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Antimonselite

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About AntimonseliteHide

Formula:
Sb2Se3
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
The name alludes to the composition, containing Antimony and Selenium.
This page provides mineralogical data about Antimonselite.


Classification of AntimonseliteHide

Approved
2.DB.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
B : M:S = 2:3
2.11.2.2

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3

Physical Properties of AntimonseliteHide

Metallic
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of AntimonseliteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct
Bireflectance:
Distinct
Reflectivity:
420nmR1=43.8%R2= 44.7%
440nmR1=42.4%R2= 43.2%
460nmR1=40.8%R2= 42.9%
480nmR1=40.1%R2= 42.1%
500nmR1=40.5%R2= 42.6%
520nmR1=42.2%R2= 44.6%
540nmR1=39.3%R2= 42.1%
560nmR1=39.0%R2= 41.7%
580nmR1=39.1%R2= 42.0%
600nmR1=38.3%R2= 41.8%
620nmR1=39.6%R2= 42.4%
640nmR1=39.7%R2= 42.8%
660nmR1=42.7%R2= 45.2%
680nmR1=45.5%R2= 47.6%
700nmR1=47.6%R2= 50.0%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 50.0%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
White to very pale grey

Chemical Properties of AntimonseliteHide

Formula:
Sb2Se3
Common Impurities:
Hg,Cu,As,S

Crystallography of AntimonseliteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.59 Å, b = 11.74 Å, c = 3.39 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.987 : 1 : 0.289
Unit Cell V:
461.27 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Euhedral acicular crystals in radiating aggregates, to 1 mm; as very fine granular aggregates.
Comment:
space group Pbnm

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.70 Å(70)
3.25 Å(30)
3.17 Å(50)
2.870 Å(100)
2.625 Å(60)
1.930 Å(30)
1.746 Å(35)

Type Occurrence of AntimonseliteHide

Synonyms of AntimonseliteHide

Other Language Names for AntimonseliteHide

Simplified Chinese:硒锑矿

Relationship of Antimonselite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DB.05BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.05GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.DB.05MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
2.DB.05PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.DB.05StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.10OttemanniteSn2S3
2.DB.10SuredaitePbSnS3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.15Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.DB.15Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3Orth.
2.DB.20Montbrayite(Au,Ag,Sb,Bi,Pb)23(Te,Sb,Bi,Pb)38Tric.
2.DB.25EdgariteFeNb3S6Hex. 6 : P63
2.DB.30Tarkianite(Cu,Fe)(Re,Mo)4S8Iso. 4 3m
2.DB.35CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.11.2.1StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.11.2.3BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.11.2.4GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AntimonseliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Tideswell, N.W., Kruse, F.H., McCullough, J.D. (1957) The crystal structure of antimony selenide, Sb2Se3. Acta Crystallographica: 10: 99-102.
Chen, L., Zhang, Q., Li, D., Wang, G. (1993) Antimonselite - A new mineral. Acta Mineralogica Sinica: 13(1): 7-11. [in Chinese with English abstract]
New Minerals 1990-1994, 6 [abstract]
Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S. (1994) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 79: 387-391.
Min, M. (1994) Antimonselite, a new mineral. Chinese Science Bulletin: 14: 891.
Min, M., Li, D., Shi, N., Liu, Q., Cao, Y. (1995): Some new data on antimonselite. Acta Mineralogica Sinica: 15(3): 303–304. [in Chinese with English abs]
Jambor, J.L., Kovalenker, V.A., Roberts, A.C. (1996) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 81: 1013-1017.
Min, M., Zhai, J., Wang, X., Shen, B., Wen, G., Fan, T. (1998) Refinement of the crystal structure for a new mineral – antimonselite. Chinese Science Bulletin: 43(5): 413–416.
Škácha, P., Plášil, J., Sejkora, J., Goliáš, V. (2015) Sulfur-rich antimonselite, Sb2(Se,S)3 in the Se-bearing mineral association from the Příbram uranium and base metal ore district, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences: 60: 23-29.

Internet Links for AntimonseliteHide

Localities for AntimonseliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Gannan
      • Luqu Co.
Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Caixia Feng, Jiajun Liu, and Shen Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 812-815; Hanjie Wen, Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2003): Geochimica 32(1), 21-28; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132
  • Guangxi
    • Wuzhou
      • Teng Co.
Maozhong Min and Junqi Wu (1992): Geochemical Journal 32(2), 103-115.
  • Guizhou
    • Guiyang
      • Kaiyang County
Chen Luming, Zhang Qifa, Li Deren, and Wang Guanxin (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 7-11. ; Jingxian Li and Jiajun Liu (2014): Resources & Industries 16(2), 90-97
  • Hunan
    • Yongzhou
      • Lanshan Co.
Maoshong Min, Deren Li, Nicheng Shi, Quanlin Liu, and Yawen Cao (1995): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 15(3), 303-304.; Maozhong Min and Junqi Wu (1992): Geochemical Journal 32(2), 103-115.
  • Sichuan
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
Jiajun Liu, Jianming Liu, Wenquan Lu, Minghua Zheng, Yufeng Zhou, Xuexiang Gu, and Bin Zhang (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(4), 445-451
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., & Plášil, J. (2017). Selenide mineralization in the Příbram uranium and base-metal district (Czech Republic). Minerals, 7(6), 91.
      • Háje
Pavel Škácha, Jakub Plášil, Jiří Sejkora, Viktor Goliáš (2015): Sulfur-rich antimonselite, Sb2(Se,S)3 in the Se-bearing mineral association from the Příbram uranium and base metal ore district, Czech Republic. Journal of Geosciences, 60, 23-29.
Škácha P., Plášil J., Sejkora J. a Goliáš V. (2015): Sulphur-rich antimonselite, Sb2(Se,S)3 in the Se-bearing mineral association from the uranium and base metal ore district Příbram, Czech Republic. Journ. of Geosci., 60, 1, 23-29.
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov District
      • Radvanice
Gábor Koller Specimen, EDS Sándor Szakáll
Russia
 
  • Kamchatka Krai
    • Maletoyvayam ore field
Tolstykh, N. D., Palyanova, G. A., Bobrova, O. G. V., & Sidorov, E. G. (2019). Mustard Gold of the Gaching Ore Deposit (Maletoyvayam Ore Field, Kamchatka, Russia). Minerals, 9(8), 489.
 
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