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Nuffieldite

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About NuffielditeHide

Formula:
Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
According to several studies, Sb is an essential component for the stabilisation of nuffieldite.
Hardness:
3½ - 4
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named in 1968 by Paul William Errol Kingston in honor of Professor Edward Wilfrid Nuffield [April 13, 1914 Gretna, Manitoba, Canada - June 10, 2006 Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada] mineralogist of the University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Classification of NuffielditeHide

Approved
2.JB.25g

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
3.3.4.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
3 : 3 <ø < 4
5.7.10

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals

Physical Properties of NuffielditeHide

Hardness:
3½ - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of NuffielditeHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
strong, but with no color effects
Bireflectance:
weak - noticeable only in contact with other grains.
Colour in reflected light:
light gray
Internal Reflections:
none
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of NuffielditeHide

Formula:
Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7

According to several studies, Sb is an essential component for the stabilisation of nuffieldite.
IMA Formula:
Cu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
Idealised Formula:
Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7

Crystallography of NuffielditeHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 14.61 Å, b = 21.38 Å, c = 4.03 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.683 : 1 : 0.188
Unit Cell V:
1,258.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
space group Pbnm

Type Occurrence of NuffielditeHide

Synonyms of NuffielditeHide

Other Language Names for NuffielditeHide

German:Nuffieldit
Simplified Chinese:硫铋铜铅矿
Spanish:Nuffieldita
Traditional Chinese:硫鉍銅鉛礦

Varieties of NuffielditeHide

ArgentonuffielditeSilver-bearing variety of nuffieldite.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Nuffieldite associated with QuartzSiO2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb28As15S50ClOrth.
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6Mon.
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmn
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6Orth.
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9Orth.
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18Orth. mm2
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.11JaskólskiiteCuxPb2+x(Sb,Bi)2-xS5 (x ~ 0.15)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8Mon.
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11S18Orth.
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5Orth.
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.21ArgentobaumhaueriteAg1.5Pb22As33.5S72Tric. 1 : P1
5.7.22AndoriteAgPbSb3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.23RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.31SterryiteCu(Ag,Cu)3Pb19(Sb,As)22(As-As)S56Mon. 2/m
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10Orth.
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
5.7.36GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
5.7.39BenjaminiteAg3Bi7S12Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39Tric.
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21PbBiS13Orth.
5.7.44CupropavoniteCu0.9Ag0.5Pb0.6Bi2.5S5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu7[(Cu,Ag)0.33Pb1.33Bi11.33]S22Mon.
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21Mon.
5.7.47RathiteAg2Pb12-xTlx/2As18+x/2S40Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5Tric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NuffielditeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
KINGSTON, P.W. (1968): Studies of mineral sulphosalts. XXI. Nuffieldite, a new species. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 439-452.
KOHATSU, I. & WUENSCH, B.J. (1973): The crystal structure of nuffieldite, Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 138, 343-365.
Mozgova, N.N., S.N. Nenasheva, Y.S. Borodaev, and M.A. Yudovskaya (1994): Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. Can. Mineral., 32, 359–364.
MOËLO, Y., MEERSCHAUT, A. & MAKOVICKY, E. (1997): Refinement of the crystal structure of nuffieldite, Pb2Cu1.4(Pb0.4Bi0.4Sb0.2)Bi2S7: structural relationships and genesis of complex lead sulfosalt structures. Canadian Mineralogist 35, 1497-1508.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 138: 343-365.
Pršek J., Makovicky M., Chovan M. & Smirnov A. (2006): A note on chemical composition of nuffieldite solid-solution from sulphide mineralizations (Western Carpathians, Slovakia). Mineralogia Polonica 37 (1), 51-60.

Internet Links for NuffielditeHide

Localities for NuffielditeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Mueller, Andreas G.; Lawrance, Louisa M.; Muhling, Janet; Pooley, Gregory D. (2012): Mineralogy and PTX relationships of the Archean Hannan South Au-Cu (Co-Bi) deposit, Kalgoorlie, Western Australia: thermodynamic constraints on the formation of a zoned intrusion-related skarn. Economic Geology 107, 1-24.
Canada (TL)
 
  • British Columbia
    • Skeena Mining Division
      • Alice Arm
        • Kitsault
          • Patsy Creek
KINGSTON, P.W. (1968): Studies of mineral sulphosalts. XXI. Nuffieldite, a new species. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 439-452.
  • Nunavut
    • Itchen Lake
      • Izok Lake
Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22, 493-498
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Huaibei
      • Suixi Co.
        • Sanpu ore field
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
  • Guangdong
    • Meizhou
      • Mei Co.
Binghui Chen, Rui Guo, and Shouyun Yu (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(3), 20-25
  • Jiangxi
    • Fuzhou
      • Dongxiang Co.
Xia Ai and Zengyi Chen (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(4), 25-29
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Savoie
      • Les Houches
Moëlo Y. (1990), Un indice à nuffieldite en Haute-Savoie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°1, pp: 20-23; Moelo, Y., Meerschaut, A., & Makovicky, E. (1997). Refinement of the crystal structure of nuffieldite, Pb 2 Cu (sub 1.4) Bi (sub 0.4) Bi (sub 0.4) Sb (sub 0.2)) Bi 2 S 7; structural relationship and genesis of complex lead sulfosalt structures. The Canadian Mineralogist, 35(6), 1497-1508.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Plaka
P. Voudouris (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, pp 1089-1092; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
P. Voudouris (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, pp 1089-1092; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Japan
 
  • Yamagata Prefecture
Izumino, Y., Nakashima, K., & Nagashima, M. (2014). Cuprobismutite group minerals (cuprobismutite, hodrušhite, kupčíkite and padĕraite), other Bi–sulfosalts and Bi–tellurides from the Obari mine, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 109(4), 177-190.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Region
    • Ereymentau
Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Altai
      • Zyryanovsk complex
Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 359-359.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Saucillo Municipality
      • Naica
Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Ellingsen, H.V., Andersen, T. & Haugen, A., (2000): Nye mineraler fra amazonittpegmatitten ved Tennvatn, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skriftserie 17, 52-58.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra County
      • Szklarska Poręba
        • Szklarska Poręba-Huta
Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B. 2002: Pegmatites of the Szklarska Poręba Huta granite quarry: preliminary data on REE-mineralization. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, 175-177; Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).; Mochnacka, K., Oberc-Dziedzic, T., Mayer, W., & Pieczka, A. (2015). Ore mineralization related to geological evolution of the Karkonosze–Izera Massif (the Sudetes, Poland)—Towards a model. Ore Geology Reviews, 64, 215-238.
Romania
 
  • Bihor
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mountains
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., & Bogdanov, K. (2002) Trace mineralogy of the Upper Cretaceous banatitic Magmatic and metallogenetic Belt, SE Europe. In 11th Quadrennial IAGOD symposium–Geocongress 2002, Windhoek, Namibia, July 2002. CD Volume of extended abstracts.
  • Maramureș
    • Borşa (Baia Borşa; Borsa)
Mitt. .Österr. Miner. Ges. 143 (1998)
Cook, N. J. (1997). Bismuth and bismuth–antimony sulphosalts from Neogene vein mineralisation, Baia Borşa area, Maramureş, Romania. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(3), 387-409.
Russia
 
  • Altai Krai
Mozgova, N. N., Nenasheva, S. N., Borodaev, Y. S., & Yudovskaya, M. A. (1994). Nuffieldite from the Maleevskoe massive sulfide deposit, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(2), 359-364.
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Kolyma River Basin
Volkov, A. V., Cherepanova, N. V., Prokof’ev, V. Y., Savva, N. E., Smil’gin, S. V., Trubkin, N. V., & Alekseev, V. Y. (2013). Gold deposit in the Butarny granitoid stock, Russian Northeast. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(3), 185-206.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Lugokan ore cluster
Gaskova, O. L., Redin, Y. O., Nevolko, P. A., Kolpakova, M. N., & Naymushina, O. S. (2018). Physicochemical modeling of hightemperature stages of gold deposition at the lugokanskoe deposit (eastern Transbaikalia). Bulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering, 329(10), 57-66.
Serbia
 
Radosavljević, S. A., Stojanović, J. N., Pačevski, A. M., Radosavljević-Mihajlović, A. S., & Kašić, V. D. (2016). A review of Pb-Sb (As)-S, Cu (Ag)-Fe (Zn)-Sb (As)-S, Ag (Pb)-Bi (Sb)-S and Pb-Bi-S (Te) sulfosalt systems from the Boranja orefield, West Serbia. Geološki Anali Balkanskog Poluostrva, 2016(77), 1-12.
Slobodan A. Radosavljević, Jovica N. Stojanović, Aleksandar M. Pačevski, Ana S. Radosavljević-Mihajlović, Vladan D. Kašić (2016) A review of Pb-Sb(As)-S, Cu(Ag)-Fe(Zn)-Sb(As)-S, Ag(Pb)-Bi(Sb)-S and Pb-Bi-S(Te) sulfosalt systems from the Boranja orefield, West Serbia. Annales Géologiques de la Péninsule Balkanique 77:1-14
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno District
      • Brezno
Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273-278.
      • Bystrá
Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273-278.; - Pršek J., Ozdín D., Sejkora J., 2008: Eclarite and associated Bi sulfosalts from the Brezno-Hviezda occurrence (Nízke Tatry Mts, Slovak Republic). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 117-130.
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves District
Pršek J., Makovicky M., Chovan M. & Smirnov A. (2006): A note on chemical composition of nuffieldite solid-solution from sulphide mineralizations (Western Carpathians, Slovakia) Mineralogia , Polonica 37, 1, 51-60
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš District
Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2O7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Min. slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273 – 278
Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273-278.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
Bocamina, (4), (1999) 50-86.
    • Seville
Almodóvar, G.R., Sáez, R., Pons, J.M., Maestre, A., Toscano, M., and Pascual, E. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 111-136.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Anniviers
      • Vissoie
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Poughkeepsie Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • New Mexico
    • Hidalgo Co.
      • Peloncillo Mountains
        • San Simon District
www.excaliburmineral.com
  • North Carolina
    • Wake Co.
      • Raleigh
RRUFF Database : Specimen I.D 110088
 
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