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Nacrite

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About NacriteHide

Formula:
Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Colour:
White, grey, yellowish, brownish, etc.
Lustre:
Pearly
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
From the french, Nacre (mother of pearl) alluding to its lustre.
This page provides mineralogical data about Nacrite.


Classification of NacriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.ED.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
Dana 7th ed.:
71.1.1.3
15.7

15 : Silicates of Aluminum

Physical Properties of NacriteHide

Pearly
Colour:
White, grey, yellowish, brownish, etc.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of NacriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.557 nβ = 1.562 nγ = 1.563
2V:
Measured: 40° , Calculated: 48°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.006
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of NacriteHide

Formula:
Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
IMA Formula:
Al2Si2O5(OH)4

Crystallography of NacriteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
m - Domatic
Space Group:
Bb
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.14 Å, b = 8.94 Å, c = 14.4 Å
β = 113.7°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.575 : 1 : 1.611
Unit Cell V:
605.90 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0017977NacriteGruner J (1933) The crystal structure of Nacrite and a comparison of certain optical properties of the caolin group with its structures _cod_database_code 1011080 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 85 345-35419330293
0017961NacriteHendricks S (1939) The Crystal Structure of Nacrite Al2 O3 * 2Si O2 * 2H2 O and the Polymorphism of the Kaolin Minerals. _cod_database_code 1011062 Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 100 509-51819390293
0012238NacriteZheng H, Bailey S W (1994) Refinement of the nacrite structure Clays and Clay Minerals 42 46-521994Red Mountain near Silverton, Colorado, USA0293
0012394NacriteZhukhlistov A P (2008) Crystal structure of nacrite from the electron diffraction data Crystallography Reports 53 76-8220080293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
For nacrite-2M2:Å(
7.18Å(100)
4.41Å(30)
4.36Å(80)
4.13Å(70)
3.59Å(80)
2.43Å(60)
2.40Å(40)
1.49Å(40)

Type Occurrence of NacriteHide

Synonyms of NacriteHide

Other Language Names for NacriteHide

Esperanto:Nakrito
German:Nakrit
Russian:Накрит
Spanish:Nacrita

Varieties of NacriteHide

Tianhuang StoneA dense variety of nacrite, which is traded in China as a gemstone and is used for carvings. The material consists mainly of nacrite, but may also contain minor illite or dickite in varying proportions. The most valuable variety consists of golden yellow ...

Relationship of Nacrite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
6 photos of Nacrite associated with CinnabarHgS
4 photos of Nacrite associated with AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
2 photos of Nacrite associated with SideriteFeCO3
2 photos of Nacrite associated with SphaleriteZnS
1 photo of Nacrite associated with GalenaPbS
1 photo of Nacrite associated with CalciteCaCO3
1 photo of Nacrite associated with HematiteFe2O3
1 photo of Nacrite associated with QuartzSiO2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.ED.ClinochrysotileMon. 2/m
9.ED.05DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.10HisingeriteFe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.15AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15CaryopiliteMn2+3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.15LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8Orth.
9.ED.15Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4Orth.
9.ED.15PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.20Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2OAmor.
9.ED.20ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2OOrth.
9.ED.20ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
9.ED.25BismutoferriteFe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.25ChapmaniteFe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)Mon. m : Bm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

15.1AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
15.2KyaniteAl2(SiO4)OTric. 1 : P1
15.3SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
15.4MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-xOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
15.5PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2Tric. 1
15.6DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
15.8KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
15.9MetahalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
15.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
15.11Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2OAmor.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for NacriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brongniart, A. (1807) Traité élémentaire de Minéralogie, Paris I, 505.
Ross, C.S., Kerr, P.K. (1930) Dickite, a kaoline mineral. American Mineralogist: 15: 34-39.
Aderca, B. (1962) Contribution à la microtectonique houillère: fentes penniformes avec présence de nacrite. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 85, B309.
Van Tassel, R. (1962) Occurrence de nacrite dans les fissures des veinules de charbon. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 85, B319.
Bailey, S.W. (1963) Polymorphism of the kaolin minerals. American Mineralogist, 48: 1196.
Zvyagin, B.B., Soboleva, S.V., Fedotov, A.F. (1972) Refinement of the structure of nacrite by high-voltage electron diffraction. Soviet Physics - Crystallography, 17, 448-452.
Zheng, H., Bailey, S.W. (1994) Refinement of the nacrite structure. Clays and Clay Minerals, 42, 46-52.
Gaines, R.V., Skinner, H.C.W., Foord, E.E., Mason, B., Rosenzweig, A. (1997) Dana's New Mineralogy: The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana: 1407.
Zhukhlistov, A.P. (2008) Crystal structure of nacrite from the electron diffraction data. Crystallography Reports, 53, 76-82.

Internet Links for NacriteHide

Localities for NacriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Tébessa Province
    • Ouenza
      • Aouinet
USGS Open-File Report 2009-1252 Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models
Arctic Ocean
 
  • Kolbeinsey Ridge
    • North Kolbeinsey Ridge
Marques, A.F.A., Roerdink, D.L., Baumberger, T., de Ronde, C.E.J., Ditchburn, R.G., Denny, A., Thorseth, I.H., Okland, I., Lilley, M.D., Whitehouse, M.J., Pedersen, R.B. (2020) The Seven Sisters Hydrothermal System: First Record of Shallow Hybrid Mineralization Hosted in Mafic Volcaniclasts on the Arctic Mid-Ocean Ridge. Minerals 10, 439.
Argentina
 
  • Santa Cruz Province
    • Deseado department
      • Deseado massif
        • Tres Cerros
Jovic, S.M., Guido, D.M., Schalamuk, I.B., Ríos, F.J., Tassinari, C.C.G., Recio. C. (2011): Pingüino In-bearing polymetallic vein deposit, Deseado Massif, Patagonia, Argentina: characteristics of mineralization and ore-forming fluids. Mineralium Deposita, 46, 257-271.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Duke Complex
Francis, G.L., 2010. Minerals from the South Middleback Range deposits 2003-2008. (self published) 44pp.
        • Iron Knob
Minerals of Iron Monarch, Glyn L. Francis
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Rennweg am Katschberg
        • Katschberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Tamsweg District
      • Murwinkel
        • Schellgaden
          • Katschberg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
      • Taurach valley
        • Mauterndorf
          • Mauterndorf quarries
Schachinger, T., Bernhard, F. & Postl, W. (2015): 1934) Anglesit, Cinnabarit, Duftit-Mottramit, Hemimorphit, Hydrozinkit, Metacinnabarit, Mimetesit und andere Mineralien aus dem derzeit aktiven Dolomitsteinbruch bei Mauterndorf. P. 240 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Hainaut
      • Charleroi
        • Monceau-sur-Sambre
Aderca, B. (1962) Contribution à la microtectonique houillère: fentes penniformes avec présence de nacrite. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 85, B309.; Van Tassel, R. (1962) Occurrence de nacrite dans les fissures des veinules de charbon. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, 85, B319.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Liège
Brown, G., Bourguignon, P., Thorez, J. (1974) A lithium-bearing aluminian mixed layer montmorillonite-chlorite from Huy, Belgium. Clay Minerals, 10(3), 135-144.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
      • Liège
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
    • Walloon Brabant
      • Walhain
Ledoux, A. (1913) Sur la pholérite de Quenast et la nacrite de Nil-St-Vincent. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, 27, 96.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz
    • Larecaja Province
      • Chacapa
Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Munoz Reyes: Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia (Banco Minero de Bolivia, 1955)
    • Pedro Domingo Murillo Province
      • Mt Huayna Potosí (Huaina Potosi)
[MinRec 32:465]
  • Oruro
    • Dalence Province
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Cacho, A.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Camprubí, A.; Torró, L.; Castillo-Oliver, M.; Torres, B.; Artiaga, D.; Tauler, E.; Martínez, Á.; Campeny, M.; Alfonso, P.; Arce-Burgoa, O.R. (2019) Mineralogy and Distribution of Critical Elements in the Sn–W–Pb–Ag–Zn Huanuni Deposit, Bolivia. Minerals 9, 753
  • Potosí
    • Potosí City
[MinRec 32:465]
    • Rafael Bustillo
      • Llallagua
Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Tuzla Canton
      • Vlasenica
Mudrinic, C. & Janjic, S. (1969): Mineralogical composition of bauxite deposits in Vlasenica. Arhiv za Rudarstvo i Tehnologiju 7, 3-7 (in Croatian).
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Fort Norman
Battler, M. M., Osinski, G. R., Lim, D. S., Davila, A. F., Michel, F. A., Craig, M. A., ... & Preston, L. J. (2013). Characterization of the acidic cold seep emplaced jarositic Golden Deposit, NWT, Canada, as an analogue for jarosite deposition on Mars. Icarus, 224(2), 382-398.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
Alfredo Petrov specimen (ex- Vandall King)
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Saint-Eustache
Sabine (1983) & Horváth collection
    • Montérégie
      • Beauharnois-Salaberry RCM
Horvath collection
Sabina (1983) Misc. Report 32, Geological Survey of Canada,43
      • Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM
        • Coteau-du-Lac
Sabina (1983) & Horváth collection
        • Sainte-Justine-de-Newton
Horváth Collection - confirmed by visual & XRD
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Fuzhou
      • Jin'an District
        • Shoushan
Leifu Ren (1988): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 7(2)
  • Jilin
    • Baishan
      • Changbai County
Zheng Xia and Ningke Zhang (1986): Chinese Journal of Geology 21(4)
  • Liaoning
    • Benxi
Zheng Xia and Ningke Zhang (1986): Chinese Journal of Geology 21(4)
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Beroun District
Vtělenský J. (1959): Mineralogie oolitických železných rud z některých ložisek Barrandienu. Geotechnica, sv. 26, Nakladatelství ČSAV Praha.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Teplice District
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
X ray analysed
  • Vysočina Region
    • Havlíčkův Brod District
Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Rutshuru Territory
      • Bwito
http://www.metafro.be/mineralogy/sample/5121/mineral and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rutshuru; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.
Europe
 
  • Ore Mountains (Erzgebirge; Krušné hory)
Lapis 17(2), 31-35 (1992)
Finland
 
  • North Karelia
    • Joensuu
Knorring, O. v., Brinley, G. W. & Hunter, K. 1952. Nacrite from Hirvivaara, northern -Karelia, Finland. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 218, 963-972
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Châteaulin
        • Lopérec
P Le Roch collection
    • Morbihan
      • Pontivy
        • Le Roc Saint-André
Le Règne Minéral, (Hors Série 7), 42-58
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Michel Treillard collection
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Limoux
        • Terroles
C.Berbain, G.Favreau - Cahier des micromonteurs n° 2-2000. pp 18-22
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
European Journal of Mineralogy; v. 12; no. 2; p. 329-34
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Ortenaukreis
Lapis 21(12), 43 (1996)
        • Schuttertal
          • Schweighausen
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
Lapis 1985(5), 17-20
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Franconia
      • Bayreuth District
        • Bad Berneck im Fichtelgebirge
F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd ed., Oberfränkische Verlagsanstalt und Druckerei GmbH (Hof), 1984
      • Hof District
        • Köditz
Weiss: "MIneralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Braunlage
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Hilchenbach
          • Müsen
Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54
    • The Ruhr
      • Essen
Rykart, R., Bode, U. (1978) Ungewöhnliche Quarzkristalle aus dem Karbon. Mineralien Magazin, 2(2), 107. Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
      • Herne
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Donnersberg District
      • Kirchheimbolanden
        • Dannenfels
Kohout, K. (2008): Der Steinbruch Giro am Mannbühl: Spitzenfunde aus 27 Jahren. Lapis, 33 (5), 32-35.
      • Nordpfälzer Land
        • Stahlberg
Müller, G. (2013): Mineralien des Saarlandes und angrenzender Gebiete.
    • Rhein-Lahn District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saarland
    • Sankt Wendel
      • Nonnweiler
        • Eisen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Bärenstein
        • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Grünhain-Beierfeld
        • Beierfeld
Lapis, 16 (6), 13-20+58.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
No reference listed
      • Schwarzenberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Mittelsachsen
      • Brand-Erbisdorf
Mineralogical Magazine 1908 15 : 124-127
        • Himmelsfürst Mine
Uwe Ludwig specimen & photo, Photo ID: 423697
      • Freiberg
        • Zug
Baumann, L., Hofmann, F. & Weber, W. (1997): Glückauf Freiberg. Bergbau, Erze, Mineralien. Bode Verlag Haltern, 168 p.
          • Langenrinne
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
      • Penig
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001, 146
      • Sayda
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
      • Altenberg
Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
    • Zwickau
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
  • Thuringia
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Saale-Orla District
      • Wurzbach
        • Weitisberga
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Guyana
 
  • Cuyuni-Mazaruni Region
    • Omai
Voicu, G., & Bardoux, M. (2002). Geochemical behavior under tropical weathering of the Barama–Mazaruni greenstone belt at Omai gold mine, Guiana Shield. Applied geochemistry, 17(3), 321-336.
Hungary
 
  • Heves County
    • Gyöngyösoroszi
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Traversella
Mineralogical Record, 4 (1), 39-41
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Frassilongo
        • Roveda
Ferretti, P., Camin, C., Fassina, B., Gentile, P., Rocchetti, I., Vecchi, F. (2018) Miniera Tingherla (Frassilongo, Valle del Fersina). Aggiornamento di una località classica della mineralogia trentina. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 42, 2 (2-2018), 108-141.
      • Levico Terme
Canal, A., Fassina, B., Ferretti, P., Gasparetto, P., Pegoraro, S., Tosato, F., Zammatteo, P. (2012): Compet, galleria a quota 1358 ms.l.m., Monte Fronte, Vetriolo, Trento. Micro, 1-2012, 1-48.
      • Vignola-Falesina
Paolo Gasparetto, Erica Bittarello, Andrea Canal, Lara Casagrande, Marco E. Ciriotti, Bruno Fassina, Paolo Ferretti, Sergio Pegoraro, Fabio Tosato, Paolo Zammatteo (2014): I lavori minerari del Rio Ricet, Vignola, Falesina, Trento. Micro, 12, 50-123.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō Prefecture
    • Iburi Subprefecture
      • Shiraoi District
        • Shiraoi-cho
米田哲朗. (1989). 北海道南白老重晶石・カオリン鉱床の粘土鉱物組成. 粘土科学, 29(2), 69-80.
  • Nagano Prefecture
Fujii, N., & Inoue, H. (1971). Geologic Features and Classification of the Pyrophyllite Deposits in the Hokushin District, Central Japan. Mining Geology, 21(110), 407-417.
    • Shimotakai District
Fujii, N., & Inoue, H. (1971). Geologic Features and Classification of the Pyrophyllite Deposits in the Hokushin District, Central Japan. Mining Geology, 21(110), 407-417.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karazhal
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
Jeremolenko, V. (2002): Kara-Oba: Mineralogische Perle der Betpak-Ebene bei Dzhambul, Kasachstan. Lapis 27 (4), 13-34 + 50
Mexico
 
Clay Miner. 29:452-453 (1981).
  • Zacatecas
    • Ojocaliente Municipality
      • La Blanca
Parker, R. (2010). Geology And Mineral Resources Of The Bilbao Silver-Lead-Zinc Deposit, State Of Zacatecas, Mexico. Private Company Report for Xtierra Inc.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib
      • Spitzkopje Area
Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ; Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. In: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle. Bode Verlag, Haltern, Germany, p. 56-71 (p. 36) ; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, p. 288-290 (in German)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kamienna Góra County
      • Gmina Kamienna Góra
        • Rędziny
http://www.kamienna-gora.eu/page/4/
  • Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship
Migaszewski, Z.M., Starnawska, E., Gałuszka, A. (2007): Gorceixite from the Upper Cambrian Rocks of the Podwiśniówka Mine Pit, Holy Cross Mountains (South-Central Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, 38, 171-184.
Romania
 
  • Bihor
    • Pietroasa
Onac, B. P., Bengeanu, M., Botez, M., & Zih, J. (1995). Preliminary report on the mineralogy of Pestera din Valea Rea (Bihor Mountains, Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology, 8, 75.
Russia
 
  • Crimea
    • Alushta
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
    • Detva District
Rojkovičová,Ľ., 1982: Rudná mineralizácia v Javorí. Min.Slovaca, 14,5,461 – 470
    • Revúca District
      • Sirk
Grecula,P. et al., 1995: Ložiska nerastných surovín Slovenského rudohoria. Zväz.1, Bratislava, 834 s
    • Rimavská Sobota District
      • Tisovec
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava District
      • Rožňava
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Varček C., 1957: Prehľad paragenetických pomerov rudných ložísk Gemera. Geol. Práce. Zoš, 46, p. 107-131.
    • Spišská Nová Ves District
Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31
  • Trenčín Region
    • Prievidza District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • KwaZulu-Natal
    • eThekwini District
      • Durban
        • Umhlatuzana valley
Cairncross, B. & Dixon, R. (1995). Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa: Linden.
South Korea
 
  • North Gyeongsang Province
    • Bonghwa County
G. Grundmann collection # 128, originally sold by Kristalldruse.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Pechina
        • Baños de Alhamilla
Rewitzer, C., Hochleitner, R. y Fehr, T. Mina Casualidad, Baños de Alhamilla, Almería, Spain (part 2). Mineral Up, 5, (5), 8-36
      • Pulpí
Mendoza, J. L., Navarro, A., & Cuitiño, L. (2006). Nueva interpretación metalogenética del yacimiento de mercurio del Valle del Azogue (Almería), España. In XI Congreso Geológico Chileno, Actas (Vol. 2).
    • Málaga
      • Málaga city
        • Este (District 2; Málaga-Este)
M.D. Ruiz Cruz, B. Andreo : "Tosudite in very low-grade metamorphic graywackes from the Malaga area (Betic Cordilleras, Spain)", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1391-1399.
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat. (photographs)
Calvo, M. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
        • El Molar
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat. (photographs)
Sweden
 
  • Skåne County
    • Bromölla
      • Näsum
Wilke, H.-J. (1997) Die Mineralien und Fundstellen von Schweden. Christian Weise Verlag, München. 200p. [p.17-18]
  • Västerbotten County
    • Skellefteå
Sandström, F. (2008) Varuträskpegmatiten. Litofilen, 25 (2), 17-46
Taiwan
 
  • New Taipei City
    • Ruifang District
Simmons, S. F., White, N. C., & John, D. A. (2005). Geological characteristics of epithermal precious and base metal deposits. Economic Geology 100th anniversary volume, 29, 485-522.
Turkey
 
  • Çanakkale Province
    • Lapseki District
Yigit, O. (2012). A prospective sector in the Tethyan Metallogenic Belt: Geology and geochronology of mineral deposits in the Biga Peninsula, NW Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews, 46, 118-148.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Eden
        • Shap Rural
BMS Database
    • Devon
      • Torbay
        • Torquay
    • Leicestershire
      • Charnwood
        • Newtown Linford
Claringbull, G.F. (1952): Mineralogical Magazine 29, 973-973
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Kiev Oblast
    • Kremenchug Reservoir
USA
 
  • Arizona
azminerals.com
      • Steeple Rock Mining District (Duncan Mining District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 203, 310.
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
J. Lawrence Smith (1867) On a new locality of Tetrahedrite, Tennantite, and Nacrite, with some account of the Kellogg Mines of Arkansas. The American Journal of Science and Arts, Vol. 93
  • Colorado
    • El Paso Co.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Jefferson Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Ouray Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield County
Januzzi, 1976. Mineral Localities of CT and Southeastern NY State
    • Hartford Co.
Januzzi, Ronald. (1976): Mineral Localities of CT & SE NY State, p. 234-5.
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Negaunee
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Cornucopia Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Cottonwood Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
Miller, 1972. Minerals of Rhode Island.
  • Virginia
    • Rockbridge Co.
      • Glasgow
Rocks & Min.: 60:157.
 
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