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Muthmannite

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05884890015038450141648.jpg
F. Wilhelm Muthmann
Formula:
AuAgTe2
Colour:
Brassy yellow to pale bronze
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
11.04 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in honor of Friedrich Wilhelm Muthmann (8 February 1861, Elberfeld - 3 August 1913, Munich), German chemist and crystallographer, and professor at Technische Hochschule, Munich.
Originally described as (Ag,Au)Te, recently redefined as AuAgTe2 (Bindi & Cipriani, 2004).


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of MuthmanniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.CB.85

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
2.8.26.

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.3.8

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
3 : Sulphides etc. of Au

Physical Properties of MuthmanniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Brassy yellow to pale bronze
Comment:
pale gray on fresh fracture
Streak:
Black to gray-black
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN15=194 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Cleavage:
Perfect
in zone of elongation
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
11.04 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Chemical Properties of MuthmanniteHide

Formula:
AuAgTe2
Common Impurities:
Pb,Sb,S

Crystallography of MuthmanniteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/m
Setting:
P2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.124(2) Å, b = 4.419(1) Å, c = 7.437 Å
β = 89.96°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.16 : 1 : 1.683
Unit Cell V:
168.40 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Comment:
some analogies to calaverite

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.124 Å(12)
3.346 Å(16)
3.052 Å(22)
3.051 Å(19)
2.562 Å(24)
2.488 Å(93)
2.487 Å(100)
2.210 Å(42)
1.8592 Å(22)
1.5931 Å(17)
Comments:
From calculated pattern. Similar to the data for calaverite.

Type Occurrence of MuthmanniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Naples Museum, Naples, Italy.
Reference:
Zambonini, F. (1911) Uber den Muthmannit, ein neues mineral. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 49: 246-249.

Other Language Names for MuthmanniteHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.AgmantiniteAg2MnSnS4Orth.
2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05cPolhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aIdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3Mon.
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso.
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16Tet.
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso.
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTeOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.3.1CalaveriteAuTe2Mon.
3.3.2KrenneriteAu3AgTe8Orth. mm2 : Pma2
3.3.3KostoviteCuAuTe4Orth.
3.3.4UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
3.3.5FischesseriteAg3AuSe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
3.3.6PetrovskaiteAuAgSMon.
3.3.7PetziteAg3AuTe2Iso. 4 3 2 : I41 3 2
3.3.9Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.3.10Penzhinite(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4Hex.
3.3.11Bezsmertnovite(Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)Orth.
3.3.12BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2Iso.
3.3.13Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)Iso.
3.3.14Montbrayite(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38Tric.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MuthmanniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Zambonini, F. (1911) Uber den Muthmannit, ein neues mineral. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 49: 246-249.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 260-261.
Spiridonov, E.M., Chvileva, T.N. (1985) New data on muthmannite, AuAgTe2. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 280: 994-997.
Bindi, L., Cipriani, C. (2004) Ordered distribution of Au and Ag in the crystal structure of muthmannite, AuAgTe2, a rare telluride fom Sacarîmb, western Romania. American Mineralogist: 89: 1505-1509.
Bindi, L. (2008) Commensurate-incommensurate phase transition in muthmannite, AuAgTe2: First evidence of a modulated structure at low-temperature. Philosophical Magazine Letters: 88: 533-541.

Internet Links for MuthmanniteHide

Localities for MuthmanniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Parauapebas
        • Alemão Cu deposit
Grainger, C.J., Groves, D.I., Tallarico, F.H.B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 451-489.
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Dingxi
      • Min Co.
Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12; Xinhui Liu, Caihua Chen, Tianxin Zhao, Keli Zhang, Lizi Chen, and Shuang Liu (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(4), 7-15
  • Hebei
    • Zhangjiakou
      • Chongli District
        • Shuiquangou Complex
          • Dongping Au-Te ore field
Wang, D., Liu, J., Zhai, D., Carranza, E. J., Wang, Y., Zhen, S., ... & Zhang, F. (2019). Mineral Paragenesis and Ore‐Forming Processes of the Dongping Gold Deposit, Hebei Province, China. Resource Geology, 69(3), 287-313.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Sodankylä
      • Viiankiaapa mire area
Fröclich,F., Gutzmer, J, Siikaluoma, J. and Osbahr, I. (2017) Sulfide vein mineralization of the shallow eastern stokworkzone and its genetic relation to the massive sulfide mineralization of the Sakatti Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Finland. 3rd Finnish National Colloquium of Geosciences, Espoo, 15–16 March 2017: Abstract Book
Greece
 
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
        • Cassandra Mines
McFall, K., Roberts, S., Teagle, D., Naden, J., Lusty, P., & Boyce, A. (2016). The origin and distribution of critical metals (Pd, Pt, Te and Se) within the Skouries Cu-Au porphyry deposit, Greece. Applied Earth Science, 125(2), 100-101.
Romania
 
  • Alba
AmMin 89:1505–1509 (2004)
  • Hunedoara
    • Deva
Transactions of the USSR Academy of Sc., volume 280, pp. 159 (1985); Bindi, L. & Cipriani, C. (2004): Ordered distribution of Au and Ag in the crystal structure of muthmannite, AuAgTe2, a rare telluride fom Sacarîmb, western Romania. Am. Mineral., 89, 1505-1509.
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
Spiridonov, E. M., Filimonov, S. V., & Bryzgalov, I. A. (2009, April). Solid solution fisnhesserite-naumannite (Ag, Au) 2 Se in ores of the volcanogenic gold deposit Ozernovskoye, Kamchatka. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 425, No. 2, pp. 415-418). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Gay
Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.; Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vinokurov, S. F., Vikent’ev, I. V., & Sychkova, V. A. (2010). Determining ionic gold species in massive sulfide ores. Geochemistry International, 48(5), 510-516.
 
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