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Metavauxite

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About MetavauxiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
Colour:
Colourless, white, light green; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Silky
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
2.345
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1927 by Samuel George Gordon allusion to the chemical relationship to Vauxite.
Dimorph of:
The monoclinic dimorph of Paravauxite.

A rare supergene secondary mineral in the oxidized zone of tin mines.


Classification of MetavauxiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.DC.25

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 1:1 and < 2:1
42.11.11.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
11 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
19.14.24

19 : Phosphates
14 : Phosphates of Fe and other metals

Physical Properties of MetavauxiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Silky
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Lustre silky in aggregates.
Colour:
Colourless, white, light green; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.345 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.36 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of MetavauxiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.550 nβ = 1.561 nγ = 1.577
2V:
Measured: 75° to 90°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r < v strong
Optical Extinction:
0.027
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of MetavauxiteHide

Formula:
Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O

Crystallography of MetavauxiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P1 21/c 1
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.22 Å, b = 9.56 Å, c = 6.94 Å
β = 97.87°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.069 : 1 : 0.726
Unit Cell V:
671.67 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals prismatic to acicular, elongated [001], exhibiting forms {100}, {110}, {101}, {111}, and {211}. Commonly in subparallel to radial aggregates.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.12 Å(69)
5.095 Å(50)
4.687 Å(100)
4.337 Å(79)
3.985 Å(54)
2.764 Å(75)
2.749 Å(32)

Type Occurrence of MetavauxiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London, England: #1928,335. The U.S. National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA: #136009.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidized zone of tin veins.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for MetavauxiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
163 photos of Metavauxite associated with ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
150 photos of Metavauxite associated with VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
69 photos of Metavauxite associated with SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2O
21 photos of Metavauxite associated with QuartzSiO2
20 photos of Metavauxite associated with WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
18 photos of Metavauxite associated with FranckeiteFe2+(Pb,Sn2+)6Sn4+2Sb2S14
14 photos of Metavauxite associated with PyriteFeS2
8 photos of Metavauxite associated with GreenockiteCdS
5 photos of Metavauxite associated with RömeriteFe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
1 photo of Metavauxite associated with ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DC.05NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
8.DC.07EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.DC.10LegranditeZn2(AsO4)(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.12StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2OMon.
8.DC.15ArthuriteCuFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15OjuelaiteZnFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15WhitmoreiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15Cobaltarthurite(Co,Mg)Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15BendadaiteFe2+Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15KunatiteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:FeHZn)ZnFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
8.DC.15UKI-2006-(PO:AlCuFeH)Fe2+Al3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
8.DC.17KleemaniteZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.20BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DC.20CoralloiteMn2+Mn3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.22KovdorskiteMg2(PO4)(OH) · 3H2OMon.
8.DC.25FerristrunziteFe3+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OTric.
8.DC.25FerrostrunziteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric.
8.DC.25MetavivianiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.25StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.27BerauniteFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.DC.30GordoniteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DC.30SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
8.DC.30StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
8.DC.30FerrolaueiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30Kastningite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30MaghrebiteMgAl2(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.30NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.32TinticiteFe3+5.34(PO4)3.62(VO4)0.38(OH)4 · 6.7H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.35VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.37VantasseliteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3 · 9H2OOrth.
8.DC.40CacoxeniteFe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.DC.45Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.45Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
8.DC.47KingiteAl3(PO4)2F2(OH) · 7H2OTric.
8.DC.50WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.50AllanpringiteFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.DC.52KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DC.55MapimiteZn2Fe3+3(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2OMon.
8.DC.57OgdensburgiteCa2Fe3+4(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
8.DC.60Nevadaite(Cu2+,Al,V3+)6Al8(PO4)8F8(OH)2 · 22H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DC.60CloncurryiteCu0.5(VO)0.5Al2(PO4)2F2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.11.11.3NordgauiteMnAl2(PO4)2(F,OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.14.1CyriloviteNaFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
19.14.2KidwelliteNaFe3+9+x(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O, x = 0.33Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.14.3Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.4Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
19.14.5Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.6NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon.
19.14.7LeucophosphiteKFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.8Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.14.9BurangaiteNaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.10Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
19.14.11UshkoviteMgFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.14.12Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.14.13ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.14.14AnapaiteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.15XanthoxeniteCa4Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.16CalcioferriteCa2Fe3+2(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.17MitridatiteCa2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.14.18MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
19.14.19DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmedAmor.
19.14.20CollinsiteCa2Mg(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.21SegeleriteCa2 Mg2 Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pcca
19.14.22KingsmountiteCa3MnFeAl4(PO4)6(OH)4·12H2OMon. 2 : B2
19.14.23VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.25ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.14.26SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2OTric.
19.14.27CacoxeniteFe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
19.14.28KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2OTet.
19.14.29LazuliteMgAl2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.30ScorzaliteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.14.31Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.32Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2OTric.
19.14.33ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Fluorescence of MetavauxiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MetavauxiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gordon (1927) American Mineralogist: 12: 264.
Peacock (1933) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 86: 203.
Gordon (1944) Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences, Philadelphia: 96: 348.
Baur, W.H. and B. Rama Rao (1967) The crystal structure of metavauxite. Naturwiss., 51, 561.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1975): 123: 148.
Blanchard, F.N. and S.A. Abernathy (1980) X-ray powder diffraction data for phosphate minerals: vauxite, metavauxite, vivianite, Mn-heterosite, scorzalite, and lazulite. Florida Scientist, 43, 257–265.

Internet Links for MetavauxiteHide

Localities for MetavauxiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí
    • Nor Chichas Province
      • Cerro Tazna
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 972; Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    • Rafael Bustillo
      • Llallagua
American Mineralogist (1927): 12: 264; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 972, 973; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Canada
 
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data 2018, Douglas Wilson specimen
 
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