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Namuwite

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About NamuwiteHide

09409500014946704924943.jpg
National Museum Cardiff
Formula:
Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
May contain considerable Cu; measured Zn:Cu ratios in samples from different localities: 2.5:1.5; 2.3:1.7; 3.3:0.8.
Colour:
Sea green
Lustre:
Pearly
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
2.77
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
An acronym for the NAtional MUseum of Wales.
Compare the closely related (but Cu-free) Unnamed (Basic Zinc Sulphate Hydrate).

Note: Well-developed, tabular "Namuwite" crystals from some slag localities in the Harz mountains, Germany, are in fact Unnamed (Gordaite-related Ca-Zn Sulphate Chloride Hydrate) (U. Kolitsch, unpubl. data).

May appear visually similar to schulenbergite and minohlite.


Classification of NamuwiteHide

Approved
7.DD.50

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.4.7.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
25.5.3

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of NamuwiteHide

Pearly
Colour:
Sea green
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Perfect
(0001)
Density:
2.77 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.81 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of NamuwiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Crystal form did not allow for accurate measure of refractive index of extraordinary ray.

Chemical Properties of NamuwiteHide

Formula:
Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O

May contain considerable Cu; measured Zn:Cu ratios in samples from different localities: 2.5:1.5; 2.3:1.7; 3.3:0.8.

Crystallography of NamuwiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:
P3
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.330(1) Å, c = 10.540(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.265
Unit Cell V:
633.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
60 micron hexagonal plates.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.59 Å(100)
4.15 Å(25)
2.71 Å(42)
2.63 Å(41)
2.41 Å(22)
1.57 Å(23)
1.55 Å(20)

Type Occurrence of NamuwiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
NAtional MUseum of Wales #NMW 27.111.GR414
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of NamuwiteHide

Other Language Names for NamuwiteHide

German:Namuwit
Spanish:Namuwita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Namuwite associated with GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
3 photos of Namuwite associated with LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
2 photos of Namuwite associated with Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
2 photos of Namuwite associated with SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
2 photos of Namuwite associated with HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
2 photos of Namuwite associated with LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
2 photos of Namuwite associated with SmithsoniteZnCO3
1 photo of Namuwite associated with CupriteCu2O
1 photo of Namuwite associated with PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
1 photo of Namuwite associated with OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.20KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OTric.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

31.4.7.2OsakaiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.5.1ZinkositeZnSO4Orth.
25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.5.4KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
25.5.11GunningiteZnSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2OMon.
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m
25.5.17SchuetteiteHg2+3(SO4)O2Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
25.5.18Gianellaite[(NHg2)2](SO4)(H2O)xIso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NamuwiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bevins, R. E., Turgoose, S. & Williams, P. A. (1982): Namuwite, (Zn,Cu)4SO4(OH)6·4H2O, a new mineral from Wales. Mineral. Mag., 46, 51-54.
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 281.
Lee Groat (1996) The crystal structure of namuwite, a mineral with Zn in tetrahedral and octahedral coordination, and its relationship to the synthetic basic zinc sulfates. American Mineralogist: 81: 238-243.

Internet Links for NamuwiteHide

Localities for NamuwiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Elliott, P. (2010). Crystal chemistry of cadmium oxysalt and associated minerals from Broken Hill, New South Wales (Doctoral dissertation).
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Villach-Land District
      • Finkenstein am Faaker See
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo mining district
Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
Patrice Queneau Collection
Germany
 
  • Hesse
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. Aufschluss 42, 155-171.
    • St Goarshausen
      • Wellmich
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Oker valley
Niels van Velzen collection Mindat Photo ID: 618515. Obtained from Stichting GEA Amsterdam in 2004
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Grane Reservoir
Groat L A (1996) The crystal structure of namuwite, a mineral with Zn in tetrahedral and octahedral coordination, and its relationship to the synthetic basic zinc sulfates. American Mineralogist 81, 238-243
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Marsberg
          • Copper mines
Schnorrer, G. (1993): Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58; Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Meschede
          • Ramsbeck
Günther SCHNORRER-KÖHLER, Aufschluss 36: 217-235
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; http://www.mg-mineralien-fossilien.de/?Rpage=sauerland/?Rpage=letmathe1.html
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Hilchenbach
          • Müsen
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Siegen
          • Niederschelden
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.; Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
        • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 12 (1), 11-18+42.
    • Cologne
      • Euskirchen
        • Mechernich
          • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
        • Engelskirchen
          • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Altenahr
        • Hönningen
GRAF, H.-W. (1992): Mineralien der Nordeifel (2).- Mineralien-Welt, 3, H. 3, p. 28.
    • Altenkirchen
      • Kirchen
        • Niederfischbach
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • Langenfeld
          • St Jost
Graf, HW., (1991): Die Grube Bendisberg, bei Virneburg / Eifel, Mineralien-Welt 5/91
    • Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis
      • St Goar
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Rhein-Lahn-Kreis
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Braubach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & David, W. (1991): Die Blei- und Silberhütte Braubach und ihre Haldenminerale. Lapis, 16 (1), 38-49; 58 (in German).
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Westerwaldkreis
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld Basin
      • Hettstedt
        • Copper-Silver smelter (Gottesbelohnung smelter) slag locality
Mineralien Welt 15 Jg.Heft 2 März-April 2004 and Mineralien Welt 19Jg Heft1 Jan -Febr, 2008 Hoorst Knoll
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Grünhain-Beierfeld
        • Beierfeld
[MinRec 30:203]
      • Königswalde
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Freiberg
        • Himmelfahrt Mine
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280.
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
          • Dipseliza area
            • Dipseliza Mines
Branko Rieck Collection
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Sounion area
ko.jansen; Laurion tHE MINERALS IN THE ANCIENT SLAGS BY PIET GELAUDE ETC.
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Degano Valley
Bortolozzi, G.M., Bracco, R., De Tuoni, F., Vidus, L., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Ciriotti, M.E., Zorzi, F. (2018) Antiche miniere e affioramenti metalliferi a Comeglians (Val Degano, Friuli-Venezia Giulia): recenti ritrovamenti. Micro, 16, 1-2018, 2-36.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Nuxis
        • Tamara Mt.
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Frassilongo
        • Roveda
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Bonotti, F., Nannoni, R. (2012): Le scorie antiche della Toscana centrale. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 36, 3 (3-2012), 186-94.
      • Piombino
Muenchener Micromounter-Lithothek
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
Pegoraro S., Orlandi P., Chiereghin P., Contin.A. and Toniolo E. (2009): I minerali del Monte Trisa, Torrebelvicino, Vicenza. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, No. 3, 160-179
        • Monte Naro
          • Monte Naro - Riolo Valley side
            • Contrada Trentini
C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6787CL).; Fassina, B., Rocchetti, I. & Boscardin, M. (2012): Fassinaite, una nuova specie minerale dal Vicentino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2012, 92-98.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Zagora Province
      • Djebel Saghro
        • Bou Skour district
Georges FAVREAU collection
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Minerals and their Localities Bernard and Hyrsl pg. 420; American Mineralogist, Volume 81, pages 238-243, 1996
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. p 245
    • Modum
      • Åmot
Raade,G.(1995): "Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway".Bergverksmuseet Skrift nr 9, 18-26
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Brusturi
G.Koller,2009
Slovenia
 
  • Carinthia Region
Trajanova, M. & Zorz, Z. (2013): The abandoned Remshnig mine, occurrence of rare minerals; Palaeozoic or Tertiary ore mineralization? Berichte Geol. B.-A., 99, 11th Workshop on Alpine Geological Studies & 7th IFAA, 90-91.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Alston Moor
          • Nenthead
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols. Livingstone, A., Bridges, T. F. and Bevins, R. E. (1990): Schulenbergite and namuwite from Smallcleugh Mine, Nenthead, Cumbria. J. Russell Soc. 3, 23-24.; American Mineralogist, Volume 81, pages 238-243, 1996
        • Patterdale
Self collected David Clayton
    • Staffordshire
      • Ecton
        • Back of Ecton
UKJMM 15
  • Scotland
    • South Lanarkshire
      • Leadhills
        • Mine Hill-Broad Law
S.Rust Collection.
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
      • Cwmrheidol
        • Ponterwyd
BMS Database
      • Trefeirig
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
S. Rust collection
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
BMS Database.; Green, D.I., Rust, S.A., Mason, J.S. (1996) Classic British mineral localities: Frongoch mine, Dyfed. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 17, 29-39.; Rust, Steve A. (2019) Minerals of the Frongoch Mine. Published by the author, 180 pages. ISBN 978-1-9162641-0-6.
    • Conwy
      • Gwydyr Forest area
        • Betws-y-coed
Mineralogical Magazine 1982 46 : 51-54.
    • Powys
      • Machynlleth
        • Dylife
American Mineralogist, Volume 81, pages 238-243, 1996; BMS Database
      • Penegoes
American Mineralogist, Volume 81, pages 238-243, 1996
USA
 
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc Mining District
        • Balmat
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Ophir Mining District
          • Ophir Hill area
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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