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Olivine Group

This page kindly sponsored by John Weidner
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About Olivine GroupHide

Formula:
M2SiO4
M = Ca, Fe, Mn, Ni, Mg
Name:
The evolution of the term "olivine group" is complex. The earliest name given to an olivine group species was chrysolite and was named by Johan Gottschalk Wallerius in 1747, although the name chrysolite was later used by Balthasar Georges Sage in 1777 for what is now known as prehnite. Chrysolite was renamed, olivine, in 1789 by Abraham Gottlieb Werner for the usual olive green color of this mineral (N.B. chrysolite has a similar etymology.) The second member of the group was named tephroite in 1823 by Johann Friedrich August Breithaupt. The common Mg-dominant member of the group was re-named, forsterite, by Serve-Dieu Abailard "Armand" Lévy in 1824. Hemy C. Salmon in 1859 explicitly used "olivine group" to designate minerals which were chemically analogous to "olivine". In the USA, James Dwight Dana and George Jarvis Brush began organizing groups in their "System" and organized the "chrysolite group" in 1868 and that group name was continued into 1892 by Edward Salisbury Dana. The universal acceptance of "olivine group" occurred in the twentieth century. (See also olivine.)
A group of simple orthosilicates. Polymorphous with ringwoodite and wadsleyite.



Chemical Properties of Olivine GroupHide

Formula:
M2SiO4

M = Ca, Fe, Mn, Ni, Mg

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000173FayaliteBirle J D, Gibbs G V, Moore P B, Smith J V (1968) Crystal structures of natural olivines American Mineralogist 53 807-82419680293
0000174FayaliteBirle J D, Gibbs G V, Moore P B, Smith J V (1968) Crystal structures of natural olivines American Mineralogist 53 807-82419680293
0000332FayaliteSmyth J R, Hazen R M (1973) The crystal structures of forsterite and hortonolite at several temperatures up to 900 C American Mineralogist 58 588-5931973Franklin, New Jersey, USA0298
0000333FayaliteSmyth J R, Hazen R M (1973) The crystal structures of forsterite and hortonolite at several temperatures up to 900 C American Mineralogist 58 588-5931973Franklin, New Jersey, USA0573
0000334FayaliteSmyth J R, Hazen R M (1973) The crystal structures of forsterite and hortonolite at several temperatures up to 900 C American Mineralogist 58 588-5931973Franklin, New Jersey, USA0873
0000335FayaliteSmyth J R, Hazen R M (1973) The crystal structures of forsterite and hortonolite at several temperatures up to 900 C American Mineralogist 58 588-5931973Franklin, New Jersey, USA01173
0000480FayaliteSmyth J R (1975) High temperature crystal chemistry of fayalite olivine American Mineralogist 60 1092-109719750293
0000481FayaliteSmyth J R (1975) High temperature crystal chemistry of fayalite olivine American Mineralogist 60 1092-109719750573
0000482FayaliteSmyth J R (1975) High temperature crystal chemistry of fayalite olivine American Mineralogist 60 1092-109719750873
0000483FayaliteSmyth J R (1975) High temperature crystal chemistry of fayalite olivine American Mineralogist 60 1092-1097197501173
0000565FayaliteHazen R M (1977) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of ferromagnesian olivine American Mineralogist 62 286-2951977synthetic077
0000566FayaliteHazen R M (1977) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of ferromagnesian olivine American Mineralogist 62 286-2951977synthetic0293
0000567FayaliteHazen R M (1977) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of ferromagnesian olivine American Mineralogist 62 286-2951977synthetic0293
0000568FayaliteHazen R M (1977) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of ferromagnesian olivine American Mineralogist 62 286-2951977synthetic0293
0000569FayaliteHazen R M (1977) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of ferromagnesian olivine American Mineralogist 62 286-2951977synthetic0293
0000570FayaliteHazen R M (1977) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of ferromagnesian olivine American Mineralogist 62 286-2951977Franklin, New Jersey, USA0293
0000571FayaliteHazen R M (1977) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of ferromagnesian olivine American Mineralogist 62 286-2951977Franklin, New Jersey, USA0573
0000572FayaliteHazen R M (1977) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of ferromagnesian olivine American Mineralogist 62 286-2951977Franklin, New Jersey, USA0873
0000573FayaliteHazen R M (1977) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of ferromagnesian olivine American Mineralogist 62 286-2951977Franklin, New Jersey, USA01173
0009731FayaliteFujino K, Sasaki S, Takeuchi Y, Sadanaga R (1981) X-ray determination of electron distributions in forsterite, fayalite and tephroite Acta Crystallographica B37 513-5181981synthetic0293
0019698FayaliteRedfern S A T, Knight K S, Henderson C M B, Wood B J (1998) Fe-Mn cation ordering in fayalite-tephroite (FexMn1-x)2SiO4 olivines: A neutron diffraction study Mineralogical Magazine 62 607-6151998synthetic0293
0019699FayaliteRedfern S A T, Knight K S, Henderson C M B, Wood B J (1998) Fe-Mn cation ordering in fayalite-tephroite (FexMn1-x)2SiO4 olivines: A neutron diffraction study Mineralogical Magazine 62 607-6151998synthetic0293
0014999FayaliteKudoh Y, Takeda H (1986) Single crystal X-ray diffraction study on the bond compressibility of fayalite, Fe2SiO4 and rutile, TiO2 under high pressure Physica B 140 333-33619860.0001293
0015000FayaliteKudoh Y, Takeda H (1986) Single crystal X-ray diffraction study on the bond compressibility of fayalite, Fe2SiO4 and rutile, TiO2 under high pressure Physica B 140 333-33619864.9293
0015001FayaliteKudoh Y, Takeda H (1986) Single crystal X-ray diffraction study on the bond compressibility of fayalite, Fe2SiO4 and rutile, TiO2 under high pressure Physica B 140 333-33619866.7293
0015002FayaliteKudoh Y, Takeda H (1986) Single crystal X-ray diffraction study on the bond compressibility of fayalite, Fe2SiO4 and rutile, TiO2 under high pressure Physica B 140 333-33619869.3293
0015003FayaliteKudoh Y, Takeda H (1986) Single crystal X-ray diffraction study on the bond compressibility of fayalite, Fe2SiO4 and rutile, TiO2 under high pressure Physica B 140 333-336198611.7293
0015004FayaliteKudoh Y, Takeda H (1986) Single crystal X-ray diffraction study on the bond compressibility of fayalite, Fe2SiO4 and rutile, TiO2 under high pressure Physica B 140 333-336198614293
0000885ForsteriteNord A G, Annersten H, Filippidis A (1982) The cation distribution in synthetic Mg-Fe-Ni olivines sample H2 American Mineralogist 67 1206-12111982synthetic0293
0000886ForsteriteNord A G, Annersten H, Filippidis A (1982) The cation distribution in synthetic Mg-Fe-Ni olivines sample H4 American Mineralogist 67 1206-12111982synthetic0293
0001086ForsteriteMiyake M, Nakamura H, Kojima H, Marumo F (1987) Cation ordering in Co-Mg olivine solid-solution series American Mineralogist 72 594-59819870293
0001087ForsteriteMiyake M, Nakamura H, Kojima H, Marumo F (1987) Cation ordering in Co-Mg olivine solid-solution series American Mineralogist 72 594-59819870293
0001088ForsteriteMiyake M, Nakamura H, Kojima H, Marumo F (1987) Cation ordering in Co-Mg olivine solid-solution series American Mineralogist 72 594-59819870293
0001118ForsteriteBostrom D (1987) Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of synthetic Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions American Mineralogist 72 965-97219870293
0001119ForsteriteBostrom D (1987) Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of synthetic Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions American Mineralogist 72 965-97219870293
0001120ForsteriteBostrom D (1987) Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of synthetic Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions American Mineralogist 72 965-97219870293
0001216ForsteriteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.30B, synthesized at 902 C, then quenched Mg1.4Ni.6SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001217ForsteriteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.30B, heated at 1150 C, then quenched Mg1.4Ni.6SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001218ForsteriteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.30B, heated at 1300 C, then quenched Mg1.4Ni.6SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001219ForsteriteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.30A, synthesized at 902 C, then quenched Mg1.4Ni.6SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001220ForsteriteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.30A, heated to 800 C, then quenched Mg1.4Ni.6SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0000171ForsteriteBirle J D, Gibbs G V, Moore P B, Smith J V (1968) Crystal structures of natural olivines American Mineralogist 53 807-82419680293
0000172ForsteriteBirle J D, Gibbs G V, Moore P B, Smith J V (1968) Crystal structures of natural olivines American Mineralogist 53 807-82419680293
0000276ForsteriteBaur W H (1972) Computer-simulated crystal structures of observed and hypothetical Mg2SiO4 polymorphs of low and high density American Mineralogist 57 709-7311972hypothetical0293
0000323ForsteriteBrown G E, Prewitt C T (1973) High-temperature crystal chemistry of hortonolite American Mineralogist 58 577-58719730297
0000324ForsteriteBrown G E, Prewitt C T (1973) High-temperature crystal chemistry of hortonolite American Mineralogist 58 577-58719730297
0000325ForsteriteBrown G E, Prewitt C T (1973) High-temperature crystal chemistry of hortonolite American Mineralogist 58 577-58719730297
0000326ForsteriteBrown G E, Prewitt C T (1973) High-temperature crystal chemistry of hortonolite American Mineralogist 58 577-58719730648
0000327ForsteriteBrown G E, Prewitt C T (1973) High-temperature crystal chemistry of hortonolite American Mineralogist 58 577-58719730983
0000328ForsteriteSmyth J R, Hazen R M (1973) The crystal structures of forsterite and hortonolite at several temperatures up to 900 C American Mineralogist 58 588-5931973synthetic0298
0000329ForsteriteSmyth J R, Hazen R M (1973) The crystal structures of forsterite and hortonolite at several temperatures up to 900 C American Mineralogist 58 588-5931973synthetic0573
0000330ForsteriteSmyth J R, Hazen R M (1973) The crystal structures of forsterite and hortonolite at several temperatures up to 900 C American Mineralogist 58 588-5931973synthetic0873
0000331ForsteriteSmyth J R, Hazen R M (1973) The crystal structures of forsterite and hortonolite at several temperatures up to 900 C American Mineralogist 58 588-5931973synthetic01173
0000545ForsteriteHazen R M (1976) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of forsterite olivine American Mineralogist 61 1280-12931976077
0000546ForsteriteHazen R M (1976) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of forsterite olivine American Mineralogist 61 1280-129319760293
0000547ForsteriteHazen R M (1976) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of forsterite olivine American Mineralogist 61 1280-129319760623
0000548ForsteriteHazen R M (1976) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of forsterite olivine American Mineralogist 61 1280-129319760948
0000549ForsteriteHazen R M (1976) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of forsterite olivine American Mineralogist 61 1280-1293197601273
0000550ForsteriteHazen R M (1976) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of forsterite olivine American Mineralogist 61 1280-129319760293
0000551ForsteriteHazen R M (1976) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of forsterite olivine American Mineralogist 61 1280-129319760293
0000552ForsteriteHazen R M (1976) Effects of temperature and pressure on the crystal structure of forsterite olivine American Mineralogist 61 1280-129319760293
0000801ForsteriteFrancis C A, Ribbe P H (1980) The forsterite-tephroite series: I. Crystal structure refinements American Mineralogist 65 1263-12691980Langban, Sweden0293
0001718ForsteriteArtioli G, Rinaldi R, Wilson C C, Zanazzi P F (1995) High-temperature Fe-Mg cation partitioning in olivine: In-situ single-crystal neutron diffraction study Atomic parameters obtained from the ICSD American Mineralogist 80 197-20019950293
0001719ForsteriteArtioli G, Rinaldi R, Wilson C C, Zanazzi P F (1995) High-temperature Fe-Mg cation partitioning in olivine: In-situ single-crystal neutron diffraction study Atomic parameters obtained from the ICSD American Mineralogist 80 197-200199501153
0001720ForsteriteArtioli G, Rinaldi R, Wilson C C, Zanazzi P F (1995) High-temperature Fe-Mg cation partitioning in olivine: In-situ single-crystal neutron diffraction study Atomic parameters obtained from the ICSD American Mineralogist 80 197-200199501233
0001721ForsteriteArtioli G, Rinaldi R, Wilson C C, Zanazzi P F (1995) High-temperature Fe-Mg cation partitioning in olivine: In-situ single-crystal neutron diffraction study Atomic parameters obtained from the ICSD American Mineralogist 80 197-200199501303
0001722ForsteriteArtioli G, Rinaldi R, Wilson C C, Zanazzi P F (1995) High-temperature Fe-Mg cation partitioning in olivine: In-situ single-crystal neutron diffraction study Atomic parameters obtained from the ICSD American Mineralogist 80 197-200199501333
0002600ForsteriteMerli M, Oberti R, Caucia F, Ungaretti L (2001) Determination of site population in olivine: Warnings on X-ray data treatment and refinement Fo92Fa08 American Mineralogist 86 55-6520010293
0002601ForsteriteMerli M, Oberti R, Caucia F, Ungaretti L (2001) Determination of site population in olivine: Warnings on X-ray data treatment and refinement Fo92Fa08 American Mineralogist 86 55-6520010293
0002602ForsteriteMerli M, Oberti R, Caucia F, Ungaretti L (2001) Determination of site population in olivine: Warnings on X-ray data treatment and refinement Fo92Fa08 American Mineralogist 86 55-6520010293
0002603ForsteriteMerli M, Oberti R, Caucia F, Ungaretti L (2001) Determination of site population in olivine: Warnings on X-ray data treatment and refinement Fo92Fa08 American Mineralogist 86 55-6520010293
0002604ForsteriteMerli M, Oberti R, Caucia F, Ungaretti L (2001) Determination of site population in olivine: Warnings on X-ray data treatment and refinement Fo92Fa08 American Mineralogist 86 55-6520010293
0002674ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: a time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010293
0002675ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010293
0002676ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010293
0002677ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010293
0002680ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010298
0002681ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010473
0002682ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010573
0002683ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010673
0002684ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010723
0002685ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010773
0002686ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010823
0002687ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010873
0002688ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010923
0002689ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010973
0002690ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101023
0002691ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101073
0002692ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101123
0002693ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101173
0002694ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101223
0002695ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101273
0002696ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101323
0002697ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101373
0002698ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101123
0002699ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101023
0002700ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010923
0002701ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010823
0002702ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010623
0002703ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010298
0002704ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010298
0002705ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010473
0002706ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010573
0002707ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010673
0002708ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010723
0002709ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010773
0002710ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010823
0002711ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010873
0002712ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010923
0002713ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010973
0002714ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101023
0002715ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101073
0002716ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101123
0002717ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101173
0002718ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101223
0002719ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101273
0002720ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-1187200101373
0002721ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010573
0002722ForsteriteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010298
0004936ForsteriteHushur A, Manghnani M H, Smyth J R, Nestola F, Frost D J (2009) Crystal chemistry of hydrous forsterite and its vibrational properties up to 41 GPa American Mineralogist 94 751-7602009synthetic0293
0004937ForsteriteHushur A, Manghnani M H, Smyth J R, Nestola F, Frost D J (2009) Crystal chemistry of hydrous forsterite and its vibrational properties up to 41 GPa American Mineralogist 94 751-7602009synthetic0293
0004938ForsteriteHushur A, Manghnani M H, Smyth J R, Nestola F, Frost D J (2009) Crystal chemistry of hydrous forsterite and its vibrational properties up to 41 GPa American Mineralogist 94 751-7602009synthetic0293
0020327ForsteriteFinkelstein G J, Dera P K, Jahn S, Oganov A R, Holl C M, Meng Y, Duffy T S (2014) Phase transitions and equation of state of forsterite to 90 GPa from single-crystal X-ray diffraction and molecular modeling American Mineralogist 99 35-432014Synthetic45.3293
0005395ForsteriteLiang J, Hawthorne F C (1994) Characterization of fine-grained mixtures of rock-forming minerals by Rietveld structure refinement: olivine + pyroxene The Canadian Mineralogist 32 541-55219940293
0005396ForsteriteLiang J, Hawthorne F C (1994) Characterization of fine-grained mixtures of rock-forming minerals by Rietveld structure refinement: olivine + pyroxene The Canadian Mineralogist 32 541-55219940293
0005397ForsteriteLiang J, Hawthorne F C (1994) Characterization of fine-grained mixtures of rock-forming minerals by Rietveld structure refinement: olivine + pyroxene The Canadian Mineralogist 32 541-55219940293
0005398ForsteriteLiang J, Hawthorne F C (1994) Characterization of fine-grained mixtures of rock-forming minerals by Rietveld structure refinement: olivine + pyroxene The Canadian Mineralogist 32 541-55219940293
0005399ForsteriteLiang J, Hawthorne F C (1994) Characterization of fine-grained mixtures of rock-forming minerals by Rietveld structure refinement: olivine + pyroxene The Canadian Mineralogist 32 541-55219940293
0000650GlaucochroiteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-37719780298
0000651GlaucochroiteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-37719780573
0000652GlaucochroiteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-37719780873
0000653GlaucochroiteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-377197801073
0006700KirschsteiniteFolco L, Mellini M (1997) Crystal chemistry of meteoritic kirschsteinite European Journal of Mineralogy 9 969-97319970293
0006701KirschsteiniteFolco L, Mellini M (1997) Crystal chemistry of meteoritic kirschsteinite European Journal of Mineralogy 9 969-97319970293
0001057LaihuniteShen B, Tamada O, Kitamura M, Morimoto N (1986) Superstructure of laihunite-3M (_.40Fe.80Fe.80SiO4) Fe1B-y coordinate changed by Tamada (Aug, 2001) American Mineralogist 71 1455-146019860293
0011976LaihuniteFerrifayalite Research Group (1976) Ferrifayalite and its crystal structure Acta Geologica Sinica 50 161-1751976Liaoning Province, China0293
0012179LarniteTsurumi T, Hirano Y, Kato H, Kamiya T, Daimon M (1994) Crystal structure and hydration of belite Ceramic Transactions 40 19-251994synthetic0293
0012180LarniteTsurumi T, Hirano Y, Kato H, Kamiya T, Daimon M (1994) Crystal structure and hydration of belite Ceramic Transactions 40 19-251994synthetic0293
0012181LarniteTsurumi T, Hirano Y, Kato H, Kamiya T, Daimon M (1994) Crystal structure and hydration of belite Ceramic Transactions 40 19-251994synthetic0293
0012182LarniteTsurumi T, Hirano Y, Kato H, Kamiya T, Daimon M (1994) Crystal structure and hydration of belite Ceramic Transactions 40 19-251994synthetic0293
0012183LarniteTsurumi T, Hirano Y, Kato H, Kamiya T, Daimon M (1994) Crystal structure and hydration of belite Ceramic Transactions 40 19-251994synthetic0293
0012184LarniteTsurumi T, Hirano Y, Kato H, Kamiya T, Daimon M (1994) Crystal structure and hydration of belite Ceramic Transactions 40 19-251994synthetic0293
0020214LarniteYamnova N A, Zubkova N V, Eremin N N, Zadov A E, Gazeev V M (2011) Crystal structure of larnite beta-Ca2SiO4 and specific features of polymorphic transitions in dicalcium orthosilicate Crystallography Reports 56 210-2202011synthetic0293
0001121LiebenbergiteBostrom D (1987) Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of synthetic Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions American Mineralogist 72 965-97219870293
0001122LiebenbergiteBostrom D (1987) Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of synthetic Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions American Mineralogist 72 965-97219870293
0001123LiebenbergiteBostrom D (1987) Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of synthetic Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions American Mineralogist 72 965-97219870293
0001124LiebenbergiteBostrom D (1987) Single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies of synthetic Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions American Mineralogist 72 965-97219870293
0001221LiebenbergiteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.51, synthesized at 890 C, then quenched MgNiSiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001222LiebenbergiteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.51, heated to 1150 C, then quenched MgNiSiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001223LiebenbergiteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.51, heated to 1300 C, then quenched MgNiSiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001224LiebenbergiteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.63, synthesized at 900 C, then quenched Mg.634Ni1.363SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001225LiebenbergiteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.63, heated to 800 C, then quenched Mg.634Ni1.363SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001226LiebenbergiteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.63, heated to 1150 C, then quenched Mg.634Ni1.363SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001227LiebenbergiteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.75, synthesized at 910 C, then quenched Mg.505Ni1.492SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0001228LiebenbergiteOttonello G, Della Giusta A, Molin G M (1989) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivines sample Ni.75, heated to 1150 C, then quenched Mg.505Ni1.492SiO4 American Mineralogist 74 411-42119890293
0000455LiebenbergiteRajamani V, Brown G E, Prewitt C T (1975) Cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine American Mineralogist 60 292-29919750293
0000642LiebenbergiteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-37719780298
0000643LiebenbergiteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-37719780573
0000644LiebenbergiteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-37719780873
0000645LiebenbergiteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-377197801173
0000840LiebenbergiteBish D L (1981) Cation ordering in synthetic and natural Ni-Mg olivine natural American Mineralogist 66 770-77619810293
0000841LiebenbergiteBish D L (1981) Cation ordering in synthetic and natural Ni-Mg olivine synthetic American Mineralogist 66 770-77619810293
0001846LiebenbergiteChen J, Li R, Parise J B, Weidner D J (1996) Pressure-induced ordering in (Ni,Mg)2SiO4 olivine American Mineralogist 81 1519-152219960293
0002678LiebenbergiteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010293
0002679LiebenbergiteHenderson C M B, Redfern S A T, Smith R I, Knight K S, Charnock J M (2001) Composition and temperature dependence of cation ordering in Ni-Mg olivine solid solutions: A time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction and EXAFS study American Mineralogist 86 1170-118720010293
0000646MonticelliteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-37719780298
0000647MonticelliteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-37719780608
0000648MonticelliteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-37719780888
0000649MonticelliteLager G A, Meagher E P (1978) High-temperature structural study of six olivines American Mineralogist 63 365-377197801068
0001096MonticelliteSharp Z D, Hazen R M, Finger L W (1987) High-pressure crystal chemistry of monticellite, CaMgSiO4 American Mineralogist 72 748-75519870.0001293
0001097MonticelliteSharp Z D, Hazen R M, Finger L W (1987) High-pressure crystal chemistry of monticellite, CaMgSiO4 American Mineralogist 72 748-75519871.11293
0001098MonticelliteSharp Z D, Hazen R M, Finger L W (1987) High-pressure crystal chemistry of monticellite, CaMgSiO4 American Mineralogist 72 748-75519871.11293
0001099MonticelliteSharp Z D, Hazen R M, Finger L W (1987) High-pressure crystal chemistry of monticellite, CaMgSiO4 American Mineralogist 72 748-75519872.07293
0001100MonticelliteSharp Z D, Hazen R M, Finger L W (1987) High-pressure crystal chemistry of monticellite, CaMgSiO4 American Mineralogist 72 748-75519872.91293
0001101MonticelliteSharp Z D, Hazen R M, Finger L W (1987) High-pressure crystal chemistry of monticellite, CaMgSiO4 American Mineralogist 72 748-75519874.12293
0001102MonticelliteSharp Z D, Hazen R M, Finger L W (1987) High-pressure crystal chemistry of monticellite, CaMgSiO4 American Mineralogist 72 748-75519875.3293
0001103MonticelliteSharp Z D, Hazen R M, Finger L W (1987) High-pressure crystal chemistry of monticellite, CaMgSiO4 American Mineralogist 72 748-75519876.17293
0019700MonticellitePilati T, Demartin F, Gramaccioli C M (1995) Thermal parameters for minerals of the olivine group: their implication on vibrational spectra, thermodynamic functions and transferable force fields Acta Crystallographica B51 721-7331995Crestmore, California, USA0293
0018072MonticelliteBrown G, West J (1927) The structure of monticellite (Mg Ca Si O4). _cod_database_code 1011202 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 66 154-16119270293
0014814MonticelliteKimata M, Nishida N (1987) The crystal structure of Co-monticellite Ca1.255Co0.745SiO4 and its significance as a solid solution crystal Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1987 160-17019870293
0000802TephroiteFrancis C A, Ribbe P H (1980) The forsterite-tephroite series: I. Crystal structure refinements American Mineralogist 65 1263-12691980Madagascar0293
0019695TephroiteFujino K, Sasaki S, Takeuchi Y, Sadanaga R (1981) X-ray determination of electron distributions in forsterite, fayalite and tephroite Acta Crystallographica B37 513-5181981synthetic0293
0019687TephroiteYamazaki S, Toraya H (1999) Rietveld refinement of site-occupancy parameters of Mg2-xMnxSiO4 using a new weight function in least-squares fitting Journal of Applied Crystallography 32 51-591999synthetic0293
0019689TephroiteYamazaki S, Toraya H (1999) Rietveld refinement of site-occupancy parameters of Mg2-xMnxSiO4 using a new weight function in least-squares fitting Journal of Applied Crystallography 32 51-591999synthetic0293
0019690TephroiteYamazaki S, Toraya H (1999) Rietveld refinement of site-occupancy parameters of Mg2-xMnxSiO4 using a new weight function in least-squares fitting Journal of Applied Crystallography 32 51-591999synthetic0293
0019691TephroiteYamazaki S, Toraya H (1999) Rietveld refinement of site-occupancy parameters of Mg2-xMnxSiO4 using a new weight function in least-squares fitting Journal of Applied Crystallography 32 51-591999synthetic0293
0019692TephroiteYamazaki S, Toraya H (1999) Rietveld refinement of site-occupancy parameters of Mg2-xMnxSiO4 using a new weight function in least-squares fitting Journal of Applied Crystallography 32 51-591999synthetic0293
0019693TephroiteYamazaki S, Toraya H (1999) Rietveld refinement of site-occupancy parameters of Mg2-xMnxSiO4 using a new weight function in least-squares fitting Journal of Applied Crystallography 32 51-591999synthetic0293
0019696TephroiteRedfern S A T, Knight K S, Henderson C M B, Wood B J (1998) Fe-Mn cation ordering in fayalite-tephroite (FexMn1-x)2SiO4 olivines: A neutron diffraction study Mineralogical Magazine 62 607-6151998synthetic0293
0019697TephroiteRedfern S A T, Knight K S, Henderson C M B, Wood B J (1998) Fe-Mn cation ordering in fayalite-tephroite (FexMn1-x)2SiO4 olivines: A neutron diffraction study Mineralogical Magazine 62 607-6151998synthetic0293
0017745Calcio-olivineUdagawa S, Urabe K, Natsume M, Yano T (1980) Refinement of the crystal structure of gamma-Ca2SiO4 Cement and Concrete Research 10 139-1441980synthetic0293
0012409Calcio-olivineGobechiya E R, Yamnova N A, Zadov A E, Gazeev V M (2008) Calcio-olivine gamma-Ca2SiO4: I. Rietveld refinement of the crystal structure Crystallography Reports 53 404-4082008Lakargi Mountain, North Caucasus, Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia0293
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Relationship of Olivine Group to other SpeciesHide

Group Members:
Calcio-olivine Ca2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Fayalite Fe2+2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Forsterite Mg2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Glaucochroite CaMn2+SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Kirschsteinite CaFe2+SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
Laihunite (Fe2+0.50.5)Fe3+[SiO4]Mon.
Larnite Ca2SiO4Mon. 2/m
Liebenbergite Ni2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
Monticellite CaMgSiO4Orth.
Roepperite (of Brush) (Fe2+2,Mn,Zn)SiO4
Tephroite Mn2+2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Olivine Group in petrologyHide

References for Olivine GroupHide

Reference List:
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Salmon, Hemy C. (1859) On Rocks; their Chemical and Mineral Composition, and Physical Characteristics, The Geologist, v. 2, p. 228.

Internet Links for Olivine GroupHide

Localities for Olivine GroupHide

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