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Sphalerite Group

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About Sphalerite GroupHide

Formula:
AX
A = Cd, Hg, Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu; X = S, Se, Te
Crystal System:
Isometric
The diamond structure has two interpenetrating cubic close packed carbon lattices. Each atom of theses lattices is tetrahedrally coordinated by 4 atoms of the other lattice. If one of these lattices is replaced by cations (A) and the other replaced by anions (X), where X = S, Se, Te we get the sphalerite group.

Although the members can be lab grown as solution series, geochemical segregation usually gives fairly pure end members.

Compare Wurtzite Group.


Chemical Properties of Sphalerite GroupHide

Formula:
AX

A = Cd, Hg, Zn, Mn, Fe, Cu; X = S, Se, Te

Crystallography of Sphalerite GroupHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Morphology:
Composite and twinned crystals are common.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0017666Coloradoitede Jong W (1926) Die Struktur des Tiemannit und Koloradoit. _cod_database_code 1010945 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 63 466-47219260293
0011528ColoradoiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
0017442ColoradoiteZachariasen W (1926) Die Kristallstruktur der Telluride von Zink, Cadmium und Quecksilber _cod_database_code 1010537 Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 8 302-30619260293
0000070HawleyiteTraill R J, Boyle R W (1955) Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral American Mineralogist 40 555-55919550293
0000111HawleyiteSkinner B J (1961) Unit-cell edges of natural and synthetic sphalerites American Mineralogist 46 1399-14111961synthetic0293
0018121HawleyiteUlrich F, Zachariasen W (1925) Ueber die Kristallstruktur des alpha und beta Cd S, sowie des Wurtzits _cod_database_code 1011260 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 62 260-27319250293
0011517HawleyiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
0018113HawleyiteMueller W, Loeffler G (1933) Zur Kenntnis der Faerbung von gefaelltem Cadmiumsulfid _cod_database_code 1011251 Angewandte Chemie (German Edition) 46 538-53919330293
0018202MetacinnabarLehmann W (1924) Roentgenographische Untersuchungen an natuerlichem und synthetischem Metacinnabarit (Hg S). _cod_database_code 1011368 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 60 379-41319240293
0011526MetacinnabarWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
0000110SphaleriteSkinner B J (1961) Unit-cell edges of natural and synthetic sphalerites American Mineralogist 46 1399-14111961synthetic0293
0018098Sphaleritede Jong W (1927) Marmatit und christophit _cod_database_code 1011232 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 66 515-51519270293
0018099Sphaleritede Jong W (1927) Marmatit und christophit _cod_database_code 1011233 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 66 515-51519270293
0018328SphaleriteNitta E, Kimata M, Hoshino M, Echigo T, Hamasaki S, Nishida N, Shimizu M, Akasak T (2008) Crystal chemistry of ZnS minerals formed as high-temperature volcanic sublimates: matraite identical with sphalerite Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 103 145-1512008Iwodake volcano, Satsuma-Iwojima, Kyushu, SW Japan0293
0011535StilleiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
0000050TiemanniteEarley J W (1950) Description and syntheses of the selenide minerals American Mineralogist 35 337-36419500293
0018070Tiemannitede Jong W (1926) Die Struktur des Tiemannit und Koloradoit _cod_database_code 1011199 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 63 466-47219260293
0011527TiemanniteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
0004582RudashevskyiteBritvin S N, Bogdanova A N, Boldyreva M M, Aksenova G Y (2008) Rudashevskyite, the Fe-dominant analogue of sphalerite, a new mineral: Description and crystal structure American Mineralogist 93 902-9092008Indarch meteorite0293
0004583RudashevskyiteBritvin S N, Bogdanova A N, Boldyreva M M, Aksenova G Y (2008) Rudashevskyite, the Fe-dominant analogue of sphalerite, a new mineral: Description and crystal structure American Mineralogist 93 902-9092008Indarch meteorite0293
0004584RudashevskyiteBritvin S N, Bogdanova A N, Boldyreva M M, Aksenova G Y (2008) Rudashevskyite, the Fe-dominant analogue of sphalerite, a new mineral: Description and crystal structure American Mineralogist 93 902-9092008Indarch meteorite0293
0019735BrowneiteMa C, Beckett J R, Rossman G R (2012) Browneite, MnS, a new sphalerite-group mineral from the Zaklodzie meteorite American Mineralogist 97 2056-20592012Zaklodzie meteorite0293
0011532BrowneiteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 85-23719630293
0018216BrowneiteMehmed F, Haraldsen H (1938) Das magnetische Verhalten der allotropen Modifikationen des Mangan(II)- Sulfides Zeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie 235 193-20019380293
0020262IshiharaiteMarquez-Zavalia M F, Galliski M A, Drabek M, Vymazalova A, Watanabe Y, Murakami H, Bernhardt H J (2015) Ishiharaite, (Cu,Ga,Fe,In,Zn)S, a new mineral from the Capillitas mine, Northwestern Argentina The Canadian Mineralogist 52 969-9802015Capillitas mine, Argentina0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Relationship of Sphalerite Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Browneite MnS Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
Coloradoite HgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
Hawleyite CdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
Ishiharaite (Cu,Ga,Fe,In,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
Metacinnabar HgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
Rudashevskyite (Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
Sphalerite ZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
Stilleite ZnSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
Tiemannite HgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Sphalerite Group in petrologyHide

An essential component of rock names highlighted in red, an accessory component in rock names highlighted in green.

Internet Links for Sphalerite GroupHide

Significant localities for Sphalerite GroupHide

Showing 60 significant localities out of 24,731 recorded on mindat.org.

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Andalgalá Department
      • Capillitas mining district
[Ishiharaite] Márquez-Zavaliá, M.F., Galliski, M., Drábek, M., Vymazalová, A., Watanabe, Y., Murakami, H. and Bernhardt, H.-J. (2014) Ishiharaite, IMA 2013-119. CNMNC Newsletter No. 19, February 2014, page 170; Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 165-170.; Márquez-Zavalía, M.F., Galliski, M.Á., Drábek, M., Vymazalová, A., Watanabe, Y., Murakami, H., Bernhardt, H.-J. (2014): Ishiharaite, (Cu,Ga,Fe,In,Zn)S, a new mineral from the Capillitas Mine, Northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 969-980
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Villach-Land District
      • Nötsch im Gailtal
        • Kreuth
[Sphalerite var: Schalenblende] Fotini Kanaki(1972) Die Minerale Bleibergs (Kärnten)
[Sphalerite] G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Azerbaijan
 
  • Aghjabadi District
    • Shusha
[Rudashevskyite] S. N. Britvin (2008): Rudashevskyite, Fe-dominant analogue of sphalerite, a new mineral: description and crystal structure. Am. Mineral. 93, 902-909.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Namur
      • Andenne
        • Seilles
[Sphalerite var: Schalenblende] Harjo Neutkens collection
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Wellington County
      • Guelph Township
[Sphalerite] Reiner Mielke Ray Lehoux
  • Yukon
    • Mayo mining district
      • Galena Hill
        • Calumet
[Hawleyite] TRAILL, R.J. & BOYLE, R.W. (1955): Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 555-559.
DR Congo
 
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
      • Shinkolobwe
[Stilleite] Ramdohr, P. (1956) Stilleit, ein neues Mineral, natürliches Zinkselenid, von Shinkolobwe. Geotektonisches Symposium zu Ehren von Hans Stille, 481–483. (in German); MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • Grenoble
        • Susville
[Sphalerite] Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Thann-Guebwiller
        • Steinbach
          • Silberthal
[Sphalerite] J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994 Mines, mineurs et minéralogie du Silberthal, tomes 1 et 2
  • Occitanie
    • Gard
      • Le Vigan
        • Montdardier
          • Les Malines District
[Sphalerite] J F Carpenter specimen
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Karlsruhe Region
      • Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
        • Wiesloch
[Sphalerite var: Schalenblende] Lapis Mineralian Magazin Jg. 10 Nr 12 Dezember 85
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Franconia
      • Bamberg District
        • Altendorf
[Sphalerite] Kirill Vlasov
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
[Tiemannite] Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Cologne
      • Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
        • Waldbröl
          • Wirtenbach
[Sphalerite] Lapis 2005(30), 9
    • Niederberg area
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
[Sphalerite var: Schalenblende] Harjo Neutkens collection
Ireland
 
  • Leinster
    • Longford County
      • Ballymahon
        • Keel
[Sphalerite] Barry Flannery (Personal Collection); Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C., (2009), Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1252
  • Munster
    • Tipperary County
      • Silvermines District
[Sphalerite] Barry Flannery Collection; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 128-139.
[Sphalerite] Barry Flannery Collection; Econ Geol (1987) 82:371-394
[Sphalerite] Moreton, S. (1999) Mineralogical Record, 30, 99-106.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Gallicano
[Sphalerite] Biagioni, C., & Barsanti, M. (2008). Primo ritrovamento di millerite nella Valle del Serchio (Lucca). MICRO (notizie mineralogiche), 2008, 111-116.
      • Stazzema
[Sphalerite] European Journal of Mineralogy, 12 (2)
[Sphalerite] Dini A., 1995. Metacinabro zincifero (leviglianite) e sfalerite mercurifera della miniera di Levigliani (Alpi Apuane, Toscana). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., 102: 67-72.
        • Ponte Stazzemese
[Sphalerite] Orlandi P., Dini A., 2004. Die Mineralien der Buca della Vena-Mine, Apuaner Berge, Toskana (Italien). Lapis, 1: 11-24
      • Vergemoli
        • Fornovolasco
[Sphalerite] Cioffi M., 1991. La mineralizzazione a magnetite-pirite di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Firenze. ; Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Japan
 
  • Mie Prefecture
[Metacinnabar] Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Yajima, S. (1960). Metacinnabar from Sarawak and Japan, with Reference to Its Stability Relations to Cinnabar. Mineralogical Journal, 3(1), 9-18.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda Region
[Sphalerite] RWMW Specimen; Box, S.E., Syusyura, Boris, Hayes, T.S., Taylor, C.D., Zientek, M.L., Hitzman, M.W., Seltmann, Reimer, Chechetkin, Vladimir, Dolgopolova, Alla, Cossette, P.M., and Wallis, J.C., 2012, Sandstone copper assessment of the Chu-Sarysu Basin, Central Kazakhstan: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5090–E, 63 p. ; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Kosovo
 
  • Mitrovica District
    • Mitrovica
      • Trepča valley
        • Trepča complex
[Sphalerite] Féraud J. (1979) - La mine " Stari-Trg " (Trepca, Yougoslavie) et ses richesses minéralogiques. Avec la collaboration de Mari D. et G. (1979) Minéraux et Fossiles, n° 59-60, p. 19-28; Joana Koà Odziejczyk ,Jaroslav Pršek , Halilqela ( 2012) MIneralogical Diversity In Orebodies Within Xth Horizon.At Stan Terg Mine, Kosovo. Buletini i Shkencave Gjeologjike pp84-; Kołodziejczyk, J., Pršek, J., Melfos, V., Voudouris, P. C., Maliqi, F., & Kozub-Budzyń, G. (2015). Bismuth minerals from the Stan Terg deposit (Trepça, Kosovo). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(3), 317-333.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
[Sphalerite] Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162. p. 57
  • Rogaland
    • Karmøy
      • Karmøy Island
[Sphalerite] Torkelsen, Arne (1993): Om gruvene på Karmøy. STEIN 20 (1), 47-52
Peru
 
  • Áncash
    • Bolognesi Province
      • Huallanca District
        • Huallanca
[Sphalerite] Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Econ Geol (1985) 80:416-478
[Sphalerite] Mineralogical Record 28, no. 4 (1997); Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
    • Pallasca Province
      • Pampas District
[Sphalerite] Mineralogical Record 28, No. 4 (1997); Hyršl, J. (2011): Pasto Bueno und Mundo Nuevo in Peru- die weltbesten Hübnerite und mehr. Mineralien Welt 22(1), 64-79
    • Recuay Province
      • Ticapampa District
[Sphalerite] Mi.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
  • La Libertad
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
[Sphalerite] Burkart-Baumann, I.; Ottemann, J. (1972): Low temperature sulfides from Quiruvilca, Peru. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1972, 541-551 (in German).; Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Nowa Ruda
[Sphalerite] Andrzejewski K. (1993) - Szczelinowa mineralizacja hydrotermalna w skałach gabrowo-diabazowych KWK Nowa Ruda. Archiwum Uniwersytetu Slaskiego
  • Lublin Voivodeship
    • Zamość County
[Browneite] Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2012) Browneite, MnS, a new sphalerite-group mineral from the Zakłodzie meteorite. American Mineralogist: 97: 2056-2059.
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Bytom City County
[Sphalerite var: Schalenblende] P Haas collection; Eligiusz Szełęg collection
Romania
 
  • Maramureș
    • Baia Mare
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
[Sphalerite] Palache et al. (1944) Dana's System of Mineralogy, Seventh ed., Vol. 1: 450.; Zsivny, V. and Naray-Szabo, I.V. (1947) Parajamesonit, ein neues Mineral von Kisbanya. Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen: 27: 183-189.; Fleischer, M. (1949) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 34: 133.; Cook, N.J. and Damian, G.S. (1997) New data on "plumosite" and other sulfosalt minerals from the Herja hydrothermal vein deposit, Baia Mare district, Rumania. Geologica Carpathica 48, 387-399.; Damian, G. (2012) The genesis of the base metal ore deposit from Herja. Studia UBB, Geologia, 48(1), 85-100.; Mârza, I.; Tămaș, C.G.; Tetean, R.; Andreica, A.; Denuț, I.; Kovács, R. (2019) Epithermal Bicolor Black and White Calcite Spheres from Herja Ore Deposit, Baia Mare Neogene Ore District, Romania-Genetic Considerations. Minerals 9, 352.
Russia
 
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Dalnegorsk Urban District
      • Dalnegorsk
[Sphalerite] [MinRec 32:9]; Rogulina, L.I., and Sveshnikova, O.L. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 60-74.; Dobovol'skaya, M. G., Baskina, V. A., Balashova, S. P., Kenisarin, A. M., Arakelyants, M. M., Klimachev, L. A., & Muravitskaya, G. N. (1990). Order of Formation of the Ores and Mafic Dikes of the Nikolayevsk Deposit (Southern Primor'ye). International Geology Review, 32(4), 391-403.; Vasilenko, G.P. (2001) The Dalnegorsk Ore District. pp98-124 in Khanchuk, A.I., Gonevchuk, G.A. & Seltmann, R. (Eds) Metallogeny of the Pacific Northwest (Russian Far East): Tectonics, Magmatism and Metallogeny of Active Continental Margins. IAGOD Guidebook series 11, Dalnauka Publishing House, Vladivostok 2004, 176 p
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng
    • West Rand District Municipality
      • Far West Rand (West Wits Line)
        • Western Sector
          • Carletonville
[Sphalerite] [MinRec 32:177]
Spain
 
  • Basque Country
    • Guipúzcoa (Gipuzkoa)
      • Mutiloa
[Sphalerite] Calvo, M., Gascón, F. and Cavia, J.M. (1993) Minerales de las Comunidades Autónomas del País Vasco y Navarra. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Álava. 156 pp.; Calvo Rebollar, Miguel. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
  • Cantabria
    • Camaleño
[Sphalerite] Gómez Fernández, F., Claverol, M.G., Luque, C., and Calvo Rebollar, M. (2006) La mina de Áliva. La blenda acaramelada de los Picos de Europa. Bocamina, 17, 28-112.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
      • Almadén mining district
        • Almadenejos
[Metacinnabar] Olia, V. J. , Mila, C.C. & Alvarez, C.N. (1990):Sobre la presencia de sulfuro de mercurio cilbico(Metacinabrio) en el distrito minero de Almadén(Ciudad Real, España). Treb. Mus. Geol. Barcelona, 1: 209-218 Sainz de Baranda Graf, B. and Menor Salvan, C. (2019) The Almadén mining district, Ciudad Real, Spain. The Mineralogical Record, 50 (1), 11-60.
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • El Gorguel
          • El Pino
[Sphalerite var: Marmatite] Calvo, M. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
        • Fäld
[Sphalerite] No reference listed
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Alston Moor
          • Nenthead
[Sphalerite] Dunham K C, Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield , Vol 1, Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
[Sphalerite] No reference listed
    • Dorset
      • West Dorset
        • Symondsbury
          • Eype
[Sphalerite] David Baldwin
USA
 
  • California
    • Napa Co.
      • Knoxville Mining District
        • Knoxville
[Metacinnabar] Durand, F.E. (1873), Notes on the crystallization of metacinnabarite: California Academy of Science Proceedings: 4: 219-220; Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 261; Ransome, Alfred Leslie & J.L. Kellogg (1939), Quicksilver resources of California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division Mines (Report 35): 35: 410; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 254-255, 262; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 118.; USBM IC8252; Emmons and Becker (1885) Statistics and Technology of the precious Metals. Census reports Tenth census. June 1, 1880, Volume 13 By United States. Census office. 10th census, 1880, United States. Census Office
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Balarat Mining District
[Coloradoite] "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 158, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Dana 7:I:219.
      • Magnolia Mining District
[Coloradoite] "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 158, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
[Coloradoite] "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 158, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
      • Brookfield
[Sphalerite] Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995): Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue): 70 (6): 396; Januzzi, Ronald E. (1994), Mineral Data Book - Western Connecticut and Environs. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Thomaston
        • Thomaston Dam
[Sphalerite] Yedlin, Neal. (1973a), Yedlin on Micromounting. Mineralogical Record: 4(2).; Yedlin, Neal. (1973b), Yedlin on Micromounting. Mineralogical Record: 4(6).; Fluorite: The Collector's Choice. Extra Lapis English No. 9; Segeler, Curt and Molon, Joseph. (1985), The Thomaston Dam Site, Thomaston, Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 60(3): 119-124.; Henderson, William A. (1995), Microminerals of Connecticut; Rocks & Minerals: 70: 420-425.; Henderson, William A. (1979), Microminerals. Thomaston Dam. Mineralogical Record: 10: 239-241.; Vogt, Wolfgang. (1991), Rediscovering Thomaston Dam. Lapidary Journal: April.
    • New Haven Co.
      • Southbury
[Sphalerite] J. Zolan; Weber, Marcelle H. and Earle C. Sullivan. (1995): Connecticut Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals (Connecticut Issue): 70(6): 407; Garabedian, James A. (1998), Secondary Mineralization of Half-Moon Vesicles in the Mesozoic Basalt of the O&G#2 Quarry, Woodbury, Connecticut. University of Connecticut Master of Science Thesis.
  • Maryland
    • Carroll Co.
      • Medford
[Sphalerite] J. Wingard, personal observation 5/1/04
  • Missouri
    • Lewis Co.
[Sphalerite] Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
[Sphalerite var: Cleiophane]
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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