteBalassone G, Mormone A, Rossi M, Bernardi A, Fisch M, Armbruster T, Malsy K, Berger A (2008) Crystal chemical and structural characterization of an Mg-rich osumilite from Vesuvius volcano (Italy) European Journal of Mineralogy 20 713-7202008Vesuvius volcano, Italy0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of OsumiliteHide

Synonyms of OsumiliteHide

Other Language Names for OsumiliteHide

Japanese:大隅石
Simplified Chinese:大隅石
Spanish:Osumilita

Relationship of Osumilite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
AlmaruditeK(◻,Na)2(Mn,Fe,Mg)2[(Be,Al)3Si12]O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
AluminosugiliteKNa2Al2Li3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
BerezanskiteKTi2Li3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
BrannockiteKSn2(Li3Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
ChayesiteK(Mg,Fe2+)4Fe3+[Si12O30]Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
DarapiositeKNa2Mn2(Li2ZnSi12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
DusmatoviteKK2Mn2(Zn2LiSi12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
EifeliteKNa3Mg4Si12O30Hex.
FriedrichbeckeiteK(◻Na)Mg2(Be2Mg)Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
Klöchite(Fe2+Fe3+)◻2KZn3(Si12O30)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Merrihueite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mg)5Si12O30Hex.
MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
OftedaliteKSc22Be3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
RoedderiteKNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
ShibkoviteK2Ca2(Zn3Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
SogdianiteKZr2Li3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
SugiliteKNa2Fe3+2(Li3Si12)O30Hex.
TrattneriteFe3+2(Mg3Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
UM1990-73-SiO:KMnNaZn(K,Na)2Zn3Mn1.5Si12O30Hex.
Unnamed (Mn3+-dominant analog of Sugilite)KNa2(Mn3+,Fe3+,Al)2Li3Si12O30
YagiiteNaMg2(AlMg2Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
19 photos of Osumilite associated with TridymiteSiO2
5 photos of Osumilite associated with QuartzSiO2
5 photos of Osumilite associated with PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
4 photos of Osumilite associated with HematiteFe2O3
3 photos of Osumilite associated with Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
3 photos of Osumilite associated with MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
2 photos of Osumilite associated with Albite-Anorthite Series
1 photo of Osumilite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
1 photo of Osumilite associated with Osumilite Group
1 photo of Osumilite associated with PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.CM.Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
9.CM.05BrannockiteKSn2(Li3Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05ChayesiteK(Mg,Fe2+)4Fe3+[Si12O30]Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05DarapiositeKNa2Mn2(Li2ZnSi12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05EifeliteKNa3Mg4Si12O30Hex.
9.CM.05Merrihueite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mg)5Si12O30Hex.
9.CM.05MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05RoedderiteKNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30Hex. 6 m2 : P62c
9.CM.05SogdianiteKZr2Li3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05SugiliteKNa2Fe3+2(Li3Si12)O30Hex.
9.CM.05YagiiteNaMg2(AlMg2Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m)
9.CM.05BerezanskiteKTi2Li3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05DusmatoviteKK2Mn2(Zn2LiSi12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05ShibkoviteK2Ca2(Zn3Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05AlmaruditeK(◻,Na)2(Mn,Fe,Mg)2[(Be,Al)3Si12]O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
9.CM.05TrattneriteFe3+2(Mg3Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.05OftedaliteKSc22Be3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.9.CM.AluminosugiliteKNa2Al2Li3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
9.CM.10FaizieviteK2Na(Ca6Na)Ti4Li6[Si6O18]2[Si12O30]F2Tric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

63.2.1a.1BrannockiteKSn2(Li3Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
63.2.1a.2ChayesiteK(Mg,Fe2+)4Fe3+[Si12O30]Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
63.2.1a.3DarapiositeKNa2Mn2(Li2ZnSi12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
63.2.1a.4EifeliteKNa3Mg4Si12O30Hex.
63.2.1a.5Merrihueite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mg)5Si12O30Hex.
63.2.1a.8PoudretteiteKNa2B3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
63.2.1a.9SugiliteKNa2Fe3+2(Li3Si12)O30Hex.
63.2.1a.10YagiiteNaMg2(AlMg2Si12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m)
63.2.1a.11DusmatoviteKK2Mn2(Zn2LiSi12)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
63.2.1a.12MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
63.2.1a.13SogdianiteKZr2Li3Si12O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
63.2.1a.14RoedderiteKNaMg2(Mg3Si12)O30Hex. 6 m2 : P62c

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.24.1Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.24.2Omphacite(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(AleFe3+fFe2+gMgh)Si2O6Mon. 2/m
16.24.4Ferri-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
16.24.5Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.24.6Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon.
16.24.7Ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.24.8Alumino-ferrobarroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.24.9Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.24.10Ferro-ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Fe2+3Fe3+2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.24.11HastingsiteNaCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22OH2Mon.
16.24.12Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
16.24.13Taramite Root Name GroupA(CaNa)(Z2+3Z3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
16.24.14Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe3+2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
16.24.15Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon.
16.24.16Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for OsumiliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Miyashiro, A. (1953) Osumilite, a new mineral, and cordierite in volcanic rocks. Proceedings of the Japan Academy: 29(7): 321-323.
Miyashiro, A. (1956) Osumilite, a new silicate mineral and its crystal structure. American Mineralogist: 41: 104-116.
Brown, G.E., Gibbs, G.V. (1969) Refinement of the crystal structure of Osumilite. American Mineralogist: 54: 101-116.
Olsen, E., Bunch, T.E. (1970) Compositions of natural Osumilites. American Mineralogist: 55: 875-879.
Chinner, G.A., Dixon, P.D. (1973) Irish Osumilite. Mineralogical Magazine: 3: 189-192.
Berg, J., Wheeler, E.P. (1976) Osumilite of deep-seated origin in the contact aureole of the anorthositic Nain complex, Labrador. American Mineralogist: 61: 20-37.
Goldman, D., Rossman, G. (1978) The site distribution of iron and anomalous biaxiality in Osumilite. American Mineralogist: 63: 490-498.
Schreyer, W., Hentschel, G., Abraham, K. (1983) Osumilith in der Eifel und die Verwendung dieses Minerals als petrogenetischer Indikator, Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 31: 215-234.
Armbruster, Th., Oberhänsli, R. (1988) Crystal chemistry of double-ring silicates: Structural, chemical, and optical variation in osumilites. American Mineralogist: 73: 585-594.
Parodi, G.C., Della Ventura, G., Lorand, J.P. (1989) Mineralogy and petrology of an unusual Osumilite + vanadium-rich pseudobrookite assemblage in an ejectum from the Vico Volcanic Complex (Latium, Italy). American Mineralogist: 74: 1278-1284.
Nowicki, T.E., Frimmel, H.E., Waters, D.J. (1995) The occurrence of Osumilite in pelitic granulites of the Namaqualand metamorphic complex, South Africa. South Africa Journal of Geology: 98: 191-201.
Sokol, E.V. (1997) The new genetic type of Osumilite occurrence. Zapiski RMO, Vol: 126(4): 43-53.
Balassone, G., Mormone, A., Rossi, M., Bernardi, A., Fisch, M., Armbruster, T., Malsy, K., Berger, A. (2008) Crystal chemical and structural characterisation of an Mg-rich Osumilite from Vesuvius volcano (Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy: 20: 713-720.
Sogawa, N., Shinoda, K., Shimobayashi, N. (2013) Water molecules in the channel-like cavities of osumilite. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences: 108: 101-104.

Internet Links for OsumiliteHide

Localities for OsumiliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
Ellis, D.J., Sheraton, J.W., England, R.N., Dallwitz, W.B. (1980) Osumilite-Sapphirine-Quartz Granulites from Enderby Land Antarctica — Mineral Assemblages and Reactions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 72:2, 122-143. Grew, E.S. (1982) Osumilite in the sapphirine-quartz terrane of Enderby Land, Antarctica: implications for osumilite petrogenesis in the granulite facies. American Mineralogist, 67 (7-8), 762-787.
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberpullendorf District
      • Kobersdorf
        • Pauliberg
U. Kolitsch, W. Postl, H.-P. Bojar and W. Trattner (2009): Die Mineralvorkommen im Basalt des Pauliberges. In: Autorenkollektiv (Red. M. A. Götzinger und P. Huber) (2009): Die Mineralien des Burgenlandes - Geologie, Mineralogie und mineralische Rohstoffe. – Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aus dem Burgenland, Band 126, Amt der Burgenländischen Landesregierung, Abteilung 7 - Landesmuseum, Eisenstadt, 83-99.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Tirschenreuth District
        • Kulmain
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Vordereifel
        • Ettringen
Schreyer, W., Hentschel, G., Abraham, K., Osumilith in der Eifel und die Verwendung dieses Minerals als petrogenetischer Indikator , Tscherm. Mineral.- Petrogr. Mitt. 31, 215-234, 1983
Hungary
 
  • Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg County
    • Tarpa
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Mt Vesuvius
Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Puliti, R. (2004): Indialite in xenolithic rocks from Somma-Vesuvius volcano (Southern Italy): crystal chemistry and petrogenetic features, American Mineralogist 89: 1-6
  • Sardinia
    • Oristano Province
      • Marrubiu
[Olsen, E., Bunch, T.E. (1970): Compositions of natural Osumilites, American Mineralogist, Vol. 55, pp. 875-879] [De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol]
Japan
 
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Kagoshima City
      • Sakurajima
(mistaken locality attribution occasionally seen on labels because osumilite's type locality is nearby, but not on Sakurajima)
    • Kirishima City
      • Hayato
Kobayashi, T: (1978): Osumilites from Rishiri Islands, Hokkaido and Hoyato-cho, Kogashima Prefecture, Rept. Fac. Sci. Kogashima Univ., Vol. 8, pp. 61-69 (Japanese with English summary)
Proc.Japan Acad.(1953) 29, 321-323
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Ōshima Subprefecture
photo in: Koubutsu Doshikai (2017) Kanto-to Shuhen-no Koubutsu (279pp).
  • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    • Yamaguchi City
      • Yoshiki
Miura, Y. (2011) Osumilite-Like Phases in Chondrules of the Nio Chondrite, Yamaguchi, Japan. Formation of the First Solids in the Solar System. pdf#9013.
Madagascar
 
  • Anosy
    • Amboasary Sud
      • Behara
Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
      • Mahaly
Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
      • Tranomaro
Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
    • Taolañaro (Fort Dauphin)
      • Mandromodromotra
Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
Holder, R. M., Hacker, B. R., Horton, F., & Rakotondrazafy, A. F. M. (2018) Ultrahigh-temperature osumilite gneisses in southern Madagascar record combined heat advection and high rates of radiogenic heat production in a long-lived high-T orogen. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 36 (7): 855–880.
New Zealand
 
  • Waikato Region
    • Taupo District
      • Atiamuri
Personal collection of Rod Martin
Norway
 
  • Rogaland
    • Bjerkreim
      • Vikeså
Laurent, A. (2016) Petrochronology of monazite and zircon in ultra-high temperature granulite from Rogaland, Norway. Earth Sciences. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2016. English
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
[World of Stones 12:49]
Tajikistan
 
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
Belakowski, D.I. (1991) Die seltenen Mineralien von Dara-i-Pioz im Hochgebirge Tadshikistans. Lapis: 16(12): 42-48.
USA
 
  • Oregon
    • Lane Co.
      • McKenzie Pass
        • North Sister Mountain
Olsen E., Bunch T.E. (Am. Min. 55, 875-879, 1970); Martin, A.M.,Médard, M.,Devouard, B., Keller, L. P., Righter, K., Devidal, J-L., and Rahman, Z. (2015): Fayalite oxidation processes in Obsidian Cliffs rhyolite flow, Oregon. American Mineralogist: 100: 1153–1164.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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