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Moschelite

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Formula:
(Hg2+2)I2
Colour:
Citrus-yellow, changing immediately to dark olive-green on exposure to light
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
1 - 2
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Member of:
See also the other known natural mercury iodide, coccinite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of MoscheliteHide

Approved
3.AA.30

3 : HALIDES
A : Simple halides, without H2O
A : M:X = 1:1, 2:3, 3:5, etc.
9.1.8.3

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
1 : AX
8.5.10

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
5 : Halides of Zn and Hg

Physical Properties of MoscheliteHide

Adamantine
Colour:
Citrus-yellow, changing immediately to dark olive-green on exposure to light
Streak:
Brown
Hardness:
1 - 2 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Sectile

Chemical Properties of MoscheliteHide

Formula:
(Hg2+2)I2
IMA Formula:
HgI

Crystallography of MoscheliteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I4/mmm
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.8974(9) Å, c = 11.649(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.379
Unit Cell V:
279.4 ų
Z:
2
Twinning:
May be twinned by non-merohedry.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.483 Å(10)
2.231 Å(9)
2.896 Å(6)
2.099 Å(6)
4.537 Å(2)
1.881 Å(2)
1.242 Å(2)

Type Occurrence of MoscheliteHide

Synonyms of MoscheliteHide

Other Language Names for MoscheliteHide

German:Moschelit
Spanish:Moschelita

Relationship of Moschelite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
Kuzminite(Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2Tet.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.AA.Brontesite(NH4)3PbCl5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.AA.05MarshiteCuIIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.AA.05Miersite(Ag,Cu)IIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.AA.05NantokiteCuClIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.AA.05UM1999-11:I:CuSCu(I,S)
3.AA.10IodargyriteAgIHex. 6mm : P6mm
3.AA.10Tocornalite(Ag,Hg)I
3.AA.15BromargyriteAgBrIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AA.15ChlorargyriteAgClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AA.20CarobbiiteKFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.AA.20GriceiteLiFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AA.20HaliteNaClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AA.20SylviteKClIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.AA.20VilliaumiteNaFIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.AA.25SalammoniacNH4ClIso. 4 3 2
3.AA.25UM1998-03-Cl:TlTlCl
3.AA.25LafossaiteTl(Cl,Br)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
3.AA.30Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.AA.30Kuzminite(Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2Tet.
3.AA.35NeighboriteNaMgF3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.AA.40ChlorocalciteKCaCl3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.AA.45KolaritePbTeCl2Orth.
3.AA.50RadhakrishnaitePbTe3(Cl,S)2Tet.
3.AA.55ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.AA.60HephaistositeTlPb2Cl5Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

9.1.8.1Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
9.1.8.2Kuzminite(Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2Tet.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.5.1SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
8.5.2Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.5.3Terlinguaite(Hg2+2)Hg2+2Cl2O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.5.4Poyarkovite(Hg2+2)3Cl2O2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.5.5PinchiteHg2+5Cl2O4Orth.
8.5.6Eglestonite(Hg2+2)3OCl3(OH)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.5.7Kadyrelite(Hg2+2)3OBr3(OH)Iso.
8.5.8ComancheiteHg2+55N3–24(NH2,OH)4(Cl,Br)34Orth.
8.5.9Kuzminite(Hg2+2)(Br,Cl)2Tet.
8.5.11Tocornalite(Ag,Hg)I

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MoscheliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Krupp, R., Nottes, G. & Heidtke, U. (1985) Naturally occurring halogen compounds, especially mercury iodide, from Moschellandsberg, Pfalz, West Germany. Aufschluss, 36, 73-80 (in German). [as 'Unnamed Hg2I2']
Krupp, E. R.; Nottes, G.; Heidtke, U. (1989): Moschelite (Hg2J2): a new mercury mineral from Landsberg-Obermoschel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1989, 524-526.
M. Kars, T. Roisnel, V. Dorcet, A. Rebbah and O.-D. L. Carlos (2012): Redetermination of Hg2I2. Acta Crystallogr. E68, i11.

Internet Links for MoscheliteHide

Localities for MoscheliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Germany (TL)
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Donnersbergkreis
      • Alsenz-Obermoschel
        • Obermoschel
          • Landsberg (Moschellandsberg)
Krupp, R., Nottes, G. & Heidtke, U. (1985) Naturally occurring halogen compounds, especially mercury iodide, from Moschellandsberg, Pfalz, West Germany. Aufschluss, 36, 73-80 (in German).; Krupp, E. R.; Nottes, G.; Heidtke, U. (1989): Moschelite (Hg2J2): a new mercury mineral from Landsberg-Obermoschel. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1989, 524-526.; Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
Russia
 
  • Tuva
    • Sut-Kholsky District
Kuzhuget, R. V., Zaikov, V. V., Lebedev, V. I., & Mongush, A. A. (2015). Gold mineralization of the Khaak-Sair gold-quartz ore occurrence in listwanites (western Tuva). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(9), 1332-1348.
 
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