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Nosean

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About NoseanHide

07452270014948560934012.jpg
Karl Wilhelm Nose
Formula:
Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O
Ideal Nosean has no Ca and all the S is oxidized to sulfate.
Colour:
Colorless, white, gray, gray-brown, blue, black
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
2.3 - 2.4
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named by Martin H. Klaproth in honor of Karl Wilhelm Nose [November 18, 1753 Braunsweig, Germany - June 22, 1835 Endenich near Bonn, Germany), physician in Augsberg, Elberfeld, and Bonn. Nose was also a chemist and mineralogist who wrote extensively on chemical, mineralogical, and geological research.
Sodalite Group. The two sodalite cages in Nosean's unit cell contain Na4SO4 and Na4H2O.

May be confused with pale-coloured haüyne. Bright blue nosean is easily mistaken for lazurite.

Also classed as a feldspathoid.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Nosean.


Classification of NoseanHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.FB.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions
76.2.3.2

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
17.10.1

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
10 : Silicates with sulphate, molybdate or tungstate

Physical Properties of NoseanHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colorless, white, gray, gray-brown, blue, black
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Indistinct on {110}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
2.3 - 2.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.21 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of NoseanHide

Type:
Isotropic
RI values:
n = 1.461 - 1.495
Birefringence:
May be weak if has inclusions
Birefringence:
Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of NoseanHide

Formula:
Na8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2O

Ideal Nosean has no Ca and all the S is oxidized to sulfate.
IMA Formula:
Na8(Si6Al6)O24(SO4) · H2O

Crystallography of NoseanHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
P4 3n
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.07(1) Å
Unit Cell V:
746.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
dodecahedra, grains, massive
Twinning:
on {111}
Comment:
Observed range: 9.05-9.08

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0005223NoseanHassan I, Grundy H D (1989) The structure of nosean, ideally Na8(Al6Si6O24)SO4.H2O The Canadian Mineralogist 27 165-17219890293
0006707NoseanGesing T M, Buhl J-C (1998) Crystal structure of a carbonate-nosean Na8[AlSiO4]6CO3 European Journal of Mineralogy 10 71-7719980293
0017913NoseanBarth T (1932) The Structures of the Minerals of the Sodalite Family _cod_database_code 1010998 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 83 405-41419320293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Silica deficient phonolites

Type Occurrence of NoseanHide

Synonyms of NoseanHide

Other Language Names for NoseanHide

Relationship of Nosean to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12ClIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
Tsaregorodtsevite(N(CH3)4)(AlSi5O12)Orth.
VladimirivanoviteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S3,S2,Cl)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
ZirconZr(SiO4)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
10 photos of Nosean associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
9 photos of Nosean associated with SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
7 photos of Nosean associated with CalciteCaCO3
7 photos of Nosean associated with PyriteFeS2
6 photos of Nosean associated with ZirconZr(SiO4)
4 photos of Nosean associated with Schäferite(NaCa2)Mg2(VO4)3
3 photos of Nosean associated with PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
3 photos of Nosean associated with Pyroxene Group
2 photos of Nosean associated with SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
2 photos of Nosean associated with Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FB.05Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
9.FB.05Cancrinite(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
9.FB.05Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
9.FB.05Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex. 6 : P6
9.FB.05MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
9.FB.05PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
9.FB.05Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6 · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
9.FB.05Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Farneseite(Na,Ca,K)56(Al6Si6O24)7(SO4)12 · 6H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Biachellaite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2(OH)0.5 · H2OTrig. 3 : P3
9.FB.05Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5](Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.FB.05KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (xHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
9.FB.10BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
9.FB.10DanaliteBe3Fe2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10HelvineBe3Mn2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Tet.
9.FB.10LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12ClIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Tsaregorodtsevite(N(CH3)4)(AlSi5O12)Orth.
9.FB.10TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12ClTet. 4 : I4
9.FB.15MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24ClTet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)Tet. 4/m : I4/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

76.2.3.1SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12ClIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
76.2.3.3Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
76.2.3.4LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
76.2.3.5BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
76.2.3.6KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Tet.
76.2.3.7TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12ClTet. 4 : I4
76.2.3.8Tsaregorodtsevite(N(CH3)4)(AlSi5O12)Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.10.2PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
17.10.3Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
17.10.4Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
17.10.5Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex. 6 : P6
17.10.6Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)Mon.
17.10.7Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2OMon.
17.10.8MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
17.10.9Delhayelite(Na,K)10Ca5Al6Si32O80(Cl2,F2,SO4)3 · 18H2OOrth.
17.10.10HydrodelhayeliteKCa2AlSi7O17(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth.
17.10.11Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
17.10.12Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
17.10.13Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
17.10.14Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Trig. 3m : P3 1c
17.10.15Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6 · 2H2OHex.
17.10.16Chessexite(Na,K)4Ca2(Mg,Zn)3Al8(SO4)10(SiO4)2 · 40H2OOrth.
17.10.17InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4Tric. 1 : P1
17.10.18ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2OHex. 6 : P63
17.10.19Ellestadite
17.10.20ChlorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
17.10.21HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
17.10.22FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5FHex.
17.10.23MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
17.10.24QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
17.10.25RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
17.10.26YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
17.10.27KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8Mon.
17.10.28Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2OHex.
17.10.29MacquartiteCu2Pb7(CrO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon.
17.10.30WeliniteMn2+6(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6Trig. 3 : P3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Nosean in petrologyHide

References for NoseanHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Klaproth, M.H. (1815): Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntnis der Mineralkörper, Bd. 6; 50. Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, 371-376.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 432.
Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A., and Zussman, J. (1963) Rock-Forming Minerals. Volume 4. Framework Silicates. Longmans, 435pp.: 289-302.
Van Peteghem, J.K. and Burley, B.J. (1963) Studies on solid solution between sodalite, nosean, and hauyne. Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 808-813.
Taylor, D. (1967) The sodalite group of minerals. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 16: 172-188.
Hassan, I. and Grundy, H.D. (1989) The structure of nosean, ideally Na8[Al6Si6O24]SO4·H2O. Canadian Mineralogist: 27: 165-172.
American Mineralogist (1989): 74: 394-410.
Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Piccinini, M. Cavallo, A. and Brilli, M. (2009): H2O and CO2 in minerals of the haüyne-sodalite group: an FTIR spectroscopy study. Mineralogical Magazine 73, 399-413.

Internet Links for NoseanHide

Localities for NoseanHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
Bart Cannon EDS and Ferando Camera XRD of RWMW specimen
Moore, T.P.,Woodside, R.M.W. (2014): The Sar-e-Sang Lapis Mines, Kuran Wa Munjan district, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record 45 (3), 280-336.
Van Peteghem, J.K. and Burley, B.J. (1963) Studies On Solid Solution Between Sodalite, Nosean and Hauyne. The Canadian Mineralogist, 7, 808-813
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Dampier Co.
Lewis, P. C., Glen, R. A., Pratt, G. W., & Clarke, I. (1994). Bega-Mallacoota 1: 250 000 Geological Sheet SJ/55-4. Explanatory notes. Geol Surv NSW, Sydney, 148.
  • Queensland
    • Central Highlands Region
Ewart, A. (1982). Petrogenesis of the Tertiary anorogenic volcanic series of Southern Queensland, Australia, in the light of trace element geochemistry and O, Sr and Pb isotopes. Journal of Petrology, 23(3), 344-382. Mollan, R. G., Dickins, J. M., Exon, N. F., & Kirkegaard, A. G. (1969). Geology of the Springsure 1: 250,000 sheet area, Queensland: Report of the Bureau of Mineral Resources. Geology and Geophysics, Australia, 123, 114. Sutherland, F. L., Hollis, J. D., & Robertson, A. D. (1989). Springsure. Johnson, R. W. (Eds.). (1989). Intraplate volcanism: in eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, 103-104. Webb, A. W., & McDougall, I. (1967). A comparison of mineral and whole rock potassium-argon ages of Tertiary volcanics from central Queensland, Australia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 3, 41-47.
Ewart, A. (1982). Petrogenesis of the Tertiary anorogenic volcanic series of Southern Queensland, Australia, in the light of trace element geochemistry and O, Sr and Pb isotopes. Journal of Petrology, 23(3), 344-382. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.256 Mollan, R. G., Dickins, J. M., Exon, N. F., & Kirkegaard, A. G. (1969). Geology of the Springsure 1: 250,000 sheet area, Queensland: Report of the Bureau of Mineral Resources. Geology and Geophysics, Australia, 123, 114. Sutherland, F. L., Hollis, J. D., & Robertson, A. D. (1989). Springsure. Johnson, R. W. (Eds.). (1989). Intraplate volcanism: in eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge University Press, 103-104. Webb, A. W., & McDougall, I. (1967). A comparison of mineral and whole rock potassium-argon ages of Tertiary volcanics from central Queensland, Australia. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 3, 41-47.
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
  • Western Australia
Le Maitre, R. W. (1975). Volcanic rocks from EDEL no. 1 petroleum exploration well, offshore Carnarvon basin, Western Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia, 22(2), 167-174.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Südoststeiermark District
      • Bad Gleichenberg
        • Wilhelmsdorf
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Brazil
 
  • Santa Catarina
Norberto Dani et al (2001) Nordstrandite in Bauxite Derived from Phonolite, Lages, Santa Catarina, Brazil Clays and Clay Minerals, 49:216-226
Cameroon
 
  • Southwest Region
    • Fako
      • Buea
Nkoumbou, C., Deruelle, B., Velde, D. (1995): Petrology of Mt Etinde Nephelinite Series, Journal of Petrology, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 373-395; Bindi, L., Bonazzi, P., & Fitton, J. G. (2001). Crystal chemistry of strontian soda melilite from nephelinite lava of Mt. Etinde, Cameroon. European Journal of Mineralogy, 13(1), 121-125.
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
GSC locality database
  • Québec
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
Cape Verde
 
  • Sotavento Islands
    • Santiago Island
      • São Salvador do Mundo
Deer, Howie & Zussman (1963) Vol 4, 295
China
 
  • Tibet
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Shuanghu Co.
Guo, Z., Wilson, M., Liu, J., & Mao, Q. (2006). Post-collisional, potassic and ultrapotassic magmatism of the northern Tibetan Plateau: Constraints on characteristics of the mantle source, geodynamic setting and uplift mechanisms. Journal of Petrology, 47(6), 1177-1220.
    • Ngari
      • Gêrzê Co. (Gaize Co.)
Ding, L., Kapp, P., Zhong, D., & Deng, W. (2003). Cenozoic volcanism in Tibet: evidence for a transition from oceanic to continental subduction. Journal of Petrology, 44(10), 1833-1865. Guo, Z., Wilson, M., Liu, J., & Mao, Q. (2006). Post-collisional, potassic and ultrapotassic magmatism of the northern Tibetan Plateau: Constraints on characteristics of the mantle source, geodynamic setting and uplift mechanisms. Journal of Petrology, 47(6), 1177-1220.
Czech Republic
 
  • Liberec Region
    • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Blumrich, J. (1893): Die Phonolithe des Friedländer Bezirkes in Nordböhmen, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Vol. 13, No 6, 465-495
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ardèche
      • Privas
        • Saint-Priest
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 450-464.
    • Cantal
      • Aurillac
        • Vic-sur-Cère
          • Thiézac
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.326. Brousse, R. (1961). Recueil des analyses chimiques des roches volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires de la France. Bull. Serv. Carte géol. France, 58(263), 1-140. Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe Limitrophe. Guides Géologiques Régionaux. Masson, Paris. Brousse, R., & Rançon, J. P. (1984). Crystallization trends of pyroxenes from agpaitic phonolites (Cantal, France). Mineralogical Magazine, 48(346), 39-45. Caroff, M., Ambrics, C., Maury, R., & Cotten, J. (1997). From alkali basalt to phonolite in hand-size samples: vapor-differentiation effects in the Bouzentes lava flow (Cantal, France). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 79(1-2), 47-61. Downes, H. (1984). Sr and Nd isotope geochemistry of coexisting alkaline magma series, Cantal, Massif Central, France. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 69(2), 321-334. Downes, H. (1987). Tertiary and quaternary volcanism in the Massif Central, France. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 30(1), 517-530. Downes, H. (1989). Magma mixing in undersaturated alkaline volcanics, Cantal, Massif Central, France. Mineralogical Magazine, 53(369), 43-53. Downes, H., & Leyreloup, A. (1986). Granulitic xenoliths from the French Massif Central—petrology, Sr and Nd isotope systematics and model age estimates. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 24(1), 319-330. de Goer, A., & Mergoil, J. (1971). Structure et dynamique des édifices volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires. In Symposium sur la géologie, la morphologie, et la structure profonde du Massif Central français (pp. 345-376). Nehlig, P., Leyrit, H., Dardon, A., Freour, G., de Goer de Herve, A., Huguet, D., & Thieblemont, D. (2001). Constructions et destructions du stratovolcan du Cantal. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 172(3), 295-308. Pilet, S., Hernandez, J., & Villemant, B. (2002). Evidence for high silicic melt circulation and metasomatic events in the mantle beneath alkaline provinces: the Na–Fe-augitic green-core pyroxenes in the Tertiary alkali basalts of the Cantal massif (French Massif Central). Mineralogy and Petrology, 76(1-2), 39-62. Platevoet, R., SCHNEIDER, J. L., Lefevre, C., & Nehlig, P. (1999). Les formations pyroclastiques du strato-volcan du Cantal sont-elles liées à une vaste caldéra centrale? Apport des dynamismes volcaniques. Géologie de la France, (4), 77-91. Reubi, O., & Hernandez, J. (2000). Volcanic debris avalanche deposits of the upper Maronne valley (Cantal Volcano, France): evidence for contrasted formation and transport mechanisms. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 102(3-4), 271-286. Schneider, J. L., & Fisher, R. V. (1998). Transport and emplacement mechanisms of large volcanic debris avalanches: evidence from the northwest sector of Cantal Volcano (France). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 83(1-2), 141-165. Varet, J. (1969). Les phonolites agpaitiques et miaskitiques du Cantal septentrional (Auvergne, France). Bulletin Volcanologique, 33(2), 621-656. Wilson, M., Downes, H., & Cebria, J. M. (1995). Contrasting fractionation trends in coexisting continental alkaline magma series; Cantal, Massif Central, France. Journal of Petrology, 36(6), 1729-1753.
      • Mauriac
        • Menet
          • Brocq-en-Menet
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Saint-Flour
        • Murat
          • Laveissière
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
    • Haute-Loire
      • Le Puy-en-Velay
de Goer, A., & Mergoil, J. (1971). Structure et dynamique des édifices volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires. In Symposium sur la géologie, la morphologie, et la structure profonde du Massif Central français (pp. 345-376). Maury, R. C., & Varet, J. (1980). Le volcanisme tertiaire et quaternaire de France. Géologie de la France, Mémoires du Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Miniéres, Paris, 107, 138-159. Liotard, J. M., Briot, D., & Boivin, P. (1988). Petrological and geochemical relationships between pyroxene megacrysts and associated alkali-basalts from Massif Central (France). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(1), 81-90. Brousse, R. & Lefevre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe Limitrophe. Guides Géologiques Régionaux. Masson, Paris. Downes, H., Dupuy, C., & Leyreloup, A. F. (1990). Crustal evolution of the Hercynian belt of Western Europe: Evidence from lower-crustal granulitic xenoliths (French Massif Central). Chemical Geology, 83(3-4), 209-231. Mergoil, J., Boivin, P., Blès, J. L., Cantagrel, J. M., & Turland, M. (1993). Le Velay. Son volcanisme et les formations associées. Notice de la carte à 1/100 000. Géologie de la France, (3). Liotard, J. M., Dautria, J. M., & Cantagrel, J. M. (1995). Pétrogenèse des néphélinites de la région de Craponne-sur-Arzon (Nord-Velay): intervention possible d'un composant carbonatitique. Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2. Sciences de la terre et des planètes, 320(11), 1043-1050. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lamere, J. (2002). Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of terms; Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences. In Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous rocks. Cambridge University Press. Chazot, G., Bertrand, H., Mergoil, J., & SHEPPARD, S. M. (2003). Mingling of immiscible dolomite carbonatite and trachyte in tuffs from the Massif Central, France. Journal of Petrology, 44(10), 1917-1936. Wittig, N., Baker, J. A., & Downes, H. (2007). U–Th–Pb and Lu–Hf isotopic constraints on the evolution of sub-continental lithospheric mantle, French Massif Central. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 71(5), 1290-1311. Woodland, A. B., & Jugo, P. J. (2007). A complex magmatic system beneath the Deves volcanic field, Massif Central, France: evidence from clinopyroxene megacrysts. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 153(6), 719-731. Touron, S., Renac, C., O'Reilly, S. Y., Cottin, J. Y., & Griffin, W. L. (2008). Characterization of the metasomatic agent in mantle xenoliths from Deves, Massif Central (France) using coupled in situ trace-element and O, Sr and Nd isotopic compositions. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 293(1), 177-196. Paquette, J. L., & Mergoil-Daniel, J. (2009). Origin and U–Pb dating of zircon-bearing nepheline syenite xenoliths preserved in basaltic tephra (Massif Central, France). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(2), 245-262. Valentini, L., Moore, K. R., & Chazot, G. (2010). Unravelling carbonatite–silicate magma interaction dynamics: a case study from the Velay province (Massif Central, France). Lithos, 116(1-2), 53-64. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.328
    • Puy-de-Dôme
Briot, D., Cantagrel, J. M., Dupuy, C., & Harmon, R. S. (1991). Geochemical evolution in crustal magma reservoirs: Trace-element and Sr Nd O isotopic variations in two continental intraplate series at Monts Dore, Massif Central, France. Chemical geology, 89(3-4), 281-303. Brousse, R. (1961). Minéralogie et pétrographie des roches volcaniques du Massif du Mont-Dore. Bull. Soc. Franc. Min4ral. Crist, 84, 245-259. Brousse, R. (1961). Recueil des analyses chimiques des roches volcaniques tertiaires et quaternaires de la France. Bull. Serv. Carte géol. France, 58(263), 1-140. Brousse, R. & Lefèvre, C. 1990. Le volcanisme en France et en Europe limitrophe. «Guides géologiques régionaux». Masson, Paris. Brousse, R., Rançon, J. P., Tempier, P., & Veyret, Y. (1989). Bourg-Lastic, Carte Géologique de la France à 1/50 000. Editions du BRGM-BP, 6009-45060. Cantagrel, J. M., & Baubron, J. C. (1983). Chronologie des éruptions dans le massif volcanique des Monts Dore (méthode potassium-argon). Bur. Rech. Géol. Min.(Fr.), Sect. Géol.(2), 1(1–2), 123-142. Sébastien, N., Jean-François, P., Nehlig, P., Hervé, G., Vincent, S., & Stéphane, S. Tephrochronology of the Mont-Dore volcanic Massif (Massif Central, France): new 40 Ar/39 Ar constraints on the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene activity. Bulletin of Volcanology, 76, 798. Sørensen, H., Bernth, U., & Brousse, R. (1999). Trachytes and phonolites from the Mont-Dore region, Auvergne, France. Geolines, (9), 114-118.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Vogtsburg im Kaiserstuhl
          • Oberbergen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Karlsruhe Region
      • Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
        • Eberbach
Frenzel, G. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 409-444.
Rosenbusch, H. (1869): Der Nephelinit vom Katzenbuckel, Diss. Freiburg
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
Harmon, R. S., Hoefs, J., & Wedepohl, K. H. (1987). Stable isotope (O, H, S) relationships in Tertiary basalts and their mantle xenoliths from the Northern Hessian Depression, W.-Germany. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 95(3), 350-369. Hartmann, G., & Wedepohl, K. H. (1990). Metasomatically altered peridotite xenoliths from the Hessian Depression (Northwest Germany). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 54(1), 71-86. Kramm, U., & Wedepohl, K. H. (1990). Tertiary basalts and peridotite xenoliths from the Hessian Depression (NW Germany), reflecting mantle compositions low in radiogenic Nd and Sr. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 106(1), 1-8. Mengel, K., Kramm, U., Wedepohl, K. H., & Gohn, E. (1984). Sr isotopes in peridotite xenoliths and their basaltic host rocks from the northern Hessian Depression (NW Germany). Contributions to mineralogy and petrology, 87(4), 369-375. Oehm, J., Schneider, A., & Wedepohl, K. H. (1983). Upper mantle rocks from basalts of the northern Hessian depression (NW Germany). Tschermaks mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, 32(1), 25-48. Wedepohl, K. H. (1983). Die chemische Zusammensetzung der basaltischen Gesteine der nördlichen Hessischen Senke und ihrer Umgebung. Geologisches Jahrbuch Hessen, 111, 261-302. Wedepohl, K. H. (1985). Origin of the Tertiary basaltic volcanism in the northern Hessian Depression. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 89(2-3), 122-143.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler District
      • Adenau
        • Quiddelbach
Meyer, W. (1994): Geologie der Eifel, Schweitzerbart Stuttgart
      • Brohltal
        • Brenk
M.H. Klaproth (1815).; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
        • Glees
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
          • Maria Laach
Klaproth, M.H., (1815): Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntnis der Mineralkörper, Vol. 6, 371-376
- Rath, G. vom, (1863): Chemische Zusammensetzung des Orthit´s vom Laacher See, Annalen der Physik und Chemie Vol. 119, 269 pp.
        • Wassenach
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Der Aufschluß, Heft 2, 1975
Hentschel, G., (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (second edition)
        • Wehr
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München, 1983
        • Weibern
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Maifeld
        • Ochtendung
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Lapis 1988(7+8), 70-72
      • Mayen
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922]
      • Mendig
        • Bell
- Viereck, L.: Geologische und petrologische Entwicklung des pleistozänen Vulkankomplexes Rieden, Ost-Eifel. Bochumer geol. geotechn. Arbeiten 17, 1984
        • Mendig
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815; Chukanov, N.V.; Vigasina, M.F.; Zubkova, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Schäfer, C.; Kasatkin, A.V.; Yapaskurt, V.O.; Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2020) Extra-Framework Content in Sodalite-Group Minerals: Complexity and New Aspects of Its Study Using Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy. Minerals 10, 363.
Viereck, L., Geologische und petrologische Entwicklung des pleistozänen Vulkankomplexes Rieden, Ost-Eifel, Bochumer geol. geotechn. Arbeiten 17, 1984
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans (Nosean), Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
          • Wingertsberg
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Beitr. Chem. Kenntn. Miner., Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
        • Rieden
Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
      • Pellenz
        • Kruft
Klapproth, M.H., Chemische Untersuchung des Spinellans, Bd 6, 50, 371-376, 1815
        • Plaidt
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Vulkaneifel District
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Brauns, R. (1922) Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete. Schweizerbart (Stuttgart).; Blaß, G. and Kruijen, F. (2015) Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel (II/2015). Mineralien-Welt, 26(5), 80-90.
      • Gerolstein
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
Haardt, W., Die vulkanischen Auswürflinge und Basalte am Killer Kopf bei Rockeskyll in der Eifel, Jb. Preuß. Geolog. Landesanstalt, Berlin 35, 177-252
      • Kelberg
        • Drees
Schüller, W., Die Mineralien des Niveligsberges bei Drees in der Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 33, 1990
Ehrenberg, K. H., Hickethier, H., Rosenberg, F., Strecker, G., & Susic, M. (1992). Neue Ergebnisse zum tertiären Vulkanismus der Rhön (Wasserkuppenrhön und Kuppenrhön). Berichte der Deutschen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft, 1992(2), 47-102. ENDERS, M., LAEMMLEN, M., & FÖRSTER, H. (1992). Polybaric differentiation of alkaline volcanic rocks in the Rhön Mountains, Hessia, Germany. evidence from trace-element-distribution. Chemie der Erde, 52(3), 189-203. Jung, S. (1995). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of rift-related Tertiary alkaline rocks from the Rhon area (central Germany). Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 169(3), 193-226. Jung, S., & Hoernes, S. (2000). The major-and trace-element and isotope (Sr, Nd, O) geochemistry of Cenozoic alkaline rift-type volcanic rocks from the Rhön area (central Germany): petrology, mantle source characteristics and implications for asthenosphere–lithosphere interactions. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 99(1-4), 27-53. Jung, S., Pfänder, J. A., Brügmann, G., & Stracke, A. (2005). Sources of primitive alkaline volcanic rocks from the Central European Volcanic Province (Rhön, Germany) inferred from Hf, Os and Pb isotopes. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 150(5), 546-559. Jung, S., Mezger, K., Hauff, F., Pack, A., & Hoernes, S. (2013). Petrogenesis of rift-related tephrites, phonolites and trachytes (Central European Volcanic Province, Rhön, FRG): Constraints from Sr, Nd, Pb and O isotopes. Chemical Geology, 354, 203-215. Lippolt, H. J. (1982). K/Ar age determinations and the correlation of Tertiary volcanic activity in Central Europe. Geologisches Jahrbuch. Reihe D. Mineralogie, Petrographie, Geochemie, Lagerstättenkunde, (52), 113-135. Lippolt, H. J. (1983). Distribution of volcanic activity in space and time. In Plateau uplift (pp. 112-120). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Witt-Eickschen, G., & Kramm, U. (1997). Mantle upwelling and metasomatism beneath Central Europe: geochemical and isotopic constraints from mantle xenoliths from the Rhön (Germany). Journal of Petrology, 38(4), 479-493.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion slag localities
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (II). Mineralien-Welt 25 (2), 82-95 (in German).; Koshlyakova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Giester, G., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu., Chukanov, N.V., Voudouris, P., Magganas, A., Katerinopoulos, A. (2016): Crystal chemistry of a Ni-Mg-analogue of lyonsite from slags of Lavrion, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry 193, 113-120.
Greenland
 
  • Sermersooq
    • Blosseville Coast
      • Cape Dalton
Woolley, A.R.: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 1: North and South America. British Museum (Natural History), London, 1987 [cited in http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm]
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
MinRec 16:485-494
Guinea
 
  • Conakry Region
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
India
 
  • Meghalaya
    • East Khasi Hills District
Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229.; Krishnamurthy, P. (1985). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated rocks of Sung Valley, Jaintia hills district, Meghalaya, India. Journal of The Geological Society of India, 26(6), 361-379. Sen, A. K. (1999). Origin of the Sung Valley carbonatite complex, Meghalaya, India: major element geochemistry constraints. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 53(3), 285-297.
Italy
 
  • Lazio
    • Latina Province
      • Ponza
        • Ponza Island
H.E. Belkin, B. De Vivo, A. Lima : "Magmatic (silicte/saline/sulfur-rich/CO2) immiscibility and zirconium and rare-earth element enrichment from alkaline magam chamber margins : evidence from Ponza Island, Pontine Archipelago, Italy", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1401-1420.
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
Federico, M., Peccerillo, A., (2002): Mineral chemistry and petrogenesis of granular ejecta from the Alban Hills volcano, Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol 74, 223-252
      • Cesano geothermal field
Funiciello, R., Mariotti, G., Parotto, M. , Preite-Martinez, M., Tecce, F. , Toneatti, R., Turi, B. (1979): Geology, mineralogy and stable isotope geochemistry of the Cesano geothermal field (Sabatini Mts. volcanic system, northern Latium, Italy). Geothermics, 8, 1, 55 - 73.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Capranica
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
      • Vetralla
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Pierini, G. (2004): Homilite in un proietto vulcanico a Tre Croci di Vetralla (VT). Micro (notizie mineralogiche), 2004, 5-12; American Mineralogist, Volume 91, pages 1170–-1177, 2006
Knut Edvard Larsen collection #1717 ( Ex Rossini Carlo collection, collected in 1999, analyzed)
      • Viterbo
Stoppani F.S, Curti E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Oristano Province
      • Scano di Montiferro
DI-BATTISTINI, G., Montanini, A., & Zerbi, M. (1990). Geochemistry of volcanic rocks from southeastern Montiferro (Western Sardinia, Italy). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie. Abhandlungen, 162(1), 35-67. Fedele, L., Lustrino, M., Melluso, L., Morra, V., & D'Amelio, F. (2007). The Pliocene Montiferro, volcanic complex (central-western Sardinia, Italy): geochemical observations and petrological implications. Periodico di Mineralogia, 76, 101-136. Lustrino, M., Melluso, L., & Morra, V. (2007). The geochemical peculiarity of" Plio-Quaternary" volcanic rocks of Sardinia in the circum-Mediterranean area. SPECIAL PAPERS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 418, 277-301.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
  • Souss-Massa Region
    • Taroudant Province
Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Paraguay
 
  • Concepción Department
Eckel, E. B.; Milton, Charles; Sulsona, P. T. (1959) Geology and mineral resources of Paraguay--a reconnaissance, with sections on Igneous and metamorphic rocks and soils. USGS Professional Paper: 327
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Henderson, C. M. B., Kogarko, L. N., & Plant, D. A. (1999). Extreme closed system fractionation of volatile-rich, ultrabasic peralkaline melt inclusions and the occurrence of djerfisherite in the Kugda alkaline complex, Siberia. Mineralogical Magazine, 63(3), 433-438.
    • Lovozersky District
Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Ivanyuk, G. Y., & Yakovenchuk, V. N. (2014). Loparite-(Ce) in rocks of the Lovozero layered complex at Mt. Karnasurt and Mt. Kedykvyrpakhk. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 685-698.
      • Suoluaiv Mt
[MinRec 32:416]
    • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mecca Region
Camp, V. E., & Roobol, M. J. (1989). The Arabian continental alkali basalt province: Part I. Evolution of Harrat Rahat, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 101(1), 71-95. Camp, V. E., & Roobol, M. J. (1991). Geological Map of Cenozoic Lava Field of Harrat Rahat. Saudi Arabian Deputy Ministry for mineral Resources, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Geosciences Map GM-123, scale, 1(250,000). Moufti, M. R., Moghazi, A. M., & Ali, K. A. (2013). 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Neogene-Quaternary Harrat Al-Madinah intercontinental volcanic field, Saudi Arabia: implications for duration and migration of volcanic activity. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 62, 253-268.
  • Medina Region
    • Ithnayn and Kura Lava Fields
Baker, P. E., Brosset, R., Gass, I. G., & Neary, C. R. (1973). Jebel al Abyad: a recent alkalic volcanic complex in western Saudi Arabia. Lithos, 6(3), 291-314. Roobol, M. J., & Camp, V. E. (1991). Geological map of the Cenozoic lava fields of Harrats Khayba. Ithnayen and Kurs, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 1:250000 Geoscience Map GM-131 (and Explanatory Notes), Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Directorate General of Mineral Resources of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Jeddah.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Älvdalen
      • Särna
Magnusson, N.H. ( 1923) The alkaline rocks of Siksjöberget and Ekorråsen in Särna. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 45 : 295-334
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Schaffhausen
    • Lohn
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 289.
Turkey
 
  • Eskişehir Province
    • Beylikova District
Delaloye, M., & Ozgenc, I. (1983). Petrography and age determinations of the alkaline volcanic rocks and carbonatite of Kizilcaören district; Beylikahir-Eskişehir, Turkey. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 63(2-3), 289-294. Stumpfl, E. F., & Kirikoglu, M. S. (1985). Fluorite-barite-rare earths deposits at Kizilcaoren, Turkey. S Mitt Österr Geol Ges, 78, 193-200.
    • Sivrihisar District
Sarıfakıoğlu, E., Özen, H., & Hall, C. (2009). Petrogenesis of extension-related alkaline volcanism in Karaburhan (Sivrihisar–Eskisehir), NW Anatolia, Turkey. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 35(6), 502-515.
  • Isparta Province
    • Gölcük District
Alıcı, P., Temel, A., Gourgaud, A., Kieffer, G., & Gündoğdu, M. N. (1998). Petrology and geochemistry of potassic rocks in the Gölcük area (Isparta, SW Turkey): genesis of enriched alkaline magmas. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 85(1-4), 423-446. Kumral, M., Coban, H., Gedikoglu, A., & Kilinc, A. (2006). Petrology and geochemistry of augite trachytes and porphyritic trachytes from the Gölcük volcanic region, Isparta, SW Turkey: a case study. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 707-716. Kumral, M., Çoban, H., & Caran, S. (2007). Th-, U-and LREE-bearing grossular, chromian ferriallanite-(Ce) and chromian cerite-(Ce) in skarn xenoliths ejected from the Golcuk maar crater, Isparta, Anatolia, Turkey. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(5), 1115-1129. Lefevre, C., Bellon, H., & Poisson, A. (1983). Presence de leucitites dans le volcanisme Pliocene de la region d'Isparta (Taurides Occidentales, Turquie). Comptes-rendus des séances de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2, Mécanique-physique, chimie, sciences de l'univers, sciences de la terre, 297(4), 367-372.
  • Kırşehir Province
    • Akpınar District
Otlu, N., & Boztuğ, D. (1999). The Coexistence of the Silica Oversaturated (ALKOS) and Undersaturated Alkaline (ALKUS) Rocks in the Kortundag and Baranadag Plutons from the Central Anatolian Alkaline Plutonism, E Kaman/NW Kırşehir, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 7(3), 241-258. Ilbeyli, N., Pearce, J. A., Thirlwall, M. F., & Mitchell, J. G. (2004). Petrogenesis of collision-related plutonics in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Lithos, 72(3-4), 163-182.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
American Mineralogist, Volume 74, pages 132-140, 1989
Rocks & Min.: 63:108.
    • Hot Spring Co.
American Mineralogist, Volume 77, pages 685-703, 1992
V.C. Fryklund and D.F. Holbrook (1950) Titanium Ore Deposit of Hot Spring County Arkansas, Bulletin 16 Arkansas Geological Survey
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • Colorado
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • South Dakota
    • Lawrence Co.
      • Bald Mountain Mining District (Portland Mining District)
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
      • Spearfish
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
      • Spearfish Canyon
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • Grand Co.
      • La Sal Mountains
        • North Mountain
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/usa.htm.
    • San Juan Co.
      • La Sal Mountains
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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